Smoking women


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Many women take to tobacco because they regard cigarettes as symbol of freedom and the so-called image of power they think comes with smoking. There is an interesting story about how America accepted female smoking.

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Smoking women

  1. 1. Smoking Women Women's smoking rates Tobacco smoking is the single largest cause of preventable death and disease in Australia, with over 19,000 tobacco caused deaths per year. Approximately 6,000 Australian women die prematurely each year from tobacco caused illness. Based on the number of deaths in Australia, it's estimated that around 1500 Victorian women die each year from tobacco related illness. 21% percent of Australian men and 18% of Australian women aged 14 years or over are daily smokers, with highest rates in the 20-29 and 30-39 year age groups. Approximately 24% of Australian women in these age groups smoke on a daily basis.
  2. 2. Health Effects of Esse, Eva Tobacco smoking is a significant risk factor for a range of disabling and fatal conditions. For women, cigarette smoking increases the risk of a number of sex-specific health problems. Women who smoke are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Women who smoke and take the contraceptive pill have an increased risk of heart attack and stroke, and this risk increases dramatically with age. Smoking contributes to peripheral vascular disease (PVD), which occurs when blockages within the blood vessels prevent proper circulation. PVD can cause severe pain and may even lead to gangrene and amputation of a limb. Cigarette smoking is a major cause of lung cancer in women and is responsible for about 65% of lung cancer cases in women. Lung cancer rates and deaths have increased among Australia women reflecting high levels of smoking among females during the 1970s. Smoking increases the risk of cancers of the nose, mouth and throat, oesophagus, voice box, bladder, kidney, stomach, pancreas, liver, anus and blood. Women smokers are at greater risk of health problems relating to period pain, Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS), pregnancy and their babies' health, and menopause. They are more likely to experience reduced fertility and delays in conceiving. Women smokers may also face difficulties during pregnancy and childbirth, including pregnancy complications, miscarriage and premature birth. There are greater risks of their baby having a low birth weight, being still born or dying shortly after birth, and sudden infant death syndrome. Women smokers are less likely to breastfeed. If they do, they tend to produce less breast milk and are more likely to wean their babies earlier. Smoking affects the breast milk, exposing babies to nicotine as well as altering the flavour of the milk. Smoking increases the risk of developing chronic lung diseases such as chronic bronchitis and emphysema. These diseases lead to progressive loss of lung function, making it harder to breathe.
  3. 3. Smoking contributes to osteoporosis (thinning of the bones), and women smokers have an increased risk for hip fracture. Recent research has also found that women who are currently heavy smokers are at greater risk of having colds which last longer compared to non-smokers. Women who smoke have more facial wrinkles than non-smokers.
  4. 4. Smoking-related diseases kill more than 140,000 some American women annually, according to the American Cancer Society (ACS). Since 1980, some 3 million US women have died prematurely from smoking-related diseases. The research shows that women who smoke are at higher risk for a number of serious health problems, including heart disease and lung cancer than women who don't smoke. What's more, women smokers are 12 times more likely to die from lung cancer than women who do not smoke, and they're ten times more likely to die from bronchitis and emphysema.
  5. 5. While the lives of all women smokers are at risk, post-menopausal women and women on birth- control pills lead the pack in succumbing to smoking-related diseases that can go on to cause death. Women and girls have been extensively targeted in tobacco marketing. In 1999, cigarette advertising and promotion was $8.24 billion, or about $22.6 million a day for marketing in the US. Women: consider these risks of smoking If you're thinking of quitting, or you're not convinced that now is the "right" time, here are some health facts to consider: Cancers: Lung cancer is the leading cause of death from cancer among women — surpassing breast cancer. Some 68,000 U.S. women die each year from the disease and lung cancer mortality rates among US women have increased about 600 percent since 1950. Once rare among women, lung cancer has surpassed breast cancer as the leading cause of female cancer death in the United States. It now accounts for 25 percent of all cancer deaths among women.
  6. 6. The number of women smokers, especially women who are aged 45 to 65, has risen in the last decade or two. Anti-smoking groups blame it on the failure to increase tobacco prices. But, can low prices alone be the reason for women, or even men, to smoke?
  7. 7. Many women take to tobacco because they regard cigarettes as symbol of freedom and the so-called image of power they think comes with smoking. There is an interesting story about how America accepted female smoking. The beginning of the 1900’s saw a movement demanding a woman’s right to vote. The 19th Amendment of 1920 finally granted this right. Edward Bernay, nephew of Sigmund Freud, was then promoting Lucky cigarettes for American Tobacco. He seized this opportunity and hired young models to join the Easter Parade in New York and pose as suffragettes while lighting up cigarettes and wearing banners describing their cigarettes as ‘torches of liberty’. Cigarette sales to women skyrocketed and spread throughout the country. Smoking was associated with women’s liberation and anyone opposing smoking was dubbed as ‘against women’s liberation’.
  8. 8. There are other reasons as well as to why women smoke. According to Health Canada, most women smoke to relax and take a break. Some smoke to deal with stress and depression while others are
  9. 9. believed to be fighting feelings of helplessness or dealing with anger and frustration through tobacco use. Data from the Institut National de Prévention et d'Education pour la Santé (Inpes) showed that 50 percent of the unemployed took to smoking. A Thai study on the association of tobacco and alcohol use with socio-economic factors indicated alcohol misuse to be the strongest predictor of smoking. The researchers also found that smoking and tobacco use is inversely related to education and family income. Lesser the education and lower the income, higher the rate of smoking. Similar results were obtained by Indian studies where the researchers concluded that the greatest tobacco consumption is observed among illiterate and less educated people. They also found that smoking significantly correlated with prevalence of coronary heart disease and high blood pressure. Tobacco companies are also responsible to some extent in encouraging girls and women to smoke. According to the WHO, Lady represent the largest potential market for tobacco companies. Cigarette manufacturers created cigarette brands which they promoted as mild and low in tar. Tobacco advertisements themed their products around women’s independence, stress relief, and even losing weight. Which woman can resist that!