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Part 3 2

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Part 3 2

  1. 1. The 2010 Gross NationalHappiness Index : Part III The Centre for Bhutan Studies 2011
  2. 2. Part III:Increasing Happiness1. GNH Index and Policy: concern for Unhappiness2. Insufficiencies by Dzongkhag3. Insufficiencies by region4. Insufficiencies by gender5. Insufficiencies by age group6. Insufficiencies by marital status7. Insufficiencies by occupational group8. Policy recommendations9. Sustaining GNH
  3. 3. Part III:Increasing Happiness1. GNH Index and Policy: concern for Unhappiness2. Insufficiencies by Dzongkhag3. Insufficiencies by region4. Insufficiencies by gender5. Insufficiencies by age group6. Insufficiencies by marital status7. Insufficiencies by occupational group8. Policy recommendations9. Sustaining GNH
  4. 4. The GNH Index is formulated to provide anincentive to Increase Happiness.Civil servants, business leaders, and citizensof Bhutan may ask, ‘how can I help toincrease GNH?’The GNH Index can help them answer thisquestion in practical ways.
  5. 5. Increasing GNH“Our nation‟s Vision can onlybe fulfilled if the scope of ourdreams and aspirations arematched by the reality of ourcommitment to nurturingour future citizens.”HM Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, the5th King of Bhutan
  6. 6. Increasing GNH To Increase happiness, we need to ask a new set of questions. We have to identify people who are not yet happy. And we have to ask, where do they lack sufficiency? What must more be done? This analysis is of direct relevance for policy.
  7. 7. National GNH Index: .743 usingthe happiness threshold of 66%
  8. 8. GNH Index by income group (Household per capita income)0.95 0.90.85 0.8 GNH Index increases with income per capita0.75 • Bhutan still has a significant 0.7 share of people not able to0.65 meet basic physical needs • some relationship is 0.6 organic, because income is an0.55 indicator measured in the 0.5 GNH Index and is also correlated with assets, housing, and education.
  9. 9. National headcount ratio: 59% of Bhutanese do not fulfilthe threshold of being happy in 6 or more than 6 domains. According to the GNHIndex, they are „not-yet-happy‟.
  10. 10. Of course, happiness is deeply personal. Some of these people may regard themselves as fully flourishing. That is why we needto discuss GNH widely in Bhutan.
  11. 11. National Breadth (Lack of sufficiency): Of the Bhutanese who areunhappy, on average they have insufficiency in 43% of the domains (roughly equal to 4 domains)
  12. 12. Proportion of people deprived/unhappy 3,76,975 59%60% 1,66,124 Indicator:50% Psychological wellbeing, Healt 1,46,956 h, Time40% use, Culture, Ec 26% ology, Commun ity30% 23% vitality, Good Governance and Living20% Indicator: standards Indicator: Health, Educatio Consumption n and Living10% per capita Standards0% National Poverty line Multidimensional Gross National 2007 Poverty Index 2010 Happiness Index 2010 .
  13. 13. 0% 10% 20% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 30% Life satisfaction Positive emotions Negative emotions Spirituality Self reported health… Healthy days Disability Mental health Work Sleep Schooling Literacy Value Knowledge % insufficiency amongst the unhappy Artisan skills Speak native language Cultural participation Driglam Namzha Fundamental rights Services Political participation Donations (time &… Community relationship Family Safety vary? Ecological issues Responsibility… unhappy people. Wildlife damage (Rural) higher, it means that Urbanization issues % insufficiency amongst the happy When the blue bars are Life satisfaction is much First, a birds eye view of Assets happy vs unhappy people. How do their achievements higher among the unhappy.For example, insufficiency in insufficiency is higher among Household per capita… Housing
  14. 14. 0% 10% 20% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 30% Life satisfaction Positive emotions Negative emotions Spirituality Self reported health… Healthy days Disability Mental health Work Sleep Schooling Literacy Value Knowledge % insufficiency amongst the unhappy Artisan skills Speak native language Cultural participation Driglam Namzha Fundamental rights Let’s look further. Services Political participation Donations (time &… Community relationship Family have less sufficiency than unhappy. Safety Ecological issues Responsibility…But some are relatively close; others very different. Wildlife damage (Rural) Urbanization issues % insufficiency amongst the happy Assets Across all indicators we see that there is no indicator in which Household per capita… orange bars are higher than blue – none in which ‘happy’ people Housing
  15. 15. 0% 10% 20% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 30% Life satisfaction 100% Positive emotions Negative emotions well-being SpiritualitySelf reported health status Healthy days Psychological Health Disability Mental health Work Sleep Time Use Schooling Literacy Value % insufficiency amongst the unhappy Knowledge Artisan skills Speak native language Cultural participation Driglam NamzhaGovernment performance Fundamental rights Services Political participation well- that theDonations (time & money) Looking at have higher insufficiency. psychological Community relationship d time, we see The groups are closest in sleep. being, health, an ‘unhappy’ always Family % insufficiency amongst
  16. 16. Schooling Literacy Value e unhappy Education Knowledge Artisan skills Speak native language Cultural participation Culture Driglam Namzha Government performance Fundamental rights Services Political participation Governance Donations (time & money) Community relationship Family Safety Ecological issues Responsibility towards… % insufficiency amongst the happy Wildlife damage (Rural) Urbanization issues AssetsHousehold per capita income Housing In e, and highest Driglam Political Both have education. Namzha, and participation. different in of deprivations in groups are least governance, the Value, Language, education, cultur
  17. 17. In % insufficiency amongst the happy community, ecol ogy, and living standard, the Community Ecology Living strong Standard differences are in wildlife damage and in living standard. Happy people’s insufficiencies in Responsibility towards… Housing Assets Ecological issuesDriglam Namzha Fundamental rights Wildlife damage (Rural) Donations (time & money) Household per capita income Community relationship Urbanization issues Safety Services Family Political participation Government performance community and ecology are otherwise rather close and in urbanization, alm ost equal.
  18. 18. 0% 10% 20% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 30% Life satisfaction Positive emotions Negative emotions Spirituality Self reported health… Healthy days Disability Mental health Work Sleep Schooling Literacy Value Knowledge % insufficiency amongst the unhappy Artisan skills Speak native language Cultural participation Driglam Namzha Fundamental rights Services Political participation Donations (time &… Community relationship Family Safety Ecological issues Responsibility…Next we analyse the blue bars – the insufficiencies ofunhappy people – and ask, how can we reduce them? Wildlife damage (Rural) Urbanization issues % insufficiency amongst the happy Assets Household per capita… Housing
  19. 19. Health is the lowest Percentage contribution to unhappiness contributor to Healthunhappiness followed 6% Education Communityby community vitality 16% vitality Education is the 7% highest contributor to Ecological unhappiness diversity and resilience 8% Living standards 14% Psychological wellbeing 11% Time use 14% Good Cultural diversity Governance and resilience 13% 11%
  20. 20. Domain contribution to unhappiness Communi Health Education Contribution of Education indicators to ty vitality 6%Ecological 7% 16% unhappinessdiversity andresilience Living 8% standards KnowledgePsycholog 14% 15.0% 6.2% icalwellbeing Schooling 11% Time use Cultural 14% 10.0% 4.8% Literacy diversity Good and Governan Value resilience ce 5.0% 4.2% 11% 13% 0.2% 0.0% Percentage of people who are not-yet-happy and lack sufficiency 58% 60% 45% 39% 40% 20% 2% 0% Value Literacy Schooling Knowledge
  21. 21. Domain contribution to unhappiness Communi Health Contribution of Living standard indicators to ty vitality 7% 6% Education 16% unhappinessEcologicaldiversity and 14.0% Housingresilience 8% Living standards 5.7%Psycholog 14% ical 9.0% Household perwellbeing 11% Time use 5.1% capita income Cultural 14% diversity Good 4.0% Assets and resilience Governan ce 2.8% 11% 13% -1.0%Percentage of people who are not-yet-happy and lack sufficiency 39% 35% 40% 30% 19% 20% 10% 0% Assets Household per Housing capita income
  22. 22. Contribution of Time use indicators Contribution of Good Governance to unhappiness indicators to unhappiness Services 15.0% Political100% 7.2% participation 80% 8.7% 10.0% 60% Work Fundamental 4.6% rights 40% Sleep 5.0% 4.8% 1.1% Government 20% 0.0% 0.6% performance 0% Percentage of people who are not-yet-happy and lack sufficiency 59% 50% 40% 43% 38% 40% 30% 22% 21% 20% 10% 0% Government Fundamental Political Services Sleep Work performance rights participation
  23. 23. Cultural diversity and resilience indicators to Psychological wellbeing indicators to unhappiness unhappiness Cultural Spirituality participation12.0% 10.0% Artisan skills 4.9% Life satisfaction10.0% 5.6% 8.0% 8.0% 6.0% Driglam 6.0% 2.2% Positive 3.3% Namzha emotions 4.0% 4.0% 2.1% 2.0% 2.1% Speak native Negative 0.3% 2.0% 1.8% 0.0% language emotions 0.0% Percentage of people who are not-yet-happy and lack sufficiency 43% 34% 45% 35% 29% 40% 25% 35% 24% 30% 25% 30% 25% 25% 20% 15% 10% 3% 20% 15% 5% 0% 15% 10% 5% 0% Life Negative Positive Spirituality satisfaction emotions emotions
  24. 24. Community vitality indicators to Ecological diversity and resilience unhappiness indicators to unhappiness Donations (time Wildlife & money) 10.0% damage (Rural)8.0% Community 8.0% Urbanization6.0% 4.5% relationship 6.0% 5.5% issues Family4.0% 4.0% Ecological 2.1% 1.5%2.0% Safety 2.0% issues 0.8% 0.4% 0.5%0.0% 0.0% Responsibility towards environment Percentage of people who are not-yet-happy and lack sufficiency 34% 35% 32% 35% 30% 24% 25% 30% 20% 25% 19% 20% 15% 15% 9% 11% 10% 6% 3% 10% 5% 5% 0% 0% Safety Family Community Donations Urbanization Responsibility Ecological Wildlife relationship (time & issues towards issues damage money) environment (Rural)
  25. 25. Domain contribution to unhappiness Communi Health Contribution of Health indicators to ty vitality 7% 6% Education 16% unhappinessEcologicaldiversity and Healthy daysresilience Living 8% standards 6.0%Psycholog 14% 2.4% Mental health ical 5.0%wellbeing 11% Time use 4.0% Cultural 14% 1.6% Disability diversity Good 3.0% and resilience Governan ce 2.0% 1.2% 11% 13% 1.0% 0.9% Self reported health status 0.0%Percentage of people who are not-yet-happy and lack sufficiency 18% 20% 20% 12% 15% 9% 10% 5% 0% Disability Mental health Healthy days Self reported health status
  26. 26. 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% 70.0% 80.0% 90.0% 100.0% Spirituality wellbeing Positive emotions Psychological Negative emotions Life satisfaction Self reported health status Health Healthy days Mental health Disability use Sleep Time Work Knowledge Schooling Education Literacy Value Cultural participationand Driglam NamzhaCulturaldiversityresilience Artisan skills Speak native language Services Political participationGood Fundamental rightsGovernance Government performance Donations (time & money) whether they are happy or not yet happy. Community relationship vitality Family Community Safety Wildlife damage (Rural) and Ecological issues diversity resilience Ecological Responsibility towards… Total percentage of people who lack sufficiency in the indicators – Urbanization issues Housing Living Household per capita income standards Assets
  27. 27. Total percentage of people who lack sufficiency More than 50% of the100.0% Bhutanese are insufficient in 90.0% 3 of the 4 indicators of 80.0% Education. 70.0% 60.0% 50.0% 40.0% 30.0% 20.0% 10.0% 0.0% Education Ecolog Psychological Time Cultural diversi wellbeing use diversity and Health and Good Community resilien resilience Governance vitality
  28. 28. Literacy Schooling Literate Illterate HS education Diploma/Cer Bachelors (till degree tificate, 0.69 Degree, 2.45 Post 2nd yr), 4.21 Graduate, 0. 48 MS education (X), 7.50 LS education 46% (VIII), 5.3654% Primary No formal education education, 6 (VI), 13.75 5.56
  29. 29. KnowledgeKnowledge of local legends and folk tales Knowledge and understanding in local Good tshechus and festivals 10% Very good Very good Good 2% 2% 10% Very poor Average 37% Very poor 23% Average 23% 37% Poor Poor 28% 28% Knowledge and understanding in traditional Bhutanese songs Very good 4% Good Very poor 17% 32% Average 22% Poor 25%
  30. 30. Knowledge (contd.) Knowledge and understanding on Knowledge of Constitution transmission of HIV/AIDS Not at all Very good 5% 2% Good Good 12%understan Just heard Very poor ding of it 33% 31% 21% Average 24% Some understan Poor ding 29% 43%
  31. 31. Total percentage of people who lack sufficiency100.0% More than 40% of the90.0% Bhutanese are insufficient in 2 of the 4 indicators of Good80.0% Governance70.0%60.0%50.0%40.0%30.0%20.0%10.0% 0.0% Education Ecolog Psychological Time Cultural diversi wellbeing use diversity and Health and Good Community resilien resilience Governance vitality
  32. 32. ServicesRiver, pond, Springlake, streams Source of water 2% Very Quality of drinking water Poor , rainwater Unprotected poor 5% 2% Others well 2% Neither 0% 0% Protect well good 1% nor poor Piped-in dwelling Public 10% 25% outdoor tap 21% Very good 38% Piped water outside house Good 49% 45% Dump Dump in on open Waste disposal method forest air Others 1% Dump in 1% 1% rivers/strea Municipal ms garbage 1% pick-up Composting 15% 26% Burning 55%
  33. 33. Ele Do you have electricity in your Distance to nearest health carectri household? centrecity0% More than No 60 mins or 60 mins 28% less than 60 walk to mins walk nearest to nearest health care health care centre centre 37% Yes 63% 72%
  34. 34. Political participation Will you participate in the next In the past 12 months, how manyNo general election? times have you attended zomdues4% Don (meetings)? know 3% Never 37% Once or more Yes 63% 93%
  35. 35. Fundamental rights Do you feel that you have right to Do you feel you have the right to freedom of speech and opinion? Dont vote? Dont No know No know 8% 1% 1% 1% Yes Yes 91% 98%Do you feel you have the right to join Do you feel you have the right to political party of your choice? form tshogpa? Dont Dont know No know No 2% 6% 5% 12% Yes Yes 92% 83%
  36. 36. Do you have right to equal access Do you have right to equal pay and apportunity to join public for work of equal value? service? Dont Dont know No know No 3% 12% 4% 15% Yes Yes 85% 81% Are you free from discrimination based on race, sex, raligion language etc.? Dont know No 2% 12% Yes 86%
  37. 37. Part III:Increasing Happiness1. GNH Index and Policy: concern for Unhappiness2. Insufficiencies by Dzongkhag3. Insufficiencies by region4. Insufficiencies by gender5. Insufficiencies by age group6. Insufficiencies by marital status7. Insufficiencies by occupational group8. Policy recommendations9. Sustaining GNH
  38. 38. Percentage of not-yet-happy people by districtHigher percentage of not-yet-happy people Lower percentage of not-yet-happy people
  39. 39. Domain contribution to unhappiness Paro Psychological wellbeing Sarpang Dagana Health Tsirang Punakha Haa Time use Thimphu Gasa Education Zhemgang Chukha Wangdue… Cultural diversity and resilience Bumthang Samtse Good Governance Mongar Pema Gatshel Community vitality Tashigang Lhuntse Tashi Yangste Ecological diversity and Trongsa resilienceSamdrup Jongkhar Living standards 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% .
  40. 40. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Life satisfaction Spirituality wellbeing Negative emotions Psychological Positive emotions Disability Mental health Health Self reported health status Healthy days Sleep use Time Work Value Paro Literacy Schooling Education Knowledge Speak native language and Driglam Namzha Cultural Artisan skills diversity resilience Cultural participation Government performance Fundamental rights Good Political participation Governance Services Samdrup Jongkhar Safety Family vitality Community relationship Community Donations (time & money) Ecological issues and Responsibility towards… diversity resilience Ecological Urbanization issues Wildlife damage (Rural) Household per capita… Living Assets standards Housing Percentage of Bhutanese who are not-yet-happy and lack sufficiency in indicators.
  41. 41. Percentage of not-yet-happy people0.9 Population in hundred thousands0.80.70.60.50.40.30.20.1 0 .
  42. 42. Pema Thimphu Punakha, 9,278 Haa, 6,198Where do the Gatshel, 9,108 Chukha Gasa, 1,681unhappy Samtsepeople live? Dagana, 9,431 Tashigang Samdrup JongkharThimphu Trongsa, 9,567 Mongarand Chukha Bumthang, 9,734 Sarpangare home to Tsirang, 9,760 Thimphu, 52,910 Wangdue Phodrangthe highest Lhuntse, 10,432 Paronumber of Zhemgang, 10,54 Tashi Yangsteunhappy 4 Chukha, 42,431 Zhemgangpeople…. Tashi LhuntseNote Chukha Yangste, 12,124 Paro, 16,886 Tsirangand Samtse, 36,574 BumthangThimphu Trongsaalso house Wangdue Daganathe highest Phodrang, 18,646 Punakhanumber of Pema Gatshelhappy Sarpang, 20,231people! Tashigang, 34,168 HaaThey are big Mongar, 23,034 Samdrup Gasadzongkhags. Jongkhar, 30,450
  43. 43. Average insufficiencies amongst the not-yet-happyThose living in Samdrup Jongkhar, Lhuentse, Tashi Yangste, andTrongsa experience insufficiency in the most indicators at the same time. Higher insufficiencies Lower insufficiencies
  44. 44. Part III:Increasing Happiness1. GNH Index and Policy: concern for Unhappiness2. Insufficiencies by Dzongkhag3. Insufficiencies by region4. Insufficiencies by gender5. Insufficiencies by age group6. Insufficiencies by marital status7. Insufficiencies by occupational group8. Policy recommendations9. Sustaining GNH
  45. 45. 70% 63% 50%60% 44% 42%50% More unhappy people in rural40% areas! Rural30% Urban20%10%0% Percentage of not-yet- Average insufficiency happy .
  46. 46. 67%70% In Rural areas, not- yet-happy people‟s60% 55% average „shortfall‟ 43% 41%50% about the same is as urban shortfall.40% Rural This30% is good news. Urban It20% suggests less disparity in10% unhappiness by region. 0% Percentage of unhappy Average insufficiency people .
  47. 47. Contribution of the domains to Unhappiness at the national level, for urban areas and for rural areas100% 16% 15% 12%90% Education 7%80% 15% 14% Living standards 15%70% 14% Time use60% 13% 16% Good Governance50% 13% 13% 12% Psychological40% 11% 11% wellbeing30% 14% Cultural diversity and 11% 11% resilience20% 8% Ecological diversity 8% 8% 5% and resilience10% 6% 6% Health 7% 11% 6% 0% Community vitality Rural National Urban .
  48. 48. Contribution of the domains to Unhappiness at the national level, for urban areas and for rural areas100% 16% 15% 12%90% Education 7%80% 15% 14% Living standards 15%70% 14% Time use60% 13% 16% Good Governance50% 13% 13% 12% Psychological40% 11% 11% wellbeing30% Urban Areas have 14% Cultural diversity and highest insufficiency in 11% 11% resilience20% Governance, Time 8% 8% Ecological diversity 8% use, and Culture. 5% and resilience10% 6% 6% Health 7% 11% 6% 0% Community vitality Rural National Urban .
  49. 49. Contribution of the domains to Unhappiness at the national level, for urban areas and for rural areas100% 16% 15% 12%90% Education 7%80% 15% 14% Living standards 15%70% 14% Time use60% 13% 16% Good Governance50% 13% 13% 12% Psychological40% 11% 11% wellbeing30% Rural Areas have 14% Cultural diversity and 11% 11% resilience highest20% 8% Ecological diversity 8% 8% insufficiency in 5% and resilience10% 6% 6% Education and Health 7% 11% Living Standards. 6% 0% Community vitality Rural National Urban .
  50. 50. Percentage of Bhutanese who are not yet happy and lack sufficiency in Education and Good Governance indicators Value Government Literacy performance Political Rural Schoolingparticipation Urban National Fundamental Knowledge rights Services .
  51. 51. Percentage of Bhutanese who are not-yet-happy and lack sufficiency in Cultural diversity and resilience and Community vitality indicators Safety 50% Cultural 40% Family participation 30% 20% 10% Community RuralArtisan skills 0% relationship Urban National Donations (time & Driglam Namzha money) Speak native language .
  52. 52. Percentage of Bhutanese who are not-yet-happy and lack sufficiency in Living standards indicators Assets 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% National 0% Rural Urban HouseholdHousing per capita income .
  53. 53. Part III:Increasing Happiness1. GNH Index and Policy: concern for Unhappiness2. Insufficiencies by Dzongkhag3. Insufficiencies by region4. Insufficiencies by gender5. Insufficiencies by age group6. Insufficiencies by marital status7. Insufficiencies by occupational group8. Policy recommendations9. Sustaining GNH
  54. 54. GNH Index by gender0.80.78 0.7830.760.74 0.7370.72 0.704 0.7 0.68 0.66 Female National Male .
  55. 55. Significant tests for GNH indices for gender0.8000.7800.7600.7400.7200.7000.680 Lower0.660 boundary Male Female GNH index Upper boundary .
  56. 56. 67%70%60% 51% 67% of women are unhappy. 44%50% 42% About 51% of40% men are Male30% unhappy. Female20%10%0% Percentage of not-yet-happy Average insufficiency people
  57. 57. 67%70% Not-yet-happy 51%60% people‟s average 44% 42% „shortfall‟ (lack50%40% sufficiency) is of Male the almost same30% Female for men and20% women.10%0% Percentage of unhappy Average insufficiency people
  58. 58. Contribution of the domains to unhappiness by gender Health Community vitality 6% 8% 8% 11% 11% 13% 13% 13% 16% Ecological diversity andFemale resilience Psychological wellbeing Cultural diversity and resilience Good Governance 5% 7% 9% 10% 12% 13% 14% 14% 15% Male Time use Living standards 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Education The contribution to unhappiness in men and women by the respective domains is similar
  59. 59. Percentage of Bhutanese who are not-yet-happy and lack sufficiency in Health and Psychological wellbeing indicators Disability 40%Life satisfaction 30% Mental health 20% 10% MaleNegative Female 0% Healthy daysemotions National Positive Self reported emotions health status Spirituality
  60. 60. Part III:Increasing Happiness1. GNH Index and Policy: concern for Unhappiness2. Insufficiencies by Dzongkhag3. Insufficiencies by region4. Insufficiencies by gender5. Insufficiencies by age group6. Insufficiencies by marital status7. Insufficiencies by occupational group8. Policy recommendations9. Sustaining GNH
  61. 61. GNH Index by age group 0.80.780.760.740.72 0.70.68 GNH is highest among those0.66 aged 21-250.640.62 0.6 <=20 21-25 26-30 31-35 36-40 41-45 46-50 51-55 56-60 61-65 >65 .
  62. 62. Domain contribution to unhappiness by age group Psychological wellbeing61-65 9% 9% 11% 18% 10% 7% 15%56-60 10% 8% 14% 17% 10% 6% 15% Health51-55 10% 8% 14% 17% 10% 6% 14% Time use46-50 11% 6% 14% 17% 10% 6% 15% Education41-45 10% 5% 16% 16% 11% 6% 14% 11% 6% 14% 16% 11% 7% 14% Cultural diversity and36-40 resilience31-35 11% 5% 15% 15% 11% 8% 13% Good Governance26-30 12% 4% 14% 14% 13% 9% 12% Community vitality21-25 12% 4% 14% 12% 13% 10% 11% Ecological diversity and<=20 13% 4% 11% 11% 14% 11% 13% resilience Living standards 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 120% Young people are better educated, healthier, and have relatively good living standards. Older people do better in culture, governance, community, and psychological well-being. .
  63. 63. Percentage of the not-yet-happy in Psychological wellbeing indicators45% 41% Spirituality40% 37% 37% Positive emotions 36% 35%35% 34% Negative emotions 30%30% 29% 28% 27% 27%25%20%15%10%5%0% <=20 21-25 26-30 31-35 36-40 41-45 46-50 51-55 56-60 61-65 >65
  64. 64. Percentage of the not-yet-happy in Health indicators45%40% Self reported health status35% Healthy days Disability30% Mental health25%20%15%10%5%0% <=20 21-25 26-30 31-35 36-40 41-45 46-50 51-55 56-60 61-65 >65
  65. 65. Percentage of the not-yet-happy in Community vitality indicators80% Donationa (time & money)70% Community relationship Family60% Safety50%40% The not-yet happy still have very30% high and stable achievements in family and safety – except the20% very young. Community decreases with age.10%0% <=20 21-25 26-30 31-35 36-40 41-45 46-50 51-55 56-60 61-65 >65
  66. 66. Percentage of the not-yet-happy in Community vitality indicators70% Work Sleep60%50%40%30%20%10%0% <=20 21-25 26-30 31-35 36-40 41-45 46-50 51-55 56-60 61-65 >65
  67. 67. Part III:Increasing Happiness1. GNH Index and Policy: concern for Unhappiness2. Insufficiencies by Dzongkhag3. Insufficiencies by region4. Insufficiencies by gender5. Insufficiencies by age group6. Insufficiencies by marital status7. Insufficiencies by occupational group8. Policy recommendations9. Sustaining GNH
  68. 68. Percentage of not-yet-happy Note: results are illustrative only GNH Index Average insufficiency amongst the not-yet-happy90% 81%80% 73%70% 64%60% 58% 50%50%40%30%20%10%0% Never married Married Divorced Separated Widowed
  69. 69. Contribution of domains to unhappiness by marital status Widowed 10% 9% 11% 18% 9% 13% 6% 8% 15% Psychological wellbeing Health Separated 10% 9% 11% 16% 11% 13% 8% 9% 14% Time use Education Divorced 11% 7% 13% 16% 9% 14% 8% 8% 14% Cultural diversity and resilience Married Good Governance 11% 6% 14% 16% 11% 13% 7% 8% 14% Community vitalityNever married 12% 5% 12% 11% 15% 15% 9% 9% 11% Ecological diversity and resilience Living standards 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%
  70. 70. Contribution of domains to unhappiness by marital status Widowed 10% 9% 11% 18% 9% 13% 6% 8% 15% Psychological wellbeing The contrast between Health married, divorced, separ Separated 10% 9% 11% 16% 11% 13% 8% 9% 14% ated, and widowed is Time use not very big. Education Divorced 11% 7% 13% 16% 9% 14% 8% 8% 14% Widowed and Divorced enjoy a little lessand Cultural diversity resilience culture. Married Good Governance 11% 6% 14% 16% 11% 13% 7% 8% 14% Never married to show aCommunityprofile of different vitality deprivationsNever married 12% 5% 12% 11% 15% 15% 9% 9% 11% Ecological diversity and resilience Living standards 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%
  71. 71. Part III:Increasing Happiness1. GNH Index and Policy: concern for Unhappiness2. Insufficiencies by Dzongkhag3. Insufficiencies by region4. Insufficiencies by gender5. Insufficiencies by age group6. Insufficiencies by marital status7. Insufficiencies by occupational group8. Policy recommendations9. Sustaining GNH
  72. 72. Note: The survey is not representative byoccupational group, and some of the occupationalcategories are very small. So these results must be understood to be ‘illustrative’ but not definitive.Further research would be required to verify their accuracy.
  73. 73. Percentage of not-yet-happy people GNH Index Average insufficiency amongst the not-yet-happy people 10.9 88%0.8 69%0.70.6 56% 58% 51% 53% 49% 50%0.5 41% 42%0.4 37% 27% 29%0.30.20.1 0 .
  74. 74. Contribution of domains to unhappiness by occupational status Psychological Civil servants 12% 4% 14% 8% 18% 18% 12% 5% wellbeing Monk/Anim 6% 14% 5% 16% 15% 16% 11% 17% HealthGYT/DYT member 10% 7% 16% 16% 11% 10% 6% 13% Time use School… 13% 5% 11% 7% 17% 17% 12% 9% Trader/Shopkeep… 12% Education 5% 19% 13% 14% 14% 11% 5% Unemployed 15% 4% 11% 10% 15% 19% 12% 8% Cultural diversity and Gomchen 6% 8% 11% 13% 7% 16% 8% 20% resilience GoodCorporate employee 10% 5% 17% 10% 15% 17% 11% 9% Governance RBG/RBA/RBP 10% 3% 20% 12% 15% 16% 10% 9% Community vitality Others 11% 4% 14% 15% 14% 15% 9% 12% Ecological House wife 12% 6% 13% 15% 11% 16% 12% 8% diversity and resilience Farmer 11% 6% 13% 17% 10% 12% 6% 16% Living standards National Work… 10% 4% 16% 16% 11% 18% 9% 12% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%
  75. 75. Percentage of the not-yet-happy in some of the Psychological wellbeing indicators - monk/anim have lowest insufficiencies.50%45% Positive emotions40% Negative emotions35% Spirituality30%25%20%15%10% 5% 0%
  76. 76. Part III:Increasing Happiness1. GNH Index and Policy: concern for Unhappiness2. Insufficiencies by Dzongkhag3. Insufficiencies by region4. Insufficiencies by gender5. Insufficiencies by age group6. Insufficiencies by marital status7. Insufficiencies by occupational group8. Policy recommendations9. Sustaining GNH
  77. 77. Who can increase GNH?•Life satisfaction•Positive emotions•Negative emotions • Political participation Community effort • Services•Self reported health•Number of healthy days • Government performance•Disability • Donations • Fundamental rights•Mental health •Safety • Literacy•Work •Community relationship •Schooling•Sleep •Cultural participation •Knowledge•Responsibility towards •Wildlife damage •Value environment •Driglam Namzha •Zorig Chusum skills•Speak native language•Assets •Urban issues•Housing •Ecological issues•Family•Household per capita income Government effortIndividual/House hold effort
  78. 78. Individuals are linked out•Life satisfaction•Positive emotions•Negative emotions • Political participation Community effort • Services•Self reported health•Number of healthy days • Government performance•Disability • Donations • Fundamental rights•Mental health •Safety • Literacy•Work •Community relationship •Schooling•Sleep •Cultural participation •Knowledge•Responsibility towards •Wildlife damage •Value environment •Driglam Namzha •Zorig Chusum skills•Speak native language•Assets •Urban issues•Housing •Ecological issues•Family•Household per capita income Government effortIndividual/House hold effort
  79. 79. Communties affect others•Life satisfaction•Positive emotions•Negative emotions • Political participation Community effort • Services•Self reported health•Number of healthy days • Government performance•Disability • Donations • Fundamental rights•Mental health •Safety • Literacy•Work •Community relationship •Schooling•Sleep •Cultural participation •Knowledge•Responsibility towards •Wildlife damage •Value environment •Driglam Namzha •Zorig Chusum skills•Speak native language•Assets •Urban issues•Housing •Ecological issues•Family•Household per capita income Government effortIndividual/House hold effort
  80. 80. And so does government•Life satisfaction•Positive emotions•Negative emotions • Political participation Community effort • Services•Self reported health•Number of healthy days • Government performance•Disability • Donations • Fundamental rights•Mental health •Safety • Literacy•Work •Community relationship •Schooling•Sleep •Cultural participation •Knowledge•Responsibility towards •Wildlife damage •Value environment •Driglam Namzha •Zorig Chusum skills•Speak native language•Assets •Urban issues•Housing •Ecological issues•Family•Household per capita income Government effortIndividual/House hold effort
  81. 81. GNH is created when different groups work to do what they do best. Meaningful Government/ work, services, products Corporation/ Private Community/ Meaningful Civil society/ relationships, collective action, models Religious Sharing, relationships, a uthentic self- Individual/ direction, shaping own happiness Household
  82. 82. GNH Index highlights- Education Education is the highest contributor to unhappiness as per GNH Index Bhutanese have more than 50% insufficiency in 3 of the 4 indicators The highest insufficiency being in the knowledge indicator. Bhutanese experience low levels of knowledge in cultural & historical aspects of the country & in health and politics.

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