Tales of Mystic Mountain: The Legend of the LevitatingTales of Mystic Mountain: The Legend of the Levitating
Monk of MtMonk of Mt HoraijiHoraiji
Houraiji templo
Houraiji es un templo budista del budismo Shingon, una
importante escu...
En esta montaña, sólo hay Toshoguu Santuario, templo
principal reconstruida y algunos edifcios antiguos.
La ruta principal...
hay una docena de hoteles y huéspedes japonesas.
¿Cómo llegar a aquí
Por ferrocarril
Para Houraiji (Ciudad de los templos)...
practitioners. It has been a popular spot for pilgrimages,
especially during the Edo Period.
Mikawa Province, Horaiji Temp...
carried away by a phoenix to the royal palace. At the
palace, the monk worked hard for 17 days and the
Emperor successfull...
well the hotsprings in Yuya Valley for its medicinal waters
that are reputed to cure everything from rashes to cancer.
Bud...
“In A.D. 702 (XII 13), when the Emperor Mommu was ill, a
great amnesty was granted throughout the Empire, a
hundred men we...
priests, and thenceforward during many centuries those of
the mystic branch of the Tendai sect were the principal
worshipp...
Beginning in the 7th century in Japan, Yakushi, the
Medicine Buddha, became the center of the devotion of
the earliest tem...
with elaborate carvings that resemble those in Tosho-gu
Shrine in Nikko, Tochigi.
The religious site is said to have been ...
Formed by volcanic lava 20 to 15 million years ago, the
mountain consists of dacite, pitchstone and so on. The
mountain is...
and 10 min from the station to Horaiji by bus. From
the Horaiji Stop, a 40-min. walk
From Osaka :

[Rail] 1h 20 min from S...
鳳来寺山 Houraiji-san Mt Horaiji (NIPPON-KICHI)
Horaiji Temple (Japan National Tourist Organization)
Tenryu-Oku-Mikawa Quasi-N...
Leumann in early twentieth century. This volume presents a
critical edition of the Adhyardhasatika based on the a newly
av...
Mikawa Province, Horaiji Temple by Ando Hiroshige.
The Temple belongs to the Shingon Buddhist sect, but its
founding by th...
establish the Horaiji Temple (which means ‘Phoenix Come
Temple’) in the mountains above the Yuya hotsprings.


This photo ...
Buddhist steles that guide and protect travelers on their
pilgrims up the mountain
***
Was there really a hermit monk Rish...
“Provincial Masters” (kokushi, were appointed in all the
provinces…, in A.D. 685 (10th month), this sutra was
expounded in...
Nyorai (the Healing Buddha) a.k.a. the Buddha of the
Master of Medicine). Yakushi-Nyorai was among the frst
of the Buddhis...
Devotees recite the mantra of the Medicine Buddha to
overcome mental, physical and spiritual sickness Yakushi
was prayed t...
venerated by the Tokugawa family, upon Tokugawa
Ieyasu’s mother’s conception of her son after praying
there. But the infue...
the panoramic view of the forested hills of the East
Mikawa Plain stretching all the way to Mikawa Bay.
Visitors will comb...
[Rail] 1h 20 min from Shin-Osaka to Toyohashi Station by
Shinkansen. From Toyohashi Station, southeast of
Nagoya on the To...
Tenryu-Oku-Mikawa Quasi-National Park 鳳来寺山と湯谷
温泉 by Daniel Simmons
What’s Up Aichi : The Healing Waters of Yuya, The
Heali...
from Tibet. Also edited in this volume is the Tibetan version
of the text, Zes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa’i tshul brgya l...
rebuilt in 1974.

In this mountain, there are only Toshoguu Shrine, rebuilt
main temple and a few old buildings.
The main ...
Yuya hot spring resort is along Hourai Gorge formed by
Ure River.

It is an old hot spring opened about 1,300 years ago, a...
Y desde el 13 hasta siglo 19, este templo se había
desarrollado bajo la égida de los gobiernos.
En 1651, Toshoguu Santuari...
Desde tiempos antiguos, la gente había escuchado algún
canto de un pájaro "peros-pou-sou" alrededor del Monte
Houraiji.
En...
tml
Uno lee la información de internet y como casi siempre te
llevas un chasco, después de hacer un viaje por la nueva
aut...
Horaiji temple on mt horaiji (鳳来寺 東照宮)  by Paco Barberá
Horaiji temple on mt horaiji (鳳来寺 東照宮)  by Paco Barberá
Horaiji temple on mt horaiji (鳳来寺 東照宮)  by Paco Barberá
Horaiji temple on mt horaiji (鳳来寺 東照宮)  by Paco Barberá
Horaiji temple on mt horaiji (鳳来寺 東照宮)  by Paco Barberá
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Horaiji temple on mt horaiji (鳳来寺 東照宮) by Paco Barberá

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Houraiji templo
Houraiji es un templo budista del budismo Shingon, una importante escuela de budismo japonés, y se encuentra a unos 30 km al noreste de la ciudad de Toyohashi.
El templo está cerca de la cima del monte Houraiji (684 metros de altura). Así las tierras son empinadas y cubiertas de bosques.
Fue fundada en 702.
Y desde el 13 hasta siglo 19, este templo se había desarrollado bajo la égida de los gobiernos.
En 1651, Toshoguu Santuario consagrar Ieyasu Tokugawa, el fundador del gobierno de Edo, como un dios, fue construido.
Así que la ruta rama para hacer una peregrinación desde la ruta Tokaido fue creado, y muchos adoradores visitó aquí.
A finales del siglo 19, esta zona se convirtió en el principal de la ermita por la política gubernamental.
Sólo se permitió una pequeña zona para el templo, pero el templo había disminuido.
En 1915, el principal templo fue destruido por el fuego, pero fue reconstruido en 1974.
En esta montaña, sólo hay Toshoguu Santuario, templo principal reconstruida y algunos edificios antiguos.
La ruta principal al templo es desde el pie al suroeste de la montaña.
A lo largo del enfoque a través de la pequeña ciudad del templo, hay algunos huéspedes japonesas y tiendas.
Pero tienes que subir 1425 escalones de piedra de allí al templo.
Si viaja en coche de alquiler, la calle se llama Houraiji Park Way lleva a los alrededores del templo, de Yuya complejo de aguas termales al pie oriental de la montaña.
Una ruta de senderismo que pasa a través de los templos, Toshogu, la cima del monte Houraiji y algunos observatorios se establezca. La longitud es de unos 3 km, pero es el senderismo recorrido ondulado.
En el templo de la ciudad, hay Horaijisan Museo de Ciencias Naturales.
Introduce los animales y plantas que habitan en el monte Houraiji.
Desde tiempos antiguos, la gente había escuchado algún canto de un pájaro "peros-pou-sou" alrededor del Monte Houraiji.
En japonés, "peros" significa menas "Buda", "hou" (pou) "La enseñanza de Buda", y "sou" significa "sacerdote". Se les llama los tres tesoros del budismo.

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Horaiji temple on mt horaiji (鳳来寺 東照宮) by Paco Barberá

  1. 1. Tales of Mystic Mountain: The Legend of the LevitatingTales of Mystic Mountain: The Legend of the Levitating
  2. 2. Monk of MtMonk of Mt HoraijiHoraiji Houraiji templo Houraiji es un templo budista del budismo Shingon, una importante escuela de budismo japonés, y se encuentra a unos 30 km al noreste de la ciudad de Toyohashi. El templo está cerca de la cima del monte Houraiji (684 metros de altura). Así las tierras son empinadas y cubiertas de bosques. Fue fundada en 702. Y desde el 13 hasta siglo 19, este templo se había desarrollado bajo la égida de los gobiernos. En 1651, Toshoguu Santuario consagrar Ieyasu Tokugawa, el fundador del gobierno de Edo, como un dios, fue construido. Así que la ruta rama para hacer una peregrinación desde la ruta Tokaido fue creado, y muchos adoradores visitó aquí. A fnales del siglo 19, esta zona se convirtió en el principal de la ermita por la política gubernamental. Sólo se permitió una pequeña zona para el templo, pero el templo había disminuido. En 1915, el principal templo fue destruido por el fuego, pero fue reconstruido en 1974.
  3. 3. En esta montaña, sólo hay Toshoguu Santuario, templo principal reconstruida y algunos edifcios antiguos. La ruta principal al templo es desde el pie al suroeste de la montaña. A lo largo del enfoque a través de la pequeña ciudad del templo, hay algunos huéspedes japonesas y tiendas. Pero tienes que subir 1425 escalones de piedra de allí al templo. Si viaja en coche de alquiler, la calle se llama Houraiji Park Way lleva a los alrededores del templo, de Yuya complejo de aguas termales al pie oriental de la montaña. Una ruta de senderismo que pasa a través de los templos, Toshogu, la cima del monte Houraiji y algunos observatorios se establezca. La longitud es de unos 3 km, pero es el senderismo recorrido ondulado. En el templo de la ciudad, hay Horaijisan Museo de Ciencias Naturales. Introduce los animales y plantas que habitan en el monte Houraiji. Desde tiempos antiguos, la gente había escuchado algún canto de un pájaro "peros-pou-sou" alrededor del Monte Houraiji. En japonés, "peros" signifca menas "Buda", "hou" (pou) "La enseñanza de Buda", y "sou" signifca "sacerdote". Se les llama los tres tesoros del budismo. En 1935, por fn, que resultó ser la canción del japonés autillo. Un autillo japonesa rellena se muestra en el museo. Adicionalmente, se señala como el ave símbolo de la Prefectura de Aichi. Yuya complejo termal está a lo largo Hourai Gorge formada por el río Ure. Es un antiguo manantial abierto hace unos 1.300 años, y
  4. 4. hay una docena de hoteles y huéspedes japonesas. ¿Cómo llegar a aquí Por ferrocarril Para Houraiji (Ciudad de los templos), bajar en la estación Hon-Nagashino en JR Iida Line. Desde Toyohashi, unos 38 minutos en limitada express "Inaji", alrededor de 1 hora en tren de cercanías. Luego de autobús de ruta, de unos 8 minutos de la estación Hon-Nagashino. Para Yuya complejo de aguas termales, bajar en la estación onsen-Yuya en JR Iida Line. Desde Toyohashi, a unos 45 minutos en expreso limitado "Inaji", alrededor de 1 hora y 10 minutos en tren de cercanías. En coche Ejecutar en autopista Tomei, y salir en Toyokawa Salir. Cerca de 28 km de allí. http://www.jnto.go.jp/eng/location/spot/shritemp/horaiji.h tml Horaiji Temple on Mt Horaiji (鳳来寺 東照宮) It is said that 1,300 years ago, on the peaks of Mt Horai lived an ascetic monk and hermit called Rishu. According to temple tradition, Rishu founded the Horaiji Temple in 703. With the winding stone staircase temple approach of 1,425 steps and surrounding primeval wood of cryptomeria cedars, and cypresses, the mountain is a magnifcently mystical setting for mountain ascetic
  5. 5. practitioners. It has been a popular spot for pilgrimages, especially during the Edo Period. Mikawa Province, Horaiji Temple by Ando Hiroshige. The Temple belongs to the Shingon Buddhist sect, but its founding by the obscure mystic Rishu inexplicably shows dates that are earlier than the late 8th century origin of of Shingon Buddhism usually attributed to the more famous monk Kukai. 
Horaiji Temple (Photo courtesy of TripAdvisor) Local legends cast a pall of mystery over the mountain temple’s early background. Below is a confated story from two accounts of the origins of the miracle hotsprings of Yuya valley as well as the founding of Horaiji Temple. The Legend of the Levitating Monk Around 1300 years ago, a Buddhist monk named Rishu was said to have happily discovered a natural hot spring bubbling to the surface of the Yuya valley in what is today’s Aichi prefecture. Rishu according to some accounts, was at the time already residing in the mountains when the 42nd Emperor of Japan whom we know to be Emperor Mommu and who was very ill at the time.. Trained in the Buddhist arts of healing, Rishu was called upon to fnd a cure for the Emperor and supernaturally
  6. 6. carried away by a phoenix to the royal palace. At the palace, the monk worked hard for 17 days and the Emperor successfully made a full recovery. As a reward for his work, the monk was allowed to establish the Horaiji Temple (which means ‘Phoenix Come Temple’) in the mountains above the Yuya hotsprings.
 
This photo of Horaiji Temple is courtesy of TripAdvisor
 Now, dwelling on the peak of Mt Horai didn’t make it particularly convenient for Rishu to visit the hotsprings that he so favored. So he levitated his way down the mountain. Swooping powerfully down from the peaks of 684m-high Mt. Horaiji like a kyarobinga, and yet gracefully poised like an apsara with his robes gracefully fapping around him and all the while playing his fute, was how Rishu would visit the hot spring waters near the Ure River. This unusual method of travel and the holy monk’s frequent dips made such an impression on the locals, that they thought it opportune to open bathhouses there, in the belief that these would be waters with magical healing powers. Now there’s a tale that could have given a movie such as Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon a run for their money. Modern pilgrims today still visit the mysterious mountain maybe supposing the place to be still infused of magic and the supernatural … locals say the local birds (Japanese scops owls) chant paeans to Buddhism in the late spring and summer: “Bu!” (Buddha), “Po!” (sutra), and “So!” (priest). And tourists and pilgrims still visit as
  7. 7. well the hotsprings in Yuya Valley for its medicinal waters that are reputed to cure everything from rashes to cancer. Buddhist steles that guide and protect travelers on their pilgrims up the mountain *** Was there really a hermit monk Rishu? According to tradition, the founding of the Horaiji Temple is associated with Shingon Buddhism and with the historical fgure 42nd Emperor Mommu (683–707), as well as the fact that Yakushi mystic cults were proliferating (see pp. 564-567 Ancient Buddhism in Japan), and temples tended to be associated with Yakushi-cults exactly around this time … all appear corroborate the existence of an ascetic hermetic monk such as Rishu around the turn of the 8th century. The more fanciful embellishments of Rishu’s character, and the crediting him with wizard-like powers, appear to be consistent with the activity of the popular Yakushi Cults in an Age of Mysticism. The account of the founding at 703 of a Yakushi-Nyorai venerating temple squares well with historical events thus in recorded in (see pp. 564-567 Ancient Buddhism in Japan | Sutras and Ceremonies in use in the seventh and eighth centuries A.D. and their history in later times:
  8. 8. “In A.D. 702 (XII 13), when the Emperor Mommu was ill, a great amnesty was granted throughout the Empire, a hundred men were caused to become monks, and order was given” for the monks to be sent to the provinces. During A.D. 702 (2nd year of Mommu Tenno, II 20) “Provincial Masters” (kokushi, were appointed in all the provinces…, in A.D. 685 (10th month), this sutra was expounded in the Palace, evidently in order to cure the Emperor Temmu, who died the following year (IX 9). Other sutras used for this purpose were the Yakushikyo (686, V 24), the Konkwomyokyo (686, Vlll 8) and the Kwannongyd (686, VII 28, VII 2); vegetarian entertainments of monks, penitential services (kekwa), offerings, dedication of a hundred Kwannon images general amnesty, everything was done in vain to save the Emperor’s life. As seen above (Ch. I, § 10), in A.D. 686 (V 24) “the Emperor Temmu’s body was ill at ease. Accordingly the Yakushikyo was expounded in the Temple of Kawara, and a retreat (ango) was held within the Palace”.’ As to the Yakushi- kekwa or “Rites of Repentance in worship of the Healing Buddha” not only Yakushi-kekwa were practised in all Nihongi, Ch. xxix, p. 541; Aston II, p. 376. Shoku Nihongi, Ch. vhi, p. 123.Yakushi-kekwa. 559 Buddhist temples of the Capital and Home provinces and in all “pure places of renowned mountains”, but also seven Yakushi images, 6 shaku 3 sun high, and seven copies of the Yakushikyo (each of one chapter) were made in the capital and in all the provinces. … The son of Emperor Mommu – “Shomu Tenno was also a devout worshipper of Bhaishajyaguru, We learn from the above facts that in the eighth century and in the frst half of the ninth the Hosso
  9. 9. priests, and thenceforward during many centuries those of the mystic branch of the Tendai sect were the principal worshippers of Yakushi Nyorai.” Sacred to the worship of Horaiji Temple is the Yakushi- Nyorai (the Healing Buddha) a.k.a. the Buddha of the Master of Medicine). Yakushi-Nyorai was among the frst of the Buddhist forms or representations to arrive (the other being Miroku) in the 6th century from the mainland continent, and he quickly became popular throughout Japan as a powerful deity who could cure sickness and eliminate earthly suffering– Yakushi remains one of the most cherished Buddhist fgures in Japan today. Yakushi’s full name is Yakushirurikō 薬師瑠璃光, which means Medicine Master of Lapis Lazuli Radiance. The practice of venerating the “Medicine Buddha” in Japan is traceable to Northwest India, via China which had practised a sinifed form of Bhaiṣajyaguru, an Indian bodhisattva who had achieved Buddhahood, to become the Buddha of the eastern realm of Vaidūryanirbhāsa, or “Pure Lapis Lazuli”*. The Medicine Buddha is often depicted with a lapis-colored jar of medicine nectar in his left hand and in the related sutra, he is also described by his aura of lapis lazuli-colored light. Sanskrit manuscripts of the Bhaiṣajyaguruvaiḍūryaprabhārāja Sūtra have been found at Gilgit, Pakistan prior to the 7th century and also at a Bamiyan monastery, Afghanistan, in the 7th century CE – attesting to the popularity of the Medicine Buddha in the ancient northwest Indian kingdom of Gandhāra as well as in Pakistan and Afghanistan. The same mystical tendencies seen in India, Tibet and China were also evident in Japan with Yakushi cults.
  10. 10. Beginning in the 7th century in Japan, Yakushi, the Medicine Buddha, became the center of the devotion of the earliest temples, (most belonging to the Tendai and Shingon sects), around Kyoto, Nara and the Kinki region. Devotees recite the mantra of the Medicine Buddha to overcome mental, physical and spiritual sickness Yakushi was prayed to not only for relief from illness and suffering, but also invoked often in the traditional memorial services for the dead. The Bhaiṣajyaguruvaiḍūryaprabhārāja Sūtra states: “ Wherever this sutra circulates or wherever there are sentient beings who hold fast to the name of the Medicine Buddha [Yakushi Buddha] and respectfully make offerings to him, whether in villages, towns, kingdoms or in the wilderness, we [the Twelve Generals] will all protect them. We will release them from all suffering and calamities and see to it that all their wishes are fulflled The Yakushi Buddha was venerated by many powerful men including Takeda Shingen, a daimyo of the 16th century, as well as Tokugawa Ieyasu, powerful shogun of the 17th century. Toshogu shrine Apart from Horaiji Temple, the Toshogu Shrine also stands venerated on the slopes of the Horaiji mountain, a Tosho- gu Shrine built in the 17th century by the third shogun Tokugawa Iemitsu for his father, Ieyasu, to the east of the main temple. The interior walls of Tosho-gu are decorated
  11. 11. with elaborate carvings that resemble those in Tosho-gu Shrine in Nikko, Tochigi. The religious site is said to have been particularly venerated by the Tokugawa family, upon Tokugawa Ieyasu’s mother’s conception of her son after praying there. But the infuence of the temple declined after the mid-19th century with the end of the samurai rule of Japan. The main building of Horaiji burnt down many times, the extant building was completed in Showa 49. Nio-mon (“Deva King Gate” Today, the main historic relics that remain of the sacred site are the sanctuary, Nio-mon (“Deva King Gate”), bell tower, Okuno-in (inner shrine), Ko-do (small hall), and two small annexes. However, the discovery of ancient ritual relics such as an old mirror is thought to substantiate the actual antiquity of the site as a historical spot for pilgrims’ and ascetics’ rituals and provide evidence of human inhabitation on the mountain since early times.

This photo of Horaiji Temple is courtesy of TripAdvisor Geology and environs of the mountain Mt Horaiji, located on the southern edge of dormant volcanos in Okumikawa, Shinshiro, Aichi Prefecture.
  12. 12. Formed by volcanic lava 20 to 15 million years ago, the mountain consists of dacite, pitchstone and so on. The mountain is famous as a habitat for scops owls, and at the end of a rigorous climb to the top of the mountain, the panoramic view of the forested hills of the East Mikawa Plain stretching all the way to Mikawa Bay. Visitors will combine their temple pilgrimage with a visit to the Yuya Onsen, a popular rustic hotspring resort in the 18th century 5 km. Or they will want to hike the beautiful prefectural park and for the spectacular autumn colours of the Aichi Kenmin no Mori in early November, all within easy walking distance of JR Yuya Onsen station. Many campsites are to be found (eg. the Kenmin no Mori campground nearby the Yuya Onsen station) as well as the Youth Travel Village at the base of Mt. Horaiji (which offers tents and bungalows, as well as auto camping sites). Visiting Mt Horai and Horaiji Temple Location and address: Horai-ji located in Horai-cho, Aichi Prefecture.
 Address: 1 Horaiji, Kadoya, Shinshiro-shi, Aichi (Kadoyama Shinshiro, Aichi Prefecture, 441-1944, Shinshiro Sightseeing Association)
 Admission Fee: Free in the temple precincts Directions From Tokyo :
 [Rail] 2h 15 min to Toyohashi Station by JR Tokaido Shinkansen Line. 35 min from Toyohashi to Hon- Nagashino-jo Station by JR Iida Line (limited express),
  13. 13. and 10 min from the station to Horaiji by bus. From the Horaiji Stop, a 40-min. walk From Osaka :
 [Rail] 1h 20 min from Shin-Osaka to Toyohashi Station by Shinkansen. From Toyohashi Station, southeast of Nagoya on the Tokaido main line, take the JR Iida line to Yuya Onsen station (about 70 minutes by local train, or 46 minutes on the Inaji limited express). For Horaiji, exit at Honnagashino station instead, then board the (infrequent) Toyotetsu bus to either the Horaiji stop (an easy 15- minute walk to the temple) or the village at the base of the Horaiji staircase. * Note on the signifcance of Lapis Lazuli: “The most distinctive feature of this Medicine Buddha is his color, the deep blue of lapis lazuli. This precious stone has been greatly prized by Asian and European cultures for more than six thousand years and, until relatively recently, its ornamental value was on a par with, or even exceeded, that of the diamond. An aura of mystery surrounds this gemstone, perhaps because of its principal mines are located in the remote Badakshan region of northeast Afghanistan, an all-but-inaccessible area located behind the Hindu Kush. One commentator has written, “the fnest specimens of lapis, intensely blue with speckled waves and swirls of shining gold-colored pyrite, resemble the night aglow with myriads of stars.” Traditionally this beautiful stone was used to symbolize that which is pure or rare.” – Medicine Buddha and Tibetan Medicine Sources and references:
  14. 14. 鳳来寺山 Houraiji-san Mt Horaiji (NIPPON-KICHI) Horaiji Temple (Japan National Tourist Organization) Tenryu-Oku-Mikawa Quasi-National Park 鳳来寺山と湯谷 温泉 by Daniel Simmons What’s Up Aichi : The Healing Waters of Yuya, The Healing Issue 26, Autumn 2012 is a Publication of The Aichi Prefectural Government San Francisco Offce Bhaiṣajyaguru (Wikipedia) Horaiji Toshogu National Treasure Shingon Buddhism (Wikipedia) Shingon Buddhism by David Moreton Ancient Buddhism in Japan | SUTRAS AND CEREMONIES IN USE IN THE SEVENTH AND EIGHTH CENTURIES A.D. AND THEIR HISTORY IN LATER TIMES by Dr. M. W. De Visser Shingon-shu (Shingon Buddhism) The Adhyardhasatika Prajnaparamita is one of the most infuential and revered scriptures in East-Asian esoteric Buddhism. Known as the RishukyM, this sktra, in its Chinese version by Amoghavajra, has been for centuries been at the core of the Shingon liturgy in Japan. Its Sanskrit text, however, was known until recently only through a fragmentary Central-Asian manuscript studied by Ernst
  15. 15. Leumann in early twentieth century. This volume presents a critical edition of the Adhyardhasatika based on the a newly available photocopy, kept at the China Tibetology Research Center (Beijing), of a newly available Sanskrit manuscript from Tibet. Also edited in this volume is the Tibetan version of the text, Zes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa’i tshul brgya lna bcu pa, using fourteen exemplars of Kanjur and a Dunhuang manuscript. The introduction to the edition includes a survey of previous studies of on the Adhyardhasatika, a description of the materials used, as well as remarks on the distinctive features of the Sanskrit text. See (source: Austrian Academy of Sciences) of Sanskrit Texts from the Tibetan Autonomous Region 5 2009, ca. XVIII+100 Seiten, 24×15,5cm, broschiert Tales of Mystic Mountain: The Legend of the LevitatingTales of Mystic Mountain: The Legend of the Levitating Monk of MtMonk of Mt HoraijiHoraiji Horaiji Temple on Mt Horaiji (鳳来寺 東照宮) It is said that 1,300 years ago, on the peaks of Mt Horai lived an ascetic monk and hermit called Rishu. According to temple tradition, Rishu founded the Horaiji Temple in 703. With the winding stone staircase temple approach of 1,425 steps and surrounding primeval wood of cryptomeria cedars, and cypresses, the mountain is a magnifcently mystical setting for mountain ascetic practitioners. It has been a popular spot for pilgrimages, especially during the Edo Period.
  16. 16. Mikawa Province, Horaiji Temple by Ando Hiroshige. The Temple belongs to the Shingon Buddhist sect, but its founding by the obscure mystic Rishu inexplicably shows dates that are earlier than the late 8th century origin of of Shingon Buddhism usually attributed to the more famous monk Kukai. 
Horaiji Temple (Photo courtesy of TripAdvisor) Local legends cast a pall of mystery over the mountain temple’s early background. Below is a confated story from two accounts of the origins of the miracle hotsprings of Yuya valley as well as the founding of Horaiji Temple. The Legend of the Levitating Monk Around 1300 years ago, a Buddhist monk named Rishu was said to have happily discovered a natural hot spring bubbling to the surface of the Yuya valley in what is today’s Aichi prefecture. Rishu according to some accounts, was at the time already residing in the mountains when the 42nd Emperor of Japan whom we know to be Emperor Mommu and who was very ill at the time.. Trained in the Buddhist arts of healing, Rishu was called upon to fnd a cure for the Emperor and supernaturally carried away by a phoenix to the royal palace. At the palace, the monk worked hard for 17 days and the Emperor successfully made a full recovery. As a reward for his work, the monk was allowed to
  17. 17. establish the Horaiji Temple (which means ‘Phoenix Come Temple’) in the mountains above the Yuya hotsprings.
 
This photo of Horaiji Temple is courtesy of TripAdvisor
 Now, dwelling on the peak of Mt Horai didn’t make it particularly convenient for Rishu to visit the hotsprings that he so favored. So he levitated his way down the mountain. Swooping powerfully down from the peaks of 684m-high Mt. Horaiji like a kyarobinga, and yet gracefully poised like an apsara with his robes gracefully fapping around him and all the while playing his fute, was how Rishu would visit the hot spring waters near the Ure River. This unusual method of travel and the holy monk’s frequent dips made such an impression on the locals, that they thought it opportune to open bathhouses there, in the belief that these would be waters with magical healing powers. Now there’s a tale that could have given a movie such as Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon a run for their money. Modern pilgrims today still visit the mysterious mountain maybe supposing the place to be still infused of magic and the supernatural … locals say the local birds (Japanese scops owls) chant paeans to Buddhism in the late spring and summer: “Bu!” (Buddha), “Po!” (sutra), and “So!” (priest). And tourists and pilgrims still visit as well the hotsprings in Yuya Valley for its medicinal waters that are reputed to cure everything from rashes to cancer.
  18. 18. Buddhist steles that guide and protect travelers on their pilgrims up the mountain *** Was there really a hermit monk Rishu? According to tradition, the founding of the Horaiji Temple is associated with Shingon Buddhism and with the historical fgure 42nd Emperor Mommu (683–707), as well as the fact that Yakushi mystic cults were proliferating (see pp. 564-567 Ancient Buddhism in Japan), and temples tended to be associated with Yakushi-cults exactly around this time … all appear corroborate the existence of an ascetic hermetic monk such as Rishu around the turn of the 8th century. The more fanciful embellishments of Rishu’s character, and the crediting him with wizard-like powers, appear to be consistent with the activity of the popular Yakushi Cults in an Age of Mysticism. The account of the founding at 703 of a Yakushi-Nyorai venerating temple squares well with historical events thus in recorded in (see pp. 564-567 Ancient Buddhism in Japan | Sutras and Ceremonies in use in the seventh and eighth centuries A.D. and their history in later times: “In A.D. 702 (XII 13), when the Emperor Mommu was ill, a great amnesty was granted throughout the Empire, a hundred men were caused to become monks, and order was given” for the monks to be sent to the provinces. During A.D. 702 (2nd year of Mommu Tenno, II 20)
  19. 19. “Provincial Masters” (kokushi, were appointed in all the provinces…, in A.D. 685 (10th month), this sutra was expounded in the Palace, evidently in order to cure the Emperor Temmu, who died the following year (IX 9). Other sutras used for this purpose were the Yakushikyo (686, V 24), the Konkwomyokyo (686, Vlll 8) and the Kwannongyd (686, VII 28, VII 2); vegetarian entertainments of monks, penitential services (kekwa), offerings, dedication of a hundred Kwannon images general amnesty, everything was done in vain to save the Emperor’s life. As seen above (Ch. I, § 10), in A.D. 686 (V 24) “the Emperor Temmu’s body was ill at ease. Accordingly the Yakushikyo was expounded in the Temple of Kawara, and a retreat (ango) was held within the Palace”.’ As to the Yakushi- kekwa or “Rites of Repentance in worship of the Healing Buddha” not only Yakushi-kekwa were practised in all Nihongi, Ch. xxix, p. 541; Aston II, p. 376. Shoku Nihongi, Ch. vhi, p. 123.Yakushi-kekwa. 559 Buddhist temples of the Capital and Home provinces and in all “pure places of renowned mountains”, but also seven Yakushi images, 6 shaku 3 sun high, and seven copies of the Yakushikyo (each of one chapter) were made in the capital and in all the provinces. … The son of Emperor Mommu – “Shomu Tenno was also a devout worshipper of Bhaishajyaguru, We learn from the above facts that in the eighth century and in the frst half of the ninth the Hosso priests, and thenceforward during many centuries those of the mystic branch of the Tendai sect were the principal worshippers of Yakushi Nyorai.” Sacred to the worship of Horaiji Temple is the Yakushi-
  20. 20. Nyorai (the Healing Buddha) a.k.a. the Buddha of the Master of Medicine). Yakushi-Nyorai was among the frst of the Buddhist forms or representations to arrive (the other being Miroku) in the 6th century from the mainland continent, and he quickly became popular throughout Japan as a powerful deity who could cure sickness and eliminate earthly suffering– Yakushi remains one of the most cherished Buddhist fgures in Japan today. Yakushi’s full name is Yakushirurikō 薬師瑠璃光, which means Medicine Master of Lapis Lazuli Radiance. The practice of venerating the “Medicine Buddha” in Japan is traceable to Northwest India, via China which had practised a sinifed form of Bhaiṣajyaguru, an Indian bodhisattva who had achieved Buddhahood, to become the Buddha of the eastern realm of Vaidūryanirbhāsa, or “Pure Lapis Lazuli”*. The Medicine Buddha is often depicted with a lapis-colored jar of medicine nectar in his left hand and in the related sutra, he is also described by his aura of lapis lazuli-colored light. Sanskrit manuscripts of the Bhaiṣajyaguruvaiḍūryaprabhārāja Sūtra have been found at Gilgit, Pakistan prior to the 7th century and also at a Bamiyan monastery, Afghanistan, in the 7th century CE – attesting to the popularity of the Medicine Buddha in the ancient northwest Indian kingdom of Gandhāra as well as in Pakistan and Afghanistan. The same mystical tendencies seen in India, Tibet and China were also evident in Japan with Yakushi cults. Beginning in the 7th century in Japan, Yakushi, the Medicine Buddha, became the center of the devotion of the earliest temples, (most belonging to the Tendai and Shingon sects), around Kyoto, Nara and the Kinki region.
  21. 21. Devotees recite the mantra of the Medicine Buddha to overcome mental, physical and spiritual sickness Yakushi was prayed to not only for relief from illness and suffering, but also invoked often in the traditional memorial services for the dead. The Bhaiṣajyaguruvaiḍūryaprabhārāja Sūtra states: “ Wherever this sutra circulates or wherever there are sentient beings who hold fast to the name of the Medicine Buddha [Yakushi Buddha] and respectfully make offerings to him, whether in villages, towns, kingdoms or in the wilderness, we [the Twelve Generals] will all protect them. We will release them from all suffering and calamities and see to it that all their wishes are fulflled The Yakushi Buddha was venerated by many powerful men including Takeda Shingen, a daimyo of the 16th century, as well as Tokugawa Ieyasu, powerful shogun of the 17th century. Toshogu shrine Apart from Horaiji Temple, the Toshogu Shrine also stands venerated on the slopes of the Horaiji mountain, a Tosho- gu Shrine built in the 17th century by the third shogun Tokugawa Iemitsu for his father, Ieyasu, to the east of the main temple. The interior walls of Tosho-gu are decorated with elaborate carvings that resemble those in Tosho-gu Shrine in Nikko, Tochigi. The religious site is said to have been particularly
  22. 22. venerated by the Tokugawa family, upon Tokugawa Ieyasu’s mother’s conception of her son after praying there. But the infuence of the temple declined after the mid-19th century with the end of the samurai rule of Japan. The main building of Horaiji burnt down many times, the extant building was completed in Showa 49. Nio-mon (“Deva King Gate” Today, the main historic relics that remain of the sacred site are the sanctuary, Nio-mon (“Deva King Gate”), bell tower, Okuno-in (inner shrine), Ko-do (small hall), and two small annexes. However, the discovery of ancient ritual relics such as an old mirror is thought to substantiate the actual antiquity of the site as a historical spot for pilgrims’ and ascetics’ rituals and provide evidence of human inhabitation on the mountain since early times.

This photo of Horaiji Temple is courtesy of TripAdvisor Geology and environs of the mountain Mt Horaiji, located on the southern edge of dormant volcanos in Okumikawa, Shinshiro, Aichi Prefecture. Formed by volcanic lava 20 to 15 million years ago, the mountain consists of dacite, pitchstone and so on. The mountain is famous as a habitat for scops owls, and at the end of a rigorous climb to the top of the mountain,
  23. 23. the panoramic view of the forested hills of the East Mikawa Plain stretching all the way to Mikawa Bay. Visitors will combine their temple pilgrimage with a visit to the Yuya Onsen, a popular rustic hotspring resort in the 18th century 5 km. Or they will want to hike the beautiful prefectural park and for the spectacular autumn colours of the Aichi Kenmin no Mori in early November, all within easy walking distance of JR Yuya Onsen station. Many campsites are to be found (eg. the Kenmin no Mori campground nearby the Yuya Onsen station) as well as the Youth Travel Village at the base of Mt. Horaiji (which offers tents and bungalows, as well as auto camping sites). Visiting Mt Horai and Horaiji Temple Location and address: Horai-ji located in Horai-cho, Aichi Prefecture.
 Address: 1 Horaiji, Kadoya, Shinshiro-shi, Aichi (Kadoyama Shinshiro, Aichi Prefecture, 441-1944, Shinshiro Sightseeing Association)
 Admission Fee: Free in the temple precincts Directions From Tokyo :
 [Rail] 2h 15 min to Toyohashi Station by JR Tokaido Shinkansen Line. 35 min from Toyohashi to Hon- Nagashino-jo Station by JR Iida Line (limited express), and 10 min from the station to Horaiji by bus. From the Horaiji Stop, a 40-min. walk From Osaka :

  24. 24. [Rail] 1h 20 min from Shin-Osaka to Toyohashi Station by Shinkansen. From Toyohashi Station, southeast of Nagoya on the Tokaido main line, take the JR Iida line to Yuya Onsen station (about 70 minutes by local train, or 46 minutes on the Inaji limited express). For Horaiji, exit at Honnagashino station instead, then board the (infrequent) Toyotetsu bus to either the Horaiji stop (an easy 15- minute walk to the temple) or the village at the base of the Horaiji staircase. * Note on the signifcance of Lapis Lazuli: “The most distinctive feature of this Medicine Buddha is his color, the deep blue of lapis lazuli. This precious stone has been greatly prized by Asian and European cultures for more than six thousand years and, until relatively recently, its ornamental value was on a par with, or even exceeded, that of the diamond. An aura of mystery surrounds this gemstone, perhaps because of its principal mines are located in the remote Badakshan region of northeast Afghanistan, an all-but-inaccessible area located behind the Hindu Kush. One commentator has written, “the fnest specimens of lapis, intensely blue with speckled waves and swirls of shining gold-colored pyrite, resemble the night aglow with myriads of stars.” Traditionally this beautiful stone was used to symbolize that which is pure or rare.” – Medicine Buddha and Tibetan Medicine Sources and references: 鳳来寺山 Houraiji-san Mt Horaiji (NIPPON-KICHI) Horaiji Temple (Japan National Tourist Organization)
  25. 25. Tenryu-Oku-Mikawa Quasi-National Park 鳳来寺山と湯谷 温泉 by Daniel Simmons What’s Up Aichi : The Healing Waters of Yuya, The Healing Issue 26, Autumn 2012 is a Publication of The Aichi Prefectural Government San Francisco Offce Bhaiṣajyaguru (Wikipedia) Horaiji Toshogu National Treasure Shingon Buddhism (Wikipedia) Shingon Buddhism by David Moreton Ancient Buddhism in Japan | SUTRAS AND CEREMONIES IN USE IN THE SEVENTH AND EIGHTH CENTURIES A.D. AND THEIR HISTORY IN LATER TIMES by Dr. M. W. De Visser Shingon-shu (Shingon Buddhism) The Adhyardhasatika Prajnaparamita is one of the most infuential and revered scriptures in East-Asian esoteric Buddhism. Known as the RishukyM, this sktra, in its Chinese version by Amoghavajra, has been for centuries been at the core of the Shingon liturgy in Japan. Its Sanskrit text, however, was known until recently only through a fragmentary Central-Asian manuscript studied by Ernst Leumann in early twentieth century. This volume presents a critical edition of the Adhyardhasatika based on the a newly available photocopy, kept at the China Tibetology Research Center (Beijing), of a newly available Sanskrit manuscript
  26. 26. from Tibet. Also edited in this volume is the Tibetan version of the text, Zes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa’i tshul brgya lna bcu pa, using fourteen exemplars of Kanjur and a Dunhuang manuscript. The introduction to the edition includes a survey of previous studies of on the Adhyardhasatika, a description of the materials used, as well as remarks on the distinctive features of the Sanskrit text. See (source: Austrian Academy of Sciences) of Sanskrit Texts from the Tibetan Autonomous Region 5 2009, ca. XVIII+100 Seiten, 24×15,5cm, broschiert Houraiji temple Houraiji is a Buddhist temple of Shingon Buddhism, a major school of Japanese Buddhism, and is located about 30 km northeast of Toyohashi city.
 The temple is near the top of Mount Houraiji (684 meters high). So the surrounging lands are steep and covered with forests. It was founded in 702.
 And from the 13th to the 19th ceturies, this temple had developed under the aegis of the governments.
 In 1651, Toshoguu Shrine enshrining Ieyasu Tokugawa, the founder of Edo government, as a god, was built.
 So the branch route to make a pilgrimage from Tokaido route was set up, and many worshippers visited here. In the late 19th century, this area became the main one of the shrine by government policy.
 Only a little area for the temple was permitted, but the temple had declined.
 In 1915, the main temple was destroyed by fre, but it was
  27. 27. rebuilt in 1974.
 In this mountain, there are only Toshoguu Shrine, rebuilt main temple and a few old buildings. The main route to the temple is from the southwest foot of the mountain.
 Along the approach through the small temple town, there are some ryokans and shops.
 But you must walk up 1,425 stone steps from there to the temple. If you travel by rental car, the road called Houraiji Park Way leads to around the temple, from Yuya hot spring resort at the eastern foot of the mountain. A walking trail passing through the temples, Toshogu, the top of Mount Houraiji and a few observatories is set up. The length is about 3 km, but it is hilly hiking course. In the temple town, there is Horaijisan natural science Museum.
 It introduces the animals and plants inhabiting Mount Houraiji. Since old times, people had listened to any bird singing "buts-pou-sou" around Mount Houraiji.
 In Japanese, "buts" means "Buddha", "hou" (pou) menas "teaching of Buddha", and "sou" means "priest". They are called the three treasures of Buddhism.
 In 1935, at last, it turned out to be the song of Japanese scops owl.
 A stuffed Japanese scops owl is displayed in the museum.
 Additionally, it is designated as the symbol bird of Aichi Prefecture.
  28. 28. Yuya hot spring resort is along Hourai Gorge formed by Ure River.
 It is an old hot spring opened about 1,300 years ago, and there are about a dozen hotels and ryokans. How to get to here By railroad •To Houraiji (Temple town), get off at Hon-Nagashino station on JR Iida Line. From Toyohashi, about 38 minutes by limited express "Inaji", about 1 hour by local train.
 Then by route bus, about 8 minutes from Hon- Nagashino station. •To Yuya hot spring resort, get off at Yuya-onsen station on JR Iida Line. From Toyohashi, about 45 minutes by limited express "Inaji", about 1 hour and 10 minutes by local train. By car Run on Tomei Expressway, and exit at Toyokawa Exit. About 28 km from there. http://japanesemythology.wordpress.com/tales-of-an- ascetic-mountain-the-legend-of-the-levitating-monk-of- mt-horaiji/ Houraiji templo Houraiji es un templo budista del budismo Shingon, una importante escuela de budismo japonés, y se encuentra a unos 30 km al noreste de la ciudad de Toyohashi. El templo está cerca de la cima del monte Houraiji (684 metros de altura). Así las tierras son empinadas y cubiertas de bosques. Fue fundada en 702.
  29. 29. Y desde el 13 hasta siglo 19, este templo se había desarrollado bajo la égida de los gobiernos. En 1651, Toshoguu Santuario consagrar Ieyasu Tokugawa, el fundador del gobierno de Edo, como un dios, fue construido. Así que la ruta rama para hacer una peregrinación desde la ruta Tokaido fue creado, y muchos adoradores visitó aquí. A fnales del siglo 19, esta zona se convirtió en el principal de la ermita por la política gubernamental. Sólo se permitió una pequeña zona para el templo, pero el templo había disminuido. En 1915, el principal templo fue destruido por el fuego, pero fue reconstruido en 1974. En esta montaña, sólo hay Toshoguu Santuario, templo principal reconstruida y algunos edifcios antiguos. La ruta principal al templo es desde el pie al suroeste de la montaña. A lo largo del enfoque a través de la pequeña ciudad del templo, hay algunos huéspedes japonesas y tiendas. Pero tienes que subir 1425 escalones de piedra de allí al templo. Si viaja en coche de alquiler, la calle se llama Houraiji Park Way lleva a los alrededores del templo, de Yuya complejo de aguas termales al pie oriental de la montaña. Una ruta de senderismo que pasa a través de los templos, Toshogu, la cima del monte Houraiji y algunos observatorios se establezca. La longitud es de unos 3 km, pero es el senderismo recorrido ondulado. En el templo de la ciudad, hay Horaijisan Museo de Ciencias Naturales. Introduce los animales y plantas que habitan en el monte Houraiji.
  30. 30. Desde tiempos antiguos, la gente había escuchado algún canto de un pájaro "peros-pou-sou" alrededor del Monte Houraiji. En japonés, "peros" signifca menas "Buda", "hou" (pou) "La enseñanza de Buda", y "sou" signifca "sacerdote". Se les llama los tres tesoros del budismo. En 1935, por fn, que resultó ser la canción del japonés autillo. Un autillo japonesa rellena se muestra en el museo. Adicionalmente, se señala como el ave símbolo de la Prefectura de Aichi. Yuya complejo termal está a lo largo Hourai Gorge formada por el río Ure. Es un antiguo manantial abierto hace unos 1.300 años, y hay una docena de hoteles y huéspedes japonesas. ¿Cómo llegar a aquí Por ferrocarril Para Houraiji (Ciudad de los templos), bajar en la estación Hon-Nagashino en JR Iida Line. Desde Toyohashi, unos 38 minutos en limitada express "Inaji", alrededor de 1 hora en tren de cercanías. Luego de autobús de ruta, de unos 8 minutos de la estación Hon-Nagashino. Para Yuya complejo de aguas termales, bajar en la estación onsen-Yuya en JR Iida Line. Desde Toyohashi, a unos 45 minutos en expreso limitado "Inaji", alrededor de 1 hora y 10 minutos en tren de cercanías. En coche Ejecutar en autopista Tomei, y salir en Toyokawa Salir. Cerca de 28 km de allí. http://www.jnto.go.jp/eng/location/spot/shritemp/horaiji.h
  31. 31. tml Uno lee la información de internet y como casi siempre te llevas un chasco, después de hacer un viaje por la nueva autopista de Nagoya Tokyo nos adentramos en carreteras estrechas de montañas y súper peligrosas para ir solo a visitar este templo, cuando leo siglo 7 piensa uno encontraras algunos vestigios de los siglos en la historia del templo Horaiji, luego ves la realidad con mucha pena actual de Japón aquello esta se cae a pedazos , en ruinas , las casas abandonas el viaje costoso sobre todo el peaje de autopista unos 7.000 yenes, el aparcamiento 500 yenes, mas gasolina (menos mal el auto es eléctrico,suma y todo cuesta un ojo de la cara y luego te encuentras un lugar precioso en cuanto al paisaje donde esta situados los recintos de los templos (destruidos por el paso del tiempo en incendios ...) triste ve tantos templos de esa forma.... Nagoya 28 mayo 2014 Paco Barberá

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