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Les villes intelligentes: enjeux et stratégies pour de nouveaux marchés

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Les villes intelligentes: enjeux et stratégies pour de nouveaux marchés
Intervention d'ouverture du Congrès de CINOV-IT, le syndicat des PME du numérique.

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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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Les villes intelligentes: enjeux et stratégies pour de nouveaux marchés

  1. 1. Villes numériques : la transition numérique au service du citoyen Contribution du Professeur Claude ROCHET Les villes intelligentes: enjeux et stratégies pour de nouveaux marchés FORUM DEBAT CINOV-IT 10/03/2015 1
  2. 2. Sommaire • Ce qu’« intelligent » veut dire? • L’enjeu géopolitique et commercial • Les défis à relever • Le cas de la sécurité routière • Comment avancer? • Conclusions pour l’action 2FORUM DEBAT CINOV-IT 10/03/2015
  3. 3. Ville intelligente: une boucle cybernétique d’apprentissage Action Effet Rétroaction De 0,0001sec. à 1 génération Capteurs Données TraitementInterprétation Usage Décision Technologies Sciences sociales Impact de l’Iconomie
  4. 4. Les villes anciennes étaient intelligentes 11/03/15 Bien commun Vivere politico Bien économique Bien individuel
  5. 5. Sommaire • Ce qu’« intelligent » veut dire? • L’enjeu géopolitique et commercial • Les défis à relever • Le cas de la sécurité routière • Comment avancer? • Conclusions pour l’action 5FORUM DEBAT CINOV-IT 10/03/2015
  6. 6. La croissance urbaine est le fait des émergents
  7. 7. Un marché de plus de 350 000 milliards US$ 7 Effet de levier de l’investissement marginal
  8. 8. Un basculement géopolitique 8
  9. 9. L’enjeu vu par les Chinois: ville intelligente ou bidonvillisation? Transition d’un modèle rural vers une société industrielle innovante
  10. 10. Sommaire • Ce qu’« intelligent » veut dire? • L’enjeu géopolitique et commercial • Les défis à relever • Le cas de la sécurité routière • Comment avancer? • Conclusions pour l’action 10FORUM DEBAT CINOV-IT 10/03/2015
  11. 11. L’intégration systémique de la ville intelligente Soft domainsSoft domains Hard domainsHard domains SMART citySMART city TransportationTransportationIndustryIndustry WorkWorkHousingHousing SanitationSanitation EnergyEnergyWaterWater Waste recyclingWaste recycling Public servicesPublic services Health careHealth care Civic lifeCivic life LeisureLeisure EducationEducation Social integrationSocial integration GovernmentGovernmentEconomyEconomy Institutional scaffolding Institutional scaffolding Social lifeSocial life PeripheryPeriphery Commercial exchanges Commercial exchanges FoodFood City Urban ecosystem Territory
  12. 12. Problèmes de la modélisation systémique On peut modéliser les systèmes durs par les lois de la physique (systèmes conservatifs) On ne peut pas modéliser les systèmes humains par les lois de la physique (systèmes dissipatifs) - Sciences sociales - Big data - Modélisation mutli-agents La clé du succès est là… … alors que le business est ici L’intégration système, une compétence à développer pour réussir!
  13. 13. Modéliser les systèmes dissipatifs: ne pas devenir suiviste devant les big data 13 Corrélations => Induction Déduction =>Hypothèses ?
  14. 14. L’intégration système 11/03/15 14 Why building a city & what are the strategic goals? Who are the stakeholders? What are the generic functions to be performed by a smart city? With which organs? Technical devices, software… With which smart people? Conception, metamodel framework, steering Subsystems and processes People and tools Why designing this ecosystem? Who will live in the city? What are its activities? How the city will be fed? Where the city is located ? (context) Why designing this ecosystem? Who will live in the city? What are its activities? How the city will be fed? Where the city is located ? (context) What are the functions to be performed to reach the goals and how do they interact? What are the functions to be performed to reach the goals and how do they interact? With which organs and ressources? With which organs and ressources? How people will interact with the artifacts? How civic life will organize? How people will interact with the artifacts? How civic life will organize?
  15. 15. Sommaire • Ce qu’« intelligent » veut dire? • L’enjeu géopolitique et commercial • Les défis à relever • Le cas de la sécurité routière • Comment avancer? • Conclusions pour l’action 16FORUM DEBAT CINOV-IT 10/03/2015
  16. 16. La sécurité routière comme système complexe 17 Comportement Comportement Infos de pilotageInfos de pilotage Mainte nance Mainte nance Evéne ments Evéne ments FluxFlux Internetdes objets Internetdes objets Interface homme machine. Ex: -toute info doit être interprétée en moins de 2s. -Eviter l’accoutumance
  17. 17. Niveaux d’architecture 18 Produit Produit Sécurité CRM Navigation Services Conduite Entretien Véhicule étendu Conducteur Géomatique Utilisation et usages Technique véhicule Services Réseaux
  18. 18. Equilibrer technique et usage • Ex: L’aide à la conduite va-t-elle réduire les accidents • 90% des accidents sont dus à des erreurs humaines 19 Aide à la conduite ActivePassive Ex: freinage automatique => 100% sûreté de fonctionnementBaisse de vigilance Qualité de l’info x comportement
  19. 19. Sommaire • Ce qu’« intelligent » veut dire? • L’enjeu géopolitique et commercial • Les défis à relever • Le cas de la sécurité routière • Comment avancer? • Conclusions pour l’action 20FORUM DEBAT CINOV-IT 10/03/2015
  20. 20. Monter des projets pilotes 21 Projet pilote Sponsor politique Sponsor industriel Création de marchés Recherche Création de savoir Création de compétences Consortium
  21. 21. Sommaire • Ce qu’« intelligent » veut dire? • L’enjeu géopolitique et commercial • Les défis à relever • Le cas de la sécurité routière • Comment avancer? • Conclusions pour l’action 22FORUM DEBAT CINOV-IT 10/03/2015
  22. 22. Articuler technologie et politique • La ville intelligente doit être un projet politique pour ne pas être un enfer – Intégrer sciences sociales et technologie – Des défis techno-politiques: sécurité des systèmes et des données – Des défis politiques : la démocratie directe et le contrôle sur les systèmes technologiques 23 Panoptique La cité pour le Bien commun

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