नासायाम् भवं नस्यम् By Aruna datta
नासाग्रह by Bhava prakasha
औषधम् औषध िसधम् स्नेहो वा निसकाभ्यम् दीयते इतित
नस्यम् by Sushritha.
नस्तः प्रच्छ् ःःढनर्ढन by Charaka
The nose consists of the nasal bones, the frontal
process of the maxilla at the root of the nose, and a
number of cartilages.
These nasal cartilages are made of hyaline cartilage.
These are the lateral nasal cartilages, the greater alar
cartilages, and the lesser alar cartilages.
The septal cartilage also forms part of these
The openings of the nose (nostrils) are the external
nares (external naris singular).
The nasal cavity has a wall that runs down the middle of it
called the nasal septum.
The septum consists of three parts, the perpendicular plate
of the ethmoid bone (a continuation of the crista galli) , the
vomer and the septal cartilage.
At the end of the nasal septum are two holes that separate
the nasal cavity from the nasopharynx. These are the
choanae or internal nares.
The floor of the nasal cavity is bordered by the hard palate
and the soft palate.
At the junction of the crista galli and the perpendicular plate
of the ethmoid is the cribriform plate of the ethmoid.
When looking at the nasal cavity, if the septal
cartilage is removed you can see the nasal conchae.
These structures force the inhaled air to come into
contact with the wall of the nasal cavity where the
air is warmed and moistened.
There are three nasal conchae, the superior nasal
concha, the middle nasal concha, and the inferior
Note the position of the conchae with the nasal
bone, the hard palate and the soft palate.
The nasal cavity is lined with respiratory epithelium
which is pseudostratified ciliated columnar
epithelium with goblet cells.
Respiratory epithelium is found in the nasal cavity,
the lower larynx, trachea, and bronchi. The goblet
cells secrete mucus which forms a film over the
epithelial surface. Dust and other particulate matter
sticks to the mucous sheet which is moved by the
This provides a protective function, removing
particulate matter from entering the lungs where it
might do damage.
The sense of smell is more complex than the sense of taste.
There are only five primary tastes but many different kinds
The region that is sensitive to smell is the olfactory
epithelium which is located in the superior portion of the
The olfactory epithelium consists of elongated epithelial
cells that are supporting cells with neurons called olfactory
cells. These olfactory cells have olfactory hairs on their
Chemicals that are inhaled come into contact with a mucous
sheet and are picked up by the olfactory cells.
The sensation of smell is transmitted by the olfactory nerves
through the cribriform plate of the ethmoid bone and they
synapse in the olfactory bulb at the base of the frontal lobe
of the brain.
Rasa- Katu, Kasaya
Guna- Laghu, RUksa,
Karma- Visaghna, Krmighna,
External uses Bactericidal.
shirovirechan. Hence it is
useful in dental caries,
toothache etc. Decoction is
used for gargles in dental
Rasa- Katu, Tikta
Guna- Laghu, Ruksa, Tiksna
sukrala, Grãhi, Dipana, Hrdya
Nervous system As it is tikshna
and ushna, it is a nerve
stimulant. The non crystalline
part of the bark is very strong
and it acts through afferent
It is one of theNASYA
Susrutha mentioned that snehana nasya is equal to
Anu taila will be used for this.
With karpasa pichu sneha will be inserted through
the nostrils as a drops.
Dosage of sneha nasya.
Acc.Susrita it is comes under shirovirechana nasya.
Acc.Susrita snehana & shodana nasya will be given before
Matra Uttama Madyama Heena
Charaka 64 drops 32 16
Bhoja 24 16 8
Sushrita 8 6 4
In Kaphaja diseases nasya given in Purvahna kala
In Pittaja diseases nasya given in Madyaahna kala
In Vataja diseases nasya given in Aparahna kala.
In Swastha purusha –during winter it is given in
during sharad ritu Purvahna kala,
Grishna ritu Aparahna kala,
in varsha ritu after sun rise.
It is done with the swarasa/kalka.
It is useful in shodana of the doshas.
For the Rakta stambana purpose ikshurasa/sharkara
are used to control the bleeding.
Its dosage is 4/6/8 drops heena/madyama/uttama
Chakrapani mentioned that 3 karmas for
Avapidana nasya Shodana/stambana/shamana.
Dalhana/videha mentioned 2 varieties for this
It is also called Prathamana nasya
It is one type of shodana nasya
Churna is used in this nasya
6 inches tube will be used for this purpose
It is useful in manasika rogas, krimija shiro rogas.
Its dosage 3 muchiti according to Videha.
Muchyuti-how much u take with index finger and thumb
finger that is muchyti.
Acc.Videha- make potali with finest powder and put it
before the nostrils and take inspiration, drug will enter into
the nostrils from the potali. This is another method. it is safe
method for not enters the excessive amount of churna.
In this nasya inhalation of dhuma nasya through the
nostrils will be done.
Chakrapani mentioned that dhuma which is given
through the nostrils is known as dhuma nasya.
It is three types 1.prayogika/shamana
2.vairechanika 3. Snaihika.
Nasya netra pramana is in prayogika nasya 36
angula, in vairechanika nasya 24 angula, in sanihika
nasya 32 angulas.
In sitting position nasya will be given.
With concentrated mind, by closing one nostril, with
another nostril inhale the dhuma and exhale with
With each nostril it is repeated 3 times.
The medicated fumes(bashpa sweda) are prepared
with herbs and inhaled through the nostrils are
known as another method of nasya.ex:kantakaryadi
kashaya bashpa sweda nasya to relieve the
congetion of the throat.
Marsha and pratimarsha both are similar but slight
difference in matra only.
In this there is no complications and easy.
It doesn’t aggravates any other doshas
It increases the strength of the body.
It is given in all rithus, any time.
Its dosage 2 drops in each nostril(pratimarsha)
Timings to give NASYA
(preparation for the
Intependent room for nasya karma(Nasya bhavan)
It can be given in sitting/sleeping positions.
To give sitting position nasya peeta is required.
To give in sleeping position nasya shayya is
Nasyoushadi:katphal chu., trikatu, swasakutara,
vataviwdamsini, pippali, maricha, vidanga, anu
taila, shadbindu taila, jatyadi taila, shudda grita,
rasouna, hingu, vacha, panchaguna taila, ghanasara
(preparation for the
Nasya netra which is 6 inches long.
Dhuma nasya 24 inches, snaihika nasya 32 inches,
prayogika nasya yantra 36inches should be there.
For the purpose of marsha/pratimarsha nasya pichu
Well trained attendents are required.
Vastra khanda-(napkin) useful to clean the face.
Gas stove,test tubes,useful items for tapa sweda,oil
for abhyanga,droper,other useful things which are
useful for the nasya procedures.
• Nasya yogya/ayogya.
• Is he suffereing from any ayogya nasya disease
• Asta stana pariksha
• Physical/psychological fitness
• Dasha vida pariksha
• Dosha ashraya-kosta/shaka
• Dosha –swatantra/paratantra
• Stana –swastana/para stana
• Dosha quantity-alpa/madyama/utkrista
• Rogi avasta-baala/yavana/vridda
• Desha –jangala/anupa/sadarana
• Kala –rutu bheda-swasta/atura-best in pravrit/varsha/sharat
• <7yrs,> 70yrs are contraindicated for nasya karma.
PREPARATION OF THE
Before giving nasya karma don’t give sneha pana.
For the purpose of dosha dravikarana/vilaya purpose
give alpa matra sneha for three days.
Ask the patient to pass urination and stool.
After that give meals.
Go for the nasya procedure.
Abhyanga is indicated first with the
danvantara/kshirabala/panchaguna taila.on shiras.
Do swedana karma over the face, head,neck are for
15 min.before doing nasya.
It contains KARMA
Nasya vyapath and treatments.
Abhyanga & procedure
Ask the patient to sleep in supine position for the nasya
Lift the patient nose with the left hand and put nasal drops
into each nostrils (luke warm) with the right hand.
Close the eyes with a piece of cloth.
Put the head not too high/too low due to this drug doesn’t
enters into the target area.
Don’t give too fast/slow.
Sneha/swarasa/kwatha/milk/mamsarasa/udaka can be given.
For Dhumapana nasya churna,cloth and 6 inches pipe are
For Dhuma nasya purpose put varthi in nasya
with the end of the 2nd part inhale with each nostril.
Nasya Dosage: (each nostril)
S.No Variety Hrasva Madyama Uttama
1 Shamana 8 dps 16 32
2 Shodana 4 6 8
3 Marsha 6 8 10
4 Pratimarsha 2 2 2
5 Kalka 4 6 8
Nasya Matra according to Sharangadara:
Teekshanoushada---1 shana=8 dps
Hindu matra ---1 yava(1/2 ratti)
saindava lavana ---1 masha(6 ratti)
Milk matra ---8 shana(64dps)
Sharkara,Dadima ---1 tola
Oushada sidda jala---3 tola
After nasya procedure
karma give swedana
Do abhyanga over head and neck region.
If any drug comes into the mouth, spit it.
After completion of nasya, count 1-100 with
Then give kavala graha,gandusha,dhumapana.
With luke warm water clean the throat.
At last dhumapana is indicated. It is useful to clear
the encoated kapha which is on the walls of the
Nasya Vyapath &
These are two types
1.Due to dosha prakopa---shodana/shamana.
2.Due to dosha shamana---Brimhana.
complication Effect on dosha treatment
Ajirna Kapha Ushna, tikshna
Krisha,garbini,vy Vata prakopa Vata
Nasya Vyapath &
Vatashula, Vata prakopa Tapa
angamarda, muka sweda,ashwagand
shosha, garba adi
Jwara,shoka,mad Timira Ruksha shita
ya peeta anjana lepa,
Murcha Syncope Sheeta jala
Immediate after paschat
First do Tapa sweda,
then Mrudu mardhana over head,
shoulder,neck and back.
Face wash with luke warm water
It eliminates the excessive kapha which is coated over
the internal areas of the throat, pharynx, oral cavity.
It is very effective.
Charaka(3) Sushrita(5) Vagbata(3) BP/Srgdara(6)
Prayogika Prayogika Snigda Shamana
Snaihika Snaihika Madyama Brimhana
Vairechanika Vairechanika Tikshna Rechana
Sit in the chair with concentrated mind.
Dhumapana take first with mouth then with nastrils.
When inhaled with mouth, exhale with mouth only.
When inhaled with nose, exhale with mouth only.
Dhumapana Samyak/Atiyoga/Ayoga lakshanas:
Samyak Lightness in the head, hridaya, indriya
shuddi, roga prashamana,
Ayoga Swara ashuddi, kapha prakopa in the
throat, Staimitya in the head, Roga
These are due to inapropriate time of dhumapana.
They are bhadirya, mukhatwa, raktapitta,
For these complications treatment is
in case of kapha prakopa Rukshana chikitsa is
Variety D.N.Pra Inhale with Dosage Uses
Prayogika 48” Nose 3-3 times K shodana,
(8 kalas) shamana,V shamana
Snaihika 32” Mouth/nose Upto V prashamana due to
(V kopa kala) watering of snigdata
Vairechanika 24” Nose Upto K prakopa, nirharana
(k kopa kala) D.Nirharana
Kasagna 16” Mouth
Vamaniya 16” Mouth
After nasya karma give dhumapana, then
Give hot warer to drink
Give laghu ahara to eat.
Avoid expose to cold air.
Don’t give snigdha aharas which increases kapha
and hard to digest, they does abhishyandi.