Top500 June 2013

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Presentation of the 41st TOP500 List at ISC13 in Leipzig, Germany

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  • Tianhee-1A #1 Nov 10
  • 2008/09 N500 growth starts lagging – dropped from 200%to 150% per year
  • 06/97 ASCI Red11/02 Earthsimulator11/04-11/06 BG/L build over time06/08 Roadrunner06-11/11 K-Computer twice06/12 Sequioa11/12 Titan06/13 Tianhe-2
  • Third slice (dark) is Xeon Phi
  • 06/97 ASCI Red11/02 Earthsimulator11/04-11/06 BG/L build over time06/08 Roadrunner06-11/11 K-Computer twice06/12 Sequioa11/12 Titan06/13 Tianhe-2
  • 11/02 Earthsimulator11/04-11/06 BG/L build over time06-11/11 K-Computer twice06/12 Sequioa11/12 Titan06/13 Tianhe-2
  • Fujitsu, Dell, and Dawning have 2 each
  • Some very high efficiency systems use TurboBoost – wrong peak!
  • #123 is ASCI Purple = older technology = less power efficient
  • 38% and 26% per year
  • Top500 June 2013

    1. 1. Highlights of the 41st TOP500 ListISC’13, Leipzig, Germany
    2. 2. 41st List: The TOP10# Site Manufacturer Computer Country Cores Rmax[Pflops]Power[MW]1National University ofDefense TechnologyNUDTTianhe-2NUDT TH-IVB-FEP,Xeon 12C 2.2GHz, IntelXeon PhiChina 3,120,000 33.9 17.82Oak Ridge NationalLaboratoryCrayTitanCray XK7, Opteron 16C 2.2GHz,Gemini, NVIDIA K20xUSA 560,640 17.6 8.213Lawrence LivermoreNational LaboratoryIBMSequoiaBlueGene/Q,Power BQC 16C 1.6GHz, CustomUSA 1,572,864 17.2 7.894RIKEN Advanced Institutefor Computational ScienceFujitsuK ComputerSPARC64 VIIIfx 2.0GHz,Tofu InterconnectJapan 795,024 10.5 12.75Argonne NationalLaboratoryIBMMiraBlueGene/Q,Power BQC 16C 1.6GHz, CustomUSA 786,432 8.59 3.956Texas AdvancedComputing Center/UTDellStampedePowerEdge C8220,Xeon E5 8C 2.7GHz, Intel Xeon PhiUSA 462,462 5.17 4.517ForschungszentrumJuelich (FZJ)IBMJuQUEENBlueGene/Q,Power BQC 16C 1.6GHz, CustomGermany 458,752 5.01 2.308Lawrence LivermoreNational LaboratoryIBMVulcanBlueGene/Q,Power BQC 16C 1.6GHz, CustomUSA 393,216 4.29 1.979 Leibniz Rechenzentrum IBMSuperMUCiDataPlex DX360M4,Xeon E5 8C 2.7GHz, Infiniband FDRGermany 147,456 2.90 3.5210National SuperComputerCenter in TianjinNUDTTianhe-1ANUDT TH MPP,Xeon 6C, NVidia, FT-1000 8CChina 186,368 2.57 4.04
    3. 3. Performance Development0.1110100100010000100000100000010000000100000001E+09199419961998200020022004200620082010201259.7 GFlop/s400 MFlop/s1.17 TFlop/s33.9 PFlop/s96.6 TFlop/s224 PFlop/sSUMN=1N=5001 Gflop/s1 Tflop/s100 Mflop/s100 Gflop/s100 Tflop/s10 Gflop/s10 Tflop/s1 Pflop/s100 Pflop/s10 Pflop/s1 Eflop/s
    4. 4. Projected Performance Development0.1110100100010000100000100000010000000100000001E+091E+101E+1119962002200820142020SUMN=1N=5001 Gflop/s1 Tflop/s100 Mflop/s100 Gflop/s100 Tflop/s10 Gflop/s10 Tflop/s1 Pflop/s100 Pflop/s10 Pflop/s1 Eflop/s
    5. 5. 0%2%4%6%8%10%12%14%16%18%199419961998200020022004200620082010201212345Performance Fraction of TOP5 Systems
    6. 6. 01020304050607080901001994199619982000200220042006200820102012Rank at whichHalf of total Performance is accumulated
    7. 7. Accelerators010203040506070 20062007200820092010201120122013SystemsIntel Xeon PhiClearspeedIBM CellATI RadeonNvidia KeplerNvidia Fermi
    8. 8. Performance of Accelerators0102030405060708020062007200820092010201120122013TotalPerformance[Pflop/s]ClearspeedATI RadeonIBM CellIntel Xeon PhiNvidia FermiNvidia Kepler
    9. 9. Performance Share of Accelerators0%5%10%15%20%25%30%35%40%20062007200820092010201120122013FractionofTotalTOP500Performance
    10. 10. 01020304050607080901001994199619982000200220042006200820102012Rank at whichHalf of total Performance is accumulated
    11. 11. 0%2%4%6%8%10%12%14%16%18%199419961998200020022004200620082010201212345Performance Fraction of TOP10 Systems
    12. 12. 0.01%0.10%1.00%10.00%1 10 100 100006/97 ASCI Red06/02 Earthsimulator06/08 Roadrunner06/13 Tianhe-2Distribution of Performance over theRanks of the TOP500 Systems
    13. 13. United States51%China13%Japan6%United Kingdom6%France4%Germany4%India2%Canada2%Russia2% Others10%United StatesChinaJapanUnited KingdomFranceGermanyIndiaCanadaRussiaOthersCountries / System Share
    14. 14. Performance of Countries01101001,00010,000100,0002000200220042006200820102012TotalPerformance[Tflop/s]USEUJapanChina
    15. 15. IBM16032%HP18938%Cray Inc.4910%SGI183%Bull173%Fujitsu92%Dell82%Hitachi51%NUDT41%Others418%IBMHPCray Inc.SGIBullFujitsuDellHitachiNUDTOthersVendors / System Share
    16. 16. IBM1836%Cray Inc1122%SGI48%Fujitsu48%NUDT36%Bull36%Others714%IBMCray IncSGIFujitsuNUDTBullOthersVendors (TOP50) / System Share
    17. 17. Linpack Efficiency0%20%40%60%80%100%120%0 100 200 300 400 500LinpackEfficiency
    18. 18. 0.010.11100 100 200 300 400 500Power[MWatts]TOP500 RankAbsolute Power Levels
    19. 19. Power Consumption0123456782008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013Power[MW]TOP10TOP50TOP5003.25 x in 5 y3.13 x in 5 y5.04 x in 5 y
    20. 20. Power Consumption01234567891011121314Power[MW]TOP10TOP50TOP500
    21. 21. Power Consumption0.1110100Power[MW]TOP10TOP50TOP500
    22. 22. Power Efficiency02004006008001,0001,2001,4001,6001,8002008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013Linpack/Power[Gflops/kW]TOP10TOP50TOP500
    23. 23. Power Efficiency05001,0001,5002,0002,5003,0003,5002008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013Linpack/Power[Gflops/kW]TOP10TOP50TOP500Max-EfficiencyBlueGene/QCellIntel MicAMD FirePro
    24. 24. Most Power Efficient ArchitecturesComputerRmax/PowerAdtech, ASUS, Xeon 8C 2.0GHz, Infiniband FDR, AMD FirePro 2,973Appro GreenBlade, Xeon 8C 2.6GHz, Infiniband FDR, Intel Xeon Phi 2,450BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60 GHz, Custom 2,300Cray XK7, Opteron 16C 2.1GHz, Gemini, NVIDIA Kepler 2,243Eurotech Aurora HPC, Xeon 8C 3.1GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA K20 2,193iDataPlex DX360M4, Xeon 8C 2.6GHz, Infiniband QDR, Intel Xeon Phi 1,935Tianhe-2, NUDT, Intel Xeon 6C 2.2GHz, TH Express-2, Intel Xeon Phi 1,902RSC Tornado, Xeon 8C 2.9GHz, Infiniband FDR, Intel Xeon Phi 1,687SGI Rackable, Xeon 8C 2.6GHz, Infiniband FDR, Intel Xeon Phi 1,613Chundoong Cluster, Xeon 8C 2GHz, Infiniband QDR, AMD Radeon HD 1,467[Mflops/Watt]

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