5 million USD...
less than a dollar per Lao
2010 US contribution
to UXO clearance in Laos...
(For those of you who don't l...
870 kg
worth of
bombs
1964~1973 US contribution
to generating UXO in Laos...
Back then, Lao people were judged worthy of r...
Or in financial terms...
Each Lao was delivered 7 000 USD worth of bombs
over 9 years
0.72 USD/citizen/year
of US-financed...
26 bombies each,
discounting the many extras
At least 288 million bombies, shells and mines
for only 3 .1 million people
W...
Indiscriminate killing
The CBU-75 Sadeye cluster bomb, the most
commonly used over Laos, carried 600 BLU-26
bomblets embed...
Between 50 000 and 350 000 Lao
were killed in a 9-year covert war not
even made public to the US Senate
Wrong place, wrong...
You thought that the Vietnam war was
limited to Vietnamese theatres of operation?
0 0,5 1 1,5 2 2,5 3
Only 23% of the tota...
The bombings of Laos and Cambodia were
fully-fledged war crimes
Covert bombing of neutral countries
Aborted bombing missio...
Official end of the US implication
in Vietnam war
On a sidenote, Henry Kissinger, the mastermind of
the massacre, received...
Probably more than 80 M units of UXO still scattered
around. A third of them didn't explode on impact...
Let's try to see ...
With 125 USD, I can either plant 1 ha of maize and
get some food for my family
Rural economics 101
"Planting maize in Xien...
My daily income is around 0.60 USD a day. During
the wet season, I cultivate rice and produce my
yearly needs.
Rural econo...
Rural economics 101
"Collecting UXO scrap in Sekong province"
Went where the money is?
Collect 20~30 kg of metal.
A defuse...
Rural economics 101
"Collecting UXO scrap in Sekong province"
And what about kids?
scrap collecting pocket money ice-cream...
A theoretical 16 billion USD would be necessary to
clean up the whole country. After all, 75% was
bombed to bits...
High-p...
War economics
Now for the US point of view
The bombing of Laos cost around 57 billion USD (in
2010 dollars) – a quarter of...
War economics
Let's play pretend
The US is presently pretending that they stopped
bombing Laos a few hours after that actu...
Compared resources
50 cents per US citizen could help ease a bit of guilt
and solve the most crucial UXO issues in Laos.
A...
What about the treaty?
The US didn't sign the convention on cluster munition
bombs. Better stand ground with moral heroes ...
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Laos as the world's most heavily bombed country: what that means both for Laotians and for the US...

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Strong and text, visual data. Laos is probably the world's most heavily bombed country. Something difficult to visualize without proper data.

In November 2010, Vientiane is hosting the first international conference on cluster munitions yet global awareness on the subjet is extremely low. Maybe this can help tip the balance a bit and have the US finally sign the ban on cluster munitions and assume their historical responsibility in helping out Laos in correcting its UXO problem...

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  • Interesting presentation, thanks for letting me know!
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  • Mission bombies in Laos caused such Lao econoy and risky living that US government should Take responsible by clearance all leftover unexploded UXO(bombies) in Laos. All Lao children in the countryside lives risky and some were injured each year. Its big problem for Laos in9 my IDEAS)
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  • I do not understand lao Maverick's comments. What assistance that the USA has offered has been repeatedly refused by the Lao PDR? What is a workaround? What small events has the USA funded? The Lao policy has been not to allow multinational retailers to operate in Laos, which is why there is no McDonald's - or Tesco, or Marks & Spencer or Carrefour. Though there is a Swenson's now, sad to say.
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  • Please note (I'm not writing this in the USA's defense but to shed some light on the current situation), that the LAO Government has repeatedly refused help from the US. The only choice the US has to 'make up' for their terrible acts is to find workarounds like funding small events organized by Lao commercial entities. Laos is a proud nation, and this is a face issue therefore it is very unlikely you will see any US commercial conglomerate, such as Mc Donald's (or other non essential business) any time soon on Lao soil.
    Thanks for putting up the presentation though ;-)
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  • Good idea to use comparisons, dry figures would have not speak by themselves..
    I measure now the amplitude of the problem faced by the Lao people.
    Could it be possible you give a rough of idea of the ratio of the amount that should be given by every USA adult citizens over his revenue to clean up Lao and compare to the corresponding figure for Lao citizens ?
    Sorry for my English...
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Laos as the world's most heavily bombed country: what that means both for Laotians and for the US...

  1. 1. 5 million USD... less than a dollar per Lao 2010 US contribution to UXO clearance in Laos... (For those of you who don't live in Laos, UXO = UneXploded Ordnance..)
  2. 2. 870 kg worth of bombs 1964~1973 US contribution to generating UXO in Laos... Back then, Lao people were judged worthy of receiving much more: 1 Lao That's more than 20 kg of bombs per kg of Lao.
  3. 3. Or in financial terms... Each Lao was delivered 7 000 USD worth of bombs over 9 years 0.72 USD/citizen/year of US-financed UXO- related aid Yes, that's 9700 times less!
  4. 4. 26 bombies each, discounting the many extras At least 288 million bombies, shells and mines for only 3 .1 million people With love, from America
  5. 5. Indiscriminate killing The CBU-75 Sadeye cluster bomb, the most commonly used over Laos, carried 600 BLU-26 bomblets embedded with 300 small iron bearings. Its total lethal area? 157 soccer fields... No wonder at least 80% of the victims were civilians...
  6. 6. Between 50 000 and 350 000 Lao were killed in a 9-year covert war not even made public to the US Senate Wrong place, wrong time... Plus another 50 000 post-war casualties due to UXO...
  7. 7. You thought that the Vietnam war was limited to Vietnamese theatres of operation? 0 0,5 1 1,5 2 2,5 3 Only 23% of the total number of bombs were dropped on the official US war zone (ie. Vietnam) Laotians received 24.6 times more bombs per capita than the Vietnamese ; Cambodians 10.1 times more... M t of bombs dropped... during WW2 on Vietnam on Cambodia on Laos (official targets - actual figures are even higher for Laos)
  8. 8. The bombings of Laos and Cambodia were fully-fledged war crimes Covert bombing of neutral countries Aborted bombing missions over North Vietnam routinely led to emptying the bomb cargo over Laos After the US officially withdraw from the Vietnam war by the end of January 1973, it emptied its stockpile over Laos and Cambodia until Senate reacted... in May 1973
  9. 9. Official end of the US implication in Vietnam war On a sidenote, Henry Kissinger, the mastermind of the massacre, received the Nobel Peace Prize that very same year. You find that hard to believe? Think again: Bombs over Cambodia...
  10. 10. Probably more than 80 M units of UXO still scattered around. A third of them didn't explode on impact... Let's try to see life as a rural Lao in UXO zone... Yes, that would be the actual number for a family of 5!
  11. 11. With 125 USD, I can either plant 1 ha of maize and get some food for my family Rural economics 101 "Planting maize in Xieng Khouang province" … or pay the first out of 28 installments to clear my land. Hey, and that's if I could somehow manage to get the money interest-free!
  12. 12. My daily income is around 0.60 USD a day. During the wet season, I cultivate rice and produce my yearly needs. Rural economics 101 "Collecting UXO scrap in Sekong province" Dry season now. Should I: (A) Make ends meet the difficult way? (B) Collect UXO scrap and make 1~3 USD a day. 65% of casualties occur during essential daily activities... After a while, collecting UXO doesn't even seem more dangerous than lighting a fire or hoeing through the ground.
  13. 13. Rural economics 101 "Collecting UXO scrap in Sekong province" Went where the money is? Collect 20~30 kg of metal. A defused BLU-26 bombie weighs only 350 g... That'll be 71 bombies to handle today.
  14. 14. Rural economics 101 "Collecting UXO scrap in Sekong province" And what about kids? scrap collecting pocket money ice-cream 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 1 day income collecting UXO scrap typical amount of pocket money cost of a cheap ice-cream cone 99,6% know the equation "UXO = danger" Yet 52% collect UXO scrap metal...
  15. 15. A theoretical 16 billion USD would be necessary to clean up the whole country. After all, 75% was bombed to bits... High-priority zones, based on risk to human life and agricultural value, could be cleared for only a fraction of that: 150 million USD. Think of it as an economic miracle: when else does 1% of the money get you most of the value? How much is needed?
  16. 16. War economics Now for the US point of view The bombing of Laos cost around 57 billion USD (in 2010 dollars) – a quarter of the total cost of the Vietnam war. 5 million USD programmed for UXO clearance by the US = 7 hours worth of bombing. 150 million USD for cleaning high-priority areas = 42 days worth of bombing.
  17. 17. War economics Let's play pretend The US is presently pretending that they stopped bombing Laos a few hours after that actually happened. That's how they manage to find 5 million dollars a year to give out to Laos. Pretend harder! How about pretending the mess finished a month afterwards? A zero US-casualty month. With the cash, clean up Laos... a real bargain!
  18. 18. Compared resources 50 cents per US citizen could help ease a bit of guilt and solve the most crucial UXO issues in Laos. Allocating 0.01% of the US federal budget … or 0.5%of the budget of the Department of Defense would even solve the problem entirely in 5 years. Things aren't going fast. At this pace, clearing high- priority zones in Laos will take decades. As for clearing the rest of the country... it should take 3,000 years. Good thing rust works a bit faster than that!
  19. 19. What about the treaty? The US didn't sign the convention on cluster munition bombs. Better stand ground with moral heroes such as Kim Jong-Il, right? Oh, and apparently the US has up to 1 billion bombies in stock. That's how responsible the US is at the moment. They have enough ordnance to bomb the most bombed country on earth 11 times worse than the first time, bombie-wise...

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