Science Vocabulary
Antennae  <ul><li>Features on an arthropod’s head that responds to touch, taste, or smell </li></ul>
Asymmetrical Symmetry <ul><li>Without symmetry  </li></ul>
Bilateral symmetry  <ul><li>A body plan in which two halves of an organism’s body are mirror images of each other.  </li><...
Carnivore <ul><li>A consumer that eats the flesh of other animals. </li></ul>
Camouflage  <ul><li>The coloration and/or texture that enables the animal to blend in with its environment.  </li></ul>
Circadian rhythm  <ul><li>A natural, daily cycle  </li></ul>
Coelom  <ul><li>A cavity in the body of some animals where the gut and organs are located.  </li></ul>
Compound Eye <ul><li>An eye that is made of many, identical, light sensitive cells that work together.  </li></ul>
Consumer <ul><li>Any organism that eats producers or other organisms for energy.  </li></ul>
Ectotherm <ul><li>An animal whose body temperature fluctuates with the environment’s temperature. </li></ul>
Endotherm  <ul><li>An animal that maintains a constant body temperature.  </li></ul>
Exoskeleton  <ul><li>An external skeleton made of protein and chitin.  </li></ul>
Endoskeleton  <ul><li>An internal skeleton  </li></ul>
Ganglia  <ul><li>Groups of nerve cells </li></ul>
Gills <ul><li>Organs that remove oxygen from the water and carbon dioxide from the blood </li></ul>
Head <ul><li>The body part of animals where the brain is located </li></ul>
Host <ul><li>An organism on which a parasite lives </li></ul>
Invertebrate <ul><li>An animal without a backbone </li></ul>
Mandible <ul><li>A jaw found on some arthropods  </li></ul>
Medusa <ul><li>A body form of some cnidarians; resembles a mushroom with tentacles.  </li></ul>
Metamorphosis <ul><li>The process in which an insect or other animal changes form as it develops from an embryo or larva t...
Multicellular <ul><li>Made of many cells </li></ul>
Open circulatory system  <ul><li>A circulatory system consisting of a heart that pumps blood through spaces called sinuses...
Organ <ul><li>A combination of two or more tissues that work together to perform a specific function in the body.  </li></ul>
Parasite <ul><li>An organism that feeds on a living creature, usually not killing it.  </li></ul>
Pheromone <ul><li>A chemical produced by animals for communication.  </li></ul>
Polyp <ul><li>A body form of some cnidarians; resembles a vase.  </li></ul>
Predator <ul><li>An organism that hunts and eats another animal  </li></ul>
Prey <ul><li>The animal being hunted and eaten </li></ul>
Radial Symmetry  <ul><li>the condition of having similar parts regularly arranged around a central axis  </li></ul>
Segment <ul><li>a separate piece of something  </li></ul>
Thorax <ul><li>the middle of the three chief divisions of the body of an insect;  also   :  the corresponding part of a cr...
Vertebrate <ul><li>Having a bone and skull </li></ul><ul><li>Also having internal skeleton </li></ul>
Water Vascular System <ul><li>a system of canals in echinoderms containing a circulating watery fluid that is used for the...
Regenerate <ul><li>formed or created again </li></ul>When split, sponges can regenerate
Radula  <ul><li>a horny band or ribbon in mollusks other than bivalves that bears minute chitinous teeth on its dorsal sur...
Foot of Mollusks  <ul><li>The extension of a mollusk’s body that helps it to dig into the soil.  </li></ul>Foot of Mollusk
Jointed limbs <ul><li>Limbs with joints </li></ul>
Sessile <ul><li>permanently attached or established  :  not free to move about  </li></ul>
Nocturnal <ul><li>Is active in night and sleeps through the day </li></ul>
Crop <ul><li>a pouched enlargement of the gullet of many birds that serves as a receptacle for food and for its preliminar...
Porifera <ul><li>Sponges.  </li></ul><ul><li>Asymmetrical. </li></ul><ul><li>Its structure are hard fibers called Spicules...
Cnidaria (Coelenterates) <ul><li>Sea Anemones, hydra, coral, and jellyfish.  </li></ul><ul><li>Radial symmetry  </li></ul>...
Nematodes <ul><li>any of a phylum (Nematoda or Nemata) of elongated cylindrical worms parasitic in animals or plants or fr...
Platyhelminthes  <ul><li>Flatworm </li></ul>
Annelids <ul><li>any of a phylum (Annelida) of usually elongated segmented coelomate invertebrates (as earthworms and leec...
Mullusca <ul><li>Snails, Slugs, bivalves, octopus, squids, and chambered nautilus.  </li></ul><ul><li>Vilateral symmetry <...
Univalves <ul><li>a mollusk with a shell consisting of one valve;  especially   :  Gastropod </li></ul>
Bivalves <ul><li>any of a class (Bivalvia syn. Pelecypoda) of typically marine mollusks (as clams, oysters, or scallops) t...
Cephalopods <ul><li>any of a class of marine mollusks including the squids, cuttlefishes, and octopuses that move by expel...
Arthropods <ul><li>any of a phylum (Arthropoda) of invertebrate animals (as insects, arachnids, and crustaceans) that have...
Chilopeds <ul><li>arthropods having the trunk composed of numerous somites each bearing one pair of legs: centipedes </li>...
diplopods <ul><li>millipede </li></ul>
Insecta <ul><li>insects; about five-sixths of all known animal species </li></ul>
Crustaceans <ul><li>any of a large class (Crustacea) of mostly aquatic mandibulate arthropods that have a chitinous or cal...
Arachnids <ul><li>any of a class (Arachnida) of arthropods comprising chiefly terrestrial invertebrates, including the spi...
Echinoderms <ul><li>any of a phylum (Echinodermata) of radially symmetrical coelomate marine animals including the starfis...
Tentacles <ul><li>any of various elongate flexible usually tactile or prehensile processes borne by animals and especially...
Spicules <ul><li>A small needlelike structure or part, such as one of the silicate or calcium carbonate processes supporti...
Nematocysts  <ul><li>one of the stinging organelles of coelenterates used in catching prey  </li></ul>
Asexual <ul><li>involving or reproducing by reproductive processes (as cell division, spore formation, fission, or budding...
Hermaphroditic  <ul><li>an animal or plant having both male and female reproductive organs </li></ul>
Setae <ul><li>a slender usually rigid or bristly and springy organ or part of an animal or plant  </li></ul>
Osculum <ul><li>The mouth like opening in a sponge, used to expel water </li></ul>
Planeria <ul><li>free-swimming mostly freshwater flatworms; popular in laboratory studies for the ability to regenerate lo...
Tapeworm <ul><li>any of a class (Cestoda) of bilaterally symmetrical flatworms parasitic especially in the intestines of v...
Fluke <ul><li>a flattened digenetic trematode worm </li></ul>
Leeches <ul><li>any of numerous carnivorous or bloodsucking usually freshwater annelid worms (class Hirudinea) that have t...
Hydra <ul><li>any of numerous small tubular freshwater hydrozoan polyps ( Hydra  and related genera) having at one end a m...
Centipedes  <ul><li>any of a class (Chilopoda) of long flattened many-segmented predaceous arthropods with each segment be...
Millipedes <ul><li>any of a class (Diplopoda) of myriapod arthropods having usually a cylindrical segmented body covered w...
Abdomen <ul><li>the part of the body between the thorax and the pelvis;  also   :  the cavity of this part of the trunk co...
Closed circulatory system <ul><li>Where blood flows freely throughout the body instead of in veins and eventually finds it...
Gut <ul><li>the inner essential parts, especially the intestine or stomach </li></ul>
Nerve Ring
Visceral Mass <ul><li>The place where all the organs are in mollusks </li></ul>
Mantle <ul><li>The soft outer wall lining the shell of a tunicate or barnacle </li></ul>
Incomplete Metamorphosis <ul><li>Only go through the stages egg, nymph, and adult </li></ul>
Gizzard <ul><li>the muscular enlargement of the alimentary canal of birds that has usually thick muscular walls and a toug...
Intestine <ul><li>the tubular part of the alimentary canal that extends from the stomach to the anus  </li></ul>
Trilobite <ul><li>any of numerous extinct Paleozoic marine arthropods (group Trilobita) having the segments of the body di...
Flagella <ul><li>any of various elongated filiform appendages of plants or animals </li></ul>
Larvae <ul><li>the immature, wingless, and often wormlike feeding form that hatches from the egg of many insects, alters c...
Coral  <ul><li>a polyp or polyp colony together with its membranes and skeleton </li></ul>
Sea anemone <ul><li>any of numerous usually solitary anthozoan polyps (order Actiniaria) whose form, bright and varied col...
Anus <ul><li>the posterior opening of the alimentary canal  </li></ul>
Mouth <ul><li>the natural opening through which food passes into the body of an animal and which in vertebrates is typical...
Aortic Arches <ul><li>one of the arterial branches in vertebrate embryos that exist in a series of pairs with one on each ...
Marine <ul><li>of or relating to the sea  </li></ul>
Digestion  <ul><li>the process of making food absorbable by dissolving it and breaking it down into simpler chemical compo...
Circulatory <ul><li>of or relating to circulation or the circulatory system  </li></ul>
Respiratory  <ul><li>the physical and chemical processes by which an organism supplies its cells and tissues with the oxyg...
Reproductive <ul><li>of, relating to, or capable of reproduction </li></ul>
Excretory <ul><li>of, relating to, or functioning in excretion </li></ul>
Internal Fertilization <ul><li>Fertilizing the egg inside the body </li></ul>
External Fertilization  <ul><li>Laying eggs then fertilizing it </li></ul>
Gastropod  <ul><li>any of a large class (Gastropoda) of mollusks (as snails and slugs) usually with a univalve shell or no...
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Amis Science Vocabulary

  1. 1. Science Vocabulary
  2. 2. Antennae <ul><li>Features on an arthropod’s head that responds to touch, taste, or smell </li></ul>
  3. 3. Asymmetrical Symmetry <ul><li>Without symmetry </li></ul>
  4. 4. Bilateral symmetry <ul><li>A body plan in which two halves of an organism’s body are mirror images of each other. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Carnivore <ul><li>A consumer that eats the flesh of other animals. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Camouflage <ul><li>The coloration and/or texture that enables the animal to blend in with its environment. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Circadian rhythm <ul><li>A natural, daily cycle </li></ul>
  8. 8. Coelom <ul><li>A cavity in the body of some animals where the gut and organs are located. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Compound Eye <ul><li>An eye that is made of many, identical, light sensitive cells that work together. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Consumer <ul><li>Any organism that eats producers or other organisms for energy. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Ectotherm <ul><li>An animal whose body temperature fluctuates with the environment’s temperature. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Endotherm <ul><li>An animal that maintains a constant body temperature. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Exoskeleton <ul><li>An external skeleton made of protein and chitin. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Endoskeleton <ul><li>An internal skeleton </li></ul>
  15. 15. Ganglia <ul><li>Groups of nerve cells </li></ul>
  16. 16. Gills <ul><li>Organs that remove oxygen from the water and carbon dioxide from the blood </li></ul>
  17. 17. Head <ul><li>The body part of animals where the brain is located </li></ul>
  18. 18. Host <ul><li>An organism on which a parasite lives </li></ul>
  19. 19. Invertebrate <ul><li>An animal without a backbone </li></ul>
  20. 20. Mandible <ul><li>A jaw found on some arthropods </li></ul>
  21. 21. Medusa <ul><li>A body form of some cnidarians; resembles a mushroom with tentacles. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Metamorphosis <ul><li>The process in which an insect or other animal changes form as it develops from an embryo or larva to an adult </li></ul>
  23. 23. Multicellular <ul><li>Made of many cells </li></ul>
  24. 24. Open circulatory system <ul><li>A circulatory system consisting of a heart that pumps blood through spaces called sinuses. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Organ <ul><li>A combination of two or more tissues that work together to perform a specific function in the body. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Parasite <ul><li>An organism that feeds on a living creature, usually not killing it. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Pheromone <ul><li>A chemical produced by animals for communication. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Polyp <ul><li>A body form of some cnidarians; resembles a vase. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Predator <ul><li>An organism that hunts and eats another animal </li></ul>
  30. 30. Prey <ul><li>The animal being hunted and eaten </li></ul>
  31. 31. Radial Symmetry <ul><li>the condition of having similar parts regularly arranged around a central axis </li></ul>
  32. 32. Segment <ul><li>a separate piece of something </li></ul>
  33. 33. Thorax <ul><li>the middle of the three chief divisions of the body of an insect; also : the corresponding part of a crustacean or an arachnid </li></ul>
  34. 34. Vertebrate <ul><li>Having a bone and skull </li></ul><ul><li>Also having internal skeleton </li></ul>
  35. 35. Water Vascular System <ul><li>a system of canals in echinoderms containing a circulating watery fluid that is used for the movement of the tentacles and tube feet </li></ul>
  36. 36. Regenerate <ul><li>formed or created again </li></ul>When split, sponges can regenerate
  37. 37. Radula <ul><li>a horny band or ribbon in mollusks other than bivalves that bears minute chitinous teeth on its dorsal surface and scrapes or tears off food and draws it into the mouth </li></ul>
  38. 38. Foot of Mollusks <ul><li>The extension of a mollusk’s body that helps it to dig into the soil. </li></ul>Foot of Mollusk
  39. 39. Jointed limbs <ul><li>Limbs with joints </li></ul>
  40. 40. Sessile <ul><li>permanently attached or established : not free to move about </li></ul>
  41. 41. Nocturnal <ul><li>Is active in night and sleeps through the day </li></ul>
  42. 42. Crop <ul><li>a pouched enlargement of the gullet of many birds that serves as a receptacle for food and for its preliminary maceration; also : an enlargement of the gullet of another animal (as an insect) </li></ul>
  43. 43. Porifera <ul><li>Sponges. </li></ul><ul><li>Asymmetrical. </li></ul><ul><li>Its structure are hard fibers called Spicules. </li></ul><ul><li>As adults they are sessile. </li></ul>
  44. 44. Cnidaria (Coelenterates) <ul><li>Sea Anemones, hydra, coral, and jellyfish. </li></ul><ul><li>Radial symmetry </li></ul><ul><li>Inner layer and outer layer </li></ul><ul><li>2 Body forms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Polyp </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medusa </li></ul></ul>
  45. 45. Nematodes <ul><li>any of a phylum (Nematoda or Nemata) of elongated cylindrical worms parasitic in animals or plants or free-living in soil or water -- called also roundworm </li></ul>
  46. 46. Platyhelminthes <ul><li>Flatworm </li></ul>
  47. 47. Annelids <ul><li>any of a phylum (Annelida) of usually elongated segmented coelomate invertebrates (as earthworms and leeches) </li></ul>
  48. 48. Mullusca <ul><li>Snails, Slugs, bivalves, octopus, squids, and chambered nautilus. </li></ul><ul><li>Vilateral symmetry </li></ul><ul><li>Visceral mass </li></ul><ul><li>Foot or tentacle </li></ul><ul><li>Mantle </li></ul>
  49. 49. Univalves <ul><li>a mollusk with a shell consisting of one valve; especially : Gastropod </li></ul>
  50. 50. Bivalves <ul><li>any of a class (Bivalvia syn. Pelecypoda) of typically marine mollusks (as clams, oysters, or scallops) that have a 2-valved hinged shell, are usually filter feeders, and lack a distinct head </li></ul>
  51. 51. Cephalopods <ul><li>any of a class of marine mollusks including the squids, cuttlefishes, and octopuses that move by expelling water from a tubular siphon under the head and that have a group of muscular usually sucker-bearing arms around the front of the head, highly developed eyes, and usually a sac containing ink which is ejected for defense or concealment </li></ul>
  52. 52. Arthropods <ul><li>any of a phylum (Arthropoda) of invertebrate animals (as insects, arachnids, and crustaceans) that have a segmented body and jointed appendages, a usually chitinous exoskeleton molted at intervals, and a dorsal anterior brain connected to a ventral chain of ganglia </li></ul>
  53. 53. Chilopeds <ul><li>arthropods having the trunk composed of numerous somites each bearing one pair of legs: centipedes </li></ul>
  54. 54. diplopods <ul><li>millipede </li></ul>
  55. 55. Insecta <ul><li>insects; about five-sixths of all known animal species </li></ul>
  56. 56. Crustaceans <ul><li>any of a large class (Crustacea) of mostly aquatic mandibulate arthropods that have a chitinous or calcareous and chitinous exoskeleton, a pair of often much modified appendages on each segment, and two pairs of antennae and that include the lobsters, shrimps, crabs, wood lice, water fleas, and barnacles </li></ul>
  57. 57. Arachnids <ul><li>any of a class (Arachnida) of arthropods comprising chiefly terrestrial invertebrates, including the spiders, scorpions, mites, and ticks, and having a segmented body divided into two regions of which the anterior bears four pairs of legs but no antennae </li></ul>
  58. 58. Echinoderms <ul><li>any of a phylum (Echinodermata) of radially symmetrical coelomate marine animals including the starfishes, sea urchins, and related forms </li></ul>
  59. 59. Tentacles <ul><li>any of various elongate flexible usually tactile or prehensile processes borne by animals and especially invertebrates chiefly on the head or about the mouth </li></ul>
  60. 60. Spicules <ul><li>A small needlelike structure or part, such as one of the silicate or calcium carbonate processes supporting the soft tissue of certain invertebrates, especially sponges. </li></ul>
  61. 61. Nematocysts <ul><li>one of the stinging organelles of coelenterates used in catching prey </li></ul>
  62. 62. Asexual <ul><li>involving or reproducing by reproductive processes (as cell division, spore formation, fission, or budding) that do not involve the union of individuals or gametes </li></ul>
  63. 63. Hermaphroditic <ul><li>an animal or plant having both male and female reproductive organs </li></ul>
  64. 64. Setae <ul><li>a slender usually rigid or bristly and springy organ or part of an animal or plant </li></ul>
  65. 65. Osculum <ul><li>The mouth like opening in a sponge, used to expel water </li></ul>
  66. 66. Planeria <ul><li>free-swimming mostly freshwater flatworms; popular in laboratory studies for the ability to regenerate lost parts </li></ul>
  67. 67. Tapeworm <ul><li>any of a class (Cestoda) of bilaterally symmetrical flatworms parasitic especially in the intestines of vertebrates -- called also cestode </li></ul>
  68. 68. Fluke <ul><li>a flattened digenetic trematode worm </li></ul>
  69. 69. Leeches <ul><li>any of numerous carnivorous or bloodsucking usually freshwater annelid worms (class Hirudinea) that have typically a flattened lanceolate segmented body with a sucker at each end </li></ul>
  70. 70. Hydra <ul><li>any of numerous small tubular freshwater hydrozoan polyps ( Hydra and related genera) having at one end a mouth surrounded by tentacles </li></ul>
  71. 71. Centipedes <ul><li>any of a class (Chilopoda) of long flattened many-segmented predaceous arthropods with each segment bearing one pair of legs of which the foremost pair is modified into poison fangs </li></ul>
  72. 72. Millipedes <ul><li>any of a class (Diplopoda) of myriapod arthropods having usually a cylindrical segmented body covered with hard integument, two pairs of legs on most apparent segments, and unlike centipedes no poison fangs </li></ul>
  73. 73. Abdomen <ul><li>the part of the body between the thorax and the pelvis; also : the cavity of this part of the trunk containing the chief viscera </li></ul>
  74. 74. Closed circulatory system <ul><li>Where blood flows freely throughout the body instead of in veins and eventually finds its way to the heart by diffusion. </li></ul>
  75. 75. Gut <ul><li>the inner essential parts, especially the intestine or stomach </li></ul>
  76. 76. Nerve Ring
  77. 77. Visceral Mass <ul><li>The place where all the organs are in mollusks </li></ul>
  78. 78. Mantle <ul><li>The soft outer wall lining the shell of a tunicate or barnacle </li></ul>
  79. 79. Incomplete Metamorphosis <ul><li>Only go through the stages egg, nymph, and adult </li></ul>
  80. 80. Gizzard <ul><li>the muscular enlargement of the alimentary canal of birds that has usually thick muscular walls and a tough horny lining for grinding the food and when the crop is present follows it and the proventriculus </li></ul>
  81. 81. Intestine <ul><li>the tubular part of the alimentary canal that extends from the stomach to the anus </li></ul>
  82. 82. Trilobite <ul><li>any of numerous extinct Paleozoic marine arthropods (group Trilobita) having the segments of the body divided by furrows on the dorsal surface into three lobes </li></ul>
  83. 83. Flagella <ul><li>any of various elongated filiform appendages of plants or animals </li></ul>
  84. 84. Larvae <ul><li>the immature, wingless, and often wormlike feeding form that hatches from the egg of many insects, alters chiefly in size while passing through several molts, and is finally transformed into a pupa or chrysalis from which the adult emerges </li></ul>
  85. 85. Coral <ul><li>a polyp or polyp colony together with its membranes and skeleton </li></ul>
  86. 86. Sea anemone <ul><li>any of numerous usually solitary anthozoan polyps (order Actiniaria) whose form, bright and varied colors, and cluster of tentacles superficially resemble a flower </li></ul>
  87. 87. Anus <ul><li>the posterior opening of the alimentary canal </li></ul>
  88. 88. Mouth <ul><li>the natural opening through which food passes into the body of an animal and which in vertebrates is typically bounded externally by the lips and internally by the pharynx and encloses the tongue, gums, and teet </li></ul>
  89. 89. Aortic Arches <ul><li>one of the arterial branches in vertebrate embryos that exist in a series of pairs with one on each side of the embryo, connect the ventral arterial system lying anterior to the heart to the dorsal arterial system above the alimentary tract, and persist in adult fishes but are reduced or much modified in the adult of higher forms </li></ul>
  90. 90. Marine <ul><li>of or relating to the sea </li></ul>
  91. 91. Digestion <ul><li>the process of making food absorbable by dissolving it and breaking it down into simpler chemical compounds that occurs in the living body chiefly through the action of enzymes secreted into the alimentary canal </li></ul>
  92. 92. Circulatory <ul><li>of or relating to circulation or the circulatory system </li></ul>
  93. 93. Respiratory <ul><li>the physical and chemical processes by which an organism supplies its cells and tissues with the oxygen needed for metabolism and relieves them of the carbon dioxide formed in energy-producing reactions </li></ul>
  94. 94. Reproductive <ul><li>of, relating to, or capable of reproduction </li></ul>
  95. 95. Excretory <ul><li>of, relating to, or functioning in excretion </li></ul>
  96. 96. Internal Fertilization <ul><li>Fertilizing the egg inside the body </li></ul>
  97. 97. External Fertilization <ul><li>Laying eggs then fertilizing it </li></ul>
  98. 98. Gastropod <ul><li>any of a large class (Gastropoda) of mollusks (as snails and slugs) usually with a univalve shell or none and a distinct head bearing sensory organs </li></ul>
  99. 99. The End

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