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The Ecology of Free Software and Open Source
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The Ecology of Free Software and Open Source

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Free/Libre and Open Source Software (FLOSS) is a complex ecosystem made up of businesses, communities, individuals, markets, legislation and more. This compact presentation outlines the major forces …

Free/Libre and Open Source Software (FLOSS) is a complex ecosystem made up of businesses, communities, individuals, markets, legislation and more. This compact presentation outlines the major forces in the ecosystem, along with the behaviours and needs of the key actors. Attendees can expect to come away with a practical, high-level model of FLOSS that they can use to get the most from their use of FLOSS and their participation in the FLOSS world.

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http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

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  • 1. ANECOLOGYOFFREE SOFTWAREANDOPEN SOURCE H A PFSOSS 2012, SENECA COLLEGE, OCTOBER 26ZAK GREANT, CATALYST AT MAGNOLIA INTLZAK.GREANT@MAGNOLIA-CMS.COM A L
  • 2. DISCLAIMERSI AM NOT A LAWYER (OR SCIENTIST) THIS IS NOT LEGAL ADVICE
  • 3. WHO ARE YOU? DEVELOPERS? • ENTREPRENEURS? • JOURNALISTS? •HACKERS? • RESEARCHERS? • STUDENTS? • TEACHERS? • WRITERS? • OTHER?
  • 4. WHO AM I? 8TH LEVEL BARD / 4TH LEVEL MAGIC USERELECTRONIC FRONTIER • FLOSS • COMMUNITIES ADVOCACY • MANAGEMENT • STRATEGY STARTUPS • NON-PROFITS • PROJECTS
  • 5. PRESENTATION GOALS SIMPLE, USEFUL MODELS OF KEY FLOSS DYNAMICS THAT SCALE WELL STIMULATE LATERAL THINKING
  • 6. ECOLOGYTHE STUDY OF THE RELATIONSHIPS ORGANISMS HAVE WITH EACH OTHER AND THEIR ENVIRONMENT.
  • 7. WHY ECOLOGY?HOLISTIC, SCALABLE MODELS COMPLEX SYSTEMS OBSERVATION & TESTING ANIMAL DRIVES & NEEDS
  • 8. IT’S ONLY A MODEL
  • 9. FLOSS ECOSYSTEMS
  • 10. KRILL ASALMON FOOD CHAINBEAR
  • 11. ALTRUISM FREEDOM ETHICAL ETHICAL COMPENSATION MATERIAL MATERIAL INDIVIDUAL BELONGING DUTY ESTEEM SOCIAL RECIPROCITYORGANIZATIONAL TEAM NEEDS ENJOYMENT MEANING PERSONAL AUTONOMY COLLABORATION CONTROL FEEDBACK MASTERY SIMPLE FLOSS ECOLOGY COMPETITIVE REPUTATION PROFESSIONAL VISIBILITY
  • 12. FLOSS LICENSING
  • 13. OVERVIEW MONOPOLY RIGHTS LEGAL OR DE FACTOEXCLUSIVE OR LIMITED SOCIAL STRUCTURES LEGAL SYSTEMSDUTY, LOYALTY, SHAME
  • 14. MONOPOLY RIGHTS LEGAL, TIME-LIMITED MONOPOLIES COPYRIGHT • PATENT • TRADEMARK
  • 15. COPYRIGHT THE RIGHT TO DISTRIBUTE COPIES OF AN EXPRESSION OF AN IDEA(OR COPIES BASED ON A COPYRIGHTED EXPRESSION)
  • 16. TRADEMARKTHE RIGHT TO USE AN IDENTITY
  • 17. PATENTSTHE RIGHT TO IMPLEMENT AN IDEA
  • 18. EXCEPTIONSFAIR USE / FAIR DEALINGS / EXCEPTIONS
  • 19. LICENSE TERMS AND CONDITIONS ON USE BASED MONOPOLY RIGHTSONE WORK CAN HAVE MANY LICENSES
  • 20. EULA / PROPRIETARY CAN’T COPY OR MODIFY EXCEPT FAIR USE
  • 21. FLOSS LICENSES PERMISSIVE • COPYLEFT
  • 22. PERMISSIVEDO WHAT YOU WANTWITHOUT WARRANTY AS LONG AS YOU KEEP ALL NOTICES
  • 23. COPYLEFTLIKE PERMISSIVE BUT SHARE-ALIKE
  • 24. COMBINING LICENSES
  • 25. PERMISSIVE +PERMISSIVE =PERMISSIVE WHOLE
  • 26. PERMISSIVE +PROPRIETARY =PROPRIETARY WHOLE
  • 27. ANYTHING + COPYRIGHT =ONLY FAIR USE
  • 28. COPYLEFT +PERMISSIVE = COPYLEFT WHOLE
  • 29. COPYLEFT + NON-COPYLEFT(OR AN INCOMPATIBLE COPYLEFT LICENSE) = ONLY FAIR USE
  • 30. PROPRIETARY RE-LICENSING ONE CODE BASELICENSED UNDER MULTIPLE LICENSES TYPICALLY FREE COPYLEFT FOR-PAY PROPRIETARY(WHICH MAY HAVE EXTRA FEATURES)
  • 31. THANK YOU! QUESTIONS?
  • 32. CREDITSKRILL PHOTO BY THE US NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATIONHTTP://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG/WIKI/FILE:KRILL_SWARM.JPG / PUBLIC DOMAINSALMON PHOTO BY DAN BENNET / FLICKR.COM/SOGGYDAN / FLICKR.COM/PHOTOS/SOGGYDAN/4041046565LICENSE: CREATIVE COMMONS ATTRIBUTION 2.0BEAR PHOTO BY HARALD DEISCHINGER / FLICKR.COM/DEISCHI / FLICKR.COM/PHOTOS/DEISCHI/7745676990LICENSE: CREATIVE COMMONS ATTRIBUTION 2.0SPAWNING SALMON PHOTO BY THE U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICEHTTP://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG/WIKI/FILE:BECHAROF_WILDERNESS_SALMON.JPG / PUBLIC DOMAIN