Unit 1. Urban Planning, safe cities.EssayRomy BompartProfessor Shawna-Lyn ColePre – Degree23 July 2012 Urban planners proposals to design safe cities Safe cities are related by their design, besidesthey provide a sense of security forthose who inhabit there. According to the urban planners, there are several proposalsand different manners to design safe cities such as crime prevention throughenvironmental design (CPTED). Despite there are vast amounts ideas to design a safemetropolis all them have flaws in terms of crime.Therefore the urban planners decidedto approach the solution using security methods in the neighborhoods from burglaralarm to complex strategies; to put it brieflycombining the foregoing with CPTED designcan significantly enhance the security in a planned city such as the crime statisticsclearly show. The CPTED was started by the visionary Jane Jacobs when her insights werewritten in her book The Death and Life of Great American Cities. Many people quote herphrase “there must be eyes on the street” to emphasize the relationship between urbansafety and design. In this sense, her cognition about the topic led her to providerecommendations based on close observation of public spaces. These consist of barsand restaurants “sprinkled along the sidewalks”, street vendor, and pedestrians. Alsoshe recommended the installation of bright street light to “augment every pair of eyes”exposing safety on the streets with a resulting much more movement in the streets bythe pedestrians, making a successful city. Although In 1970s, Oscar Newman and others simplified Jacobs’s vision,focusing on an approach to define the issues and to provide standardized solutions.Their vision was "Hardware solution" such as fences, buzzers, gates, and traffic barriers- despite Jacobs’s warnings to the contrary. CPTED in great measure ignored the moresubtle elements of Jacobs’s suggestion: A mix of activities and land uses that couldattract diverse populations to streets, neighborhoods, housing projects, parks, and civiccenters. Even so, Newman’s vision is latent until now for example in shopping malls inCalifornia, which have installed motion sensors and other high-tech security equipment,and security patrols are more visible. But Jacobs’s vision is used today too;an proof ofthis is Dufferin Mall, which provides entertainment, sports, internships program, andbusiness. As Jacobs’s suggested, these have brought a range of activities and usersinto the mall and reduced crime rates. Other urban planners are agreeing with Newman in terms of separate places toeach zone according to its function. For example, cities like Stockholm and Vancouverare planned with the Newman’s vision called “Garden cities”, which build a new city inthe countryside, separating the city resident over the countryside and separating thedifferent functions of the city into areas. Also,Le Corbusier thought in the “Radiant City”,that build the city into a large park specifically 12% of the city’s ground would occupy bybuildings, and the rest would be remain open for parks and recreation areas. Theevidences are downtown cores of Toronto, Hong Kong, and Sao Paulo. Similarly, is
Unit 1. Urban Planning, safe cities.Essayfound “The city beautiful” by Daniel Burnham, who postulated: all important buildingsand monuments would be arranged along a single boulevard, such that creates animpression to illustrate this, are Brazilian, Paris, and Lisbon. To sum up foregoing, the urban crime is falling as long as the urban plannerdesign better cities to walk, work, enjoy, and look up. However the large cities plannedhave considerable crime, but it is notice difference in levels of crime between plannedand unplanned cities. The proposals to design safe cities will go improving and thepeople too, with hope will be soon, although safe city could be an illusion created byurban planners, since it depends on how the people feel their integrity, that is, if theyfeel safe and freedom outside. Because there will always be who does the crime.