Open Source Hardware

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Presentation about OS Hardware

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  • 1. Open Source Hardware Michał Krogulecki Marcin Pioch Open Source Methodology 29.04.2014 1M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch
  • 2. Agenda 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 2 •Definition1 •History2 •Statistics3 •Business Models4 •Licenses5 •Projects6 •Conclusions7
  • 3. 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 3 Definition
  • 4. Definition Open Source Hardware (OSHW) Statement of Principles 1.0: • Design is made publicly available • Anyone can study, modify, distribute, make • Uses readily-available components and materials, standard processes, open infrastructure, unrestricted content, and open-source design tools (in ideal case) 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 4
  • 5. Criteria 1. Documentation The hardware must be released with documentation inlucing design files in the preferred format for making changes 2. Scope The documentation must clearly specify which part is being released under the license 3. Necessary Software If design requires software to operate properly, then the license may require one of the condition: a) Create documentation which allow straightforward to write software for properly operation of device b) The necessary software is released under OS license 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 5
  • 6. Criteria 4. Derived works The license shall allow modifications and derived works 5. Free redistribution The license shall not restrict any party from selling or giving away the project documentation 6. Attribution The license may require derived documents, and copyright notices associated with devices 7. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups 8. No Discrimination Against Fields of Application 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 6
  • 7. Criteria 9. Distribution of License The rights granted by the license must apply to all to whom the work is redistributed without the need for execution of an additional license by those parties. 10.License Must Not be Specific to a Product The rights granted by the license must not depend on the licensed work being part of a particular product 11.License Must Not Restrict Other Hardware or Software The license must not place restrictions on other items that are aggregated with the licensed work but not derivative of it 12.License Must Be Technology-Neutral 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 7
  • 8. 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 8 History Studentsofsustainability.org
  • 9. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 9 • 1997 – Bruce Perens launched the Open Hardware Certification Program (Perens 1997)  allow hardware manufacturers to self-certify their products as open  ”open hardware” and openhardware.org trademarked • 1998 – David Freeman announced the Open Hardware Specification Project (OHSpec) • 1998 – Troy Benjegerdes, Reinoud Lamberts, Graham Seaman attempts • 1999 – Establishment of Open Design Foundation (ODF) – non-profit corporation • 2007 – Reactivation of many organizations and licesnes History
  • 10. History 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 10 Open Source Summit (OHS) • Organized by Open Source Hardware Association • 23rd September 2010 in New York City • 320 people, 14 speakers • It became an annual conference o 2011,2012 – NYC, USA o 2013 – MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA o 2014 – Rome, Italy • Topics covered electronics, 3D printers, biomedical devices, fashion, etc.
  • 11. 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 11 Statistics
  • 12. Statistics 1 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 12 Open Hardware startups (100): • Physical products • Under Open Hardware license • Company is active September 9, 2013
  • 13. Statistics 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 13
  • 14. Statistics 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 14
  • 15. Statistics 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 15 Founders are: • Engineers 83 % • Designers 17 % • Teachers 14 % • Business 7 % Teams 52 % Solo entrepreneurs 47 %
  • 16. Statistics 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 16 Founders are: Men 95 % Women 5 %
  • 17. Statistics 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 17 63% 16% 5% 4% 3% 3% 2% Markets of the Open Hardware Startup movement Electronics Fabrication Transportation Housing Arts Toys Energy
  • 18. Statistics 1 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 18 Open Hardware enables more bootstrapping: • Bootstrapped 62 % • Crowdfunded 28 % • VC backed 5 %
  • 19. Business Models • Manufacturing OSH • Registering the name of OSH project as a trademark • Consulting and custom designs over owned or third-party OSH • Software tools for OSH • Dual-Licensing • Extending the core open product with additional proprietary extensions or versions 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 19
  • 20. Licenses 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 20 Oshwlogo.com
  • 21. Licenses • Many of the fundamental principles expressed in Open Source Software licenses have been moved into hardware projects • Greater emphasis on patent law than copyright license • Copyleft or permissive license? • Commercial purposes? • Licenses are the means to present your projects 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 21
  • 22. Licenses • CERN Open Hardware License • TAPR Open Hardware License • Balloon Open Hardware License • OpenCores • Hardware Design Public License • The Solderpad License 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 22
  • 23. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 23 Electronics Wikipedia.org
  • 24. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 24 Arduino • Single-board microcontroller • Hardware board designed with using an 8-bit Atmel AVR microcontroller, or a 32-bit Atmel ARM • Most of the boards have USB interface and analog/digital inputs/outputs • We can program it under o Windows o Linux o Mac OS X • Lot of libraries • Costs: $30 Electronics
  • 25. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 25 Arduino • Hardware under Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 2.5 • Source code under GPLv2 • Freely available under copyleft licenses • Offers over a dozen boards Electronics • Offers shields (expansion boards) o Motor controls o GPS o Ethernet
  • 26. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 26 OpenSPARC • Sun Microsystems released two open-source processors • These are the first and only 64-bit OS μP • Include simulation tools, design verification suites and other helpful tools Electronics • OpenSPARC T2 o 64-bit o 8-core multithread
  • 27. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 27 Automotive Wikipedia.org
  • 28. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 28 OSVehicle • Released open source car – TABBY • First open source framework for the creation vehicles • All the planes and blueprints for TABBY are available on website • Everyone could improve design and share new ideas Automotive
  • 29. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 29 OSVehicle Automotive Chassis for 2 seats Chassis for 4 seats €500 €500
  • 30. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 30 OSVehicle Automotive Battery pack €700 Electric powertrain €1520 Seats €80 Wheels €338
  • 31. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 31 OSVehicle Automotive Vehicle €3200 1 hour assembly
  • 32. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 32 OSVehicle Automotive
  • 33. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 33 OSVehicle – Urban TABBY Automotive
  • 34. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 34 Cameras Wikipedia.org
  • 35. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 35 Elphel • Provides high performance cameras based on free software and hardware designs • Cameras are distributed under CERN license • Offers several camera models Cameras
  • 36. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 36 Elphel-Eyesis 4π • Panoramic camera that covers full sphere with high resolution • Has 24 x 5Mpix sensors Cameras
  • 37. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 37 Elphel-Eyesis 4π • High-precision IMU and GPS sensor are integrated with camera • Images synchronized with IMU and GPS are recorded to SSD or over network Cameras
  • 38. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 38 Elphel-Eyesis 4π • Could be mounted on a car • Could be carried by a person Cameras
  • 39. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 39 LeanXcam • Developed by Supercomputing Systems Vision • Provides matching programming, hardware framework and design plans under OS license • Free online platform for developers Cameras
  • 40. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 40 LeanXcam • Camera sensor – 60 FPS with 752x480px • Contains DSP processor • Communication: PC/Ethernet/I2C • Freely availavle operating system Cameras • Easy develop: o Libraries o Sample applications
  • 41. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 41 Machines and tools Wikipedia.org
  • 42. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 42 RepRap • Short for Replicating Rapid prototyper • 3D printer that can print most of its own components • Use of additive manufacturing technique • XYZ platform driven by stepper motors • Built from steel rods connected by printed plastic parts • Extruder in the heart of the RepRap • Electronic based on Arduino platform • Costs: $500 Machines and tools
  • 43. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 43 RepRap – motto Machines and tools If you've got a RepRap you can print lots of useful stuff and you can print another RepRap for a friend...
  • 44. RepRap v.1.0 (Darwin)-2007 RepRap v.2.0 (Mendel)-2009 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 44 Machines and tools Wikipedia.org
  • 45. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 45 Machines and tools Youtube.com
  • 46. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 46 Lyman filament extruder • A device used for making 3D printer filament • Developer: Hugh Lyman – the winner of the Desktop Factory Competition o Costs: $250 o Aim: 1 kg plastic filament spool • 4 versions until now 2nd presented here  Machines and tools Wikipedia.org
  • 47. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 47 Machines and tools Youtube.com
  • 48. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 48 ShapeOko • CNC milling machine for plastics, woods, metals • Work area: 30x30x5 cm • Based on Arduino • Sold by Inventables o $299 (only mechanical kit) o $649 (full kit with electronics, pulleys, belts, etc.) Machines and tools Shapeoko.com
  • 49. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 49 Robotics The Telegraph
  • 50. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 50 Poppy Project • 3D printed humanoid robot (with human proportions) for education and science o Easy-to-use o Easy-to-repair and duplicate o Flexible and robust • Physical human-robot interactions Robotics Poppy-project.org
  • 51. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 51 Youtube.com Robotics
  • 52. Poppy Project • 84 cm • 3.5 kg • 25 actuators • Inertial sensor unit • 2 wide-angle cameras (opt) • LCD screen (option) • Costs: €7500 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 52 Robotics Poppy-project.org
  • 53. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 53 OpenROV • A low-cost telerobotic submarine • Making underwater exploration • Controlled from a laptop via WiFi • Arduino • 3 pump motors • Camera on servo • 700 lm LEDs • Size:15x20x30 cm • Weight: 2.5 kg • Costs: $849 Robotics Openrov.com
  • 54. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 54 AeroQuad • Remote controlled four-rotor helicopter • 2 possibilities of a flight controller board o Arduino (Mega 2560 or Uno) o STM32-based • Many sensors o Accelerometer o Gyroscope o Magnetometer o Barometer o Ultrasonic range finders o GPS Robotics Aeroquad.com
  • 55. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 55 AeroQuad • Camera with automatic or manual stabilization • Holding the altitude and orientation • Auto descent on critical battery voltage • Auto-detect battery cell count • Wireless telemetry • Costs: $500 (without RC transmitter/receiver) Robotics Hackaday.com
  • 56. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 56 Others Blog.ponoko.com
  • 57. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 57 Arduinome • A lower cost alternative to the Monome • USB MIDI multi-touch controller device o Arduino as a main unit o 64 buttons o 64 LEDs o Shift registers & multiplexers o Diodes, capacitors, resistors o Connection with PC • Costs: $150 Others-Music Electronics 4lexander.com
  • 58. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 58 Others-Music Electronics Youtube.com
  • 59. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 59 Gamma Cardio CG • The first open hardware certified medical device – diagnostic electrocardiograph • A medical instrument that records the electrical activity of the heart to diagnose specific diseases • Studying and developing medical instruments • Released under Creative Common license Others-Medical Instrument
  • 60. 08.05.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 60 Gamma Cardio CG • Connection with PC • Available also in EU stores + You can use for medical purposes provided that you respect your applicable legal legislation regarding ECG usage - Modification of firmware is equal to the loss of a certificate Others-Medical Instrument Gammacardiosoft.it
  • 61. Conclusion 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 61 Some obstacles: • To open, for example PCB design, we have to pay license for program, which it will open • To get the design we have to buy some components – we cannot make all by ourselves • Sometimes it is complicated to assembly all parts – lack of documentation/tutorial
  • 62. Conclusion 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 62 Open Source Hardware: • You can use it as you see fit • You can make it better for everyone • Open hardware can sell more units • Open hardware has the potential to speed development of new devices
  • 63. License 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 63
  • 64. Questions You can achieve almost anything by asking for help from others 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 64
  • 65. Thank you for your attention! THE END 29.04.2014M. Krogulecki, M. Pioch 65