Community Futures Mapping Documentation DRAFT

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Community Futures Mapping Documentation DRAFT

  1. 1.    The Project TeamDr. Antonio La VinaProject AdviserDr. Jean CaledaProject AdviserDr. Segundo E. Romero,Project DirectorDr. Marie Danielle V. Guillen,Project ManagerMs. Aurma ManlangitCo-FacilitatorMs. Jessica-Dator Bercilla,Senior Research AssociateMr. Lorenzo Cordova Jr.,Research AssociateMs. Althea Muriel L. Pineda,Project AssociateSupport Staff:Ms. Creselda Doble,Documentor/Technical WriterMr. Andre Immanuel QuintosPhoto/Video Documentor andSocial Media AdministratorMs. Joan Therese Domingo,Project AssociateMs. Aletheia Kerygma Valenciano,Project AssociateMr. Richard Antonio,Student AssistantMs. Charmaine Tobes,Student AssistantMr. Dhenmark Valera,Student AssistantMs. Alaina Villegas,Student Assistant  Informal  City  Dialogues:  The  2040  Urban  Challenge  in  Metro  Manila    Community  Futures  Mapping    Documentation  Report  February 16, 2013- March 1, 2013A Pre-workshop Activity  Informal City Dialogues: The 2040 Urban Challenge inMetro ManilaInnovation at the Base of the Pyramid in Asia ProgramAteneo School of GovernmentCopyright © 2013
  2. 2. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  1        TABLE OF CONTENTSList of Acronyms………………………………………………………………..2Executive Summary……………………………………………………………31. Introduction 5The Informal City Dialogues Project………………………………….....5The Study Area: Metro Manila…………………………………………..5-13II. Actual Community Mapping1. WelfareVille, Mandaluyong City 14Brief Profile of the Community……………………………………… ...15-16Focus Group Discussion Proper………………………………………..17-24Photo Documentation…………………………………………………..25-322. Barangay Doña Imelda, Quezon City 33Brief Profile of the Respondents………………………………………..34Focus Group Discussion Proper……………………………………….35-43Photo Documentation………………………………………………….44-463. Barangay Estero de San Miguel, Manila 47Brief Profile of the Respondents………………………………………..48Focus Group Discussion Proper………………………………………..49-52Photo Documentation…………………………………………………..53-602. Barangay Sto. Niño, San Mateo, Rizal 61Brief Profile of the Respondents………………………………………..62Focus Group Discussion Proper………………………………………..63-71Photo Documentation…………………………………………………..72-763. Barangay Manggahan, Pasig City 77Brief Profile of the Respondents………………………………………..78Focus Group Discussion Proper………………………………………..78-82Photo Documentation…………………………………………………..83-88
  3. 3. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  2        List of AcronymsASoG Ateneo School of GovernmentBHA Banaba extension Homeowners AssociationBHW Barangay Health WorkersCCT Conditional Cash TransferCFM Community Futures MappingCHT Community Health TrainingDENR Department of Environment and Natural ResourcesDILG Department of Interior and Local GovernmentDOH Department of HealthDPWH Department of Public Works and HighwaysDSWD Department of Social Welfare and DevelopmentFFF Forum for the FutureFGD Focus Group DiscussionHLURB Housing and Land Use Regulatory BoardICD Informal City DialoguesISF Informal Settler FamiliesLGU Local Government UnitMERALCO Manila Electric CompanyMMA Metropolitan Manila AuthorityMRB Medium Rise BuildingMWSS Metropolitan Waterworks and Sewerage SystemNAPICO Ninoy Aquino Pilot ComunityNGO Non-Governmental OrganizationOFW Overseas Filipino WorkersPPPP/ 4Ps Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino ProgramPWD Persons With DisabilityRHA Riverside Homeowners AssociationSK Sangguniang KabataanVAT Value Added Tax
  4. 4. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  3        Executive SummaryIn order to explore the different forms of informality in Metro Manila, the Ateneo School ofGovernment Informal City Dialogues (ICD) team used a highly participatory approach bycombining Focus Group Discussion (FGD) method with social mapping as part of thepreparatory work. This is called Community Futures Mapping (CFM). The CFM was used tointroduced the project and elicit information and capture insights as well as perspectives ofplausible futures from people living in five (5) selected informal settler communitiesrepresenting North, South, East, West and Central part of Metro Manila. This is donethrough focus group discussions with the use of maps and a timeline of the future.A series of CFM were conducted in the following communities of Metro Manila fromFebruary 16, 2013 to March 1, 2013: Welfareville in Barangay Addition Hills(representing theCentral) on February 16, 2013; Brgy. Doña Imelda, Quezon City (representing North ) andEstero de San Miguel, Manila (representing West Metro) on February 23, 2013; Banaba,Brgy. Sto. Niño, San Mateo, Rizal (representing East o); and 5) on February 27, 2013; andManggahan Floodway, Pasig City (representing South) on March 1, 2013.Fifteen participants were selected from each community with an almost equal genderdistribution representing all sectors of the community such as women, youth, persons withdisabilities (PWDs). Some of the community members are also recipients of the PantawidPamilyang Pilipino Program (PPPP/4Ps) of the government.The CFM has three (3) main activities: the Mapping Exercise, the Timeline Exercise and theVisioning Exercise. The Mapping Exercise used a 6’ x 6’ tarpaulin map of the community toobtain household and community information from participants. Using sticker dots, theyplotted their houses, identified the type of material used, plotted the location of availablefacilities and services, and identified the danger zones in their barangay. On the other hand,the Timeline Exercise was used to get the perspective of respondents on the actualanticipated events that may happen in their lives and within their community in 2013, 2018,2023, and 2028. The last is the Visioning Exercise where the participants envisioned theirideal community in the future through drawing/illustrations of their preferred houses,community, environment, including facilities and services in a 6’x6’ tarpaulin map of theirbarangay.At the end of the workshop, issues raised by the participants from the five (5) communitieswere highlighted. The most common issue is the security of tenure among the informalsettlers. Residents receive demolition threats which can usually take place anytime in theland which they do not own. Another main issue is the lack of livelihood opportunities andjobs that does not match their skills, knowledge, and experiences. This was usually attributedto poor education.
  5. 5. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  4        Other issues include informality in terms of access to basic services such as housing,electricity, water, and loans. Facilities such as medical facilities, daycare centers, schools andtransportation are usually located far from the community.Despite all these different issues in informality, the participants were still very optimistic invisioning their future. They still hope that help will come from the government and cansomehow alleviate poverty in their community. They also knew that initiatives should alsocome from themselves in order to adapt to changes in their environment.
  6. 6. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  5        I. IntroductionAbout  the  Informal  City  Dialogues  Project  The   Rockefeller   Foundation   has   launched   the   Centennial   Urban   Challenge   for   the  21st   Century   Project   formally   referred   to   as   “Informal   City   Dialogues:   The   2040  Challenge”.  The  Project  aims  to  examine  the  formal  and  informal  structures  within  cities,  understand  the  relationship  between  the  formal  and  informal,      and  envision  a  future   for   these   cities.   Six   cities   around   the   world   (Accra   in   Ghana,   Bangkok   in  Thailand,  Chennai  in  India,  Lima  in  Peru,  Metro  Manila  in  Philippines,  and  Nairobi  in  Kenya)  have  been  selected  to  participate  in  this  project  and  propose  innovations.  The   proposed   innovations   will   compete   with   the   other   cities   proposals   from   the  Informal   City   Dialogues   Urban   Innovation   Grant   Pool.   Proposals   selected   may  receive   a   maximum   of   $100,000.00   from   the   Rockefeller   Foundation   to   support  1ayear  of  work  on  the  innovation.    The  main  objective  of  the  Informal  City  Dialogues:  The  2040  Urban  Challenge  is  to  explore   how   to   bridge   and   manage   formality   and   informality   in   cities   in   order   to  expand  opportunities  for  poor  and  vulnerable  populations  and  to  increase  resilience  of  the  future.      The  Forum  for  the  Future  (FFF)  is  the  sub  grantee  for  the  Project  and  is  partnering  with  the  Ateneo  De  Manila  University-­‐School  of  Government  (ASoG)  as  implementer  of  the  project  in  Metro  Manila.  ASoG  will  work  closely  with  different  stakeholders  in  implementing  the  project.  There  are  two  multi-­‐stakeholder  workshops  expected  out  of  this  project:  (1)  a  Community  Inclusive  Futures  2040  Mapping  Workshop  which  aims  to  develop  a  set  of  alternative  futures  reflecting  inclusive  innovations  especially  in  the  areas  of  development  and  human  security  in  Metro  Manila;  and,  (2)  Inclusive  Futures  2040    Innovation  Planning  Workshop  that  will  develop  inclusive  responses  and  formulate  action  steps.  It  is  expected  that  at  the  end  of  these  workshops,  the  stakeholders  would  be  able  to  propose  an  entry  to  the      Rockefeller  Foundation’s  Challenge  Grant.       The  Study  Area:  Metro  Manila  Metro  Manila  is  a  coastal  mega-­‐city  bursting  at  its  seams.    As  of  May  1,  2010  census,  it  has  a  population  of  11,  855,9751.    This  mega-­‐city  is  considered  as  a  low-­‐lying  area  that  has  been  created  by  the  forces  of  nature,  the  major  river  systems  (ie.  Pasig  and  Marikina   Rivers),   the   sea   and   another   body   of   water-­‐   the   Laguna   de   Bay.     Its  proximity  to  these  bodies  of  water  has  turned  the  area  into  a  place  of  commerce  and  livelihood,  thus,  attracting  multitudes  across  the  centuries.    The  National  Economic  Development  Authority  has  considered  Metro  Manila  as  a  growth  corridor  and  is  within  urban  industrial  beltway.2  Its  rapid  urbanization  was  accompanied   by   the   infrastructure   boom   driven   by   the   renewed   economic                                                                                                                            1  www.nscb.gov.ph/activestats/psgc/regveiw.asp?region=13  2  www.neda.gov.ph/econreports_dbs/mega_regions/Urban  Beltway.pdf    
  7. 7. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  6        confidence  and  investments.    It  has  an  extensive  road  network  that  connects  various  cities  and  a  municipality  characterized  by  radial  roads,  semi-­‐conductor  arcs,  and  a  multitude   of   transportation   arteries.   Rapid   transit   systems   and   public   transport  systems   traverse   most   of   the   major   cities.     Where   these   roads   are,   one   can   find  bustling  commercial  districts  that  have,  until  recently,  been  slowly  transformed  into  mixed-­‐use   districts   with   the   construction   of   condominiums   seeking   to   provide  accommodations  to  the  rising  middle  class  that  are  given  opportunities  by  economic  ventures   like   the   business   processing   offices   (or   BPOs).     Central   business   districts  have   risen   not   only   in   Makati,   Manila   and   Quezon   City   but   also   in   Pasig,  Mandaluyong,  Pasig  and  Taguig.    New  developments  serve  as  attractors  with  their  take   on   post-­‐modern   innovations   (ie.   in   Bonifacio   Global   City,   East   Wood,   Manila  Bay  Reclamation  Area,  Alabang  Estates,  Madrigal  Business  Park,  Ortigas  Centre,  and  the  Filinvest  Corporate  City.3  Where   such   business   districts   rise,   the   demand   for   labour   rises.     Perceived  opportunities  to  earn  a  living  and  the  sheer  experience  of  a  metropolitan  lifestyle  often   drive   in-­‐migration   to   Metro   Manila   particularly   among   those   considered   as  non-­‐rich.  The  initial  cost  of  housing  and  the  general  cost  of  living  pave  the  way  for  temporary   settlement   arrangements.     These   temporary   arrangements   will   soon  evolve  into  relationships  of  informality.    The  study  commissioned  by  Housing  and  Urban  Development  Coordinating  Council  (HUDCC)  in  2007  recorded  some  550,771  settlers   in   Metro   Manila.     HUDCC   defines   informal   settlers   as   those   households  “living  in  a  lot  without  the  consent  of  the  property  owner;  located  in  danger  areas;  in   government   infrastructure   project   sites;   in   protected/forest   areas   (except   for  indigenous   peoples);   in   Areas   for   Priority   Development”   and   in   other  government/public   lands   or   facilities   not   intended   for   habitation” 4     Political  correctness  have  encourage  Urban  Development  Housing  Act  (UDHA)  to  reflect  on  the   term   informal   settlers   and   much   rather   used   the   term   homeless   and  underprivileged   to   include   those   in   urban   and   urbanizing   areas   but   whose   family  incomes   are   challenged;   do   not   own   any   housing   facilities   anywhere   in   the  Philippines;  live  in  makeshift  dwelling  units;  do  not  have  security  of  tenure;  reside  in  danger  areas,  public  spaces,  government  infrastructure  projects  and  private  land  but  not  members  of  squatting  syndicates  and  are  not  professional  squatters.    Moreover,  the   occupancy   claim   on   the   land   where   they   reside   is   before   31   March   1992.5    Where  these  informal  settlements  rise,  a  range  of  businesses  to  cater  to  the  needs  of   these   settlers   are   also   encouraged.     Low   investments   but   quick   return   of  investments  is  often  the  prime  objectives  of  the  commercial  engagements.    Thus,                                                                                                                            3  www.nnc.gov.ph/component/k2/itemlist/category/89  4  Cruz,  Jeannette  (2010),  Estimating  Informal  Settlers  in  the  Philippines,  presentation  made  during  the  11th  National  Convention  on  Statistics  (NCS),  EDSA  Shangrila  Hote,  4-­‐5  October  2010  in  http://www.nscb.gov.ph/ncs/11thNCS/papers/invited%20papers/ips-­‐15/03_Estimating%20Informal%20Settlers%20in%20the%20Philippines.pdf  5  Ibid.      
  8. 8. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  7        dodging   regulation   is   an   economic   culture   characteristic   of   informality   in   Metro  Manila.      The  drive  for  economic  development  propels  every  city  for  growth,  yet,  the  question  that  has  been  at  the  forefront  of  development  debates  recently  is  how  inclusive  is  this   development?     In   the   Philippines,   the   Philippine   Constitution,   the   Local  Government  Code  and  many  other  subsequent  policies  affirm  the  value  of  inclusive  development   through   its   preference   for   multi-­‐stakeholder   participation   in  governance.    The  value  is  further  affirmed  as  a  right  -­‐-­‐-­‐  not  just  a  right  to  participate  but  the  right  to  development  as  well.    Hence,  the  aspiration  to  become  better  is  not  to  be  curtailed  rather  encouraged  and  protected.    But  in  the  seams  of  Metro  Manila,  people  are  literally  living  on  the  edge  to  have  a  shot  at  prosperity  and  ultimately  at  development.     Informal   settlements   mushroom   along   rivers,   danger   zones,  floodplains,   gated   village   fences   just   for   the   settlers   to   be   closer   to   where  opportunities  are.    With  these  settlements  come  innovations  to  ways  of  living  and  transactions  that  have  every  mark  of  evading  regulation  either  for  the  profit  or  for  sheer  need  to  survive.  Beyond  the  control  of  its  leaders  and  citizens,  are  the  various  hydro-­‐meteorological  and  geophysical  hazards  that  continue  to  threaten  Metro  Manila.    The  impacts  of  these  hazards  are  not  just  dictated  by  the  sheer  force  of  natural  elements  rather  made  complicated  by  human-­‐induced  hazards  (ie  poor  governance,  lack  of  informed  and   intelligent   urban   planning)   among   others.     The   impact   of   these   combined  hazards   can   wipe   out   development   gains   with   its   powerful   blows   if   risks   are   not  significantly  reduced.  At  the  heart  of  all  these  are  multiple  attempts  for  urban  development  that  equates  progress   with   infrastructure   devoid   of   environmental   concern   and   the   changing  impact  of  natural  elements.    Yet,  amid  all  these  are  signs  of  hope  where  more  green  and   sustainable   living   are   encouraged,   where   lack   of   local   government   regulation  are  questioned,  and  where  both  leaders  and  civil  society  organizations  attempt  to  assert  a  better  future  that  recognizes  equality  in  the  right  to  develop.  The   future   of   Metro   Manila   is   one   that   can   be   transformed   by   the   dynamism   of  social,  economic,  political,  institutional  forces  but  limited  or  driven  by  its  carrying  capacity,   physical   and   environmental   resources.   It   is   within   the   bound   of   this  framework  where  the  future  of  Metro  Manila  is  reflected  upon  and  envisioned.  The  Social  Preparation:  Community  Futures  Mapping  The  Community  Futures  Mapping  is  designed  to  ensure  the  inclusiveness  on  the  urban  poor  communities,  most  especially  those  that  live  in  informal  settlements.  The  following  were  the  mechanics  followed  in  the  conduct  of  this  activity  for  the  five  informal  areas  representing  Metro  Manila.    
  9. 9. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  8          1.  Identification  of  target  communities:      • Communities  were  identified  in  the  five  geographical  (north,  south,  east,  west,  south  and  central)  areas  of  Metro  Manila.  These  are  communities  where  Ateneo  School  of  Government  and  the  Project  Steering  Committee  have  either  worked  with  or  with  good  contacts.  2. Identification  of  target  participants  • Local  community  leaders  (public  and  recognized  traditional  community  leaders)  )  • Samahang  Kabataan  (SK)  or  local  youth  officials  and  leaders  of  youth  groups  • At  least  3  representatives  from  each  sector:  elderly,  persons  with  disabilities,  identified  community  members  that  are  recipients  of  the  4Ps  (Pantawid  Pamilya  Pilipino  Program  or  conditional  cash  transfer  program  of  the  government,  and  from  each  major  informal  livelihood  component  in  the  community  • Gender  balance    It  is  expected  that  at  the  end  of  the  workshop,  the  participants  were  able  to  freely  contribute  their  ideas  on  the  characterization  of  informality  in  Metro  Manila  and  have  articulated  their  envisioned  future  for  Metro  Manila.    Depending  on  the  availability  of  the  participants,  the  workshop  shall  last  for  maximum  of  four  (4)  hours  only.      For  the  workshop  proper,  the  following  materials  were  needed:    Pentel  pens,  crayons,  manila  paper,  video  or  audio  recorder,  stickers,  pre  cut  colored  paper  to  indicate  settlements,  essential  services,  etc.,  masking  tape.    Each  teams  were  identified    with    the  following  human  resource;  Workshop  facilitator,  secretariat,  process  documentor,  an  assistant  documentor  (for  validation  purposes).  Around  five  (5)  members  per  team  were  expected    Generally  each  community  futures  mapping  followed  the  following  procedure:  • Opening  program,  introduction  of  participants  and  leveling-­‐  off  of  expectations  • Explanation  about  the  Community  Futures  Mapping  and  the  Inclusive  Futures  Mapping  eg    o “Kamustahan”  (warming-­‐up,  getting  to  know)  o Community  mapping  (1  hour)  • A  pre-­‐prepared  community  map  will  be  presented  • Participants  were  asked  where  the  following  are:    settlements,  essential  services,  businesses,  transport  
  10. 10. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  9        services,    those  that  they  consider  informal  (pre-­‐cut  materials  that  represent  each  named  element  will  be  made  available)  • Examination  of  the  maps  by  the  participants:  Guide  questions  such  as:  Please  examine  the  map  in  front  of  you,  please  locate  where  your  house  is  in  the  map?  Then  write  on  the  sticker  how  many  households  are  in  your  house?  (how  many  kitchens  do  you  have?)  • Can  you  also  locate  the  following  in  the  map?  a. Day  care  centers  b. Health  centers  c. Police  station  d. Tricycle  terminal  e. Jeepney  terminal  f. Wet  market  g. Dry  market  h. Sari-­‐sari  stores  i. Other  types  of  stores  (loading  stations,  ukay-­‐ukay,  vulcanizing  shop,  water  stations,  LGP  stores,  rice  stalls,  DVD  stations,  rolling  stores,etc)  j. Services  (ie  parlor,  massage  centers,  shoe  shine,  dressmaking,  etc)  k. Meeting  places  of  the  elderly,  the  PWD,  the  women,  men,  youth,  children.  l. Playground,  dating  places    • Participants  werel  then  asked  to  indicate  which  areas  of    their  community  experience  the  following  hazards:    flooding,  earthquake,  water  pollution,  lack  of  water,  etc.  (other  hazards  that  will  be  pre-­‐identified  during  the  social  preparation).    Participants  will  then  color  the  maps  accg  to  hazards  • Participants  were  also  asked  about  perceptions  such  as  a. Are  the  dangerous  areas  (and  why?)  b. Are  the  problem  areas  of  the  community  (and  why?)  • Once  the  activity  was  completed,  a  map  was  made  available  for  viewing.    Then,  the  facilitator  asked  “  IF  THIS  IS  THE  KIND  OF  COMMUNITY  YOU  HAVE  AT  THE  MOMENT  WHAT  WILL  IT  POSSIBLE  LOOK  LIKE  IN  2018,  IN  2023,  IN  2028?    (Positive  and  negative  responses  were  recorded  and  classified)  • Also  it    was  encouraged  that  participants  asked  the  following,  why  they  think  their  communities  will  look  this  
  11. 11. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  10        way  in  those  time  periods.    What  are  the  drivers,  contributors?    Community  Futures  Mapping  (1.5  hours)  • The  participants  were  then  asked  to  answer  the  following  questions:    “If  you  were  given  the  opportunity  to  plan  for  your  community,  what  kind  of  community  would  you  like  to  see  in  208,  IN  2023,  IN  2028?”  (They  are  allowed  to  freely  respond…but    there  is  a  need  to  frame  the  problem  by  asking  what  and  where  will  they  local  settlements,  services,  transport,  etc.    It  is  important  that  they  are  able  to  characterize  the  features  they  want?    • A  second  map  of  the  community  was  presented  by  the  facilitator.  On  it,  the  documentor  noted  the  responses  of  the  participants  -­‐-­‐-­‐  including  preferred  location  of  infrastructures,  etc    • Then  asked  the  participants  how  these  will  be  made  possible.    What  are  the  drivers?    What  will  be  the  constraints  in  meeting  the  goals?    • After  the  reporting,  the  facilitator  presented  the  group  output  and  asks  participants:    what  they  think  and  how  do  they  feel  about  the  map  that  they  see.  (to  probe,  the  facilitator  can  ask  further  if  they  think  there  should  be  any  further  improvement  in  the  map  they  have  just  accomplished  for  their  community?)    The  outputs  of  these  preparatory  workshops  were  expected  to  be  put  up  at  the    major  workshops.    The   following   Focus   Group   Discussion   (FGD)   probing     questions   were   used   as  guides:    I. Present  Life  Situation  A. Mapping  of  respondents’  dwelling  place  B. The  actual  make  up  of  dwelling  place  (light  or  concrete  materials)  C. No.  of  household  living  in  one  dwelling  place  D. No.  of  actual  number  of  residents  inside  one  dwelling  place  E. No.  of  children  in  the  dwelling  place  
  12. 12. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  11        F. No.  of  elderly  G. No.  of  PWDs  H. Basic  Services  I. Human  security  (food,  health,  peace  and  order,  political,  etc    Examples  questions  in  Filipino  are  the  following:  1.    Gaano  na  po  kayo  katagal  na  naninirahan  dito?  (How  long  have  you  been  living  here?)  2.    Bakit  po  nyo  nagustuhan  ang  manirahan  dito?  (Why  did  you  decide  to  live  here?)    (We’ll  know  in  this  question  whether  respondents’  place  of  work  is  near,  whether  there’s  a  nearby  school  for  their  children  or  MAYBE  they  will  say  they  heard  that  there’s  a  chance  that  the  land  will  be  awarded  to  them,  etc)  3.    Kumusta  naman  po  ang  mga  pangunahin  nyong  pangangailangan,  tulad  ng  tubig  at  kuryente?  (How  is  the  supply  of  water  and  electricity  here?)        Food  and  health  1. May  malapit  po  bang  pamilihan  dito?  (Is  there  a  wet  market  or  a  grocery  store  near  this  place?)  (They  can  say  here  if  there  are  talipapa  in  the  community  where  they  buy  food  instead  of  going  to  the  big  market  outside  of  the  community)    2. Meron  po  bang  Health  Center  dito  sa  inyo?    (Is  there  an  existing  health  center  here  in  your  barangay?)  (If  there  is  a  community  health  center,  my  guess  is  that  the  respondents  will  readily  say  the  problems  they  encounter,  e.g.,  absence  of  doctor,  medicine,  etc.)    Environmental  issues  and  peace  and  order  situation  1. Ano  po  ang  mga  problemang  kinakaharap  nyo  dito  sa  inyong  lugar  kapag  tag-­‐ulan?  (What  problem/s  do    you  encounter  in  your  barangay  during  the  rainy  season?)  (If  they  raise  flooding  as  their  major  problem  during  rainy  season,  ask  the  next  question)    2. Ano  po  ang  ginagawa  nyo  sa  mga  ganung  sitwasyon?  Lumilikas  po  ba  kayo?  Saan  po  kayo  pumupunta  kapag  tumaas  na  po  ang  tubig  dito?  (What  do  you  in  situations  such  as  those?  Do  you  evacuate?  Where  do  you    go  in  case  of  flooding?)    3. Kumusta  naman  po  ang  lagay  ng  kapayapaan  dito  sa  lugar  nyo?  Masasabi  nyo  po  ba  na  mapayapa  dito  sa  inyong  lugar  at  walang  panganib  na  dulot  ng  mga  masasamang  loob?  (How’s  the  peace  and  order  situation  in  your  place?  Can  you  say  that  your  place  is  peaceful  and  free  from  dangers  brought  about  by  the  bad  elements  of  the  society?)    
  13. 13. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  12        (We  want  to  know  if  there  are  untoward/violent  incidences  that  maybe  due  to  drugs  or  alcoholism)    
  14. 14. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  13        Political    1. Meron  po  bang  mga  asosasyon  dito  sa  inyong  lugar?  Kung  meron,  itanong  kung  anu-­‐ano  ito  -­‐  examples:  homeowners’  assoc.,  mothers/fathers  club,  religious  assoc.,  tricycle  drivers’  assoc.,  etc.  (Are  there  any  community  associations  in  your  barangay?)    2. Kasapi  po  ba  kayo  sa  mga  asosasyon  na  ito?  Anong  kapasidad?  Miyembro  lang  ba  o  opisyal?  (Are  you  a  member  of  this  association?  In  what  capacity?  As  ordinary  member  or  as  officer?    3. May  naitutulong  po  ba  ang  pagiging  kasapi/opisyal  nyo  ng  asosasyon  na  ito  sa  inyong  buhay?  personal  o  pamilya  (What  do  you  gain  from  being  a  member  or  officer  of  this  association?  Personally  and  family?)      Aspirations  for  the  Future/Changes  they  would  like  to  see  in  their  community  utilized  the  following  probing  questions:    1. Ano  naman  po  ang  masasabi  nyo  sa  uri  ng  pamumuhay  nyo  dito?  (What  can  you  say  about  your  quality  of  life  here  in  your  community?)    Maaari  nyo  po  bang  sabihin  sa  amin  kung  may  naging  pagbabago  ang  buhay  nyo  sa  nakalipas  na  10  taon?  (Can  you  please  tell  us  the  changes  that  happened  in  your  life  in  the  past  10  years?  What  are  the  indicators  of  these  changes?    2. Ano  naman  po  ang  ninanais  nyo  pang  pagbabago  sa  inyong  kabuhayan  sa  pangkinabukasan-­‐  20  taon  mula  ngayon?  (What  are  the  changes  that  you  want  to  happen  in  your  life  in  the  future,  20  years  from  now?)    • Sa  tingin  nyo  po  sino  ang  mga  taong  maaaring  makatulong  upang  makamit  ang  mga  pagbabagong  ito?    (Who  do  you  think  are  the  people  who  will  be  able  to  help  you  achieve  these  changes?)  • Ano  po  sa  tingin  nyo  ang  magagawa  nila  upang  makamit  ang  mga  pagbabagong  ito?  (What  do  you  think  can  these  people  do  to  achieve  these  changes?)  • May  magagawa  rin  po  ba  ang  mga  katulad  nyong  naninirahan  dito  upang  makamit  ang  mga  pagbabagong  inaasam  ninyo?  (Do  you  think  you  and  the  other  people  in  your  community  can  do  something  to  help  achieve  these  changes  that  you  want  to  happen?)    This  i“Timeline  Exercise”was    done    on  this  part.  Participants  were  asked  to  plot  the  changes  they   would   want   to   see   in   their   community   in   the   next   20   years   by   drawing   a   timeline  broken  down  every  five  years.  The  Facilitator/s  asked  them  to  draw  a  horizontal  line.  Then  divide  the  horizontal  line  into  4  short  vertical  lines.  The  vertical  lines  represented  the  years  (by   5   years).   Then,   facilitator   asked   them   to   write   the   changes   on   top   and   the   possible  problems/issues   and   challenges   which   they   think   they   will   encounter   in   achieving   these  
  15. 15. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  14        changes.  It  does  not  necessarily  mean  that  for  each  change  there  will  be  problems  that  they  will  encounter…it  can  be  a  success  story  all  throughout.  The  following  is  an  example  of  it:                                            2013   2028  2023  2018  Changes  Problems/  Issues    mas  maayos  at  malinis  na  kapaligiran    (a  more  clean  and  orderly  environment)  Ang  kakayanan  ng  bawat  pamilya  na  magbayad  ng  kaukulang  halaga  para  sa  paunang  bayad    (residents  could  not  afford  the  downpayment)          ma-­‐award  na  ang  lupang  ito  sa  amin  (awarding  of  land  to  residents)  magkaroon  ng  malinis  at  regular  na  supply  ng  tubig  (to  have  a  regular  supply  of  clean  and  potable  water)    Ang  balak  ng  gobyerno  na  ibenta  ang  lupaing  ito  (the  plan  of  the  government  to  sell  the  land  where  they  live)  kooperasyon  ng  lahat  ng  tagarito  (cooperation  of  all  residents)  
  16. 16. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  15        II. WELFAREVILLE, MANDALUYONG CITY16 February 2013Facilitator: Jessica Dator-BercillaAsst. Facilitators: Dr. Segundo RomeroDr. Danielle GuillenLorenzo Cordova, Jr.Documentor: Andre QuintosAlaina Mae VillegasCharmaine TobesSociogram Documentor: Althea Muriel PinedaDhenmark ValeraSupport Staff: Aletheia ValencianoJoan Domingo  Participants:  NAME   SECTOR  1. Dennis  Policarpio   Barangay  health  worker  2. Nancy  Brion   Women  3. Soledad  Busio   Elderly  4. Victoria  Pagunson   Women  5. Ronald  Demeterio   PWD  6. Jonathan  Mamaril  Jr.   PWD  7. Mario  Ramirez   Informal  Worker  8. Jay  Mabuti   Youth  9. Iluminado  Candasya   Informal  Worker  10. Marivic  Icaranom   Women  11. Rosario  Mapile   Woman  12. Ofelio  Callos  Jr.   Youth  13. Ma.  Milagros  Garcia   Women  14. Ryan  Binag   Youth  15. Bill  Calsado   Youth  
  17. 17. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  16        WELFAREVILLE,  MANDALUYONG  CITY    Coordinates:  14°356"N 121°215"E  Land  Area:  100  hectares  Nearby  cities:  Antipolo  City,  Quezon  City,  Rodriguez  Montalban  Rizal  Total  Population  as  of  May  2010:  686,  731    I. BRIEF PROFILE OF THE COMMUNITYBrief History6Welfareville Compound covers the majority of the area of Barangay AdditionHills in Mandaluyong City. A huge percentage of the whole compound isgeographically hilly. Back in 1931 Welfareville was still a vast vacant portion ofland. The land was owned by the Government and was divided into threesections, the Encomienda, the Friar Land and theHacienda System.During the American supremacy in the Philippines, the‘Land Registration Act of 1900’ in which all the Landpolicies of Spain were subjected to the new AmericanInsular Governments in the Philippines, was reaffirmed.In the 1920’s the land of Welfareville was partitioned andowned by a few rich families and these portions weregiven land titlesThe whole Welfareville Compound covers the majorityof the Barangay Addition Hil.ls The said compound has41 blocks and Department of Social Welfare andDevelopment (DSWD) appointed a leader for each as its representative.Welfareville has many entrances and exits.. The living situation in WelfarevilleCompound is not far from that of other urban poor community in Metro Manila.Every house maximizes the small space they have and small rooms are built andare used for many purposes. Sometimes these are rented out to generateincome or are used to accommodate expanding families.Sources of water for different areas within Welfareville vary. In some parts,combination of deep well and commercial water is available. There are alsocommunity-based organizations that produced deep well projects. There are alsofamilies who own and sell water from their deep wells to other members of thecompound.The people of Welfareville represent the many provinces and regions of thePhilippines. Many of them are originally from Visayas and some are fromNorthern Luzon and the Bicol Region. There are instances of people from thesame province living together in clusters.Welfareville Compound is accessible to the big cities in Metro Manila. It isespecially close to the commercial and industrial centers surroundingMandaluyong City, therefore making it more attractive for people to settle inthe community.                                                                                                                          6  Most  of  the  information  available  on  this  section  was  retrieved  from  http://www.angelfire.com/oz/philippines_trip03/stefshomepage.html  
  18. 18. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  17        Sad as it may seem, majority of the population is either unemployed orunderemployed. Most of men who have work are in the construction industryand do so on a contractual basis. They have no job security and are onlytemporarily employed if at all. Many of the unemployed fall in the trap ofgambling and heavy drinking along with other vices. ‘Topadas’ (illegal cockfighting) for instance is a regular weekend past-time.Commonly, women of the community help in earning a living for their familiesby working as laundresses, seamstresses and sari-sari storekeepers. Only a fewhave jobs apart from service jobs, and they are either employed in Governmentoffices or in private companies. Some may work in the Mandaluyong City Hall ona contractual basis.There are many existing livelihood projects within the community. In all cornersof the compound and in every ‘eskinita’ (narrow street) there are small sari-saristores. These supply many of the people’s everyday needs. In Block 37 there is asmall market available for the residents.In Welfareville, the shanties are built with small sized rooms and normally canaccommodate 6-10 family members. This overcrowding easily exposes eachmember of the family to infectious and contagious diseases.Lack of a proper drainage system among the households is also a health risk inall blocks of Welfareville Compound. Due to financial difficulties, many familiestake their sick members to Mandaluyong Hospital (a government hospital withlimited facilities for huge number of patients).Welfareville Compound on the other hand is rich with private hospitals nearthem but the people still have to strive to go to other government-operatedhospitals since they cannot afford to pay for the private ones. In worst case,parents tend to bring their sick child in a hospital when an infection seemedacute for any treatment.
  19. 19. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  18        II. FGD PROPERA. OPENING AND WELCOME REMARKSMs. Bercilla welcomed the participants in a very light mood and introduced herself.She also explained the reason why we were there. The overview of the projectwas given by Dr. Segundo Romero. He explained that the process the group willbe undergoing is something the participants can use in planning. He alsoencouraged the participants to share the said process to the community as it mayserve as a relief from the conventional way of planning.B. INTRODUCTION OF THE ASOG STAFF AND PARTCIPANTSMs. Bercilla asked the team to introduce themselves and state what their functionsfor the project are as well as what role they will play on the process that thegroup will be undergoing.The introduction of the participants followed after. Each participant was given achance to introduce themselves and state what sector they are representing. Itstarted with Mr. Dennis Policarpio and followed by Ms. Nancy Brion who arebarangay health workers or BHW of Brgy. Addition Hills. Ms. Soledad Busio andMs.Victoria Pagunsan both represented the sector of the elderly. Mr. RonaldDemetrio and Mr. Jonathan Mamaril represented the Persons with DisablitySector (PWD). Mr. Mario Ramirez and Mr. Iluminado Gandasua Jr. representedthe leaders of the community while Mr. Jay Mabuti, Mr, Ofelio Callos and Ms. Ma.Milagros Garcia represented the youth sector.  C. MAPPING SESSIONThe participants were asked to categorize their type of dwelling place according tothe following:Type of dwelling place No. of ParticipantsMade of concrete materials 1Made of light materials 4Made of mixed materials 7Participants’ types of dwelling place.Pre-workshop Community Mapping. Welfareville, Mandaluyong CityMost of the participants’ dwelling places were made of mixed materials. Four ofthem have dwelling place made of light materials while only one participant saidhe/she lived in a concrete-made house.
  20. 20. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  19        The participants were asked how many family their living within a dwelling place.Below are the results:No. of family in a dwelling place No. of Participants5 family in a house 14 family in a house 13 family in a house 52 family in a house 31 family in a house 1No. of families living in a house.Pre-workshop Community Mapping. Welfareville, Mandaluyong CityThe participants were also asked to map the basic facilities that can be found in theircommunity. They were able to locate these facilities which according to them havebeen very helpful to all the residents of the barangay. Below is the list of the saidfacilities:BaBBasicfFacilities that can be found in the community.Pre-workshop Community Mapping. Welfareville, Mandaluyong CityD. TIMELINE EXERCISEThe participants were asked how they think their community will look like in 2018,in 2023-2028? Positive and negative responses were elicited.2013POSITIVE NEGATIVEMagkaroon ng mga pasyalan para sa mgakabataan para malayo sama-samangbisyo(Places for leisurely visits so that theyouth can avoid bad vices)-bumalik sa dating hindi magandangpamamalakad sa barangay.( a return to old ways of running thebarangay)Facilities No. of Identified FacilitiesDay Care Center 22Senior Citizen’s Meeting place 3Health center 4Brgy. Outpost 10PWDs Meeting place 2Playground 24Public Transport terminal/hub Jeepney- 0 Tricycle-11 Pedicab-3Dangerous Place 9Flood Prone Area 26Garbage Disposal Area 7Electric Meter 10Water meter 15
  21. 21. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  20        -mapalago ang mga initiatives/activitiespara sa youth sector(more initiatives/activities for the youth)-baha—hindi maiiwasan(flooding, cannot be controlled)-pabahay: pagbigay ng titulo/rights parahindi basta-basta mapaalis(housing, land title, house rights)-madisplace sa place of residencedahil sa leadership change(displacement from the place ofresidence due to change inleadership)-magkaroon ng magandang kalsada satulong ni mayor(new roads thru the help of the mayor)-walang kabuhayan sa relocation(lack of livelihood in relocation sites)-mga proyektong barangay(sementadong kalsada, bagong brgy. hall,bagong school, paanakan (new projectsof barangays)-high rise- malaking upa(high-rise building in big lands)-nagpupursigi ang gobyerno (committedgovernment)-kalinisan , cleanliness(door to door)-pagtatayo ng mall, kikita ang brgy.-libreng gamut mula sa DOH at LGU-CHT (community health training fromDOH-education, children, pregnant, seniorcitizen-senior citizen- 1% na donation para salivelihood-4Ps (until 2014) -allowance foreducation of children (bihirang dropoutrate) HEALTH-through 4Ps soon the govt will lend 14K for livelihood-gaganda dahil sa planning ng mayor,magkakaroon ng mga high rise building-may pinapatayong school, bagongkalsada, palaro para sa mga kabataan-scholarship-tatahimik ang lugar ng brgy. cap atmayor at iba pa
  22. 22. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  21        
  23. 23. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  22        2018POSITIVE NEGATIVE-Im health of my strong work to bepatience for house is a vendor-kinatatakot na walang magtuturo sakabataan-Information happen I forgot too manyproblema. Bad. Fight, In law house and Ihope like future. Your. Good all housefor sharing Good family-kinatatakot na mapalitan angnamamahala sa gobyerno-malawak na palaruan sa mga bata -pag nagpalit ng mamamahala, bakamapaalis sila-mas magiging maliwanag ang mga daan -I am wish of my future to becomeis a many people and me (respect)-magiging maayos -na mabigay sa mga negosyante angmga lupang residentialMaging malinis maging tahimik-ako tulong trike pantiner usap friend allkuya, ate and family-I because of my problem is a familyand many people-I wish of my job the computer or doing -Part ako galit away kuya and if youme stop galit peace clean happysmile good respect family-Construction of raw house orcondominium-Improvement/beautification of WelfareVille-Sariling condominium para sa matagalng residente-Obey ako problema Maid Many washcloth away Bad ate and ako wish futurelive you all good building sharing happyfamily-trabaho para sa Pilipino-mayroon ng titulo ng lupa-tie-up ng kabataan sa mga masmabibigat na sponsors-tuloy-tuloy ang mabubuting proyekto-katahimikan-curfew sa kabataan-magkaroon ng matataas ng building atmall-mas maganda ang kinabukasan ng mgakabataan-mas gumanda ang mga tirahan, magingresidential
  24. 24. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  23        2023-2028POSITIVE NEGATIVE-mas business-friendly na environment -mabenta sa mga negosyante angmga lupa-wala nang drugs (no more drugs)E. IDENTIFICATION OF VISION FOR FUTUREThe participants were asked to answer the following question:• If you were given the opportunity to plan for your community, what kind ofcommunity would you like to see in 2013-2014, IN 2018, IN 2028?• What are the drivers? What will be the constraints in meeting the goals?The answers are the following:Desired Future Why is itnecessary?Who/What willhelp themachieve it?Barriers forachieving it1. LAHAT NGNAGSASAMAAYMAIKASALMaramingnagsasama angwalangpangpakasalMayor throughlibreng pakasal atpakimkim (1 thou)Over population,Ayaw magpakasal
  25. 25. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  24        2. TRABAHOWHAT KINDOF WORK:-Ofelio:Depende saqualification-Jay: Manager-Mil: Mekaniko(marangal natrabaho nakung saanmagagamitang kanyangutak)-Nancy: SocialWorker-Marivic:teacher-Dennis: BHW-Mario:Manager-Jay:RestaurantSupervisor-Rosario:Janitress-Ofelio:Customs-Soledad:kabuhayanpara sa seniorcitizen upanghindi umaasalang-Ronald:service crew-Jonathan:Drawing/Artist-Vic: DirectSelling  Sarili ("hindi lalapitang trabaho sayo"--Dennis)3.GAGAWANGMALAKINGOSPITALinstead of thebotanical gardenin theircommunity, itshould havebeen a publichospitalNational govt,MayorKalaban sa politika
  26. 26. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  25        4.MAGINGKONKRETOANG MGABAHAYPara maganda sapaningin angMandaluyongMga negosyante namagpapatayo ngmga konkretongbahay5.TRAININGPARA SAMGAKABATAANinstead namalulong sama-samangbisyo, kailangansilang mabigyannglibangan--NancyMayor6. BUDGETFORFACILITIESFOR THEYOUTH7. CENTERFOR THEDEAFtheres a lot ofyoung deaf inthe community8.KATAHIMIKANBefore the activity ends, Ms. Bercilla gave the synthesis of the last activity and identified4 major key players for the development of Welfareville based on what the participantssaid:First on the identified key players was the role the government plays in uplifting theliving conditions of every urban poor community in the country through povertyalleviation programs. The participants highly recognized the 4PS or Pantawid PamilyaPilipino Program of the Department of Social Welfare and Development but theysuggested it would be more effective if the targeting of beneficiary would be carefullymonitored since some of the participants believed that some of the currentbeneficiaries do not qualify on the ‘poorest of the poor’ category where which theprogram is intended.The participants also acknowledge the responsibility of the parents in molding theirchildren to be good citizens of their community. They believe that parents are theprimary people that can immediately make right decisions for their children.Apart from the role government and parents play for the development of any urbanpoor settlements, the participants also recognized the function of investment fromprivates sectors which create job and can lead to reductions in poverty.The participants also expressed their desire for creation of more laws sensitive to theneeds of the elderly, youth, women and PWDs.
  27. 27. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  26        F. CLOSING AND AWARDING OF CERTIFICATESThe process ended with Dr. Guillen giving closing remarks. She also encouraged theparticipants to share the process to their community for their future use.Afterwards, Dr. Segundo led the awarding of certificates to the participants foractively participating in the workshop. Along with the certificates are small tokens ofappreciation which the team hopes to be helpful for them.Prepared by:Alaina Mae Villegas andCharmaine Tobes
  28. 28. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  27        View of one of the streets in Welfareville, Brgy. Addition Hills in Mandaluyongon a typical Saturday afternoon.Ms. Bercilla (lady in blue jacket) started the FGD proper by letting theparticipants introduce themselves to everybody.Photo Documentation:Welfareville, Brgy. Addition Hills, Mandaluyong Citya. Introduction Part
  29. 29. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  28        The project staff preparing the maps for the Mapping Activity of the participantswhere they will plot the exact location of their houses and other servicesaround the community.a. Mapping Exercise:Ms. Bercilla introducing the purpose of the Focus Group Discussion (FGD) tothe participants of Welfareville
  30. 30. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  29        Health  workers  Nancy  and  Dennis  (in  green  shirts)  identifying  the  health  centers  in  the  community.    Participants of Welfareville plotting the existing basic facilities
  31. 31. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  30        Orange  colored  houses  representing  mixed  materials  composition  of  the  participants’  houses  while  gray  dots  represents  houses  that  are  made  up  of  concrete  cement.  The  colored  sticker  dots  represent  different  basic  services.  Barangay  tanod  (community  leader)  Mil,  and  Youth  Leader  Jay  identifying  the  usual  hang  out  places  of  teenagers  on  the  hybrid  map  of  Welfareville.  
  32. 32. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  31        Dynamic  and  highly  participatory  group  discussions.  b. Timeline Exercise:During  the  visioning  of  the  future,  participants  discussed  with  the  facilitators  what  the  plausible  futures  in  2013,  2018,  2023,  and  2028  in  their  lives  and  community.  
  33. 33. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  32        Project  staff  assisting  the  participants  in  writing  of  their  preferred  futures  on  metacards.    Welfareville  participants’  timeline  of  their  envisioned  future  using  metacards.  
  34. 34. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  33        Ms. Bercilla discussing the output of the participants for the timeline activityIt’s  drawing  time!  With  pens  that  are  ready  to  stroke,  participants  one  by  one  sketched  their  preferred  future  for  their  community  on  a  6x6  tarpaulin  of  Welfareville,  Brgy.  Addition  Hills.      c. Illustrating the futured. Clos
  35. 35. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  34        Dr. Guillen giving the closing remarks before the participants after the wholeactivity.Alas, the awarding of certificate of participation and distribution of tokensheaded by Dr. Romero assisted by Ms. Pinedaing and Awarding of Certificates:Prepared by:Dhenmark Valera and Althea Muriel Pineda
  36. 36. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  35        III. BARANGAY DOÑA IMELDA, QUEZON CITY23 February 2013Facilitator: Segundo Joaquin E. Romero, Jr.Asst. Facilitator: Lorenzo Cordova, Jr.Documentor: Creselda DobleSupport Staff: Althea Muriel PinedaAlaina Mae VillegasParticipants:NAME   SECTOR  1. Rossana  Castro   Women  2. Marcela  Nuarin   Women  3. Lucila  Monforte   Elderly  4. Rey  Merciales   Informal  Worker  5. Josefina  Jadlilan   Elderly  6. Alex  Dela  Cruz   Informal  Worker  7. Roselyn  Garces   Youth  8. Lucy  De  Guzman   Women  9. Arnel  Riliera   Informal  Worker  10. Arceli  Limguis   Women  11. Teofilo  Solis   Elderly  12. Lucia  Silva   Women  13. Julius  Ubaldo   Informal  Worker  14. Allan  Bitonio   Informal  Worker  15. Teofilo  Salazar   Elderly  16. Johny  Dela  Peña   Youth  17. Chito  Bengo   Informal  Worker  18. Renato  Ibunes   Informal  Worker  19. Eduardo  Salvador   Informal  Worker  20. Nick  Superable   Youth  21. Butch  Ubaldo   Kagawad  22. Evangeline  Alarcio   Women  23. Armando  Salvador   Informal  Worker  24. Carlina  Bandong   Women  25. Gine  Opania   Youth      
  37. 37. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  36        BRGY.  DOÑA  IMELDA,  QUEZON  CITY    Coordinates:  14°3655"N 121°14"E  Land   Area: Land Area :111.5 HectaresNearby   cities:   Antipolo  City,   Quezon   City,  Montalban  Rizal  Boundaries  Total   Population   as   of  May  2010:  17,750    I.BRIEF PROFILE OF THE COMMUNITYBrgy. Doña Imelda was created by Executive Order No. 052during the incumbency of the late Mayor Norberto S.Amoranto of Quezon City. In 1980, the Barangay was allowedto use one-half hectare lot located at the corner of Guirayan st.by the city government which is now the site of the barangayhall7Water services in Barangay came to reality in 1975 when theMWSS installed an eight inch water main pipe from which theresidents could tap water for their homes.                                                                                                                          7  Retrieved  from  http://www.ligaqcchapter.com/site/index.php/barangay/district-­‐4/190-­‐barangay-­‐dona-­‐imelda-­‐marcos#barangay-­‐profile    
  38. 38. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  37        1I . FGD PROPERA. OPENING AND WELCOME REMARKSDr. Romero welcomed and acknowledged the participants’ willingness to participate inthe FGD.B. INTRODUCTION OF ASOG STAFF AND PARTICIPANTSThe ASoG staff starting with Dr. Romero introduced themselves by stating their name,what they do for the program and in which part of the city do they come from. This wasfollowed by the participants’ self introduction.A total of 19 residents of Barangay Doña Imelda participated in the FGD withrepresentation from four (4) sectors, namely: Senior Citizens – 4; Youth – 1; PWD – 1;Women – 8.C. OVERVIEW OF THE PROGRAM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE FGD BYDR. SEGUNDO ROMERODr. Romero briefly gave an overview of the program by highlighting what theprogram is all about, what is the importance of the program, who is funding theprogram and who are the people and the institutions involved in undertaking thisprogram.Objectives of the FGD• To gather information on the way of life in Barangay Doña Imelda• To gather information on the aspect of ‘Formal and Informal’ in BarangayDoña Imelda• To be able to create a vision on the future of the residents of Barangay DoñaImelda and Barangay Doña Imelda as a community• To be able to disseminate this information that will later on be part of a planthat will make Doña Imelda and the lives of its residents a better one.D. MAPPING SESSIONThe participants were asked to locate their houses in the big map and stick yellowsticker dots on it. Then each had to describe their household situation by writing theiranswers on a sheet of paper. Please see responses below:Make up of houseAll 19 FGD participants’ dwelling places are already made of concrete. Reason for this isthat, according to the resident participants, Doña Imelda is a flood-prone area – anordinary rainfall would already result to heavy flooding. Thus, residents had to find waysto transform their used-to be makeshift houses into a more permanent structure thatcan somehow withstand flooding and fire.
  39. 39. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  38        Number of families in the houseA total of five (5) participants said that they share the house with another family. Oneout of the five participants, who is a senior citizen, said that he shares his house with 2of his married children. Please see table below:No. ofparticipantsWho is/are theotherfamily/families?Reasons forliving withanother familyNuclearfamily14Living with 1family4 Families of marriedchildrenGrandparentstakes care ofgrandchildrenwhile parentsare at workDaughter isonly child andparents don’twant her to beapart fromLiving with 2families1 Families of marriedchildrenSon who ismarried isjoblessThe othermarried soncannot affordto rent ahouse for hisfamily becauseof unstable jobTOTAL 19Number of people in the houseNo. of people in the house Participants2 – 3 34 – 6 117 – 8 39 – 10 112 1TOTAL 19
  40. 40. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  39        Family expenses per day (per person)Only 6 participants out of 19 were able to estimate their family expenditures per dayper family member. The rest of the participants gave the total expenditures for thefamily for one day and were divided according to the number of family members basedon the information given earlier.Expenses per day/person ParticipantsP50.00 - 100.00 1P101.00 – P200.00 1P201.00 – P300.00 2P301.00 – P400.00 14P401.00 – P500.00P501.00 – P600.00 2TOTAL 19Family Members who are SickAll 19 participants claimed that they have sick family members in the house. Pleasesee type of illness below:Type of Illness ParticipantsHypertension 8Diabetes 6Hypertension & Diabetes 3Kidney stones 1Gall bladder stones 1TOTAL 19
  41. 41. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  40        Family Members who are Out-of-SchoolOnly four (4) participants claimed that they have children who are out of schoolbecause of two major reasons: 1) can’t afford to send children to college; and, 2)children not interested in pursuing studies.Family Members who are JoblessAn overwhelming 63% (12 out 19 participants) claimed that they have familymembers who do not have jobs for the moment. Major reason is the end ofcontract whether they work in factories, call centers, departments stores, orconstruction-related such as carpenters, etcMapping of Available Facilities in Barangay Doña ImeldaThe participants were asked to map the available facilities in Barangay Doña Imelda.The participants were able to locate these facilities which according to them havebeen very helpful to all the residents of the barangay. Below is the list of thesefacilities:• Day Care Center— Health centers— Barangay Hall— Youth Center— Children’s Playground— Tricycle terminal— Jeep terminalJobs and Livelihood of Residents of Barangay Doña ImeldaThe participants were asked about the types of job and livelihood of residents ofBarangay Doña Imelda depending on their economic status as categorized into 1)ordinary residents; 2) well-to-do residents; and, poorest residents. Please see matrixbelow:Jobs/Livelihood of‘Ordinary Residents’Jobs/Livelihood ofResidents who are‘Well-to-do’Jobs/Livelihood of the‘Poorest’ Residents• Regular companyemployees• OFW• Teachers• Midwife• Nurse• Call Center Agents• Businessmen(Chinese)• Lawyer• Doctor• Caterer• Auto Repair ShopOwner• Street/AmbulantVendors (fishball,banana cue, fruit andvegetables, etc.)• Driver (Taxi/Tricycle/Pedicab)• Contractual workers(salesladies, factoryworkers)• Carpenters/mason• Manual laborers
  42. 42. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  41        E. TIMELINE EXERCISEThe participants were asked to create a timeline which dates back from 1993 withan every five-year interval up to the current year. Please see matrix below for theirresponse:YEAR HAPPY (+)EXPERIENCESUNFORTUNATE (-)EXPERIENCES1993 – 1998 • Threat of‘DEMOLITION’1999 – 20042005 – 2010 • A good andhardworkingBarangay Captainwas elected tooffice• Construction ofnew Barangay Hall• Installation ofelectric power andconnection ofwater• Massive and heavyflooding due totyphoon ‘Ondoy’• Threat of‘DEMOLITION’2011 – 2013 • Promise of MRB byHULRBWhat are the conditions that make the lives of the residents of Barangay Doña Imeldacomfortable?The participants were asked to divide in groups according to the sector to whichthey belong: 1) Senior Citizen; 2) Women; 3) Youth; 4) PWD; and, 5) regularresidents (those who don’t belong to these sectors). Then each group was asked toidentify these conditions. Below is the matrix of the identified conditions:SECTORS CONDITIONS THAT MAKE LIFE INBGY. DONA IMELDA COMFORTABLESenior Citizens • Travel discount (c/o the National Gov’t)• Monthly pension (c/o the National Gov’t)• Quarterly medicine reimbursement from theBarangay in the amount of P300.00• Medicine Voucher Program (Yearly medicineallowance from Congressman Sonny Belmonte in theamount of P500.00)
  43. 43. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  42        Women • Reproductive health-related - free pap smear (c/oBarangay)• Free Livelihood Training on: meat processing;candle-making; soap-making; jewelry-making; balloondecorating; and, pillow case-making• Presence of a ‘Help Desk for Women’ (c/o theBarangay)Youth Youth activities sponsored by the Sangguniang Kabataansuch as:• Conduct of regular sports activities for theyouth• Conduct of medical missions for the youth andthe other residents of the barangay• Conduct of livelihood training for the youth andby the youth• Weekly free fitness and aerobics classes for theyouth and the other residents of the barangayPWD • Free medical assistance• Free medicinesRegular residents • Free Livelihood Training project (c/o the barangay)• Conduct of medical and dental mission (c/o Barangayand SK)• Free fitness and aerobic classes (c/o Barangay andSK)What are the conditions that make the lives of the residents of Barangay Doña Imeldauncomfortable?The participants were asked to the do same process as Question no. 5. Except thatthis time they were asked to identify conditions that make their lives uncomfortable.Please see matrix below:SECTORS CONDITIONS THAT MAKE LIFE IN BGY.DONA IMELDA UNCOMFORTABLESenior Citizens NONEWomen • No jobs for women in spite of the livelihoodtrainings they have attended• Some women are into vices (small-time gambling)• Some women are lazy• The increasing prices of basic commodities• Natural disasters and calamities (typhoons that causeflooding)Youth • Early pregnanciesPWD • Discrimination• No jobs for PWDRegular residents • Many residents are jobless• Vices (gambling – tong-its & bingo, drinking)
  44. 44. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  43        What are your happy (positive) and sad (negative) visions in the next 15 years here inBarangay Dña Imelda, both for your family and for Barangay Doña Imelda as yourcommunity?This time the participants were asked to write down one vision (whether positive ornegative) per meta card and each vision identified can be for the participants’ familyor for Brgy. Doña Imelda. They were then asked to stick each vision in the matrixwith the same format as below:The participants think that 15 years seemed too far for their visions. Thus, thevisions they identified are only up to 2018. Please see matrix below:YEAR POSITIVE (+) VISION NEGATIVE (-) VISIONFamily Community Family Community2013 -2018• For childrento finish theirstudies• To have ourown house• To have ahealthy family• MRB• Job for allresidents• Discount forsenior citizensto become50%• Goodeconomy forthe Philippinesbecause thiswill also affectour barangay’seconomy• Brgy. DoñaImelda to haveits own floodcontrol• Implement-ation of the‘Danger ZoneRiver’• The gov’t toprovide uswith a capitalso we canstart our ownbusiness‘DEMOLITION’2013-­‐2018   2019-­‐2023   2024-­‐2028  
  45. 45. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  44        There was a lengthy discussion on the provision of capitol for livelihood of theresidents because two women participants raised the following concerns with regardthe livelihood training that the barangay offers:• Residents who attended the livelihood training claim that after each training, there’sno more follow-up for support so they can apply what they learned• Residents want to have support from the government for a small capital for a storeor a market for their productsDr. Romero asked the women if they already tried applying for a loan from a micro-finance or a small time lending institution so they can start up their own business.They said the interest is very high and their income would not be enough for thepayment of the loan.The Barangay Councilor, who arrived in the middle of the FGD process, could nothelp but share the current livelihood assistance that the barangay provides forresidents who want to venture into business. They have available carts which willserve as their mobile stores for their products. The barangay will also designate thespace and the place where the cart can park, but there are no takers.The participants were then asked to go over the list below and identify which is‘formal’ and ‘informal’ in their barangay.1. Employments with contract?2. Are businesses in the barangay registered in the government?3. Are the residents included in the list of those who receive medical benefits?4. Are the residents included in the list of those who receive Pantawid PampamilyangPilipino Program (PPPP) / Conditional Cash Transfers (CCT)?5. Are the residents included in the list of those who receive benefits in case ofdisasters?It is surprising to know that the residents’ answers to the above questions are yes.One participant even mentioned that the 4 Ps is available, but some residents werenot able to avail of it due to their negligence in processing the necessaryrequirements.Who are the people, the officials, the institutions or organization do you think that can helpyour families to have a prosperous life?All the participants agreed on the following:For the housing – Mediu-rise buildings (MRB):The National Government - Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG),Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), and the NationalHousing Authority)The Local Government – The Mayor and the BarangayFor the design and architecture:Tao Pilipinas and the University of Santo Tomas
  46. 46. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  45        For the flood control:Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH)For the education of the children in Brgy. Doña Imelda:The parents  Towards the end of this session, the Barangay Secretary enthusiastically shared withall the resident participants on the update on the rehabilitation of the San JoaquinRiver. The rehabilitation will require all houses to be built three meters away fromthe water line. This means all residents along the river (including those who arefrom Brgy. Doña Imelda), will be affected by this rehabilitation. These residents willhave problem with their temporary dwelling places once the rehabilitation starts.The good news is that Brgy. Doña Imelda is the only barangay who submitted a“Peoples’ Plan” which stages a plan for temporary staging area for residents of thebarangay who will be affected by the river rehabilitation program.F. Closing and Awarding of CertificatesDr. Romero thanked the participants for their valuable participation in the FGD andended with the assurance that they will be provided with the results of this the saidprocess. Afterwards, Dr. Segundo lead the awarding of certificates to theparticipants for actively participating on the said process. Along with the certificatesare small tokens of appreciation which the team hopes to be helpful for them.Prepared by:Creselda Doble
  47. 47. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  46        PHOTO DOCUMENTATION:Brgy. Doña Imelda, Quezon Citya. Registrationb. Mapping ExerciseParticipants arriving at the FGD registration table.Using a satellite map, participants easily identified the exact location of their housesand the basic facilities/services within the community.
  48. 48. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  47        c. Timeline ExerciseParticipants placing different colored sticker dots each representing the basic servicesin the community (e.g. market, schools, health care facilities etc.)Participants visualized positive and negative changes in the future using the timeline.
  49. 49. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  48        d. Illustrating the FuturePrepared by:Dhenmark ValeraAlthea Muriel PinedaThe participants actively draw their visions of the community on the maps.
  50. 50. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  49        IV. BARANGAY ESTERO DE SAN MIGUEL, MANILA23 February 2013Facilitator: Jessica Dator-BercillaAsst. Facilitator: Marie Danielle GuillenDocumentor: Aletheia ValencianoCharmaine TobesSupport Staff: Dhen Mark ValeraJoan Therese DomingoParticipants:  NAME   SECTOR  1. Mylene  Pagacpac   Youth  2. Ma.  Janica  Cinco   PWD  3. Filomena  Cinco   Women  4. Aida  Pagacpac   Women  5. Vanessa  Bernal   Youth  6. Wilma  Obnamia   Health  Worker  7. Evangeline  Andress   Women  8. Marilyn  Pagadora   PWD  9. Dulce  Sarto   Informal  Worker  10. Macaria  Codillo   Elderly  11. Anastasia  Cayabyab   Elderly  12. Armando  Salundaguit   Youth  13. Leoncio  Castro   Informal  Vendor  14. Dennis  Cayabyab   Informal  Worker  15. Erlinda  Velasquez   Elderly  16. Doming  Pempina   Informal  Worker  17. Leonardo  Bernal   Informal  Worker  18. Sunshine  Soberano   Youth  19. Dolores  Artech   Elderly  20. Joseph  Villanueva   Informal  Worker  
  51. 51. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  50        ESTERO  DE  SAN  MIGUEL,  CITY  OF  MANILA  Coordinates:    Land  Area:  4,700square meters    Nearby  cities  Total  Population  as  of  March  2012:  3,  252    I. BRIEF PROFILE OF THE COMMUNITYBarangay   412   is   created   out   of   PD   86   and   PD   86-­‐A,   both  referring  to  the  reactivation  of  the  Barangays.  There  are  about  750   families   with   about   300   household   structures,   mostly  apartments.     They   have   146   informal   settlers   families   (ISFs)  living  along  Estero  de  San  Miguel.  According  to  the  profile  of  the  community  prepared  by  the  Barangay  captain,  there  are  19  medium-­‐rise   buildings   (MRB),   44   apartments   and   87   estero  houses  in  the  area.    Most  (55%)  of  the  people  of  Estero  de  San  Miguel  are  low  wage  earner  while  only  15%  of  their  population  are  high  wage  earner  and  the  remaining  35%  are  have  average  income.    Important  institutions  located  in  the  area  includes  Pro-­‐Life  Philppines,  M.F.  Jhocson  Health  Center,  Social  Security  Sytem  (Legarda  Branch),  Claro  M.  Recto  High  School  and  San  Lorenzo  Ruiz  Student  Catholic  Center/  Chapel.    A  number  of  business  establishments  can  be  found  near  the  area  of  Estero  de  San  Miguel  including  apartment  lessors,  barber  shops,  bus  terminal,  snack  house,  computer  shops,  dress  or  sportswear  shops,  gasoline  stations,  gym  fitness  center,  hardware,  pay-­‐parking  lot,  party  needs   shop,   pet   shop,   printing   shops,   sari-­‐sari   stores,   spa,   warehouse   and   water   refilling  stations.  Some  initiatives  are  on-­‐going  in  Estero  de  San  Miguel  community  for  an  instance  the  urban  rich   families   of   the   community   are   supporting   the   Estero   Housing   Project   for   the  Nagkakaisang  Mamamayan  ng  Legarda,  Inc.  as  beneficiaries.          
  52. 52. Ateneo  School  of  Government  Informal  City  Dialogues  Community  Mapping  Documentation  51        II. FGD PROPERA. OPENING AND WELCOME REMARKSDr. Guillen with Ms. Valenciano welcomed and acknowledged the participants’willingness to participate in the FGD. Afterwards,  the  introduction  of  ASOG  staff  and  participants  followed.  Dr.  Guillen  and  Ms.  Valenciano  started  the  process  by  stating  their   name   and   their   role   in   the   program.   Participants   from   the   community   also  introduced  themselves.      The participants of the FGD are all residents of Barangay Estero de San Miguelrepresenting four (4) sectors, namely: Senior Citizens, Youth, PWD, Women).B. OVERVIEW OF THE PROGRAMProgram OverviewMs. Bercilla briefly gave an overview of the program, emphasizing its importanceparticularly to the future of the community. She then proceeded by naming thefunders and institutions responsible to the undertaking of the program.Ms. Bercilla asked the participants regarding the difference between then and now intheir community. According to the participants, problems related to ownership,employment and social values are more pertinent now than before.Objectives of the exerciseThe following are the objectives of the FGD as enumerated by— To gather information on the way of life in Barangay Estero de San Miguel— To gather information on the aspect of ‘Formal and Informal’ in Barangay Estero deSan Miguel— To be able to create a vision on the future of the residents of Barangay Estero deSan Miguel and Barangay Estero de San Miguel as a community— To be able to disseminate this information and incorporate this in a plan that willimprove the community and the lives of its residents.C. MAPPING EXERCISEThe participants were asked to locate their houses in the big map and stick yellowsticker dots on it. Then each had to describe their household situation by writingtheir answers on a sheet of paper. Please see responses below:Make up of houseMost of the participants’ houses are made of light materials which make themsusceptible to fire. When asked by the facilitator to enumerate their means ofsurvival in the event of fire, the participants emphasized their “bayanihan” spirit.According to them, they have a registered cooperative called Sampaloc MarketVendors Association that serves as a means from which they can borrow moneythrough an amortization scheme. They also said that NGOs such as Tao Pilipinas,

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