Open Source
Hardware
Michał Krogulecki
Marcin Pioch
Open Source Methodology
29.04.2014 1M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch
Agenda
29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 2
•Definition1
•History2
•Statistics3
•Business Models4
•Licenses5
•Projects6
•Co...
29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 3
Definition
Definition
Open Source Hardware (OSHW) Statement of
Principles 1.0:
• Design is made publicly available
• Anyone can study...
Criteria
1. Documentation
The hardware must be released with documentation inlucing
design files in the preferred format f...
Criteria
4. Derived works
The license shall allow modifications and derived works
5. Free redistribution
The license shall...
Criteria
9. Distribution of License
The rights granted by the license must apply to all to whom
the work is redistributed ...
29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 8
History
Studentsofsustainability.org
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 9
• 1997 – Bruce Perens launched the Open
Hardware Certification Program (Perens 1997)
...
History
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 10
Open Source Summit (OHS)
• Organized by Open Source Hardware Association
• 23...
29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 11
Statistics
Statistics
1
29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 12
Open Hardware startups (100):
• Physical products
• Under Open Hardware ...
Statistics
29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 13
Statistics
29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 14
Statistics
29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 15
Founders are:
• Engineers 83 %
• Designers 17 %
• Teachers 14 %
• Business...
Statistics
29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 16
Founders are:
Men
95 % Women
5 %
Statistics
29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 17
63%
16%
5%
4%
3% 3% 2%
Markets of the Open Hardware Startup movement
Elect...
Statistics
1
29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 18
Open Hardware enables more
bootstrapping:
• Bootstrapped 62 %
• Crowdfun...
Business Models
• Manufacturing OSH
• Registering the name of OSH project as a
trademark
• Consulting and custom designs o...
Licenses
29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 20
Oshwlogo.com
Licenses
• Many of the fundamental principles
expressed in Open Source Software licenses
have been moved into hardware pro...
Licenses
• CERN Open Hardware License
• TAPR Open Hardware License
• Balloon Open Hardware License
• OpenCores
• Hardware ...
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 23
Electronics
Wikipedia.org
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 24
Arduino
• Single-board microcontroller
• Hardware board designed with using an 8-bit
...
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 25
Arduino
• Hardware under Creative Commons
Attribution Share-Alike 2.5
• Source code u...
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 26
OpenSPARC
• Sun Microsystems released two open-source
processors
• These are the firs...
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 27
Automotive
Wikipedia.org
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 28
OSVehicle
• Released open source car – TABBY
• First open source framework for the cr...
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 29
OSVehicle
Automotive
Chassis for 2 seats Chassis for 4 seats
€500 €500
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 30
OSVehicle
Automotive
Battery pack
€700
Electric powertrain
€1520
Seats
€80
Wheels
€338
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 31
OSVehicle
Automotive
Vehicle
€3200
1 hour assembly
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 32
OSVehicle
Automotive
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 33
OSVehicle – Urban TABBY
Automotive
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 34
Cameras
Wikipedia.org
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 35
Elphel
• Provides high performance cameras based
on free software and hardware design...
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 36
Elphel-Eyesis 4π
• Panoramic camera that covers full sphere
with high resolution
• Ha...
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 37
Elphel-Eyesis 4π
• High-precision IMU and GPS sensor are
integrated with camera
• Ima...
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 38
Elphel-Eyesis 4π
• Could be mounted on a car
• Could be carried by a person
Cameras
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 39
LeanXcam
• Developed by Supercomputing Systems
Vision
• Provides matching programming...
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 40
LeanXcam
• Camera sensor – 60 FPS with 752x480px
• Contains DSP processor
• Communica...
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 41
Machines and tools
Wikipedia.org
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 42
RepRap
• Short for Replicating Rapid prototyper
• 3D printer that can print most of i...
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 43
RepRap – motto
Machines and tools
If you've got a RepRap
you can print lots of useful...
RepRap v.1.0 (Darwin)-2007 RepRap v.2.0 (Mendel)-2009
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 44
Machines and tools
Wikipedia.org
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 45
Machines and tools
Youtube.com
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 46
Lyman filament extruder
• A device used for making 3D printer filament
• Developer: H...
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 47
Machines and tools
Youtube.com
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 48
ShapeOko
• CNC milling machine for
plastics, woods, metals
• Work area: 30x30x5 cm
• ...
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 49
Robotics
The Telegraph
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 50
Poppy Project
• 3D printed humanoid robot
(with human proportions) for
education and ...
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 51
Youtube.com
Robotics
Poppy Project
• 84 cm
• 3.5 kg
• 25 actuators
• Inertial sensor unit
• 2 wide-angle cameras (opt)
• LCD screen (option)
• ...
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 53
OpenROV
• A low-cost telerobotic submarine
• Making underwater exploration
• Controll...
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 54
AeroQuad
• Remote controlled four-rotor helicopter
• 2 possibilities of a flight cont...
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 55
AeroQuad
• Camera with automatic or manual stabilization
• Holding the altitude and o...
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 56
Others
Blog.ponoko.com
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 57
Arduinome
• A lower cost alternative to the Monome
• USB MIDI multi-touch controller ...
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 58
Others-Music Electronics
Youtube.com
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 59
Gamma Cardio CG
• The first open hardware certified medical
device – diagnostic elect...
08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 60
Gamma Cardio CG
• Connection with PC
• Available also in EU stores
+ You can use for ...
Conclusion
29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 61
Some obstacles:
• To open, for example PCB design, we have
to pay license ...
Conclusion
29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 62
Open Source Hardware:
• You can use it as you see fit
• You can make it be...
License
29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 63
Questions
You can achieve almost anything by asking for help from others
29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 64
Thank you for your attention!
THE END
29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 65
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Transcript of "Open Source Hardware"

  1. 1. Open Source Hardware Michał Krogulecki Marcin Pioch Open Source Methodology 29.04.2014 1M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch
  2. 2. Agenda 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 2 •Definition1 •History2 •Statistics3 •Business Models4 •Licenses5 •Projects6 •Conclusions7
  3. 3. 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 3 Definition
  4. 4. Definition Open Source Hardware (OSHW) Statement of Principles 1.0: • Design is made publicly available • Anyone can study, modify, distribute, make • Uses readily-available components and materials, standard processes, open infrastructure, unrestricted content, and open-source design tools (in ideal case) 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 4
  5. 5. Criteria 1. Documentation The hardware must be released with documentation inlucing design files in the preferred format for making changes 2. Scope The documentation must clearly specify which part is being released under the license 3. Necessary Software If design requires software to operate properly, then the license may require one of the condition: a) Create documentation which allow straightforward to write software for properly operation of device b) The necessary software is released under OS license 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 5
  6. 6. Criteria 4. Derived works The license shall allow modifications and derived works 5. Free redistribution The license shall not restrict any party from selling or giving away the project documentation 6. Attribution The license may require derived documents, and copyright notices associated with devices 7. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups 8. No Discrimination Against Fields of Application 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 6
  7. 7. Criteria 9. Distribution of License The rights granted by the license must apply to all to whom the work is redistributed without the need for execution of an additional license by those parties. 10.License Must Not be Specific to a Product The rights granted by the license must not depend on the licensed work being part of a particular product 11.License Must Not Restrict Other Hardware or Software The license must not place restrictions on other items that are aggregated with the licensed work but not derivative of it 12.License Must Be Technology-Neutral 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 7
  8. 8. 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 8 History Studentsofsustainability.org
  9. 9. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 9 • 1997 – Bruce Perens launched the Open Hardware Certification Program (Perens 1997)  allow hardware manufacturers to self-certify their products as open  ”open hardware” and openhardware.org trademarked • 1998 – David Freeman announced the Open Hardware Specification Project (OHSpec) • 1998 – Troy Benjegerdes, Reinoud Lamberts, Graham Seaman attempts • 1999 – Establishment of Open Design Foundation (ODF) – non-profit corporation • 2007 – Reactivation of many organizations and licesnes History
  10. 10. History 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 10 Open Source Summit (OHS) • Organized by Open Source Hardware Association • 23rd September 2010 in New York City • 320 people, 14 speakers • It became an annual conference o 2011,2012 – NYC, USA o 2013 – MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA o 2014 – Rome, Italy • Topics covered electronics, 3D printers, biomedical devices, fashion, etc.
  11. 11. 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 11 Statistics
  12. 12. Statistics 1 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 12 Open Hardware startups (100): • Physical products • Under Open Hardware license • Company is active September 9, 2013
  13. 13. Statistics 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 13
  14. 14. Statistics 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 14
  15. 15. Statistics 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 15 Founders are: • Engineers 83 % • Designers 17 % • Teachers 14 % • Business 7 % Teams 52 % Solo entrepreneurs 47 %
  16. 16. Statistics 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 16 Founders are: Men 95 % Women 5 %
  17. 17. Statistics 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 17 63% 16% 5% 4% 3% 3% 2% Markets of the Open Hardware Startup movement Electronics Fabrication Transportation Housing Arts Toys Energy
  18. 18. Statistics 1 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 18 Open Hardware enables more bootstrapping: • Bootstrapped 62 % • Crowdfunded 28 % • VC backed 5 %
  19. 19. Business Models • Manufacturing OSH • Registering the name of OSH project as a trademark • Consulting and custom designs over owned or third-party OSH • Software tools for OSH • Dual-Licensing • Extending the core open product with additional proprietary extensions or versions 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 19
  20. 20. Licenses 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 20 Oshwlogo.com
  21. 21. Licenses • Many of the fundamental principles expressed in Open Source Software licenses have been moved into hardware projects • Greater emphasis on patent law than copyright license • Copyleft or permissive license? • Commercial purposes? • Licenses are the means to present your projects 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 21
  22. 22. Licenses • CERN Open Hardware License • TAPR Open Hardware License • Balloon Open Hardware License • OpenCores • Hardware Design Public License • The Solderpad License 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 22
  23. 23. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 23 Electronics Wikipedia.org
  24. 24. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 24 Arduino • Single-board microcontroller • Hardware board designed with using an 8-bit Atmel AVR microcontroller, or a 32-bit Atmel ARM • Most of the boards have USB interface and analog/digital inputs/outputs • We can program it under o Windows o Linux o Mac OS X • Lot of libraries • Costs: $30 Electronics
  25. 25. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 25 Arduino • Hardware under Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 2.5 • Source code under GPLv2 • Freely available under copyleft licenses • Offers over a dozen boards Electronics • Offers shields (expansion boards) o Motor controls o GPS o Ethernet
  26. 26. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 26 OpenSPARC • Sun Microsystems released two open-source processors • These are the first and only 64-bit OS μP • Include simulation tools, design verification suites and other helpful tools Electronics • OpenSPARC T2 o 64-bit o 8-core multithread
  27. 27. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 27 Automotive Wikipedia.org
  28. 28. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 28 OSVehicle • Released open source car – TABBY • First open source framework for the creation vehicles • All the planes and blueprints for TABBY are available on website • Everyone could improve design and share new ideas Automotive
  29. 29. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 29 OSVehicle Automotive Chassis for 2 seats Chassis for 4 seats €500 €500
  30. 30. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 30 OSVehicle Automotive Battery pack €700 Electric powertrain €1520 Seats €80 Wheels €338
  31. 31. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 31 OSVehicle Automotive Vehicle €3200 1 hour assembly
  32. 32. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 32 OSVehicle Automotive
  33. 33. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 33 OSVehicle – Urban TABBY Automotive
  34. 34. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 34 Cameras Wikipedia.org
  35. 35. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 35 Elphel • Provides high performance cameras based on free software and hardware designs • Cameras are distributed under CERN license • Offers several camera models Cameras
  36. 36. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 36 Elphel-Eyesis 4π • Panoramic camera that covers full sphere with high resolution • Has 24 x 5Mpix sensors Cameras
  37. 37. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 37 Elphel-Eyesis 4π • High-precision IMU and GPS sensor are integrated with camera • Images synchronized with IMU and GPS are recorded to SSD or over network Cameras
  38. 38. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 38 Elphel-Eyesis 4π • Could be mounted on a car • Could be carried by a person Cameras
  39. 39. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 39 LeanXcam • Developed by Supercomputing Systems Vision • Provides matching programming, hardware framework and design plans under OS license • Free online platform for developers Cameras
  40. 40. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 40 LeanXcam • Camera sensor – 60 FPS with 752x480px • Contains DSP processor • Communication: PC/Ethernet/I2C • Freely availavle operating system Cameras • Easy develop: o Libraries o Sample applications
  41. 41. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 41 Machines and tools Wikipedia.org
  42. 42. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 42 RepRap • Short for Replicating Rapid prototyper • 3D printer that can print most of its own components • Use of additive manufacturing technique • XYZ platform driven by stepper motors • Built from steel rods connected by printed plastic parts • Extruder in the heart of the RepRap • Electronic based on Arduino platform • Costs: $500 Machines and tools
  43. 43. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 43 RepRap – motto Machines and tools If you've got a RepRap you can print lots of useful stuff and you can print another RepRap for a friend...
  44. 44. RepRap v.1.0 (Darwin)-2007 RepRap v.2.0 (Mendel)-2009 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 44 Machines and tools Wikipedia.org
  45. 45. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 45 Machines and tools Youtube.com
  46. 46. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 46 Lyman filament extruder • A device used for making 3D printer filament • Developer: Hugh Lyman – the winner of the Desktop Factory Competition o Costs: $250 o Aim: 1 kg plastic filament spool • 4 versions until now 2nd presented here  Machines and tools Wikipedia.org
  47. 47. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 47 Machines and tools Youtube.com
  48. 48. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 48 ShapeOko • CNC milling machine for plastics, woods, metals • Work area: 30x30x5 cm • Based on Arduino • Sold by Inventables o $299 (only mechanical kit) o $649 (full kit with electronics, pulleys, belts, etc.) Machines and tools Shapeoko.com
  49. 49. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 49 Robotics The Telegraph
  50. 50. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 50 Poppy Project • 3D printed humanoid robot (with human proportions) for education and science o Easy-to-use o Easy-to-repair and duplicate o Flexible and robust • Physical human-robot interactions Robotics Poppy-project.org
  51. 51. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 51 Youtube.com Robotics
  52. 52. Poppy Project • 84 cm • 3.5 kg • 25 actuators • Inertial sensor unit • 2 wide-angle cameras (opt) • LCD screen (option) • Costs: €7500 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 52 Robotics Poppy-project.org
  53. 53. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 53 OpenROV • A low-cost telerobotic submarine • Making underwater exploration • Controlled from a laptop via WiFi • Arduino • 3 pump motors • Camera on servo • 700 lm LEDs • Size:15x20x30 cm • Weight: 2.5 kg • Costs: $849 Robotics Openrov.com
  54. 54. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 54 AeroQuad • Remote controlled four-rotor helicopter • 2 possibilities of a flight controller board o Arduino (Mega 2560 or Uno) o STM32-based • Many sensors o Accelerometer o Gyroscope o Magnetometer o Barometer o Ultrasonic range finders o GPS Robotics Aeroquad.com
  55. 55. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 55 AeroQuad • Camera with automatic or manual stabilization • Holding the altitude and orientation • Auto descent on critical battery voltage • Auto-detect battery cell count • Wireless telemetry • Costs: $500 (without RC transmitter/receiver) Robotics Hackaday.com
  56. 56. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 56 Others Blog.ponoko.com
  57. 57. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 57 Arduinome • A lower cost alternative to the Monome • USB MIDI multi-touch controller device o Arduino as a main unit o 64 buttons o 64 LEDs o Shift registers & multiplexers o Diodes, capacitors, resistors o Connection with PC • Costs: $150 Others-Music Electronics 4lexander.com
  58. 58. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 58 Others-Music Electronics Youtube.com
  59. 59. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 59 Gamma Cardio CG • The first open hardware certified medical device – diagnostic electrocardiograph • A medical instrument that records the electrical activity of the heart to diagnose specific diseases • Studying and developing medical instruments • Released under Creative Common license Others-Medical Instrument
  60. 60. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 60 Gamma Cardio CG • Connection with PC • Available also in EU stores + You can use for medical purposes provided that you respect your applicable legal legislation regarding ECG usage - Modification of firmware is equal to the loss of a certificate Others-Medical Instrument Gammacardiosoft.it
  61. 61. Conclusion 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 61 Some obstacles: • To open, for example PCB design, we have to pay license for program, which it will open • To get the design we have to buy some components – we cannot make all by ourselves • Sometimes it is complicated to assembly all parts – lack of documentation/tutorial
  62. 62. Conclusion 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 62 Open Source Hardware: • You can use it as you see fit • You can make it better for everyone • Open hardware can sell more units • Open hardware has the potential to speed development of new devices
  63. 63. License 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 63
  64. 64. Questions You can achieve almost anything by asking for help from others 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 64
  65. 65. Thank you for your attention! THE END 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 65

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