how did this trend stArt?• Sir Joseph Banks returned from a voyage to Polynesia with a tattoo and showed the British court• Set a trend of royals getting tattoos• Harmsworth magazine said it was not uncommon for members of social elite to gather in drawing rooms after dinner parties to show their tattoos• Rumored that Queen Victoria herself had a tattoo
why do people get tAttoos?• “Reclaim body” fantasy• “Perfect body” fantasy• Often if one is unsatisfied with results of previous modification, might seek out changes that are more extreme or risky• S&M
why were upper clAss VictoriAn women susceptiBle to this• trend? classes Set them apart from the other• Already used to pleasure/pain dichotomy• Used tattooing to rebel against society and “reclaim” their body (everyday or trauma)• Create a sense of community with women who have shared experiences• To become even more of a sexual object to be gazed upon (S&M inherent in society)
how did their fAshions effecttheir desire to Be tAttooed?Tight-Lacing CRINOLINES
why they did it According to “reVolting Bodies: the monster BeAuty of tAttooed women”• Primitive excitement• Let them be free like working women• Trendy, “Colonialist chic”• Came from Europe so Americans thought it was “exotic”
sexuAlity & sAdo- mAsochism• Pleasure/Pain from Corsets, restrictions and tattoos• With Corsets, it is placed upon the women, tattoos, however are by choice• Tight Lacing involves their husband, Tattoos involved them and another man
Questions still to Be Answered?• How long did the trend last?• How were women allowed to show that much of their flesh to a man who was not their husband?• Were these women the young mistresses or wives of upper class men or their “proper” wives?• Did they get tattoos to compete with other women or to please men?