Tasmiah Binte Zilani (071649556)


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Tasmiah Binte Zilani (071649556)

  1. 1. IP SOLUTIONS FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN BANGLADESH Tasmiah Binte Zilani ID: 071-649-556 Course Name: ETE-605, Dept. of ETE, North South University. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Information Technology encompasses the broad fields of data/information processing and communications by means of computer and telecommunications techniques and tools and is being increasingly used for organizational/personal information processing in all sectors of economy and society. A dependable communication system is essential for efficient management and operation of the public and private sectors. But there is a shortage of communication between locally generated information needed for efficient performance of these sectors. Telecommunication is the main backbone of a country without which a country can’t sustain a good development. Despite the slow development of telecom services in the past improved commitment, guaranteed funding and beginning of a long term planning by the government shows that the ongoing telecommunication projects will be successful and the overall communication infra-structure will be stronger. Telecommunication facility will be made available to every segment of the society and all of the present and emerging services will be provided at an affordable cost. At present people of Bangladesh are using PSTN, cellular system for both local and international calls. But recently the most popular topic of telecommunication sector is VoIP. This was supposed to be used illegally by few companies or organizations in the recent time. But as the
  2. 2. current government has declared it legal by maintaining some terms and regulations so it is going to boost the total tele-communication structure therefore the whole economy as it’s the easier way to communicate locally and also internationally. VoIP stands for “Voice over Internet Protocol” that is simply the transmission of voice traffic over IP-based network, is rapidly becoming a top choice for people wishing to avoid costly telephone service. It allows us to make voice calls using a broadband internet connection instead a regular/analog phone system. The way it works is similar to email; most providers offer unlimited long-distance calling for a low monthly fee or for a low per-minute rate. Where long-distance fees can run high very quickly through traditional phone providers, VoIP can provide the same types of calls for a much lower rate. In addition, wireless “hot spots” in locations as airports/parks/restaurants/malls can allow us to connect to the internet and may enable us to use VoIP service wirelessly. VoIP is the calling choice of the future, and providers are already scrambling to provide the best service for the best price. The main VoIP services are: Able to call other people using the same service in the same network Able to call anyone who has a telephone number including local, long distance, mobile and international numbers. Working only over our computer or special VoIP telephone set. Able to use traditional phone connected to a VoIP adapter. The best feature of it is its flexibility. It can be used as a phone line and also the internet service be added. It is easier to make calls by VoIP again more features like high speed data
  3. 3. transfer, video conferencing, reliability and good QoS. As companies compete for business, rates and service options continue to improve. VoIP is the calling choice of the future, and providers are already scrambling to provide the best service for the best price. Its working procedure is also simple. Bangladesh is an under-development country of the world. Of which about 75% of the total population (14 million) lives in rural areas, with about 44% still below the poverty line. So to build up an economically solvent Bangladesh first we have to solve the need of rural people’s and technology can provide a huge effort in that case. So there is a strong recognition that ICT has an important role to play in each sector of Bangladesh. Bangladesh's telecom infra-structure still remains fragmented & concentrated in major cities. As digital technology and globalization move forward, the telecommunication industry is becoming intertwined/ converged with broad-casting & media. So the strategy for telecommunications should be based on convergence of technology options. The main communication methods in Bangladesh are: 1. PSTN Telephone lines 2. Mobile phones 3. Cable & Satellite link PSTN lines are provided by BTTB. But because of its inadequate service and long processing its use is becoming obsolete. And mobile phones are taking the place of land lines. Satellite communication is used for TV & radio links. Now a day VoIP is the most important sector in Bangladesh. VoIP services are much popular for its lower cost than the ordinary phone lines. As it provides fast and better connectivity with cheaper rate to abroad so it can be used to develop Bangladesh’s current communication and economic position to a great extent. VoIP can be used directly or indirectly to
  4. 4. improve the condition a lot. At first we have to use it for solving & developing our basic needs i.e.: food, education and medical. Now we would like to see how VoIP can be implemented in various sector’s to develop the rural side in Bangladesh: Agriculture: Bangladesh is basically an agricultural country. Most of the people manage their livelihood by cultivation. So ICT therefore VoIP can help poor farmers a lot to judge the quality and value of crops and also to compare the prices with the international market. At present, many of the national and international NGOs working for developing community information centre to facilitate information transmittal to rural people with a special focus on agriculture. They are working to provide better information to the farmers. The project technology used to educate farmers includes different types of audio and video files. This video conferencing method can be easily implemented & improved by using VoIP that allows communicating locally and internationally. Country wise Communication, a range of high-quality videos produced and shared by people of different regions shown to improve resource-poor farmers in selected villages. These videos are being further validated on the basis of feedback from the field. Education: In education sector VoIP can be used in a wide range. VoIP is used widely internationally but because of our technical laggings it’s not used in Bangladesh. VoIP can be used to provide education facilities in the rural sides by
  5. 5. making a communication between the education institutes and the teachers. But for that each institute must have at least a computer/VoIP telephone set to connect to the server. And to ensure that education ministry also have to take some steps by providing necessary equipments in a reasonable cost. By using VoIP, information transfer will be easier, video conferencing may also be applied that will improve the efficiency of the teachers. Not only practical education it can also provide various moral lessons to improve the knowledge and understanding of people’s. All will be able to know about what’s happening & changing in the society as well as they can adopt them. New topics around the world may be presented before them. Medical Field: The medical sector of Bangladesh in the rural side is in a very bad condition. There are many districts where simply a good doctor is not available. In that case, Tele-medicine service is a good idea to provide proper treatment where the village-doctors can consult with the doctors living in towns or abroad. Tele-medicine service can also provide option of earning money. Inter-communication: VoIP can also improve the inter district connection by internet connectivity which will make the management system better in any sector whether private or government. VoIP can also improve the transportation system if all sectors are computerized and provide direct connection to the main station. Weather forecast:
  6. 6. Weather forecasting is also a great problem. As Bangladesh is a riverine country and the south side is surrounded by the Bay of Bengal, so weather information is very necessary. But most of the time, because of bad communication the actual weather report can’t be delivered to the people and then the effect of natural disasters are worst. The SIDR is an example of it. So if VoIP is used for this purpose by the weather department then people will be able to know the situation time to time. Economic field: Regional economies and communities are facing increasing economic, social and cultural hardship in many parts of the world as well as in Bangladesh too. A part of this is the paradox that regional economies and communities can be enhanced by information and communication technologies (ICT) products and services. Unless we get a greater level of access AND adoption of information and communication technology (ICT) for education and development at community level, we will miss the opportunity to turn the "digital divide into a digital opportunity for all". VoIP also can provide a good service by establishing call centers for national or international purposes. Conclusion: Bangladesh is a country of about 15 million peoples. The total population can be turned into an effective manpower by taking steps, making policies and properly implementing them. Thus we can improve our social, economic and education condition. And for that proper technical backbone & communication is needed which can be achieved by using VoIP. It is an interesting technology that
  7. 7. allows a lot of possibilities for the technically-inclined and is a good way to get a cheap business line for a home-based business. So at the end we can say that if VoIP is used properly by improving the IT infra-structure then we can have a good communication system with better quality and that will help us to change our country’s presence in the world as well as living status. References: ICT for Rural Livelihoods (seed technologies) International journal of education and development (IJEDICT) Information and communication challenges (Bangladesh facing the challenges of globalization) Current condition of VoIP in Bangladesh (case study)