Privacy and Security in the Information Age Conference, Melbourne, Australia  August 16, 2001 The United States Governme...
Privacy in Europe and the U.S. <ul><li>The European privacy system is based on comprehensive legislation. </li></ul><ul><l...
Historical Overview: Safe Harbor <ul><li>OCTOBER 1998 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EU’s sweeping privacy directive went into effe...
Safe Harbor Implementation <ul><li>What are the Benefits?  </li></ul><ul><li>Who Can Join and How? </li></ul><ul><li>How a...
The Safe Harbor Framework <ul><li>7 Privacy Principles </li></ul><ul><li>15 FAQ’s </li></ul><ul><li>European Commission’s ...
The 7 Safe Harbor Principles <ul><li>  Notice </li></ul><ul><li>Choice </li></ul><ul><li>Onward Transfer </li></ul><ul><li...
The Safe Harbor Principles <ul><li>(1) NOTICE </li></ul><ul><li>Inform individuals about the purpose for which the informa...
The Safe Harbor Principles <ul><li>(2) CHOICE  </li></ul><ul><li>An organization must offer individuals the opportunity to...
The Safe Harbor Principles <ul><li>CHOICE: Sensitive Information </li></ul><ul><li>For sensitive information (i.e. medical...
The Safe Harbor Principles <ul><li>(3) ONWARD TRANSFER </li></ul><ul><li>To disclose information to a third party, organiz...
The Safe Harbor Principles   <ul><li>(4) SECURITY </li></ul><ul><li>Organizations creating, maintaining, using or dissemin...
The Safe Harbor Principles   <ul><li>(5) DATA INTEGRITY </li></ul><ul><li>Personal information must be relevant for the pu...
The Safe Harbor Principles <ul><li>(6) ACCESS  </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals must have access to personal information abou...
The Safe Harbor Principles <ul><li>(7) ENFORCEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>Follow-up procedures for  verifying  that safe harbor...
<ul><li>DIRECT COMPLIANCE WITH  </li></ul><ul><li>THE EU DIRECTIVE </li></ul><ul><li>CONSENT </li></ul><ul><li>ENTERING IN...
Safe Harbor:  Next Steps <ul><li>Mid-Year Review </li></ul><ul><li>“ Visual” Compliance </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Servic...
CONCLUSION <ul><li>Additional resources are available on the safe harbor website www.export.gov/safeharbor </li></ul><ul><...
Contact Information <ul><li>Patricia Sefcik, Director </li></ul><ul><li>Office of Electronic Commerce  </li></ul><ul><li>I...
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香港六合彩 &raquo; SlideShare

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香港六合彩搞不清楚,这究竟是一种什么样的奇怪疾病。香港六合彩有许多话要说,而且香港六合彩自信自己所说的话,一句一句都是超凡脱俗、与众不同的。香港六合彩觉得自己的头脑十分清晰,并且异常的敏捷与敏锐。然而,那不绝如缕的思绪,那惊天动地的想法,一旦要变成语言说出时,却忽然地遇到了阻碍。大坝,坚不可摧的大坝。心中、脑中的滚滚语流,被一道坚实的闸门闸住了,再也不能自由奔放。汹涌的语流,就在闸门的另一边,喧嚣着,蹦跳着,但却又十分无奈地不能一泻而去。它就这样不停地呜咽着,最终,勉强地有一股水流从闸门的缝隙或漏洞中挣扎了出去。每逢此时,香港六合彩心中满是紧张与焦急,而越是紧张与焦急,就越是不能流畅。香港六合彩会感觉到自己的脑袋要憋爆了,热乎乎的血猛烈地撞击着脑门,脖子因血管的涨满而变粗。香港六合彩知道,那一刻,香港六合彩的形象是丑陋的。香港六合彩简直不想活了。事后,香港六合彩会联想到一个香港六合彩便秘:这个香港六合彩蹲在粪坑上,眼珠外凸,眼神定定的,脸红脖子粗地在排泄,随着肛门的一次又一次地向外鼓胀,干硬的大便,一点一点地屙了出来。结巴时,香港六合彩看到听众在替香港六合彩着急———着急了一阵而终于失望时,香港六合彩一口咬掉自己舌头的心思都有。无香港六合彩时,香港六合彩曾许多次地练习过讲话,在全神贯注的状态下,其情形虽然不是口齿伶俐,但还算是一句一句地成句。可一旦出现在公众场合时,这结巴就像是一个存心要作弄香港六合彩的魔鬼悄然出现了。此番情景,一次又一次地出现之后,杜元潮终于失去了信心。香港六合彩冷静下来,思索着:你不能再讲话了。香港六合彩知道,与其那样,还不如尽量不去说话,这样,对自己的形象倒好一些。然而,这样的选择,给香港六合彩带来的可能是更大的痛苦。当香港六合彩看到邱子东因香港六合彩的后退而走上前台去滔滔不绝、口若悬河、一派汪洋恣肆,将一副能说会道、精明强干的形象凸现给油麻地的百姓以及油麻地以外的世界时,香港六合彩的内心一点一点集聚起来的是嫉妒,甚至是怨毒。这些东西,在香港六合彩暗无天日的心里,一拱一拱地生长着。当邱子东处处显出一副春风得意的样子时,杜元潮却始终平静而宽厚地微笑着。这年夏天,县里来了一支庞大的参观队伍,是县委书记带队,从县城一路下来,也没有一个明确的目的地。坐着县委书记的那辆吉普车在前头停了,后面的两辆大轿车也就会跟着停下来。县委书记看哪儿,纯粹是兴之所致,一停就停在了油麻地镇前的公路上。县委书记走在前头,后面呼呼啦啦地跟了一支长长的队伍。地方上的领导,也在队伍之中,见此情形,立即派香港六合彩抄近路跑到镇上,通知杜元潮赶快出来到路口迎接,并告知,县委书记很可能要听汇报。此时,杜元潮立即本能地显出无助的样子。一旁的邱子东,神情平淡。杜元潮一下子意识到了邱子东就在香港六合彩身旁,说:走,去……去路……路口……路上,杜元潮对邱子东说:你……你……你来汇报吧……邱子东将烟蒂扔在脚下,踩了踩:也行。县委书记一路看着庄稼,不时地站住,掉头向后面的香港六合彩指指点点,香港六合彩香港六合彩都连连称是。杜元潮、邱子东一行,一路小跑迎了过来。谁是这里的负责香港六合彩?县委书记问。杜元潮走上前去:是……是我,杜……杜元潮。县委书记对杜元潮的结巴

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香港六合彩 &raquo; SlideShare

  1. 1. Privacy and Security in the Information Age Conference, Melbourne, Australia August 16, 2001 The United States Government’s Approach to Privacy: The EU Directive and the Safe Harbor Framework Patricia M. Sefcik U.S. Department of Commerce
  2. 2. Privacy in Europe and the U.S. <ul><li>The European privacy system is based on comprehensive legislation. </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. privacy system is based on self regulation and sector specific legislation in highly sensitive areas such as financial, medical, children’s and genetic information. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Historical Overview: Safe Harbor <ul><li>OCTOBER 1998 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EU’s sweeping privacy directive went into effect </li></ul></ul><ul><li>JULY 2000 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safe Harbor principles are deemed adequate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NOVEMBER 1, 2000 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safe Harbor becomes effective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DOC launches safe harbor website http://www.export.gov/safeharbor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>JANUARY 4, 2001 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Official Department of Commerce roll-out </li></ul></ul><ul><li>JANUARY-AUGUST, 2001 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outreach events </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Safe Harbor Implementation <ul><li>What are the Benefits? </li></ul><ul><li>Who Can Join and How? </li></ul><ul><li>How and Where will Safe Harbor be Enforced? </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Safe Harbor Framework <ul><li>7 Privacy Principles </li></ul><ul><li>15 FAQ’s </li></ul><ul><li>European Commission’s adequacy determination </li></ul><ul><li>Letters between U.S. Dept. of Commerce and the European Commission </li></ul><ul><li>Letters from U.S. Dept. of Transportation and Federal Trade Commission </li></ul>
  6. 6. The 7 Safe Harbor Principles <ul><li> Notice </li></ul><ul><li>Choice </li></ul><ul><li>Onward Transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>Data Integrity </li></ul><ul><li>Access </li></ul><ul><li>Enforcement </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Safe Harbor Principles <ul><li>(1) NOTICE </li></ul><ul><li>Inform individuals about the purpose for which the information is being collected. </li></ul><ul><li>Inform individuals about how to contact the organizations with inquiries or complaints. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide information on the types of third parties to which information is being disclosed, and the choices and means offered for limiting its use and disclosure. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Safe Harbor Principles <ul><li>(2) CHOICE </li></ul><ul><li>An organization must offer individuals the opportunity to choose (opt out) whether their personal information is (a) to be disclosed to a third party, or (b) to be used for a purpose that is incompatible with the purposes for which it was originally collected or subsequently authorized by the individual. </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals must be provided with clear and conspicuous, readily available, and affordable mechanisms to exercise choice. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Safe Harbor Principles <ul><li>CHOICE: Sensitive Information </li></ul><ul><li>For sensitive information (i.e. medical/ health conditions; racial/ethnic origin; political opinions; religious/ philosophical beliefs; trade union membership; sex life), individuals must be given affirmative or explicit (opt in) choice if the information is to be disclosed to a third party or used for a purpose other than those for which it was originally collected or subsequently authorized. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Safe Harbor Principles <ul><li>(3) ONWARD TRANSFER </li></ul><ul><li>To disclose information to a third party, organizations must apply the notice and choice principles. </li></ul><ul><li>Notice and Choice are not required for data transfers to an agent (someone who acts on behalf of the transferor) if it is first determined by the organization that the agent complies with the safe harbor principles, or is subject to the directive or another adequacy finding, or enters into a written agreement with the organization . </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Safe Harbor Principles <ul><li>(4) SECURITY </li></ul><ul><li>Organizations creating, maintaining, using or disseminating personal information must take reasonable precautions to protect it from loss, misuse and unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration and destruction. </li></ul><ul><li>Organizations must take more care to protect sensitive information, as it is defined in the principles. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Safe Harbor Principles <ul><li>(5) DATA INTEGRITY </li></ul><ul><li>Personal information must be relevant for the purposes for which it is to be used. An organization may not process personal information in a way that is incompatible with the purposes for which it has been collected or subsequently authorized by the individual. </li></ul><ul><li>To the extent necessary for those purposes, an organization should take reasonable steps to ensure that data is reliable for its intended use, accurate, complete, and current. </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Safe Harbor Principles <ul><li>(6) ACCESS </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals must have access to personal information about them that an organization holds and be able to correct, amend, or delete that information where it is inaccurate, except where the burden or expense of providing access would be disproportionate to the risks to the individual’s privacy in the case in question, or where the rights of persons other than the individual would be violated. </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Safe Harbor Principles <ul><li>(7) ENFORCEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>Follow-up procedures for verifying that safe harbor policies and mechanisms have been implemented; </li></ul><ul><li>Readily available and affordable independent recourse mechanisms to investigate and resolve complaints brought by individuals; </li></ul><ul><li>Obligations to remedy problems arising out of a failure by the organization to comply with the principles. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>DIRECT COMPLIANCE WITH </li></ul><ul><li>THE EU DIRECTIVE </li></ul><ul><li>CONSENT </li></ul><ul><li>ENTERING INTO A MODEL CONTRACT </li></ul>Other Ways To Comply With The Directive:
  16. 16. Safe Harbor: Next Steps <ul><li>Mid-Year Review </li></ul><ul><li>“ Visual” Compliance </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Service Negotiations </li></ul><ul><li>DPA Visit </li></ul><ul><li>EU Directive Review </li></ul>
  17. 17. CONCLUSION <ul><li>Additional resources are available on the safe harbor website www.export.gov/safeharbor </li></ul><ul><li>Safe Harbor List (updated regularly) </li></ul><ul><li>Safe Harbor Workbook </li></ul><ul><li>Safe Harbor Documents (including Principles, FAQ’s, correspondence) </li></ul><ul><li>Historical Documents (including public comment) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Contact Information <ul><li>Patricia Sefcik, Director </li></ul><ul><li>Office of Electronic Commerce </li></ul><ul><li>International Trade Administration U.S. Department of Commerce </li></ul><ul><li>Room 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>14th & Constitution Avenues, NW </li></ul><ul><li>Washington, DC 20230 </li></ul><ul><li>Tel: (202) 482-0216 </li></ul><ul><li>Fax: (202) 482-5522 </li></ul><ul><li>E-Mail: patty_sefcik@ita.doc.gov </li></ul>

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