Transcript of "Homelessness Among African American Veterens"
Data on Homelessness Among African-American Veterans Presented by: M William Sermons, Director Homelessness Research Institute Presented at: National Coalition for Homeless Veterans 2010 Annual Conference June 23, 2010
Findings from Vital Mission (2007) <ul><li>Veterans better educated, more likely to be employed and lower poverty rate than general population. </li></ul><ul><li>Veterans make up a disproportionate share of homeless people (26% of homeless vs. 11% of population 18+) </li></ul>
Findings from 2008 Data/Policy Update (2009) 8% 20% Other 46% 38% White 45% 42% African-American Vets Gen Persons served by race/ethnicity.
Quote from 5 th Annual AHAR (June 2010) <ul><li>“ When compared to their counterparts nationwide, homeless people are much more likely to be adult males , African Americans , non-elderly, alone, veterans and disabled .” </li></ul><ul><li>~ U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development </li></ul>
Veteran Status as Protective Factor for All Alliance analysis of 2008 American Community Survey, Census Bureau <1% 2% Doubled Up 9% 14% Severe Cost Burden <3% >3% Unemployed 78% 67% Home Owner 8% 15% Poverty 93% 49% Male Veterans General Population
For Black Veterans Alliance analysis of 2008 American Community Survey, Census Bureau 1% 3% Doubled Up 13% 19% Severe Cost Burden 5% 8% Unemployed 61% 47% Home Owner 14% 26% Poverty 88% 43% Male Black Veterans Black Non-Veterans
Disparities among Veterans by Race Alliance analysis of 2008 American Community Survey, Census Bureau <1% 9% 3% 78% 8% 93% Veterans 1% Doubled Up 13% Severe Cost Burden 5% Unemployed 61% Home Owner 14% Poverty 88% Male Black Veterans
Summary <ul><li>Veteran status is a protective factor against most economic hardship, including risk factors for homelessness. </li></ul><ul><li>Protective factor appears to extend to African American veterans. </li></ul><ul><li>Veterans experience a higher rate of homelessness than non-veterans. </li></ul><ul><li>African American veterans are overrepresented among homeless veterans. </li></ul>
Implications <ul><li>African American veterans face multiple risk factors for homelessness, which should be factored into policy and practice. </li></ul><ul><li>Only one of these risk factors (veteran status) is explicitly addressed in Opening Doors . </li></ul><ul><li>Better understanding of African American veteran homeless population is needed to effectively end homelessness. </li></ul>