2 el castillo Gujō Hachiman Gifu Japón por Francisco Barberá


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El castillo Gujō Hachiman fue construido en 1559 por Endo Morikazu aunque murió al poco tiempo de la finalización de la edificación, por lo que lo heredó su hijo Endo Yoshitaka. Yoshitaka se convirtió más tarde en sirviente de Oda Nobunaga por lo que el control del castillo pasó a manos de Inaba Sadamichi quien hizo renovaciones mayores a la fortaleza. Yoshitaka regresó al castillo después de la Batalla de Sekigahara. El castillo fue expandido en 1646... Este castillo esta considerado el mas bello de todo Japón ... donde esta situado un pareja lleno de belleza, el llegar hasta la cumbre se puede hacer con auto en un camino muy estrecho con muchas curvas y peligroso...

The Gujo Hachiman Castle in the central Japanese prefecture of Gifu is a mountaintop fortress castle on Hachiman Mountain, overlooking Gujo town. Daimyo Endo Morikazu started construction on it in 1559, but had only finished the stonework when he died. His young son, Endo Yoshitaka, inherited the incomplete castle.
Yoshitaka went to war as a retainer of Oda Nobunaga. Meanwhile, Inaba Sadamichi took control of the castle site and finished construction on the donjon and other wooden parts of the structure. When Yoshitaka returned to Gifu in 1600 after the Battle of Sekigahara, he assumed control of Gujo Hachiman once more.
In 1646, Endo Tsunetomo became daimyo and inherited the castle, which he renovated extensively. Tsunetomo also fortified Gujo, the town that sits below the castle. He must have been expecting trouble.
In fact, trouble only came to Hachiman Castle in 1868, with the Meiji Restoration. The Meiji Emperor had the castle completely dismantled down to the stone walls and foundations in 1870.
Fortunately, a new wooden castle was built on the site in 1933. It survived World War II intact, and serves today as a museum.
Tourists can access the castle via cable car. While most Japanese castles have cherry or plum trees planted around them, Gujo Hachiman is surrounded by maple trees, making autumn the best time to visit. The white wooden structure is set off beautifully by fiery red foliage
Gujo city is located at almost center of Gifu prefecture. And Gujo is very famous touristy place called as "OKUMINO".

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  • Oda Nobunaga wanted a castle built in the Sunomata area as a bridgehead for his final assault on Saito’s main castle, Inabayama (Gifu) Castle. It was a marshy region between Ogaki Castle, which was held by Oda forces, and Saito’s stronghold, Inabayama Castle. Previous attempts to build a castle in the area by Oda generals, Sakuma Nobumori and Shibata Katsuie, had failed. Kinoshita Tokichiro (later Toyotomi Hideyoshi) was ordered to try again. The construction materials were obtained by felling trees upstream and then floating the logs down the Sunomata River and tributaries of other rivers to the castle site. By cleverly pre-assembling some sections of defensive structures and hiding them before the final steps in the construction of this fortified site, Tokichiro was able to build his first castle ever and do it “overnight”. In reality, it took at least two to three days to put up the basic defensive structures and longer to dig the moats around the castle. As Toyotomi Hideyoshi, he was to repeat this clever psychological ploy on a grander scale with the construction of Ishigakiyama Ichiya Castle to demoralize the Odawara Castle defenders. In comparison, Sunomata Castle was more akin to a border fort with some simple watchtowers, wooden palisades, and dry moats. There is a good model of what the castle may have looked like inside the Sunomata History Museum. After the successful conquest of Mino, and its integration into the growing Nobunaga empire, Sunomata Castle was decommissioned.
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