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THEORY OF GANDUSHA & MUKHA LEPA

Gandusha it is an one of the theory that in which rinse the doshas that situated in the oral cavity and Mukha lepa is also an procedure it protect the face that free from any reactions.

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THEORY OF GANDUSHA & MUKHA LEPA

  1. 1. GANDUSHADI VIDHI / गण्डूषादि विधि- DR. RAOSAHEB.A.DESHMUKH ASSO.PROF; DEPT OF SAMHITA-SIDDHANTA BLDEA’s AVS AYURVEDA MAHAVIDYALAYA,HOSPITAL & RESEARCH CENTRE, VIJAYAPUR
  2. 2.  गण्डूष प्रकार / kinds of gandusha चतुष्प्रकारो गण्डूषः स्निग्धः शमिशोधिौ रोपणश्च त्रयनतत्र त्रत्रषु योज्याश्चलादिषु अन्त्यो व्रणघ्िः
  3. 3. GANDUSA SNIGDHA(Lubricating) SHAMANA(Palliative) SHODHANA(purifying) ROPANA(Healing)
  4. 4.  1. Snigdha{Madhur+Amla+ Patu(lavana)} · lubricating, with oils and fats · for vata imbalance disorder. 2. Shamana {Madhur+Tikita+Kashaya} · palliative · for pitta imbalance disorder.
  5. 5.  3. Shodhana {katu+ Tikita+Amla} · purifying · for kapha imbalance disorder. 4. Ropana {Kashaya+Tikita} · healing. · healing of ulcers.
  6. 6.  निवाते सातपे स्नवन्ति मृदित नकन्तधकन्तधरः गण्डूषमपपबि ् ककस्जित ् उन्तितानयो पवधारयेत ् गण्डूषमपपबस्न्तवधारयेत ् 1. निवाते - the person should sit in a place devoid of breeze 2. सातपे - but in sunlight 3. स्नवन्ति मृदित नकन्तधकन्तधरः - his shoulders and neck should be massaged and fomented;  4. ककस्जित ् उन्तितानयो - keeping his face slightly lifted up,
  7. 7.  कफपूणाानयता याव्रव्राणाक्षताअथवा He should hold the liquid in his mouth 1. कफपूर्ाास्यता - till the mouth gets filled with kapha or 2. याित्स्रित्स्रार्ाक्षताअथिा - till the nose and eyes start secreting liquid.
  8. 8.  1. स्नेहः- fats – oil, ghee etc., 2. क्षीरं - milk, 3. मिूिकम्- honey with water 4. शुक्तं – fermented gruel, 5. मध्यं – wine, 6. रसो / mamsarasa – juice of meat, 7. मूत्रं – urine of animals or 8. िान्याम्लं – wash of grains fermented by keeping overnight, These liquids are commonly used in gandusha.
  9. 9.  Ghee - milk  1. ऊषािाहास्न्तवते पाके - local or general burning sensation (daha), 2. ulceration and 3. क्षते चागन्ततुसंभवे- wounds caused by foreign bodies, 4. पवषे - contact with poison 5. क्षारा -alkalies (kshara) and 6. अस्ग्ििग्धे - burns by fire,
  10. 10.  Madhu / honey -  Holding honey in the mouth 1. वैशद्यं िियनत आशु - removes the sliminess of the mouth, 2. सन्तिधानत मुखे व्रणाि् -heals the ulcers quickly, 3. िाहतृष्प्णारशमिं - relieves burning sensation and 4. Daha( Thirst).
  11. 11.  Ksharambu / water containing alkalies  Warm water  1. Quickly breaks up the accumulation of kapha. 2.Sukhoshnodakam / holding comfortable  1. वक्त्त्रलाघवम्- lightness and cleansing of the mouth
  12. 12.  KABALA(Kavala) · Taking liquid into mouth and moving it around by gargling for specific time period is kavala or Kabala. असजिायो मुखे पूणे गण्डूषः, कवलो अन्तयथा  GANDUSA · Filling the mouth with liquids fully not permitting any movement inside is gandusha.
  13. 13.  1. मन्याशशरः कर्ामुखाक्षक्षरोगाः - diseases of the neck, head, ears, mouth and eyes, 2. प्रसेक - paraseka – excess salivation, 3. कण्ठामय - diseases of the throat, 4. िक्त्रशोषाः - dryness of the mouth, 5. ह्रुल्लास - nausea, 6. तन्रा /tandra – stupor, 7. अरुधि / aruchi – anorexia and 8. पीनसाश्ि / peenasa – rhinitis · are curable by kavala
  14. 14.  प्रततसारर् / pratisarana – applying herbs to the interior of the mouth with the finger 1. कल्को / kalka – in the form of paste 2. रसकिया / rasakriya – solidified decoction and 3. चूणाः / curna – powder it should be · done in diseases of kapha origin · with the same herbs as suggested for gandusha.
  15. 15.  मुखलेपः त्रत्रधा िोषपवषहा वणाकृ च्च सः Mukhalepa is of three types – 1. िोषहा - doshaha – removing the doshas, 2. पवषहा - vishaha – removing poison and 3. वणाकृ च्च - varnakara – improving complexion Mukha lepa Acc to dosha:  It should be Applied:  Warm- for Vata and pitta  Cold- for pitta imbalance
  16. 16.  If properly done, · It cures 1. अकालपशलत – premature graying of hair, 2. ियङ्ग / Vyanga – discolored patch on face 3. िली – Wrinkles, 4. ततशमर / Timira – blindness and 5. नीशलकाः / Neelika – bluish vision (a type of blindness) .
  17. 17.  अभ्यङ्ग सेक पपचवो बस्नतश्चेनत चतुपवाधम् मूधातैलम् बहुगुणं तद्पवद्यात् उत्तरोत्तरम 1. Shiro abhyanga / अभ्यङ्ग · smearing oil and mild massage, 2. Shiro pariseka / सेक · pouring oil in continuous stream, 3. Shiro pichu / वपििो · keeping cloth soaked in oil over the entire area of scalp 4. Shiro basti / बस्स्त · making the oil poured on the head
  18. 18. 1. Shiro abhyanga / अभ्यङ्ग · smearing oil and mild massage, 2. Shiro pariseka / सेक · pouring oil in continuous stream,
  19. 19. 3. Shiro pichu / वपििो · keeping cloth soaked in oil over the entire area of scalp. 4. Shiro basti / बस्स्त · making the oil poured on the head.
  20. 20.  1. The person who has been purified – with vamana, virechana etc., Should be gently massaged with oil · and given mild fomentation. 2. Then at the closing of the day (evening) · he should be made to sit on a stool of the height of the knee, · a strap of leather made from the leather of either cow or buffalo, · twelve angula in width ( 8 – 9 inches) and · equal to that of the head in circumference should be wrapped around the head,
  21. 21.  · Just above the ears, · covered by a piece of cloth over the forehead, · and fastened tight with a thread. ·  The joints and intervening spaces should be packed with paste of black gram flour in order to prevent leakage of oil. · Then, medicated oil prescribed for the disease, should be poured over the head, in luke warm condition, · to a height of one angula over the skin of the scalp.
  22. 22.  1.आिक्त्रनाशसको क्लेिाद् - it should be held till secretion of fluid appears in the mouth and nose, 2. Or for a period of · 10,000 matra kala for vata · 8,000 matra kala for pitta · 6,000 matra kala for kapha  · 1000 matra kala for svastha / healthy person  . 1 matra kala = time requried to blink the eye once.

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