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Civil Society And Democracy In Africa


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Civil Society And Democracy In Africa

  1. 1. Civil Society and Democracy in Africa<br />Based on a lecture by Prof. Jerry Gana<br />(Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Stockholm, 3 October 2008)<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. Questions<br />How to translate democracy into development? <br />(The links are not automatic)<br />How to make sure democracy benefits the people?<br />
  4. 4. Background<br />Contested notion of ”nation state” in Africa<br />(=”alien state”)<br />Need for the development of civil society to counteract traditional tensions<br />
  5. 5. Nation Building in Africa<br />Idealistic Nationalist leaders<br /> Political Independence<br />Mid-1960s: era of military governments<br />New age of democracy<br />
  6. 6. Current need<br />Growth of Constitutional Democracy goes hand in hand with the development of civil society<br />
  7. 7. Constitutional Democracy<br />Political parties<br />Electoral system<br />Separation of powers (system of checks and balances<br />Vibrant civil society<br />Free and independent media<br />Effective control over military and armed forces<br />
  8. 8. Necessities for functioning democracy<br />Right of people to free and effective chioce – politicians need to repect election result<br />Right to free association<br />Right to freedom of expression<br />Right to the rule of law<br />Transparency, due process, accountability<br />
  9. 9. Pillars of democracy<br />Strong, effective, accountable Parliament<br />Civil society – network of civil society organisations needed<br />Free and fair elections<br />Properly functioning market: providing goods and services<br />Freedoms...<br />
  10. 10. Leadership<br />Failures in democracy can be traced to failures in leadership.<br />There is a need for quality leadership:<br />
  11. 11. Leadership<br />Leaders must strive to:<br />Create productive national economies for development and the provision of goods and services<br />Promote of good governance<br />Develop an humane, peaceful and just society<br />
  12. 12. Conclusion<br />Democracy should not SUSTAIN people<br />