Subordinators, prepositional phrases, and transitions

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Subordinators, prepositional phrases, and transitions

  1. 1. SUBORDINATORS, PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES, AND TRANSITIONS • Certain words act as signals in sentences to show cause and effect relationships.
  2. 2. • Sentences in cause and effect essays have two clauses. Because it was raining, I stayed at home. • The cause clause explains why something happened. Because it was raining, …
  3. 3. • The effect clause explains the result of what happened. I stayed at home. Source: http://xxlondoncatxx.deviantart.com/art/It-s-always-raining-in-London-183089322
  4. 4. • The cause clause is introduced by because, since, as and so. (subordinators) Because it was raining, I stayed at home. Since high level positions are at times rather stressful, professionals can sometimes be extremely impatient.
  5. 5. Professionals can sometimes be extremely impatient, since high level positions are at times rather stressful.
  6. 6. • The effect is introduced by words such as consequently, as a result, for this reason, therefore, and thus. (transitions) It was raining; therefore, I stayed home. High level positions are at times rather stressful. Consequently, professionals can sometimes be extremely impatient.
  7. 7. • You can also use prepositional phrases. Because of the rain, I stayed home. Due to the stressful nature of high level positions, professionals can sometimes be extremely impatient.
  8. 8. Remember: • A cause and effect essay discusses the causes (reasons) for something, the effects (results), or both causes and effects.
  9. 9. THANK YOU!

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