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Medicinal plants in pakistan

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Medicinal plants in pakistan

  1. 1.  Presenter: AMARA EJAZ Roll Number : 393 B.S. BOTANY SEMESTER 6
  2. 2. Topic of Presentation : Medicinal Plants of Pakistan In this presentation I will describe about some medicinal plants of Pakistan.
  3. 3.  Medicinal plants refer to using a plant’s seeds, berries, roots, leaves, bark or flowers for medicinal purposes.  Example: i. Tulsi ii. Alove-vera iii. Turmeric
  4. 4.  Medicinal plants are plants that have a recognized medical use.  Their use ranges the production of mainstream pharmaceutical products to herbal medicine preparations.  Herbal medicine is one of the oldest forms of medical treatment in human history and could be considered one of the forerunners of the modern pharmaceutical trade.
  5. 5. List of commonly used medicinal plants  Allium sativum  Allium cepa  Azadirachta indica  Aloe barbadensis;syn.A.vera  Cassia fistula  Carica papaya  Cucurma longa
  6. 6.  Cymbopogon citratus  Foeniculum vulgare  Ocimum sanctum  Papaver somniferum  Ricinus communis Trigonella foenum-graceum  Zingiber officinalis
  7. 7. Scientific name : Papaver somniferum
  8. 8.  Scientific classification :  Order: Ranunculales  Family: Papaveraceae  Genus: Papaver  Species: somniferum  Binomial name: Papaver somniferum
  9. 9. Medicinal uses :  Decongestant  Narcotic  Muscle relaxant  Analgesic  Relieves anxieties  Use as a pain killer and in the treatment of spasms.
  10. 10.  Scientific classification :  Order: Fabales  Family: Fabaceae  Genus: Cassia  Species: fistula  Binomial name: Cassia fistula
  11. 11.  Medicinal uses :  anticarcinogenic activity  antibacterial effect  antifungal effect  antidiabetic  antirheumatic effect
  12. 12. TRIGONELLA FOENUM-GRACEUM Scientific name :
  13. 13.  Scientific classification :  order : Fabales  Family: leguminosae  genus : trigonella  species : foenum-graceum  Part of plant used: Dried seeds& leaves  Common name: Fenugreek,methi  Compounds: diosgenin,gitogenin,tigogenin
  14. 14.  Medicinal uses  cholesterol lowering effect  hypoglycemic effect[diabetes]  respiratory diseases;bronchitis,influenza  carminative  diarrhea
  15. 15. Carica papaya Scientific name :
  16. 16.  Scientific Classification :  order : Caricales  Family: Caricaceae  common name: papaya or papeeta  part of plant used: fruit, pulp,seeds,roots,leaves  compounds: enzymes;papain,chymopapain,peptidase A&B,lysozyme
  17. 17.  Medicinal uses  analgesic  anti-inflammatory  anticoagulant  aids digestive system and used in treatment of arthritis  Green fruits of papaya are used to treat high blood pressure, dyspepsia, constipation, general debility,
  18. 18. Citrullus colocynthis Scientific name :
  19. 19.  Order: Cucurbitales  Family: Cucurbitaceous  Genus: Citrullus  Species: colocynthis  Common name: khortumma  Part of plant used: Roots&Fruits
  20. 20.  Medicinal uses  anti diabetic  anti oxidant effect  anti cancer effect  anti parasital effects  Asthma  Anti hepatic
  21. 21. Scientific name : Azadirachta indica
  22. 22.  Scientific classification:  Genus : Meliales  Family: Meliaceae  Genus : AZADIRACHTA  Species : INDICA  Common name: neem  Part of plant used: Barks, leaves flowers
  23. 23.  Medicinal uses  Antiseptic in skin diseases like scabies & ring worm  Blood purifier & Antidote  Chronic fever  Anti malaria & anti viral  Hair dandruff  Eye sight weakness
  24. 24. Scientific name : Cucurma longa
  25. 25.  Scientific classification  Order : Zingiberales  Family : Zingiberaceae  Genus : Cucurma  Species : longa  Common name : turmeric,haldi  Part of plant used : Rhizome,root
  26. 26.  Medicinal uses of Curcuma longa (Turmeric)  Anti –oxidant  anti- arthritis  anti- cancer  antidiabetic effects  As blood purifier  Anti microbial  Anti platelet  A good digestive
  27. 27. Scientific name : Allium sativum
  28. 28.  Scientific Classification :  Order : Liliales  Family: Liliaceae  Genus : Allium  Species : Sativum  Part of plant used : bulbs  Common name : garlic, lahsan  Compound: ajoene;a sulphur containing compound
  29. 29.  Medicinal uses  Heart tonic  Antifungal  Anti parasitic  Anti bacterial  Anti diabetic  Lipid &cholesterol lowering effect  Antibiotics & Anti- HIV activities  Remedy of hypertension
  30. 30. Scientific name Aloe vera
  31. 31.  Scientific classification:  Order : Liliales  Family: Liliaceae  Genus : Aloe  Species: Vera  Common name: ghee kuwar, kanwar gandal  Part of plant used: extracted gel or gum of leaves  Compounds: anthraquinones,Salicylic acid
  32. 32.  Medicinal uses  anti diabetic  against hepatitis&joint pain  rheumatism  body weakness  hair dandruff  pimples or acne  skin burns
  33. 33. Scientific name : Ricinus communis
  34. 34.  Scientific classification  Order : Euphorbiales  Family: Euphorbiaceae  Common name: Hernoli,arind,castor oil plant  Part of plant used: seeds,leaves  compounds: alkaloid ricinin,ricinoleate of glycerol,ricineolic acid
  35. 35.  Use for Constipation  Laxative activity  stomach&bowel problems  Remedy in pneumonia  Hair tonic  Improving eye sight
  36. 36. Cymbopogon citratus
  37. 37.  Scientific classification: • Order : Poales • Family: Poaceae • Genus : Cymbopogon • Species : Citratus • Common name: lemon grass • Part of plant used: whole plant
  38. 38.  Medicinal uses  chronic fever  used in treating cough  depression, nervous disorders  certain skin conditions, and acts as antifungal, antibacterial and antiseptic.  grass decoctions are taken for asthma  digestive complaints  headache, fevers, and to promote sweating.
  39. 39. Scientific name : Foeniculum vulgare
  40. 40.  Scientific classification:  Order : Umbelliferales  Family: Umbelliferae  Genus : Foeniculum  Species : Vulgare  Common name: saunf  Part of plant used: seeds
  41. 41.  Medicinal uses  abdominal discomfort  constipation
  42. 42. Scientific name: Cannabis sativa
  43. 43.  Scientific classification:  Order: Cannabiales  Family: Canabiaceae  Genus: Cannabis  Species : Sativa  Common name: bhang,hemp  Part of plant used: whole plant,dried flower,fruit,resinous exudations
  44. 44.  Medicinal properties  reduction of general body inflammation  intoxication  loss of appetite  narcotic  dysentery  sedative
  45. 45. Ocimum sanctum
  46. 46.  Scientific classification:  Order : Labiales  Family: Labiatae  Genus : Ocimum  Specis: Sanctum  Common name: Tulsi  Part of plant used: Leaves
  47. 47.  Medicinal uses  Diaphoretic in malarial fever  Bronchits&gastric disorders  Nausea&vomiting  Ear ache&head ache  Diaphoretic in malarial fever
  48. 48. Scientific name : Zingiber officinale
  49. 49.  Scientific classification :  Order : Zingiberales  Family: Zingiberaceae  Genus : Zingiber  Species: Officinalis  Common name: adrak  Part of plant use: underground stem or rhizome
  50. 50.  Antioxidant activity  Antispasmodic  Anticholesterolemic properties  Treating nausea& vomiting  Stomach upsts& diarrhea,ingestion  Anti inflammatory so relieves in rheumatism  Stimulates circulation  Cold & flu
  51. 51.  They cost less  They may have fewer side effects  There is a choice on how to use them  There are good for more than one reason
  52. 52. Conclusion • The need of hour is that the plants having medicinal value should be explore. • Develop awareness among the community about their medicinal uses& properties • Fill the immense gap between the local traditional knowledge&modern medical sciences.

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