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So, You Wanna Dev? Join the Team! - WordCamp Raleigh 2017

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WP Dev/tools for beginners: ftp, git, svn, php, html, css, sass, js, jquery, IDEs, themes, child themes, the loop, hooks, APIs, CLI, agile, bootstrap, SEO, slack… etc.

We’ll discuss the language and various acronyms and buzzwords used by devs in this crash course introduction to the developer’s world. Overview of primary development processes and terms and what software is needed to play the game. We’ll cover what you need to go from zero to developer and hopefully how to have fun on the way.

Published in: Technology
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So, You Wanna Dev? Join the Team! - WordCamp Raleigh 2017

  1. 1. So You Wanna Dev? Join the Team! WP Dev/tools for beginners: ftp, git, svn, php, html, css, sass, js, jquery, IDEs, themes, child themes, the loop, hooks, APIs, CLI, agile, bootstrap, SEO, slack… etc. WordCamp Raleigh 2017 - 23 April 2017
  2. 2. Introductions Evan Mullins Lead Web Developer at Brown Bag Marketing in ATL @circlecube circlecube.com WordPress user since 2006 Full-time web developer since 2007
  3. 3. I like the Internet The Internet has links I made these slides These slides have links too Throughout these slides almost everything is linked to related content or sources.
  4. 4. Let’s start at the beginning The Internet
  5. 5. Tools
  6. 6. Birds eye view Where to code? Editor, Local What Code? HTML, CSS, SASS, PHP, JS WordPress concepts: Plugins, Themes, child themes, template hierarchy, The Loop, Hooks, Customizing WordPress Version Control, Task Runners API, CLI, SEO, Tools: Slack, Local, Codekit, ACF, Migrate DB Pro Share what you learn!
  7. 7. Text Editor / IDE (integrated development environment)
  8. 8. SFTP (secure)File Transfer Protocol move/copy files to web server Also SSH
  9. 9. Local MAMP, WAMP, XAMP, AMPPS
  10. 10. VVV Varying Vagrant Vagrants Local Local by Flywheel Docker
  11. 11. HTML What is HTML? Resources: ● W3 ● HTML5 For Designers ● How to Code in HTML ● MDN: Learning Web Development ● Khan: HTML ● Codecademy: HTML ● HTML5 Cheatsheet
  12. 12. HTML - The Source
  13. 13. HTML - In Browser
  14. 14. <video> <canvas> <article> <header> <section> <main> <footer> <audio>
  15. 15. CSS - Cascading Style Sheets What is CSS and why do we use it? Resources: ● W3 ● CSS3 For Web Designers ● Learn To Code CSS ● CSS Tricks ● MDN: CSS ● Khan: CSS ● Codecademy: CSS ● CSS Specificity Calculator ● CSS3 Cheatsheet
  16. 16. A CSS rule
  17. 17. CSS Specificity
  18. 18. HTML - The Source <div id="home"> <div class="content"> <article> <h2 class="noBottom">Getting someone's attention is one thing.</h2> <h3 class="noTop">Keeping it is what counts.</h3> <p>A second may be all the time you've got in today's rapidly changing marketing landscape of diverse audiences, channels and techniques. Simply put, your brand needs an integrated marketing partner. Brown Bag is fully integrated, full-service and equipped for the digital and content age - creating experiences that keep your customers' attention while delivering measurable results that keep yours.</p> </article> <div class="buttons"> <a href="https://www.brownbagmarketing.com/infographic/" class="btn btn-orange">Why Integrated Marketing</a> <a href="https://www.brownbagmarketing.com/contact/" class="btn btn-orange">Work With Us</a> </div> </div> </div>
  19. 19. HTML - In Browser
  20. 20. CSS
  21. 21. CSS
  22. 22. The Box Model box-sizing: content-box (default) box-sizing: border-box;
  23. 23. CSS3 background-size: border-radius: grid: border-box: flexbox: rgba(); transition: perspective: transform:
  24. 24. RWD - Responsive (Web) Design
  25. 25. Responsive Web Design is accomplished with CSS statements called Media Queries in your stylesheets.css
  26. 26. CSS Grids
  27. 27. Bootstrap http://getbootstrap.com/
  28. 28. Foundation http://foundation.zurb.com/
  29. 29. PHP: PHP Hypertext Preprocessor What is PHP and how?
  30. 30. PHP
  31. 31. PHP
  32. 32. PHP
  33. 33. SASS
  34. 34. CSS Preprocessors SASS LESS Tedious tasks, let’s let the computer do it for us...
  35. 35. CodeKit
  36. 36. Grunt vs Gulp
  37. 37. javascript
  38. 38. jQuery is a fast, small, and feature-rich JavaScript library. It makes things like HTML document traversal and manipulation, event handling, animation, and Ajax much simpler with an easy-to-use API that works across a multitude of browsers. With a combination of versatility and extensibility, jQuery has changed the way that millions of people write JavaScript.
  39. 39. Beyond jQuery
  40. 40. WordPress is used by 58.9% of websites with a CMS. This is 27.8% of all websites. -W3Techs (as of April 17 2017)
  41. 41. WordPress Theme Editor
  42. 42. Child Theme
  43. 43. Child Theme A child theme is a theme that inherits the functionality and styling of another theme, called the parent theme. Child themes are the recommended way of modifying an existing theme. ● If you modify a theme directly and it is updated, then your modifications may be lost. By using a child theme you will ensure that your modifications are preserved. ● Using a child theme can speed up development time. ● Using a child theme is a great way to learn about WordPress theme development. Read More at https://codex.wordpress.org/Child_Themes
  44. 44. Child Theme
  45. 45. The functions file. A file in a theme that doesn’t display content but houses your php functions. This is where you place that snippet of code you find in a forum that will fix all your problems. You add your own custom php functions or WordPress hooks and customizations. Note that this file is tied to the theme, if you’re someone who switches themes often, you may be better served creating a function plugin and placing your code there. functions.php
  46. 46. Child Theme - style.css
  47. 47. Child Theme - functions.php
  48. 48. Simple PHP Edits Rearrange elements, remove elements, edit html tags… If you want to change more than just the stylesheet, your child theme can override any file in the parent theme: simply include a file of the same name in the child theme directory, and it will override the equivalent file in the parent theme directory when your site loads. But maybe your php edits could be useful to more than just your site?
  49. 49. Template Hierarchy The template hierarchy is the system WordPress uses to identify which template file to use when displaying a given page on a site. How does WordPress decides what template to use for each page?
  50. 50. Template Hierarchy
  51. 51. The Loop
  52. 52. The Loop The Loop is the code that queries the database to get your posts. It will grab them all at once and loop through them while building the page.
  53. 53. The Loop Note: there are php methods or Template Tags that we “must be within The Loop” in order to use them.
  54. 54. Hooks Hooks are provided by WordPress to allow you to 'hook into' the rest of WordPress. That is, your functions hook into WordPress functions. Then when the WordPress functions are called at any time, it sets your code in motion.
  55. 55. Hooks actions Actions are the hooks that the WordPress core launches at specific points during execution, or when specific events occur. Your plugin can specify that one or more of its PHP functions are executed at these points, using the Action API. filters Filters are the hooks that WordPress launches to modify text of various types before adding it to the database or sending it to the browser screen. Your plugin can specify that one or more of its PHP functions is executed to modify specific types of text at these times, using the Filter API. Still Lost?
  56. 56. Customizing The Customizer Custom Post Types Custom Fields
  57. 57. The Customizer
  58. 58. Custom Post Types When a simple blog post won’t work. You can create a custom post type (CPT) for anything you can think of, and when you combine a CPT with custom fields, you begin to harness the true CMS power of WordPress.
  59. 59. Custom Fields When a big WYSIWYG editor won’t work.
  60. 60. Native Custom Fields Advanced Custom Fields
  61. 61. git & svn are version control systems (vcs) Like the undo button or history pane in photoshop.
  62. 62. WordPress core development and plugin repo uses SVN. There’s also a WordPress mirror on github.
  63. 63. github.com
  64. 64. github app
  65. 65. sourcetree
  66. 66. API An application programming interface (API) is a set of subroutine definitions, protocols, and tools for building software and applications. A good API makes it easier to develop a program by providing all the building blocks, which are then put together by the programmer.
  67. 67. REST REpresentational State Transfer It describes how one system can communicate state with another. One example would be the state of a product (its name, description etc) represented as JSON. The generalised idea of state is termed a resource.
  68. 68. WP REST API
  69. 69. JSON JavaScript Object Notation is a lightweight data-interchange format. It is easy for humans to read and write. It is easy for machines to parse and generate. It is a text format that is completely language independent but uses conventions that are familiar to programmers. These properties make JSON an ideal data-interchange language. JSON is built on two structures: ● A collection of name/value pairs. (object). ● An ordered list of values. (array).
  70. 70. Multisite
  71. 71. WP-CLI
  72. 72. #navigate to directory cd local.project.com #download wp wp core download #set up db creds in config wp core config --dbname=root --dbuser=root --dbpass=pass #install wp wp core install --url=http://local.project.com/ --title=Project Site --admin_user=emullins --admin_password=******** --admin_email=emullins@brownbagmarketing.com #create users wp user create brownbag wordpress@brownbagmarketing.com --user_pass=******** --first_name='Brown Bag' --last_name=Marketing --role=admin #install plugins wp plugin activate #install theme wp theme install ../path/or/url/to/theme/zip.zip #activate theme wp theme activate my-theme
  73. 73. SEO Search Engine Optimization being google-able On Page: domain name, internal links/navigation, content, freshness, keyword density, site speed, SSL, etc Off Page: quantity and quality of inbound links, social media Out of the box WordPress has many helpful features that make your site search engine friendly on-page: clean code, content first, crawlability, pretty permalinks, etc. Plugins can still add more: Yoast, All in One SEO Pack… and more
  74. 74. Waterfall Methodology
  75. 75. Slack Sign up for the WordPress slack team
  76. 76. Tools & Helpers Local by Flywheel
  77. 77. Tools & Helpers CodeKit
  78. 78. Tools & Helpers Advanced Custom Fields Pro
  79. 79. Tools & Helpers Migrate DB Pro
  80. 80. Code 101
  81. 81. CODE 101 Success Now that you know Help others along the way! Taylor is a graduate of our internal Code101 course and is now part of our dev team!
  82. 82. Want more? https://premium.wpmudev.org/blog/wordpress-dictionary/ https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/Guide/Introduction_to_Web_developm ent https://www.pluralsight.com/courses/web-development-intro https://www.codecademy.com/courses/web-beginner-en-TlhFi/0/1 http://www.htmldog.com/guides/ @GoodFirstBugs
  83. 83. Birds eye review Where to code? Editor, Locally What Code? HTML, CSS, SASS, PHP, JS WordPress concepts: Plugins, Themes, child themes, template hierarchy, The Loop, Hooks, Customizing WordPress Version Control, Task Runners API, CLI, SEO, Tools: Slack, Local, Codekit, ACF, Migrate DB Pro Share what you learn!
  84. 84. Thank You! Any Questions? Slides available at https://circlecube.com/does-wordpress/

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