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LIVEABLE CITIES –for the 21st CenturyPEOPLE ORIENTED CITY PLANNING AS STRATEGY            JAN GEHL, PROFESSOR, DR. LITT.  ...
”Life Between   4          Buildings”            1st edition 1971           Published in man                versionsdecade...
Bangladesh, 2008   Vietnam, 2008   Iran, 2010
Public Space as Meeting Place
Public Space as Market Place
Public Space as Connection Space
The traditional city......forever
The invaded city....from 1950s
All Cities have Traffic Departments and perfectstatistics concerning traffic         and parking              *The cars ar...
Do you know of any Citydepartment for     pedestrians and public life?Hardly any City have statistics and dataconcerning t...
The Carinvasion gets worser every day,until someone puts their foot down and   decides to do something about it.      Bogo...
The reconquered city...from 1980s
Reconquered   Cities:A change of Paradigme     WANTED:    - Lively City   - Attractive City       - Safe City - Sustainabl...
Lively City
Attractive CityPeople Scale, Less Stress, Less Noise, Less Polution  + a City dominated by Attraction Nr. 1: PEOPLE
Safe city
Sustainable City
Healthy City”Houston -the City with thefattest people of the World”
Reconqured CitiesKeywordsWillingnes to placeconstraints to the vehiculartrafficLondon – Congestion Charge 2003
Reconqured Cities   Careful planning forKeywords:           Walking and Public Life
CopenhagenFrom traffic place to people place
Strøget (main street)pedestrianized 1962
Public Space-Public Life Surveys: Copenhagen 1968, 1985, 1995, 2005
Many more People are walking in the city
4 times more peoplespend time in the city
In only 40 years the good season has been       extended from 2 to 10 months
Copenhagen Street: 2                              Sidewalks, 2 proper bicycle                              lanes, street t...
Copenhagen: New Public Life Policy 2009:          ”WORLDS FINEST CITY FOR PEOPLE”Among the goals:”Everyone to walk 20% mor...
Bicycling in Copenhagen-on a citywide network of bicycle lanes
Bicycles are taken  straight through thestreet crossings and the lanes are marked with          blue                      ...
A bicycle culture have step by step          been developed          Everybody bike
Cello- and bass players         cycle
Oct 2011: New Danish Red - Gren Government arriving onbicycles at the Palace to be commissioned by the Queen.             ...
Going to work in the City of Copenhagen 37% use bicycle 27% drive car 33% use public transit  5% walk
70% continue to bike in the winter
Official City Poster   September 2007  CopenhagenThe No 1 BicycleCity in the World     Goals for 2015: * 50% of all comuti...
Melbourne, - 3 mio. Inh.
The Age c.   1980
Places for People        1994  Places for People        2004www.gehlarchitects.dk
MELBOURNE City Center 1994-2004Pedestrian traffic weekdays daytime: +40%Pedestrian traffic evening: +100 %Stationary activ...
Retail      ResidentialOffice Vacancies    Employment  Bars and Pubs
Copenhagen   Melbourne oct 07
A CITY GOOD AT PARTIES, OLYMPICS and SUMMITS….
….. BUT NOT SO GLORIOUS FOR THE EVERYDAY LIFE
Main Street in Sydney to be transformed     to Pedestrians, Bicycles and Light RailPresent situation    George St. After c...
Vancouver , B.C. ,Order of priority: Walking, Bicycling, Transit      and Deliveries. The Auto is last.
Washington DC. 2010: Cycling  down (in the middle of)      Pensylvania Ave
A GREENER,   GREATER NEW YORK
9th Ave. Apr.089th Ave. Sep.08
Phot:DOT/NYC
Phot:DOT/NYC
Broadway Boulevard 23      May 2009“When you can make it there you can make it       anywhere,New York, New York !!”
WELCOME TO THE 21st CENTURY
LIFE & ACTIVITY IS THE FINEST     ATTRACTION OF ALL
In the home theChildren play were  the activity is
Outdoors children                    also prefer to play                    where other                    activities go o...
Life:an everlasting source of learning
“Man is man’s greatest joy”        (Old Icelandic saying)
Always a two-way contact: To watch and be watched
Life between   buildings is soimportant, it is never    forgotten in    architectual      drawings
We are talking aboutlife itself!-everything worthtalking about happenswhen you are on yourfeet -that`s what wewere made for!
There is much more to walking -than walking!A mode of transport - but with a potential for much more-and the ”much more” i...
You can walk -and walk - and walk....
-but you could just as well ”walk`n-talk”                Slide 63
- or ”walk`n-watch” (and be watched!)
- or ”walk`n-wink”                Slide 63
-or you can ”stop`n watch”If you can find a vacant bollard ! (Campo in Siena, Italy)
-or you can ”stop`n-talk”
-or you can ”walk`n-waltz`”
-or you can ”stop`n - watch`n - learn”
-and whenever you feel likeyou can adress your fellowcitiziens
Transport dimensionGetting from A to B - simple, cheap, low noise
Social dimensionThe City as meetingplace
People watching- the number one attraction in any city
People watching - the number 1,2,3...10attraction in any city
Sustainability dimensionA good Public Realm is a crucial factorfor good Public Transportation
Health dimension
Democratic dimension”Open Society” dimensionDanse his sort her
A heartfeltwelcome to a localshopping center(Australia)
Friendly, safe city dimension
The Economic dimensionAABOULEVARDEN - BEFORE THEREOPENING OF THE RIVERAABOULEVARDEN - AFTER THEREOPENING OF THE RIVER
Sheer fun dimension  ”a general human dimension”.....Oh, what a wonderfull World!
Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
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Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century

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Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century

  1. 1. LIVEABLE CITIES –for the 21st CenturyPEOPLE ORIENTED CITY PLANNING AS STRATEGY JAN GEHL, PROFESSOR, DR. LITT. FOUNDING PARTNER: GEHL ARCHITECTS URBAN QUALITY CONSULTANTS, COPENHAGEN
  2. 2. ”Life Between 4 Buildings” 1st edition 1971 Published in man versionsdecades 21 languages ofresearch ”New City Spaces” - 2001 ”Public Spaces Public Life - 1996 ”New City Life” - 2006
  3. 3. Bangladesh, 2008 Vietnam, 2008 Iran, 2010
  4. 4. Public Space as Meeting Place
  5. 5. Public Space as Market Place
  6. 6. Public Space as Connection Space
  7. 7. The traditional city......forever
  8. 8. The invaded city....from 1950s
  9. 9. All Cities have Traffic Departments and perfectstatistics concerning traffic and parking *The cars are very visible and everpresent in the planning proces
  10. 10. Do you know of any Citydepartment for pedestrians and public life?Hardly any City have statistics and dataconcerning the people who use the city *The people in the City tends to be veryinvisible and poorly represented in the planning proces
  11. 11. The Carinvasion gets worser every day,until someone puts their foot down and decides to do something about it. Bogota, Colombia - 6 mio. Inh.
  12. 12. The reconquered city...from 1980s
  13. 13. Reconquered Cities:A change of Paradigme WANTED: - Lively City - Attractive City - Safe City - Sustainable City - Healthy City
  14. 14. Lively City
  15. 15. Attractive CityPeople Scale, Less Stress, Less Noise, Less Polution + a City dominated by Attraction Nr. 1: PEOPLE
  16. 16. Safe city
  17. 17. Sustainable City
  18. 18. Healthy City”Houston -the City with thefattest people of the World”
  19. 19. Reconqured CitiesKeywordsWillingnes to placeconstraints to the vehiculartrafficLondon – Congestion Charge 2003
  20. 20. Reconqured Cities Careful planning forKeywords: Walking and Public Life
  21. 21. CopenhagenFrom traffic place to people place
  22. 22. Strøget (main street)pedestrianized 1962
  23. 23. Public Space-Public Life Surveys: Copenhagen 1968, 1985, 1995, 2005
  24. 24. Many more People are walking in the city
  25. 25. 4 times more peoplespend time in the city
  26. 26. In only 40 years the good season has been extended from 2 to 10 months
  27. 27. Copenhagen Street: 2 Sidewalks, 2 proper bicycle lanes, street trees, 2 lanes for 2 way traffic, and a substan- tial median to facilitate crossing the street ”We do not have to think and act as 1960s trafficengineers for ever -times are changing and trafficengineers are by now much smarter”
  28. 28. Copenhagen: New Public Life Policy 2009: ”WORLDS FINEST CITY FOR PEOPLE”Among the goals:”Everyone to walk 20% more by 2015!!!”
  29. 29. Bicycling in Copenhagen-on a citywide network of bicycle lanes
  30. 30. Bicycles are taken straight through thestreet crossings and the lanes are marked with blue Bicycle signals turns green six seconds before the car signals
  31. 31. A bicycle culture have step by step been developed Everybody bike
  32. 32. Cello- and bass players cycle
  33. 33. Oct 2011: New Danish Red - Gren Government arriving onbicycles at the Palace to be commissioned by the Queen. No Limousines no more?
  34. 34. Going to work in the City of Copenhagen 37% use bicycle 27% drive car 33% use public transit 5% walk
  35. 35. 70% continue to bike in the winter
  36. 36. Official City Poster September 2007 CopenhagenThe No 1 BicycleCity in the World Goals for 2015: * 50% of all comuting on bicycles * Bicycle Accidents to be halved”
  37. 37. Melbourne, - 3 mio. Inh.
  38. 38. The Age c. 1980
  39. 39. Places for People 1994 Places for People 2004www.gehlarchitects.dk
  40. 40. MELBOURNE City Center 1994-2004Pedestrian traffic weekdays daytime: +40%Pedestrian traffic evening: +100 %Stationary activities +200-300%
  41. 41. Retail ResidentialOffice Vacancies Employment Bars and Pubs
  42. 42. Copenhagen Melbourne oct 07
  43. 43. A CITY GOOD AT PARTIES, OLYMPICS and SUMMITS….
  44. 44. ….. BUT NOT SO GLORIOUS FOR THE EVERYDAY LIFE
  45. 45. Main Street in Sydney to be transformed to Pedestrians, Bicycles and Light RailPresent situation George St. After conversion
  46. 46. Vancouver , B.C. ,Order of priority: Walking, Bicycling, Transit and Deliveries. The Auto is last.
  47. 47. Washington DC. 2010: Cycling down (in the middle of) Pensylvania Ave
  48. 48. A GREENER, GREATER NEW YORK
  49. 49. 9th Ave. Apr.089th Ave. Sep.08
  50. 50. Phot:DOT/NYC
  51. 51. Phot:DOT/NYC
  52. 52. Broadway Boulevard 23 May 2009“When you can make it there you can make it anywhere,New York, New York !!”
  53. 53. WELCOME TO THE 21st CENTURY
  54. 54. LIFE & ACTIVITY IS THE FINEST ATTRACTION OF ALL
  55. 55. In the home theChildren play were the activity is
  56. 56. Outdoors children also prefer to play where other activities go on 100 80Minutes spent outdoors pr. Day 60 Park Pedestrian routes 40 Access roads(average) 20 weekday sunday weekday sunday Children 0-6 Children 7-14
  57. 57. Life:an everlasting source of learning
  58. 58. “Man is man’s greatest joy” (Old Icelandic saying)
  59. 59. Always a two-way contact: To watch and be watched
  60. 60. Life between buildings is soimportant, it is never forgotten in architectual drawings
  61. 61. We are talking aboutlife itself!-everything worthtalking about happenswhen you are on yourfeet -that`s what wewere made for!
  62. 62. There is much more to walking -than walking!A mode of transport - but with a potential for much more-and the ”much more” is by far the more interesting part!
  63. 63. You can walk -and walk - and walk....
  64. 64. -but you could just as well ”walk`n-talk” Slide 63
  65. 65. - or ”walk`n-watch” (and be watched!)
  66. 66. - or ”walk`n-wink” Slide 63
  67. 67. -or you can ”stop`n watch”If you can find a vacant bollard ! (Campo in Siena, Italy)
  68. 68. -or you can ”stop`n-talk”
  69. 69. -or you can ”walk`n-waltz`”
  70. 70. -or you can ”stop`n - watch`n - learn”
  71. 71. -and whenever you feel likeyou can adress your fellowcitiziens
  72. 72. Transport dimensionGetting from A to B - simple, cheap, low noise
  73. 73. Social dimensionThe City as meetingplace
  74. 74. People watching- the number one attraction in any city
  75. 75. People watching - the number 1,2,3...10attraction in any city
  76. 76. Sustainability dimensionA good Public Realm is a crucial factorfor good Public Transportation
  77. 77. Health dimension
  78. 78. Democratic dimension”Open Society” dimensionDanse his sort her
  79. 79. A heartfeltwelcome to a localshopping center(Australia)
  80. 80. Friendly, safe city dimension
  81. 81. The Economic dimensionAABOULEVARDEN - BEFORE THEREOPENING OF THE RIVERAABOULEVARDEN - AFTER THEREOPENING OF THE RIVER
  82. 82. Sheer fun dimension ”a general human dimension”.....Oh, what a wonderfull World!

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