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Subordinators, prepositional phrases, and transitions
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Subordinators, prepositional phrases, and transitions

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  • 1. SUBORDINATORS, PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES, AND TRANSITIONS • Certain words act as signals in sentences to show cause and effect relationships.
  • 2. • Sentences in cause and effect essays have two clauses. Because it was raining, I stayed at home. • The cause clause explains why something happened. Because it was raining, …
  • 3. • The effect clause explains the result of what happened. I stayed at home. Source: http://xxlondoncatxx.deviantart.com/art/It-s-always-raining-in-London-183089322
  • 4. • The cause clause is introduced by because, since, as and so. (subordinators) Because it was raining, I stayed at home. Since high level positions are at times rather stressful, professionals can sometimes be extremely impatient.
  • 5. Professionals can sometimes be extremely impatient, since high level positions are at times rather stressful.
  • 6. • The effect is introduced by words such as consequently, as a result, for this reason, therefore, and thus. (transitions) It was raining; therefore, I stayed home. High level positions are at times rather stressful. Consequently, professionals can sometimes be extremely impatient.
  • 7. • You can also use prepositional phrases. Because of the rain, I stayed home. Due to the stressful nature of high level positions, professionals can sometimes be extremely impatient.
  • 8. Remember: • A cause and effect essay discusses the causes (reasons) for something, the effects (results), or both causes and effects.
  • 9. THANK YOU!