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Taxable social security_benefits_2021

FinnKevin
FinnKevin
FinnKevinAccountant at CPA Clinics

You may have to pay federal income taxes on your Social Security benefits. This usually happens only if you have other substantial income (such as wages, self-employment, interest, dividends and other taxable income that must be reported on your tax return) in addition to Social Security benefits.

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Taxable Social
Security Benefits
Taxable Social Security Benefits
You may have to pay federal income taxes on your Social
Security benefits. This usually happens only if you have
other substantial income (such as wages, self-employment,
interest, dividends and other taxable income that must be
reported on your tax return) in addition to Social Security
benefits.
Taxable Benefits
To determine the amount of Social Security or Railroad Re-
tirement benefits that may be taxable, you must compare
the base amount with the total of:
1)	One-half of the benefits received, plus
2)	All other income, including tax-exempt interest.
Other income is not reduced by any exclusions for:
•	 Interest from qualified U.S. Savings Bonds,
•	 Employer-provided adoption benefits,
•	 Foreign earned income or foreign housing, or
•	 Income earned by bona fide residents of American
Samoa or Puerto Rico.
Taxable Social Security Base Amounts
Filing Status	 Base Amount
Single, Head of Household, or Qualifying
Widow(er)................................................................................. $ 25,000
Married Filing Separately and lived apart from
spouse all year......................................................................... $ 25,000
Married Filing Jointly.................................................................. $ 32,000
Married Filing Separately.................................................................... $ 0
Worksheet to Determine if Benefits May Be Taxable
	A)	 Amount of Social Security or Railroad Retirement
Benefits........................................................................... A)_______
	B)	 One-half of amount on line A......................................... B)_______
	C)	 Taxable pensions, wages, interest, dividends, and
other taxable income....................................................... C)_______
	D)	 Tax-exempt interest plus any exclusions from
income............................................................................ D)_______
	E)	 Add lines B, C, and D...................................................... E)_______
If the amount on line E is less than or equal to the base amount, none of
the benefits are taxable. If the amount on line E is more than the base
amount, some of the benefits may be taxable.
Example #1: John and Betty, a married couple both age 68, are
retired and receive the following income:
Source	 John	Betty
Social Security.................$ 7,500.................... $ 3,500
Pension............................ $ 16,000.................... $ 6,000
Interest.................................. $ 250....................... $ 250
John and Betty file a joint tax return.Their income used to deter-
mine if Social Security benefits are taxable ($28,000) is less than
the taxable Social Security base amount ($32,000) for joint filers.
None of their Social Security benefits are taxable.
Worksheet to Determine if Benefits May Be Taxable
	A)	 Amount of Social Security or Railroad
Retirement Benefits..................................................... A)	$11,000
	B)	 One-half of amount on line A.....................................B)	$ 5,500
	C)	 Taxable pensions, wages, interest, dividends,
and other taxable income........................................... C)	$22,500
	D)	 Tax-exempt interest plus any exclusions from
income........................................................................... D)	$     0
	E)	 Add lines B, C, and D....................................................E)	$28,000
TAX YEAR
2021
Save $
And Experience
The Difference
+1-516-464-7444
info@cpaclinics.com
www.cpaclinics.com
This brochure contains general information for taxpayers and
should not be relied upon as the only source of authority.
Taxpayers should seek professional tax advice for more information.
Copyright © 2021 Tax Materials, Inc.
All Rights Reserved
Contact Us
There are many events that occur during the year that can affect
your tax situation. Preparation of your tax return involves sum-
marizing transactions and events that occurred during the prior
year. In most situations, treatment is firmly established at the
time the transaction occurs. However, negative tax effects can
be avoided by proper planning. Please contact us in advance
if you have questions about the tax effects of a transaction or
event, including the following:
•	 Pension or IRA distributions.
•	 Significant change in income or
deductions.
•	 Job change.
•	Marriage.
•	 Attainment of age 59½ or 72.
•	 Sale or purchase of a business.
•	 Sale or purchase of a residence
or other real estate.
•	Retirement.
•	 Notice from IRS or other
revenue department.
•	 Divorce or separation.
•	Self-employment.
•	 Charitable contributions
of property in excess of
$5,000.
Taxable Social
Security Benefits
 Planning Tip: If the only income received during the year
was Social Security or Railroad Retirement benefits, the ben-
efits are generally not taxable.You should consider the con-
sequences of taking taxable IRA distributions and/or doing
Roth conversions. Careful planning must be made to not take
too large of a distribution so as to cause Social Security or
Railroad Retirement benefits to be taxable.
Example #2: Assume the same facts as Example #1, however,
the combined interest income for John and Betty is $10,000 in-
stead of $500. Their income used to determine if Social Security
benefits are taxable ($37,500) is greater than the taxable Social
Security base amount ($32,000) for joint filers.Therefore, some of
their Social Security benefits are taxable.
Worksheet to Determine if Benefits May Be Taxable
	A)	 Amount of Social Security or Railroad
Retirement Benefits..................................................... A)	$11,000
	B)	 One-half of amount on line A.....................................B)	$ 5,500
	C)	 Taxable pensions, wages, interest, dividends,
and other taxable income........................................... C)	$22,500
	D)	 Tax-exempt interest plus any exclusions from
income........................................................................... D)	$     0
	E)	 Add lines B, C, and D....................................................E)	$28,000
How Much IsTaxable?
Generally, up to 50% of benefits will be taxable. However,
up to 85% of benefits can be taxable if either of the follow-
ing situations applies.
•	The total of one-half of the benefits and all other income
is more than $34,000 ($44,000 for Married Filing Jointly).
•	You are filing Married Filing Separately and lived with
your spouse at any time during the year.
Who is taxed. Benefits are included in the taxable income
(if taxable) for the person who has the legal right to receive
the benefits.
Example: Lisa receives Social Security benefits as a surviving
spouse who is caring for two dependent children, Christopher,
age 9, and Michelle, age 7. As dependents of their deceased fa-
ther, Christopher and Michelle also receive Social Security ben-
efits. The benefits for Christopher and Michelle are made pay-
able to Lisa. When calculating the taxable portion (if any) of the
benefits received, Lisa uses only the amount paid for her benefit.
The amounts paid for Christopher and Michelle must be added to
each child’s other income to see whether any of those benefits are
taxable to either of the children.
Withholding. You can choose to have federal income tax
withheld from Social Security or Railroad Retirement
benefits by completing Form W-4V, Voluntary Withholding
Request.
InvestmentsThat Help ReduceTaxable
Social Security Benefits
You may be able to reduce taxable Social Security bene-
fits by reallocating investments that are generating income
which is includable in the calculation used to determine
taxable Social Security benefits to investments that do not
generate includable income.
Tax Planning Strategies
U.S. Series EE and I bonds. If you are earning taxable in-
terest income from a bank CD that is causing a portion of
Social Security benefits to be taxed, you could switch the
investment to U.S. savings bonds. Annual purchase limits
apply.
Nonqualified annuities. Like interest accrued on U.S. sav-
ings bonds, earnings on a nonqualified annuity are de-
ferred until the investment is cashed in. One advantage
of choosing nonqualified annuities rather the U.S. savings
bonds is there is no annual limit on the amount of principal
that can be invested.
Real estate, gold, and other investments that produce
capital gains. By switching investments from mutual
funds and stocks that produce dividend income to invest-
ments that produce capital gains, you may realize tax sav-
ings by reducing the amount of Social Security benefits
subject to tax.
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Taxable social security_benefits_2021

  • 1. Taxable Social Security Benefits Taxable Social Security Benefits You may have to pay federal income taxes on your Social Security benefits. This usually happens only if you have other substantial income (such as wages, self-employment, interest, dividends and other taxable income that must be reported on your tax return) in addition to Social Security benefits. Taxable Benefits To determine the amount of Social Security or Railroad Re- tirement benefits that may be taxable, you must compare the base amount with the total of: 1) One-half of the benefits received, plus 2) All other income, including tax-exempt interest. Other income is not reduced by any exclusions for: • Interest from qualified U.S. Savings Bonds, • Employer-provided adoption benefits, • Foreign earned income or foreign housing, or • Income earned by bona fide residents of American Samoa or Puerto Rico. Taxable Social Security Base Amounts Filing Status Base Amount Single, Head of Household, or Qualifying Widow(er)................................................................................. $ 25,000 Married Filing Separately and lived apart from spouse all year......................................................................... $ 25,000 Married Filing Jointly.................................................................. $ 32,000 Married Filing Separately.................................................................... $ 0 Worksheet to Determine if Benefits May Be Taxable A) Amount of Social Security or Railroad Retirement Benefits........................................................................... A)_______ B) One-half of amount on line A......................................... B)_______ C) Taxable pensions, wages, interest, dividends, and other taxable income....................................................... C)_______ D) Tax-exempt interest plus any exclusions from income............................................................................ D)_______ E) Add lines B, C, and D...................................................... E)_______ If the amount on line E is less than or equal to the base amount, none of the benefits are taxable. If the amount on line E is more than the base amount, some of the benefits may be taxable. Example #1: John and Betty, a married couple both age 68, are retired and receive the following income: Source John Betty Social Security.................$ 7,500.................... $ 3,500 Pension............................ $ 16,000.................... $ 6,000 Interest.................................. $ 250....................... $ 250 John and Betty file a joint tax return.Their income used to deter- mine if Social Security benefits are taxable ($28,000) is less than the taxable Social Security base amount ($32,000) for joint filers. None of their Social Security benefits are taxable. Worksheet to Determine if Benefits May Be Taxable A) Amount of Social Security or Railroad Retirement Benefits..................................................... A) $11,000 B) One-half of amount on line A.....................................B) $ 5,500 C) Taxable pensions, wages, interest, dividends, and other taxable income........................................... C) $22,500 D) Tax-exempt interest plus any exclusions from income........................................................................... D) $     0 E) Add lines B, C, and D....................................................E) $28,000 TAX YEAR 2021 Save $ And Experience The Difference +1-516-464-7444 info@cpaclinics.com www.cpaclinics.com
  • 2. This brochure contains general information for taxpayers and should not be relied upon as the only source of authority. Taxpayers should seek professional tax advice for more information. Copyright © 2021 Tax Materials, Inc. All Rights Reserved Contact Us There are many events that occur during the year that can affect your tax situation. Preparation of your tax return involves sum- marizing transactions and events that occurred during the prior year. In most situations, treatment is firmly established at the time the transaction occurs. However, negative tax effects can be avoided by proper planning. Please contact us in advance if you have questions about the tax effects of a transaction or event, including the following: • Pension or IRA distributions. • Significant change in income or deductions. • Job change. • Marriage. • Attainment of age 59½ or 72. • Sale or purchase of a business. • Sale or purchase of a residence or other real estate. • Retirement. • Notice from IRS or other revenue department. • Divorce or separation. • Self-employment. • Charitable contributions of property in excess of $5,000. Taxable Social Security Benefits  Planning Tip: If the only income received during the year was Social Security or Railroad Retirement benefits, the ben- efits are generally not taxable.You should consider the con- sequences of taking taxable IRA distributions and/or doing Roth conversions. Careful planning must be made to not take too large of a distribution so as to cause Social Security or Railroad Retirement benefits to be taxable. Example #2: Assume the same facts as Example #1, however, the combined interest income for John and Betty is $10,000 in- stead of $500. Their income used to determine if Social Security benefits are taxable ($37,500) is greater than the taxable Social Security base amount ($32,000) for joint filers.Therefore, some of their Social Security benefits are taxable. Worksheet to Determine if Benefits May Be Taxable A) Amount of Social Security or Railroad Retirement Benefits..................................................... A) $11,000 B) One-half of amount on line A.....................................B) $ 5,500 C) Taxable pensions, wages, interest, dividends, and other taxable income........................................... C) $22,500 D) Tax-exempt interest plus any exclusions from income........................................................................... D) $     0 E) Add lines B, C, and D....................................................E) $28,000 How Much IsTaxable? Generally, up to 50% of benefits will be taxable. However, up to 85% of benefits can be taxable if either of the follow- ing situations applies. • The total of one-half of the benefits and all other income is more than $34,000 ($44,000 for Married Filing Jointly). • You are filing Married Filing Separately and lived with your spouse at any time during the year. Who is taxed. Benefits are included in the taxable income (if taxable) for the person who has the legal right to receive the benefits. Example: Lisa receives Social Security benefits as a surviving spouse who is caring for two dependent children, Christopher, age 9, and Michelle, age 7. As dependents of their deceased fa- ther, Christopher and Michelle also receive Social Security ben- efits. The benefits for Christopher and Michelle are made pay- able to Lisa. When calculating the taxable portion (if any) of the benefits received, Lisa uses only the amount paid for her benefit. The amounts paid for Christopher and Michelle must be added to each child’s other income to see whether any of those benefits are taxable to either of the children. Withholding. You can choose to have federal income tax withheld from Social Security or Railroad Retirement benefits by completing Form W-4V, Voluntary Withholding Request. InvestmentsThat Help ReduceTaxable Social Security Benefits You may be able to reduce taxable Social Security bene- fits by reallocating investments that are generating income which is includable in the calculation used to determine taxable Social Security benefits to investments that do not generate includable income. Tax Planning Strategies U.S. Series EE and I bonds. If you are earning taxable in- terest income from a bank CD that is causing a portion of Social Security benefits to be taxed, you could switch the investment to U.S. savings bonds. Annual purchase limits apply. Nonqualified annuities. Like interest accrued on U.S. sav- ings bonds, earnings on a nonqualified annuity are de- ferred until the investment is cashed in. One advantage of choosing nonqualified annuities rather the U.S. savings bonds is there is no annual limit on the amount of principal that can be invested. Real estate, gold, and other investments that produce capital gains. By switching investments from mutual funds and stocks that produce dividend income to invest- ments that produce capital gains, you may realize tax sav- ings by reducing the amount of Social Security benefits subject to tax. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)