Recent Changes  By the FCJ Refugee Centre
What are the basic options that  the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) offers to migrants?
Temporary Residence  Applications (from abroad) <ul><li>Visiting Canada </li></ul><ul><li>Studying in Canada </li></ul><ul...
Temporary Stays in Canada : <ul><li>Refugee Claimant </li></ul><ul><li>Stay of Removal before the Federal Court </li></ul>...
Permanent Residence  Applications (from abroad) <ul><li>Skilled Worker Class </li></ul><ul><li>Business Class </li></ul><u...
Permanent Residents  Applications  (From within Canada) <ul><li>Canadian Experience Class </li></ul><ul><li>Spouse or Comm...
Economic Immigration Policy Shift occurring without debate <ul><li>Skilled Worker  program reduced from 50% of all immigra...
Minister Jason Kenney says: <ul><li>“ We expect new federal skilled worker applicants, including those with arranged emplo...
Recent Policy Changes: Skilled Workers and Professionals <ul><li>Federal Skilled Workers </li></ul><ul><li>Canadian Experi...
Federal Skilled Worker Class <ul><li>Skilled workers are people who have education and work  experience that will help the...
Federal Skilled Worker ... What’s new? <ul><li>Applicants are in 38 high-demand occupations such as health, skilled trades...
Canadian Experience Class (2008) <ul><li>Temporary foreign workers encouraged to apply if:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>they hav...
Canadian Experience Class... What’s new? <ul><li>Application based on employer trust </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Applicants must...
Temporary Foreign Workers Program (TFWP) <ul><li>There were 2 main proposals to this program put forth in 2009:  </li></ul...
Proposed Changes to the Live-In Caregiver Program  <ul><li>To eliminate the required 2 nd  medical examination before Perm...
Proposed Changes to the Live-In Caregiver Program  <ul><li>Employment contracts to include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>employer...
Proposed Changes to the Live-In Caregiver Program  <ul><li>To open a 24 hour Live-In Caregiver hotline for people to call ...
New Law – Live-In Caregiver Program <ul><li>December 2009 – A new law was passed in Ontario to penalize persons charging a...
New Citizenship Law <ul><li>Took effect on April 17, 2009.  </li></ul><ul><li>Restores or gives Canadian citizenship to th...
New Citizenship Law <ul><li>Limits Canadian citizenship to the first generation born to Canadian parents outside Canada. <...
Recent Policy Changes to Refugee Protection <ul><li>On July 23, 2009 a change was made to the ‘Canada – U.S. Safe Third Co...
Changes to the Safe Third Country are: <ul><li>Since October 2009: Persons from TSR Countries arriving at a Canada-U.S. la...
Changes to Visa Requirement <ul><li>In July 2009, CIC imposed a visa requirement on persons from Mexico and the Czech Repu...
R efugee Reform (Bill C-11) Occurring without debate <ul><li>Faster (Reducing the processing time) </li></ul><ul><li>More ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

E7 overview and updates of canada's immigration program

856 views
762 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
856
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
9
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Who
  • E7 overview and updates of canada's immigration program

    1. 1. Recent Changes By the FCJ Refugee Centre
    2. 2. What are the basic options that the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) offers to migrants?
    3. 3. Temporary Residence Applications (from abroad) <ul><li>Visiting Canada </li></ul><ul><li>Studying in Canada </li></ul><ul><li>Closed Work permit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(e.g. Live-in Caregivers, Seasonal Agriculture Workers) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Open Work permit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(e.g. Free trade countries for young people) </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Temporary Stays in Canada : <ul><li>Refugee Claimant </li></ul><ul><li>Stay of Removal before the Federal Court </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative stay of removal by CIC </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-Removal Risk Assessment Applicant </li></ul><ul><li>Temporary Resident Permit </li></ul>
    5. 5. Permanent Residence Applications (from abroad) <ul><li>Skilled Worker Class </li></ul><ul><li>Business Class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(e.g. investors and entrepreneur) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Provincial Nomination </li></ul><ul><li>Family Class </li></ul><ul><li>Resettlement of Refugees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(e.g. government and private sponsorship program) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>H&C at Canadian Embassies </li></ul>
    6. 6. Permanent Residents Applications (From within Canada) <ul><li>Canadian Experience Class </li></ul><ul><li>Spouse or Common-Law Partner in Canada Class </li></ul><ul><li>Protected Persons and Convention Refugees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(e.g. IRB or PRRA positive decision) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Temporary Resident Permit Holder (after 3 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Work Permit Holder in Special Program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(e.g. Live-in care giver program, Provincial nominee program ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>H&C only option for non-status people in Canada </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Successful establishment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Undo hardship </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Economic Immigration Policy Shift occurring without debate <ul><li>Skilled Worker program reduced from 50% of all immigrants in 2005 to less than 30% in 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Temporary Foreign Workers increased by over 70% between 2004 and 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Most of growth in TFW program is result of Low Skill Pilot Project – not eligible for permanent residence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TFWs not eligible for services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TFWs with “closed” work permits being exploited </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Services delayed for those who qualify for Canadian Experience Class </li></ul>
    8. 8. Minister Jason Kenney says: <ul><li>“ We expect new federal skilled worker applicants, including those with arranged employment, to receive a decision within six to 12 months compared with up to six years under the old system,” said Minister Kenney. “All other economic class applications—including applicants chosen by Quebec, provincial nominees, the Canadian Experience Class, and live-in caregivers—will continue to be given priority.” </li></ul><ul><li>( Canadian Experience Class, CIC consultations, 2008) </li></ul>
    9. 9. Recent Policy Changes: Skilled Workers and Professionals <ul><li>Federal Skilled Workers </li></ul><ul><li>Canadian Experience Class </li></ul><ul><li>Changes to the Refugee Protection Act </li></ul><ul><li>Citizenship Guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>(CIC website http://www.cic.gc.ca/EnGLIsh/information/faq/immigrate/skilled/skilled-faq13.asp) </li></ul>
    10. 10. Federal Skilled Worker Class <ul><li>Skilled workers are people who have education and work experience that will help them become economically established in Canada. They must: </li></ul><ul><li>meet minimum work experience requirements; </li></ul><ul><li>have the funds required to settle in Canada; </li></ul><ul><li>have sufficient points to meet the newest pass mark. </li></ul><ul><li>( New World Immigration website) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.visa808.com/english/worker.shtml#federal </li></ul>
    11. 11. Federal Skilled Worker ... What’s new? <ul><li>Applicants are in 38 high-demand occupations such as health, skilled trades, finance and resource extraction; or </li></ul><ul><li>Applicants have an offer of arranged employment or have already been living legally in Canada for one year as a temporary foreign worker or international student. </li></ul><ul><li>(CIC website) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/DEPARTMENT/MEDIA/releases/2008/2008-11-28.asp </li></ul>
    12. 12. Canadian Experience Class (2008) <ul><li>Temporary foreign workers encouraged to apply if: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>they have a secondary school diploma, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>trade certificate or apprenticeship and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>have at least 2 yrs of recent (within 3 yrs. of the application) full-time Canadian skilled work experience. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Applicants can apply for Permanent Resident Status in Canada </li></ul>
    13. 13. Canadian Experience Class... What’s new? <ul><li>Application based on employer trust </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Applicants must meet at least minimum English language proficiency. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>International students encouraged to apply if: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>they have 2 years of Canadian post-secondary education (10 academic months) and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>have 1 year of full-time Canadian skilled work experience (within 2 yrs. of the application) in management, professional, and skilled and technical occupations (defined by the NOC) </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Temporary Foreign Workers Program (TFWP) <ul><li>There were 2 main proposals to this program put forth in 2009: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TFW’s can stay for a maximum of 4 years followed by a period of 6 years during which they will not be allowed to work in Canada. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To restrict employer’s access to TFWP for 2 years when the employer has provided previous TFW’s with wages, working conditions/occupations that are significantly different from those typically offered. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(CCR- Comments on proposed changes to the TFWP, Canada Gazette, Part 10 October 2009) </li></ul>
    15. 15. Proposed Changes to the Live-In Caregiver Program <ul><li>To eliminate the required 2 nd medical examination before Permanent Residence (PR) is granted. </li></ul><ul><li>The time period in which to meet the requirements to apply for PR will be extended from 3 years to 4. </li></ul><ul><li>Caregivers working overtime can apply for PR in a shorter time provided they finish the required 3,900 hours of work. </li></ul><ul><li>Employers required by the federal and provincial governments to pay travel costs, medical insurance, workplace safety insurance, recruiting fees to 3 rd parties. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Proposed Changes to the Live-In Caregiver Program <ul><li>Employment contracts to include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>employer-paid benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>employers must sign mandatory clauses in the contract clearly outlining caregiver duties, hours of work, overtime and holidays, sick leave and termination and resignation terms. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New agreements with provinces to ensure monitoring and enforcement of these mandatory contracts. </li></ul><ul><li>To improve information packages so caregivers know their rights, what action they can take and who to call to protect themselves before they come to Canada. </li></ul>
    17. 17. Proposed Changes to the Live-In Caregiver Program <ul><li>To open a 24 hour Live-In Caregiver hotline for people to call for help. </li></ul><ul><li>To implement an agreement between CIC and Human Resources and Social Development to allow for fast-track emergency issuing (within 3 weeks) of new work permits and Labour Market Opinions. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If a caregiver is in an abusive situation she will no longer be stuck for months and months searching for a new employer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Getting a Labour Market Opinion, and getting the work permit as the clock ticks on her three-year maximum to permanent residency. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>December 2009 – </li></ul><ul><li>A new law was passed in Ontario to penalize persons charging a placement/recruitment fee to a Care-giver – </li></ul><ul><li>$50, 000 and up to 1 year in prison. </li></ul>
    18. 18. New Law – Live-In Caregiver Program <ul><li>December 2009 – A new law was passed in Ontario to penalize persons charging a placement/recruitment fee to a Care-giver. – $50, 000 and up to 1 year in prison. </li></ul><ul><li>(CIC website -http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/DEPARTMENT/media/releases/2009/2009-12-12.asp) </li></ul>
    19. 19. New Citizenship Law <ul><li>Took effect on April 17, 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Restores or gives Canadian citizenship to those who never had it or lost it </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Certain people who became Canadian citizens on or after January 1, 1947, when the first Citizenship Act took effect, and who then lost it, now have their status restored retroactively to the date they lost it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People who have never been Canadians, but who are part of the first generation born outside Canada to a Canadian parent, became Canadians under the new law. Their citizenship is retroactive to their date of birth. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(CIC website http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/information/faq/citizenship/cit-rules-faq01.asp) </li></ul>
    20. 20. New Citizenship Law <ul><li>Limits Canadian citizenship to the first generation born to Canadian parents outside Canada. </li></ul><ul><li>Adoption outside of Canada is affected. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They became Canadian Citizens from the date of the adoption by Canadian parents </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New Canadian Citizenship Guide New Canadian Citizenship Guide </li></ul><ul><li>CIC website - http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/information/faq/citizenship/cit-rules-faq09.asp) </li></ul>
    21. 21. Recent Policy Changes to Refugee Protection <ul><li>On July 23, 2009 a change was made to the ‘Canada – U.S. Safe Third Country Agreement: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The exception clause in the Safe Third Country Agreement that allowed people from countries under a ‘temporary suspension of removals’ (TSR) to make a refugee claim in Canada at a Canada-U.S. land border, was removed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The TSR countries are: Afghanistan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Haiti, Iraq and Zimbabwe) </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. Changes to the Safe Third Country are: <ul><li>Since October 2009: Persons from TSR Countries arriving at a Canada-U.S. land border will be ineligible to make a refugee claim in Canada. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They would instead need to apply for protection in the United States. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People already in Canada or arriving at a port of entry that is not a land border with the United States will not be affected. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People from Haiti? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(CIC website- http://www.cic.gc.ca/ENGLISH/department/media/notices/notice-removal.asp) </li></ul></ul>
    23. 23. Changes to Visa Requirement <ul><li>In July 2009, CIC imposed a visa requirement on persons from Mexico and the Czech Republic. </li></ul><ul><li>Before the changes were made, persons from these countries were making almost 35% of all refugee claimants in Canada. </li></ul><ul><li>(CCR website - </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ccrweb.ca/en/bulletin/09/07/14) </li></ul>
    24. 24. R efugee Reform (Bill C-11) Occurring without debate <ul><li>Faster (Reducing the processing time) </li></ul><ul><li>More control to the Minister of Immigration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil servants taking over the Refugee Determination Hearing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safe Country of Origen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Proposing an IRB Refuge Appeal Division </li></ul><ul><li>Final decision (Not H&C or PRRA for the majority of Rejected Refugees) </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing the resettlement of overseas refugees </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing budget for IRB </li></ul><ul><li>Implemented in 2 years </li></ul>

    ×