Global HIV prevalence in adults, 1985<br />UNAIDS/WHO, 2006<br />
Global HIV prevalence in adults, 1995<br />UNAIDS/WHO, 2006<br />
Global HIV prevalence in adults, 2005<br />UNAIDS/WHO, 2006<br />
July 2008  e<br />Global estimates for adults and children, 2007<br /><ul><li>People living with HIV33 million[30 – 36 mil...
New HIV infections in 20072.7 million [2.2 – 3.2 million]
Deaths due to AIDS in 20072.0 million[1.8 – 2.3 million]</li></li></ul><li>Estimated number of people living with HIV and ...
July 2008  e<br />Adults and children estimated to be living with HIV, 2007 <br />Eastern Europe & Central Asia<br />1.5 m...
July 2008  e<br />Estimated number of adults and children <br />newly infected with HIV, 2007<br />Eastern Europe & Centra...
July 2008  e<br />Eastern Europe & Central Asia<br />58 000 <br />[41 000 – 88 000]<br />Western & <br />Central Europe<br...
July 2008  e<br />Children (&lt;15 years) estimated to be living with HIV, 2007<br />Eastern Europe & Central Asia<br />12...
July 2008  e<br />Eastern Europe & Central Asia<br />3200 <br />[2400 – 4300]<br />Western & <br />Central Europe<br />&lt...
July 2008  e<br />Estimated deaths in children (&lt;15 years) from AIDS, 2007 <br />Eastern Europe & Central Asia<br />160...
HIV prevalence (%) among 15–24 years old, by sex, selected countries, 2005–2007<br />Swaziland<br />South Africa<br />Zimb...
HIV prevalence by sex and age in South Africa, 2006<br />Dorrington  RE, Johnson LF, Bradshaw D, Daniel T. The demographic...
Comprehensive knowledge of HIV <br />among young people (ages 15–24), 1999–2007<br />100<br />2010 Target<br />2005 Target...
Percentage of most-at-risk populations <br />reached with HIV prevention programmes, 2005–2007<br />100<br />90<br />80<br...
Number of people receiving antiretroviral drugs <br />in low- and middle income countries, 2002−2007<br />3.0<br />2.8<br ...
Per capita HIV expenditures from domestic public sources <br />in low- and middle-income countries, 2004–2007<br />14<br /...
July 2008  e<br />Over 7400 new HIV infections a day in 2007<br /><ul><li>More than 96% are in low and middle income count...
About 1000 are in children under 15 years of age
About 6300 are in adults aged 15 years and older </li></ul>   of whom:<br /><ul><li>  almost 50% are among women
  about 45% are among young people (15-24)</li></li></ul><li>
AIDS är exceptionellt (1)<br />HIV-infektionärannorlundaänandrainfektionssjukdomar<br />Särdraghos retrovirus:<br />Införl...
AIDS är exceptionellt (2)<br />Sexuell smitta; selekterar unga och starka individer<br />Framgånsrik smittspridning på kor...
AIDS är exceptionellt (3)<br />HIV ger en persisterande infektion till skillnad från akuta infektioner som har snabbt epid...
Konsekvenser av HIV/AIDS pandemin (1)<br />Hälso- och sjukvård<br />Demografi<br />Föräldralösa barn<br />Arbetskraft<br /...
Konsekvenser av HIV/AIDS pandemin (2)<br />Levnadsförmåga, “life skills”<br />Ekonomi<br />Diskriminering och utstötning<b...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Hiv Aids 2009 For Sh C

1,344 views
1,224 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,344
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
31
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Hiv Aids 2009 For Sh C

  1. 1. Global HIV prevalence in adults, 1985<br />UNAIDS/WHO, 2006<br />
  2. 2. Global HIV prevalence in adults, 1995<br />UNAIDS/WHO, 2006<br />
  3. 3. Global HIV prevalence in adults, 2005<br />UNAIDS/WHO, 2006<br />
  4. 4. July 2008 e<br />Global estimates for adults and children, 2007<br /><ul><li>People living with HIV33 million[30 – 36 million]
  5. 5. New HIV infections in 20072.7 million [2.2 – 3.2 million]
  6. 6. Deaths due to AIDS in 20072.0 million[1.8 – 2.3 million]</li></li></ul><li>Estimated number of people living with HIV and adult HIV prevalence <br />Global HIV epidemic, 1990–2007; and, HIV epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa, 1990–2007<br />Global HIV epidemic, 1990–2007<br />HIV epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa, 1990–2007<br />% HIV prevalence, <br />adult (15–49)<br />Number of people<br />living with HIV (millions)<br />% HIV prevalence, <br />adult (15–49)<br />Number of people<br />living with HIV (millions)<br />40<br />4.0<br />30<br />15.0<br />25<br />12.0<br />30<br />3.0<br />20<br />9.0<br />20<br />2.0<br />15<br />6.0<br />10<br />10<br />1.0<br />3.0<br />5<br />0<br />0<br />0<br />0<br />1990<br />‘91<br />‘92<br />‘93<br />‘94<br />‘95<br />‘96<br />‘97<br />‘98<br />‘99<br />2000<br />‘01<br />‘02<br />‘03<br />‘04<br />‘05<br />‘06<br />2007<br />1990<br />‘91<br />‘92<br />‘93<br />‘94<br />‘95<br />‘96<br />‘97<br />‘98<br />‘99<br />2000<br />‘01<br />‘02<br />‘03<br />‘04<br />‘05<br />‘06<br />2007<br />NOTE: Even though the HIV prevalence stabilized in Sub-Saharan Africa, the actual number of people infected continues to grow because of ongoing new infections and increasing access to antiretroviral therapy.<br />Number of people living with HIV<br />% HIV prevalence, adult (15–49)<br />These bars indicate the range around the estimate<br />
  7. 7. July 2008 e<br />Adults and children estimated to be living with HIV, 2007 <br />Eastern Europe & Central Asia<br />1.5 million <br />[1.1 – 1.9 million]<br />Western & <br />Central Europe<br />730 000<br />[580 000 – 1.0 million]<br />North America<br />1.2 million<br />[760 000 – 2.0 million]<br />East Asia<br />740 000<br />[480 000 – 1.1 million]<br />Middle East&North Africa<br />380 000<br />[280 000 – 510 000]<br />Caribbean<br />230 000<br />[210 000 – 270 000]<br />South & South-East Asia<br /> 4.2 million<br /> [3.5 – 5.3 million]<br />Sub-Saharan Africa<br />22.0 million<br />[20.5 – 23.6 million]<br />Latin America<br />1.7 million<br />[1.5 – 2.1 million]<br />Oceania<br />74 000<br />[66 000 – 93 000]<br />Total: 33 million (30 – 36 million)<br />
  8. 8. July 2008 e<br />Estimated number of adults and children <br />newly infected with HIV, 2007<br />Eastern Europe & Central Asia<br />110 000 <br />[67 000 – 180 000]<br />Western & <br />Central Europe<br />27 000<br />[14 000 – 49 000]<br />North America<br />54 000<br />[9600 – 130 000]<br />East Asia<br />52 000<br />[29 000 – 84 000]<br />Middle East&North Africa<br />40 000<br />[20 000 – 66 000]<br />Caribbean<br />20 000<br />[16 000 – 25 000]<br />South & South-East Asia<br />330 000<br />[150 000 – 590 000]<br />Sub-Saharan Africa<br />1.9 million<br />[1.6 – 2.1 million]<br />Latin America<br />140 000<br />[88 000 – 190 000]<br />Oceania<br />13 000<br />[12 000 – 15 000]<br />Total: 2.7 million (2.2 – 3.2 million)<br />
  9. 9. July 2008 e<br />Eastern Europe & Central Asia<br />58 000 <br />[41 000 – 88 000]<br />Western & <br />Central Europe<br />8000<br />[4800 – 17 000]<br />North America<br />23 000<br />[9100 – 55 000]<br />East Asia<br />40 000<br />[24 000 – 63 000]<br />Middle East&North Africa<br />27 000<br />[20 000 – 35 000]<br />Caribbean<br />14 000<br />[11 000 – 16 000]<br />South & South-East Asia<br />340 000<br />[230 000 – 450 000]<br />Sub-Saharan Africa<br />1.5 million<br />[1.3 – 1.7 million]<br />Latin America<br />63 000<br />[49 000 – 98 000]<br />Oceania<br />1000<br />[&lt;1000 – 1400]<br />Estimated adult and child deaths from AIDS, 2007<br />Total: 2.0 million (1.8 – 2.3 million)<br />
  10. 10. July 2008 e<br />Children (&lt;15 years) estimated to be living with HIV, 2007<br />Eastern Europe & Central Asia<br />12 000 <br />[9100 – 15 000]<br />Western & <br />Central Europe<br />1300<br />[&lt;1000 – 1800]<br />North America<br />4400<br />[2600 – 7300]<br />East Asia<br />7800<br />[5300 – 11 000]<br />Middle East&North Africa<br />26 000<br />[18 000 – 34 000]<br />Caribbean<br />11 000<br />[9400 – 12 000]<br />South & South-East Asia<br />140 000<br />[110 000 – 180 000]<br />Sub-Saharan Africa<br />1.8 million<br />[1.7 – 2.0 million]<br />Latin America<br />44 000<br />[37 000 – 58 000]<br />Oceania<br />1100<br />[1200]<br />Total: 2.0 million (1.9 – 2.3 million)<br />
  11. 11. July 2008 e<br />Eastern Europe & Central Asia<br />3200 <br />[2400 – 4300]<br />Western & <br />Central Europe<br />&lt;200<br />[&lt;100]<br />North America<br />&lt;500<br />[&lt;200]<br />East Asia<br />2000<br />[1200 – 3100]<br />Middle East&North Africa<br />5700<br />[3800 – 8000]<br />Caribbean<br />1800<br />[1500 – 2100]<br />South & South-East Asia<br /> 21 000<br /> [14 000 – 29 000]<br />Sub-Saharan Africa<br />330 000<br />[300 000 – 360 000]<br />Latin America<br />4600<br />[4200 – 8300]<br />Oceania<br />&lt;1000<br />Estimated number of children (&lt;15 years) <br />newly infected with HIV, 2007 <br />Total: 370 000 (330 000 – 410 000)<br />
  12. 12. July 2008 e<br />Estimated deaths in children (&lt;15 years) from AIDS, 2007 <br />Eastern Europe & Central Asia<br />1600 <br />[1100 – 2200]<br />Western & <br />Central Europe<br />&lt;200<br />North America<br />&lt;200<br />[&lt;100 – &lt;500]<br />East Asia<br />1200<br />[&lt;1000 – 1900]<br />Middle East&North Africa<br />4400<br />[3300 – 5400]<br />Caribbean<br />1200<br />[&lt;1000 – 1400]<br />South & South-East Asia<br /> 17 000<br /> [13 000 – 20 000]<br />Sub-Saharan Africa<br />240 000<br />[220 000 – 260 000]<br />Latin America<br />3100<br />[2300 – 4400]<br />Oceania<br />&lt;500<br />Total: 270 000 (250 000 – 290 000)<br />
  13. 13. HIV prevalence (%) among 15–24 years old, by sex, selected countries, 2005–2007<br />Swaziland<br />South Africa<br />Zimbabwe<br />Central African Republic<br />Uganda<br />Female<br />Chad<br />Côte d&apos;Ivoire<br />Male<br />Sierra Leone<br />Rwanda<br />Haiti<br />Guinea<br />Ethiopia<br />Benin<br />Mali<br />DR Congo<br />Niger<br />Dominican Republic<br />Senegal<br />Cambodia<br />India<br />0<br />5<br />10<br />15<br />20<br />25<br />% HIV prevalence<br />
  14. 14. HIV prevalence by sex and age in South Africa, 2006<br />Dorrington RE, Johnson LF, Bradshaw D, Daniel T. The demographic impact of HIV/AIDS in South Africa. National and provincial indicators for 2006. <br />
  15. 15. Comprehensive knowledge of HIV <br />among young people (ages 15–24), 1999–2007<br />100<br />2010 Target<br />2005 Target<br />80<br />60<br />Male<br />%<br />Female<br />40<br />20<br />0<br />1999–2003<br />2010<br />2004–2007<br />Year<br />Source: MEASURE DHS (2008)<br />
  16. 16. Percentage of most-at-risk populations <br />reached with HIV prevention programmes, 2005–2007<br />100<br />90<br />80<br />70<br />60<br />50<br />60.4%*<br />(39 countries)<br />40<br />46.1%**<br />(15 countries)<br />30<br />% Median<br />40.1%*<br />(27 countries)<br />* Percentage of sex workers and men having sex with men reported knowing where they can receive an HIV test and that they were given condoms. <br />20<br />10<br />0<br />** Percentage of injecting drug users who reported knowing where they could receive an HIV test and be provided with condoms and sterile injecting needles and syringes.<br />Sex <br />workers<br />Injecting <br />drug users<br />Men having <br />sex with men<br />Source: UNGASS Country Progress Reports 2008 <br />
  17. 17. Number of people receiving antiretroviral drugs <br />in low- and middle income countries, 2002−2007<br />3.0<br />2.8<br />North Africa and <br />the Middle East<br />Millions<br />2.6<br />2.4<br />2.2<br />Eastern Europe and <br />Central Asia<br />2.0<br />1.8<br />1.6<br />East, South and <br />South-East Asia<br />1.4<br />1.2<br />Latin America and <br />the Caribbean<br />1.0<br />0.8<br />0.6<br />Sub-Saharan <br />Africa<br />0.4<br />0.2<br />0.0<br />end-<br />2002<br />end-<br />2004<br />end-<br />2003<br />end-<br />2005<br />end-<br />2007<br />end-<br />2006<br />Year<br />Source: Data provided by UNAIDS & WHO, 2008.<br />
  18. 18. Per capita HIV expenditures from domestic public sources <br />in low- and middle-income countries, 2004–2007<br />14<br />(12.01)<br />Sub-Saharan Africa <br />Upper middle <br />income countries<br />12<br />US$<br />(9.89)<br />10<br />Rest of the world <br />Upper middle <br />income countries<br />8<br />6<br />Sub-Saharan Africa <br />Low and lower middle <br />income countries<br />4<br />Rest of the world<br />Low and lower middle <br />income countries<br />(2.04)<br />2<br />(1.17)<br />(1.15)<br />(0.63)<br />(0.20)<br />(0.14)<br />0<br />2004<br />2006<br />2005<br />2007<br />Year<br />
  19. 19. July 2008 e<br />Over 7400 new HIV infections a day in 2007<br /><ul><li>More than 96% are in low and middle income countries
  20. 20. About 1000 are in children under 15 years of age
  21. 21. About 6300 are in adults aged 15 years and older </li></ul> of whom:<br /><ul><li> almost 50% are among women
  22. 22. about 45% are among young people (15-24)</li></li></ul><li>
  23. 23. AIDS är exceptionellt (1)<br />HIV-infektionärannorlundaänandrainfektionssjukdomar<br />Särdraghos retrovirus:<br />Införlivaslivslångtivåracellersarvsmassa<br />Kontinuerlignedbrytningavimmunsystemet<br />Dödligutgångefter 8-10 år<br />Vertikal transmission (MTCT)<br />
  24. 24. AIDS är exceptionellt (2)<br />Sexuell smitta; selekterar unga och starka individer<br />Framgånsrik smittspridning på kort tid över hela världen<br />Dödlig kombination med tuberkulos<br />Ingen botande behandling, inget vaccin<br />
  25. 25. AIDS är exceptionellt (3)<br />HIV ger en persisterande infektion till skillnad från akuta infektioner som har snabbt epidemiförlopp med en topp och ett slut<br />HIV ger ingen vanlig epidemikurva; prevalensen kan minska men infektionerna kommer inte att försvinna.AIDS kommer att bestå.<br />
  26. 26. Konsekvenser av HIV/AIDS pandemin (1)<br />Hälso- och sjukvård<br />Demografi<br />Föräldralösa barn<br />Arbetskraft<br />Livsmedelsförsörjning<br />Skola- och utbildning<br />
  27. 27. Konsekvenser av HIV/AIDS pandemin (2)<br />Levnadsförmåga, “life skills”<br />Ekonomi<br />Diskriminering och utstötning<br />Säkerhet<br />Politik<br />
  28. 28.
  29. 29. Globala åtgärder<br />FN: Generalförsamlingen<br /> Säkerhetsrådet<br /> UNAIDS (WHO, UNICEF, UNDP, UNFPA etc.)<br /> Världsbanken<br />Globala Fonden mot AIDS, tuberkulos, malaria<br />Näringslivet<br />Folkrörelser, frivilligorganisationer, det civila samhället<br />
  30. 30. Credits<br />Prof Kallings (VRG 2007)<br />UNAIDS<br />Links<br />Wikipedia: HIV<br />Wikipedia: AIDS<br />July 2008 e<br />

×