Introduction to community health

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Introduction to community health

  1. 1. Introduction to Community Health Dr Abdulmohsen Alzalabani MBChB, ABCM, MSc(Epi), MHPE Assistant Professor, Community Medicine Chairman, Medical Education Department College of Medicine, Taibah University
  2. 2. Definitions <ul><li>Community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>is a group of people with a shared location, shared environment, and shared fate. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Community Health </li></ul><ul><ul><li>includes both private and public efforts of individuals, groups, and organizations to promote, protect, & preserve the health of those in the community. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Community Health vs. Curative Medicine <ul><li>Prevention vs. Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Community vs. Individual </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy vs. Patient </li></ul>
  4. 4. Does it work?
  5. 5. Achievements
  6. 6. Achievements
  7. 7. Achievements
  8. 8. Achievements
  9. 9. Achievements
  10. 10. Achievements
  11. 11. Achievements
  12. 12. Achievements
  13. 13. Factors that affect the Health of a Community Health of the Community
  14. 14. Health of the Community
  15. 15. Health of the Community Physical Factors Geography Industrial Development Community Size Environment
  16. 16. Health of the Community Physical Factors Geography Industrial Development Community Size Environment Social/Cultural Beliefs & Traditions Social Norms Socioeconomic Status Economy Politics Religion
  17. 17. Health of the Community Physical Factors Geography Industrial Development Community Size Environment Social/Cultural Beliefs & Traditions Social Norms Socioeconomic Status Economy Politics Religion Community Organization Planned Action Enrichment Development Building Consensus
  18. 18. Health of the Community Physical Factors Geography Industrial Development Community Size Environment Social/Cultural Beliefs & Traditions Social Norms Socioeconomic Status Economy Politics Religion Community Organization Planned Action Enrichment Development Building Consensus Individual Behaviors Concerted effort of many to make a program work e.g., herd immunity
  19. 19. Community Health Responsibilities <ul><li>Prevents epidemics and the spread of disease </li></ul><ul><li>Protects against environmental hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Prevents injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes and encourages healthy behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Responds to disasters and assists communities in recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Assures the quality and accessibility of health services </li></ul>

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