Integrating Plants Into Chinese Medicine From Outside China1
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Integrating Plants Into Chinese Medicine From Outside China1

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This is a PPT from a lecture I gave recently in Taiwan. I will be using a revised version of this to teach some classes this Summer in the US.

This is a PPT from a lecture I gave recently in Taiwan. I will be using a revised version of this to teach some classes this Summer in the US.

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Integrating Plants Into Chinese Medicine From Outside China1 Integrating Plants Into Chinese Medicine From Outside China1 Presentation Transcript

  • Integrating Plants into Chinese Medicine from Outside China: A Methodology
    Thomas Avery Garran
    05-21-2011Taichung,Taiwan
  • Why is this important?
    Chinese medicine is an evolving system, if there is a way to improve it, we should try to do so.
    Although there are over 5000 plants used throughout China, only about 500 (10%) are used beyond local traditions. This is primarily because the best has been culled out and into the primary medicine.
  • Difference between Chinese medicine practiced in the West and in Asia
    In the West many patients are already using some of Western herbs
    Western herbs are often higher quality
    The use of Western herbs is more sustainable
    View slide
  • History
    Chinese medicine has long history of integrating plants from outside of Chinese into Chinese medicine
    Example: myrrh, frankincense, American ginseng, corn silk, turmeric, coix, evodia, cinnamon, etc.
    View slide
  • Tools
    Historical usage
    Understanding thoroughly how a plant has been used historically
    Botanical relationships
    Very important as traditionally there have been plants used from same genus or even family as the same herb within Chinese medicine, ex.
    Chemistry
    Experience
    Knowledge and experience in Chinese medicine
  • Historical Usage
    Understanding the systems plants have been used in
    This can be complicated in the West
    Understanding the historical usage of plants
    Because of the above, this is both complicating and helpful
  • Historical Usage
    Looking at different descriptions of plant usage
    Finding similarities throughout this history
    Finding connections between descriptions in Western literature and Chinese theory and materiamedica
    Hypericumperforatum
    Avenafatua
    Arnica montana
  • Hypericum perfoliatum
    Antiinflammatory
    Acute and chronic tissue inflammation
    Wound healer
    Used both internally and externally
    Lightens the spirits
    For anxiety, depression
  • Avena fatua
    Strengthens the male sex organs
    Nourishes the exhausted body
    Builds blood and energy
    Soothes the mind
    Helps anxiety and insomnia when exhausted
  • Arnica montana
    Acute pain from trauma
    Used both internally and externally
    Chest pain and heart problems
  • Botanical Relationships
    History of using botanically related plants
    Many plants in Chinese medicine have been used as the same medicine; several species of Actaea (cimicifuga) used as sheng ma (升麻), Angelica as du huo (独活), Glycyrrhiza (甘草), etc.
    Family
    Relationships within families; Apiaceae (Heracleum being used as Angelica (独活), Asteraceae, etc.
    Genus polygala, calamus, cassia, actaea, clematis
  • How we can use these relationships
    A Western herb with related plant(s) in Chinese medicine; caulophyllum, angelica, polygala, calamus, lobelia, etc.
    Sometimes this there is very different information; lobelia
    Sometimes there is very similar information; calamus, angelica
  • Family Relationships
    Asteraceae
    From 菊花 to Leucanthemumvulgare
    Ranunculaceae
    From 黄连 to Hydrastiscanadensis
    Lamiacea
    From 藿香 to Monardapunctata
  • Leucanthemumvulgare
    Mildly stimulate circulation
    Diaphoretic (combine with ginger)
    Painful menstruation with congestion and scant flow, especially chronic
    Emotional issues with “foul stomach” and “nervous tendencies”
    Temper heat and refresh the liver
  • Hydrastis canadensis
    Tonic to the digestion (stomach)
    Atonic secretions
    Stimulates digestion
    Soothes irritation of feeble & congested mucus membranes
    Ulceration of the bowels (combine with 大黄)
    Diarrhea/dysentery
    Jaundice
    Palpitations combine with Leonorus and Scutellaria
    Sore throat
    External inflammations and infections
  • Monarda punctata
    Mild, diffusive, stimulating and relaxing antispasmodic nervine and carminative
    Warming to the stomach, relieves vomiting and diarrhea, especially from acute illness
    Diaphoretic for colds, catarrhal fever and eruptive fevers
  • Genus Relationships
    Polygala
    Chinese name 远志 (multiple species used)
    Angelica
    Multiple species used
    Ligusticum
    Chinese names 川芎 and 藁本 (multiple species used)
    Leonorus
    Chinese name 益母草 (multiple species used)
    Scutellaria
    Chinese names 黄芩 and 半支莲 and others *
    Scrophularia
    Chinese name 玄參 (two or more species used)
    Taraxacum
    Chinese name 蒲公英 (multiple species used)
  • Polygala senaga
    Stimulate expectoration for chronic coughs with excessive phlegm
    Used in chronic asthma
    Considered warm and stimulating
  • Angelica archangelica
    Diaphoretic for cold conditions
    Dysmenorrhea or amenorrhea do to cold
    Cough with abundant mucus
    Cold pains in the digestive tract
    Comforts the heart, blood and spirit
  • Ligusticum porterii; L. grayii
    Head ache do to cold
    Sore throat with common cold
    Dysmenorrhea or amenorrhea
    Body aches and pains do to invasion of external influences or injury
  • Leonorus cardiaca
    Dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, or pain in the back during menstruation
    Lochia not arriving or scant, especially with “after-pains”
    Suppressed labor
    Pain in the chest with palpitations and nervousness
    Chronic nervousness, anxiety, insomnia associated with anemia
  • Scutellaria lateriflora
    Nervous exhaustion
    Insomnia, anxiousness, hypochondria
    Antispasmodic; nervous headache, dysmenorrhea, neuralgia
    Used for drug and alcohol withdrawals
  • Scrophularia nodosa, S. californica
    Red, hot swollen lymph nodes
    Red, hot swollen skin diseases
    Painful and irregular menstruation with irritation and excitation
    Externally for burns, inflammation, sore nipples, eczema, hemorrhoids
    “Obstinate ulcers, the result of a depraved state of the fluids and solids, are frequently benefited by its use.”
  • Taraxacum officinale
    Jaudice
    Congestion of the liver and spleen
    Digestive weakness
    Inflammatory conditions of the digestive tract, especially from epidemic illnesses
  • Special Properties
    Flavor
    Understanding how the flavors function
    Nature
    The concept of a “temperature” in different systems may vary
    Understanding of the “over-all” function of the herb
    Channels entered
    Affinity to organs or areas of the body
  • Experience
    The most important aspect
    Experiment on yourself
    Keep good notes
  • Thank You!