RANDOLPH D. CARREONDONNA LOU O. MOSCARE-CARREON                    with generous support from
Objectives This Study sought to understand the nature of the transport  needs, accessibility, mobility and transport cost...
Study Areas/Groups Poor Communities    Purok Centro, Barangay Old Balara (414 Households)    Area H, Barangay Bagong Pa...
Summary of FindingsPoor Communities                       Vehicle Ownership Rate                                 Motorized...
Summary of FindingsPoor Communities    Person Trip Generation Rate Per Household                                          ...
Summary of FindingsPoor Communities            Person Trip Generation Per Area                              Daily         ...
Summary of FindingsPoor Communities           Distribution of HG Trips Per Purpose      Trip Purpose      Area H        Pu...
Summary of Findings Poor Communities                Distribution of Total Person Trips Per Mode         Transport Modes   ...
Summary of FindingsPoor Communities          Factors Considered in Mode Choice  Rank          Area H        Purok Centro  ...
Summary of FindingsPoor Communities  Percentage Share of Transport Cost to Total Expenses                                 ...
Summary of FindingsPoor Communities Percentage Share of Transport Cost to Total Income                                    ...
Summary of FindingsPoor Communities                  Non – Quantifiable Costs Safety Exposure to Pollution The need to ...
Summary of FindingsPoor Communities                          Primary Mobility Problems                                    ...
Summary of FindingsPoor Communities                        Proposed Solutions                                             ...
Summary of FindingsVulnerable Groups – BPO Workers                 Travel Demand Characteristics Typically, 4 person     ...
Summary of FindingsVulnerable Groups – BPO Workers                 Travel Demand Characteristics Typically, 4 person     ...
Summary of FindingsVulnerable Groups – BPO Workers                   Direct Costs Share of Transport Cost to Total Income...
Summary of Findings    Vulnerable Groups – PWDs Preferred Public Transport Modes: Tricycle, Taxis, and    PUJ   Tricycle...
Summary of Findings Vulnerable Groups – PWDs PWDs view pedestrian facilities as inadequate in  responding to their needs....
Summary of Findings Vulnerable Groups – Senior Citizens Preferred Public Transport Modes: Tricycle, Taxis, and  PUJ Tric...
Summary of Findings Vulnerable Groups – Senior Citizens They stated that it is hard to go up overpasses and it is  not ea...
Summary of Findings Vulnerable Groups – Women Preferred Public Transport Modes: Tricycle, PUJs, and  walking Women are s...
Summary of Findings Qualitative Assessment of Public Transport - Poor The residents on the three (3) study areas find the...
Summary of Findings Qualitative Assessment of Public Transport – BPO Workers BPO Workers generally view public transport ...
Summary of FindingsQualitative Assessment of Public Transport– PWDs, Senior Citizens and Women PWDs, SCs, and Women gener...
Recommended Next Step further researches    to expand the scope of this Study to other areas in Metro     Manila    to ...
Mobility characteristics, costs, and issues of the poor and vulnerable groups
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Mobility characteristics, costs, and issues of the poor and vulnerable groups

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Mobility characteristics, costs, and issues of the poor and vulnerable groups

  1. 1. RANDOLPH D. CARREONDONNA LOU O. MOSCARE-CARREON with generous support from
  2. 2. Objectives This Study sought to understand the nature of the transport needs, accessibility, mobility and transport costs of the poor and vulnerable groups.Specifically, this aimed to:  establish the travel demand patterns of the poor and vulnerable groups;  look qualitatively into the efficiency of the public transport system vis- à-vis the needs of the poor and the vulnerable groups;  estimate the cost of transport of the poor;  estimate the actual and desired cost of transport of those within the vulnerable groups; and  examine other non–quantifiable costs, if any, incurred by the vulnerable groups.
  3. 3. Study Areas/Groups Poor Communities  Purok Centro, Barangay Old Balara (414 Households)  Area H, Barangay Bagong Pag-asa (1,415 Households)  Purok 13, Barangay Payatas (197 Households) Vulnerable Groups  Senior Citizens  Persons With Disabilities  Women  BPO Workers
  4. 4. Summary of FindingsPoor Communities Vehicle Ownership Rate Motorized Non–Motorized Study Area 4W 2W Bike Other Area H 3.03% 3.03% 0.00% 1.01% Purok Centro 5.43% 9.30% 6.98% 0.78% Purok 13 1.02% 8.16% 3.06% 0.00%
  5. 5. Summary of FindingsPoor Communities Person Trip Generation Rate Per Household Total Person Home-Generated Person Trip per Study Area Trips per (HG) Trips HG Trip Household Area H 1.58 4.09 6.44 Purok Centro 1.90 4.06 7.70 Purok 13 1.89 3.66 6.90
  6. 6. Summary of FindingsPoor Communities Person Trip Generation Per Area Daily Annual Study Area Home- Home- Home- Total Person Generated Generated Generated Trips Trips Trips Trips Area H 2,205 9,014 529,315 2,163,288 Purok Centro 786 3,189 188,600 765,440 Purok 13 372 1,360 89,307 326,457
  7. 7. Summary of FindingsPoor Communities Distribution of HG Trips Per Purpose Trip Purpose Area H Purok Centro Purok 13 to work 69% 43% 50% to school 25% 41% 49% to market 1% 7% 2% others 5% 9% 0%
  8. 8. Summary of Findings Poor Communities Distribution of Total Person Trips Per Mode Transport Modes Area H Purok Centro Purok 13Walk 47.87% 32.93% 29.79%Private Vehicle 6.60% 2.28% 2.77%School/Company Service 2.13% 0.00% 0.00% Purok Purok Modes Area HOwn Bicycle 0.85% 0.12% 0.46% Centro 13Padyak/NMPT 5.11% 0.12% 0.00% Walk 48% 33% 30%MRT 8.09% 1.32% 0.69% PublicLRT 1 0.00% 0.48% 0.00% 43% 65% 67%LRT 2 0.21% 0.00% 0.00% TransportPU Bus 11.28% 3.71% 5.54% Private/Semi 9% 2% 3%PU Jeepney 15.53% 42.87% 54.04% -PrivateFX/AUV 0.00% 0.60% 1.39%Tricycle 1.91% 14.85% 5.31%Taxi 0.43% 0.72% 0.00% Total 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
  9. 9. Summary of FindingsPoor Communities Factors Considered in Mode Choice Rank Area H Purok Centro Purok 13 1 Affordability Affordability Affordability Short Travel Short Travel Short Travel 2 Duration Duration Duration / 3 Cleanliness Convenience Driving Style Availability of Availability of 4 Cleanliness Mode Mode 5 Driving Style Driving Style Convenience
  10. 10. Summary of FindingsPoor Communities Percentage Share of Transport Cost to Total Expenses Rent-Free Renter Ownership Annual Average Area H (Barangay Bagong Pag-asa) Non Vehicle Owner 4.66% 5.75% Motor Vehicle Owner 10.97% 9.62% Purok Centro (Barangay Old Balara) Non Vehicle Owner 4.23% 6.39% Motor Vehicle Owner 12.24% 11.53% Purok 13 (Barangay Payatas) Non Vehicle Owner 7.67% - Motor Vehicle Owner 7.01% -
  11. 11. Summary of FindingsPoor Communities Percentage Share of Transport Cost to Total Income Rent-Free Renter Ownership Annual Average Area H (Barangay Bagong Pag-asa) Non Vehicle Owner 4.80% 7.91% Motor Vehicle Owner 5.37% 5.58% Purok Centro (Barangay Old Balara) Non Vehicle Owner 6.70% 8.85% Motor Vehicle Owner 14.01% 6.36% Purok 13 (Barangay Payatas) Non Vehicle Owner 8.69% - Motor Vehicle Owner 6.05% -
  12. 12. Summary of FindingsPoor Communities Non – Quantifiable Costs Safety Exposure to Pollution The need to sacrifice other necessities to meet transport cost requirements During times of financial difficulties, to meet transport requirement, households resort to sacrificing other cost items such as (i) food, (ii) electric and water bills, and (iii) health care.
  13. 13. Summary of FindingsPoor Communities Primary Mobility Problems Purok Mobility Problems Area H Purok 13 Centro high transport cost 75.00% 97.35% 74.49% insufficient supply of public transport/MRT 2.00% 0.00% 2.04% lack of pedestrian facilities/sidewalks 1.00% 0.00% 1.02% non-operational stoplights 1.00% 0.00% 1.02% pollution 1.00% 0.88% 1.02% poorly maintained vehicles 3.00% 0.00% 3.06% traffic congestion 10.00% 1.77% 10.20% undisciplined loading and unloading of passengers 2.00% 0.00% 2.04% vehicle accidents 5.00% 0.00% 5.10%
  14. 14. Summary of FindingsPoor Communities Proposed Solutions Purok Purok Proposed Solutions Area H Centro 13work for additional income 28.57% 54.29% 29.41%borrow money 1.43% 11.43% 1.47%lower fare 14.29% 5.71% 11.76%proper budgeting 0.00% 11.43% 0.00%reduce other expenses 4.29% 4.76% 4.41%salary increase 2.86% 0.95% 2.94%save money 5.71% 2.86% 5.88%walk 5.71% 0.00% 5.88%
  15. 15. Summary of FindingsVulnerable Groups – BPO Workers Travel Demand Characteristics Typically, 4 person Modal Split Percentage trips in “Home – Transport Mode Share Work – Home” trip Private Vehicle 1.85% chain Shuttle Bus 0.93% Factors Considered in Mode Choice Taxi 3.24% FX 17.13% Rank Factor MRT 0.93% 1 Affordability Public Utility Bus 8.33% Public Utility Jeep 34.26% 2 Short travel duration Tricycle 14.35% Walk 18.98% 3 Availability of mode Total 100.00%
  16. 16. Summary of FindingsVulnerable Groups – BPO Workers Travel Demand Characteristics Typically, 4 person Modal Split Percentage trips in “Home – Transport Mode Share Work – Home” trip Private Vehicle 1.85% chain Shuttle Bus 0.93% Factors Considered in Mode Choice Taxi 3.24% FX 17.13% Rank Factor MRT 0.93% 1 Affordability Public Utility Bus 8.33% Public Utility Jeep 34.26% 2 Short travel duration Tricycle 14.35% Walk 18.98% 3 Availability of mode Total 100.00%
  17. 17. Summary of FindingsVulnerable Groups – BPO Workers Direct Costs Share of Transport Cost to Total Income  Vehicle Owners: 5%  Non Vehicle Owners: 13% Non – Quantifiable Costs Safety Exposure to Pollution
  18. 18. Summary of Findings Vulnerable Groups – PWDs Preferred Public Transport Modes: Tricycle, Taxis, and PUJ Tricycles and Taxis provide door-to-door service Incentives provided through section 27 of the Magna Carta for Persons with Disability (Republic Act 7277) Entitled to lower PT Fares (20% discount) However, not all PWDs are aware of this privilege
  19. 19. Summary of Findings Vulnerable Groups – PWDs PWDs view pedestrian facilities as inadequate in responding to their needs. On overpasses, PWDs think that:  the locations are inappropriate and were selected mainly for the benefit of private establishments;  the steps are too high making it difficult for them to climb;  it needs cover; and  the location is too distant.
  20. 20. Summary of Findings Vulnerable Groups – Senior Citizens Preferred Public Transport Modes: Tricycle, Taxis, and PUJ Tricycles and Taxis provide door-to-door service Incentives provided through Section 2 of the Expanded Senior Citizens Act of 2010 (Republic Act 9994) Entitled to lower PT Fares (20% discount)
  21. 21. Summary of Findings Vulnerable Groups – Senior Citizens They stated that it is hard to go up overpasses and it is not easy to walk along narrow sidewalks The law providing 20% discount to senior citizens is highly appreciated. However, concerns are raised on the implementation of the discount as some drivers refuse to accept the discounted fare.
  22. 22. Summary of Findings Vulnerable Groups – Women Preferred Public Transport Modes: Tricycle, PUJs, and walking Women are subject to the same cost of transport as any other regular commuter Issues on pedestrian facilities especially overpasses:  height and steepness,  location,  condition and need for repair,  lack of cover, and  lack of lights at night
  23. 23. Summary of Findings Qualitative Assessment of Public Transport - Poor The residents on the three (3) study areas find the present public transport system as “somehow satisfactory”. PT terminals are generally regarded as accessible, clean, safe, and comfortable. There is, however, a general perception of lack of facilities in the PT terminals in terms of the inter–modal network, there is much to be desired. Based on these factors, walkability is viewed as “somehow satisfactory”
  24. 24. Summary of Findings Qualitative Assessment of Public Transport – BPO Workers BPO Workers generally view public transport as “just right” to “good”. Taxis and FX received the highest ratings. Public transport efficiency with consideration on the (i) fare, (ii) availability of mode, and (iii) travel time is generally regarded as “just right” PT terminals are generally regarded as accessible, clean, safe, and comfortable. There is a general perception of lack of facilities in the terminals In terms of connectivity, the public transport network is satisfactory Walkability is viewed as “generally satisfactory”.
  25. 25. Summary of FindingsQualitative Assessment of Public Transport– PWDs, Senior Citizens and Women PWDs, SCs, and Women generally view public transport modes as acceptable and ‘just right’ Some units, however, are already dilapidated, worn out and are in poor condition. The tricycles and taxis are the most preferred because these modes enable them to travel faster and offer door to door service. PUJs are also preferred due to the relatively low fare. PT terminals lack facilities except for terminals of mass transit systems such as the MRT and LRT.
  26. 26. Recommended Next Step further researches  to expand the scope of this Study to other areas in Metro Manila  to come up with a more comprehensive understanding of the mobility of the urban poor  to address the mobility issues of the urban poor and the vulnerable groups
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