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Journal

  1. 1. Lawrence’s Journal
  2. 2. Shots of a Massacre - March 6th 1770Paul Revere’s engraving.Lies, all of itWhat really happened at the“massacre”!!!!!!!!I!cannot!believe!the!injustice!performed!yesterday.!Those!traitors!attacked!the!storage!facility!where!the!King’s!taxes!are!kept!!How!dare!they!!Those!taxes!were!collected!to!help!the!King!pay!off!the!cost!of!the!Seven%Year%War,!a!brutal!war!fought!for!us,!the!colonists.!That!war!nearly!killed!my!father!!They!were!stealing!from!our!beloved!mother!country!!Attacking!the!soldiers!with!clubs!and!ice!and!snow.!Death!threats!and!profanities!screamed!into!the!wind!caught!my!attention!whilst!I!was!polishing!my!riDle.!I!set!it!down!and!stepped!towards!the!window,!watching!what!the!fuss!in!the!square!was!about,!half!hidden!by!my!curtains.!!!!!!!!!!What!I!saw!was!brutal!and!dishonorable.!The!traitors!had!the!soldiers!surrounded,!and!were!so!close!they!were!pressed!against!the!barrels!of!their!guns,!bearing!clubs!and!throwing!snow!and!ice!at!the!soldiers.!Captain%Thomas%Preston!was!going!into!the!crowd,!telling!people!to!go!home,!but!did!they!listen?!No!!They!ignored!him!and!soon!he!was!on!the!Dloor!after!taking!a!club!to!the!arm.!Traitors!were!screaming!“Taxation!without!Representation!”!upset!about!the!Stamp!Act,!which!was!released!by!the!King!to!pay!off!the!war!that!gave!us!more!land!!Shouts!of!“FIRE!”!Dilled!the!air,!and!you!could!see!the!confusion!on!the!soldier’s!faces.!One!of!them!lifted!their!gun,!and!shot!aimlessly!into!the!crowd.!This!caused!mass!panic!and!people!were!scrambling!to!get!away.!!!!!!!!!The!other!soldiers!heard!the!shot!and!were!Diring!too,!but!bless!them,!took!no!aim!as!to!not!harm!the!traitors,!though!many!of!them!were!on!the!Dloor!and!some!had!broken!limbs.!Twenty!minutes!after!I!Dirst!heard!the!ruckus,!the!only!people!in!the!square!were!the!soldiers,!struggling!to!pick!themselves!off!the!Dloor,!and!the!bodies!of!Dive!traitors!sprawled!out!in!the!stained!bloodPred!snow.!!!!!!!!This!morning,!loud!noises!in!the!town!square!awakened!me.!The!bodies!laid!where!they!had!the!night!before,!and!people!were!grieving!over!their!losses.!I!felt!nothing!towards!those!sinners.!They!were!ungrateful!pigs!performing!treason!against!mighty!England!!A!man!was!shouting!lies!into!the!crowd,!saying!that!the!“Red%Coats”!had!Dired!into!an!unarmed!crowd,!murdering!Dive!innocents,!though!he!was!one!of!the!ones!carrying!a!club!!And!he!announced!that!a!silversmith!by!the!name!of!Paul%Revere!would!make!an!engraving!showing!his!version!of!the!“Boston%Massacre”.!!And!this!lie!was!to!be!told!all!over!the!nation!!All!thirteen!colonies!would!know!of!the!crime!committed!last!night,!but!not!the!right!story.!!!!!!!!!Of!course,!the!loyalists!like!me!would!realize!that!our!own!soldiers!would!not!Dire!at!innocents,!and!not!believe!this!story,!but!the!others!would!be!easily!manipulated.!Oh!what!shame!this!act!has!brought!upon!us!colonies.!What!must!the!people!back!in!Britain!think?!They!must!think!we’ve!gone!insane!!What!has!this!country!come!to?PLawrence!Thatcher
  3. 3. Tea for a Price-May 11 1773Crates of tea from the latestshipmentTar and Feathers, done to peoplewho support the Tea Act!!!!!!!!I!have!no!hope!for!this!country!if!they!make!such!a!fuss!about!even!the!tiniest!little!things!!The!Tea%Act!passed!yesterday!makes!it!so!that!we!can!only!buy!British!tea,!which!is!the!very!best,!in!any!case,!yet!the!other!colonists!Dind!this!intolerable.!What!is!the!issue!about!paying!a!little!more!for!tea?!King%George%III!has!already!taken!taxes!off!everything,!yet!they!still!complain!about!giving!some!back.!We!have!yet!to!pay!off!the!debt!of!the!Seven!Year!War,!yet!King!George!III!has!allowed!us!to!stop!paying!the!taxes,!simply!because!we!were!upset!about!them.!I!had!no!arguments!against!paying!the!taxes,!as!I!remember!the!cost!of!the!war.!Money!and!people!lost.!I!nearly!lost!my!father!to!that!war,!and!many!more!never!made!it!home!to!families!that!grew!up!in!a!sad!household.!Do!they!really!refuse!to!pay!the!price!for!that!bloody!war?!I!for!one!will!never!forget!the!war!fought!for!the!American!colonies,!so!that!we!would!have!more!land!to!serve!resource!scarce!England.!The!land!was!under!the!rule!of!those!wretched!French.!Of!course,!the!war!was!all!for!not,!as!the!land!was!populated!with!savage!Indians.!Nonetheless,!that!war!was!fought!for!us,!and!we!should!pay!back!the!people!who!helped!us.!!!!!!!!!The!Tea!Act!was!passed!to!help!the!East!India!Company,!a!British!tea!company,!as!it!was!on!the!verge!of!bankruptcy.!They!were!helping!them,!as!they!are!good!people,!and!didn’t!want!people!to!go!broke.!This!enraged!the!colonists!though,!as!it!meant!that!some!of!the!teaPselling!merchants!were!going!to!lose!their!jobs.!This!is!sad,!of!course,!but!people!of!the!tea!company!would!lose!their!jobs!too!if!this!act!was!not!passed.!The!merchants!would!be!able!to!Dind!work!more!easily!than!the!workers!though,!as!there!are!always!things!to!sell,!and!as!merchants,!they!were!already!wealthier!than!many!of!the!farmers!here.!There!is!really!no!need!to!complain.!There!are!no!taxes!from!the!Sugar%Act,!or!the!Stamp%Act!anymore,!and!we!are!only!allowed!to!buy!the!absolute!best!tea!in!the!world!!How!could!they!see!this!as!a!bad!thing?!I!swear!these!people!can!complain!even!about!the!best!things!in!life.!There!is!absolutely!no!need!for!all!this!nonsense!!!!!!!!!!But!the!strangest!thing!happened!today.!I!ran!into!a!strange!man,!he!was!tall!and!lankly,!with!dark!hair!and!shady!dark!eyes.!Though!I!was!rushing,!he!came!up!to!me!and!asked!me!what!I!thought!of!the!Tea!Act.!Knowing!that!some!colonists!would!pour!tar!and!feathers!on!those!who!supported!the!act,!I!knew!I!had!to!lie.!Hearing!my!answer,!he!then!continued!on!telling!me!about!this!devious!plot!to!dump!the!next!shipment!of!tea!from!Britain!into!the!harbor!!Tens!of!thousands!of!dollars!worth!of!tea!!And!what!would!that!accomplish?!The!Parliament!would!see!this!as!a!declaration!of!war,!and!it!would!all!be!thanks!to!the!“Sons!of!Liberty”.!What!an!outrage!!I!have!just!bought!a!few!extra!boxes!of!tea,!as!I!know!that!soon,!tea!will!be!scarce.!I!have!told!a!few!of!my!friends!as!well,!and!I!am!now!off!to!join!the!soldiers!posted!here,!as!I!know!of!the!troubles!that!will!soon!face!the!colonies.!PLawrence!Thatcher!
  4. 4. Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of HappinessJuly 5th, 1776A copy of the DeclarationThomas Jefferson, author of theDeclaration! What!an!outrage!!I!was!drinking!my!afternoon!tea!as!I!though!back!to!what!happened!three!years!prior,!the!Boston!Tea!Party.!Because!of!that!mysterious!man,!I!had!been!prepared!for!the!shortage!of!tea,!so!it!was!not!as!devastating!for!me,!but!others!were!upset.!I!have!since!left!that!all!behind,!and!almost!as!soon!as!I!joined!the!army!I!was!relocated!here,!to!Philadelphia.!!Well,!as!I!was!thinking,!I!heard!a!commotion!from!the!town!square,!right!outside!my!window.!Glancing!out,!I!saw!a!man!on!a!raised!platform!reading!from!a!piece!of!paper,!a!copy!of!what!he!called!the!“Declaration%of%Independence”.!The!Declaration!claimed!that!we!the!colonists!were!not!being!treated!as!normal!British!citizens,!and!so!we!would!be!American,!severing!our!bonds!with!our!mother!country.!Stunned,!I!dropped!my!tea.!I!continued!listening!to!the!man!going!off!about!Natural%Rights,!saying!that!all!men!are!born!equal!with!rights.!And!they!think!that!they!are!being!treated!like!secondPclass!citizens.!How!could!they!believe!this?!They!do!not!have!to!pay!any!more!tax!than!other!citizens.!In!fact,!we!may!be!paying!less!tax.!And!who!are!they!to!talk!of!Natural!Rights!when!the!man!speaking!in!the!square!is!known!to!have!at!least!three!slaves!simply!to!clean!his!house!and!prepare!his!food?!The!slaves!should!have!the!same!amount!of!rights!as!a!normal!citizen!under!their!logic.!And!that!would!put!a!stopper!on!our!production!of!tobacco.!Oh,!people!would!not!be!happy!with!that.!! Other!rights!included!the!rights!of!life,!liberty,!and!the!pursuit!of!happiness.!Are!they!saying!we!do!not!have!all!of!this!presently?!And,!the!people!can!decide!if!they!like!their!government,!and!if!not,!they!can!abolish!it.!Which!means…no!king.!No!queen.!No!monarchy.!What!kind!of!government!would!that!leave!us!with?!No,!this!cannot!happen!!It!WILL!not!happen.!I!do!not!think!they!know!what!they!are!up!against.!England!will!not!go!down!without!a!Dight,!and!Britain!has!the!world’s!best!navy.!They!also!have!thousands!of!soldiers!and!generals,!all!well!trained,!including!me.!All!the!“Americans”!have!are!some!farmers!with!guns!and!some!mediocre!generals!that!have!no!clue!how!to!run!an!army.!George!Washington!stands!no!chance!against!British!generals.!All!the!people!who!signed!the!Declaration,!John%Adams,%Benjamin%Franklin,%Thomas%Jefferson,%Robert%Livingston,%John%Hancock,%and%Roger%Sherman!to!name!a!few,!will!be!dead!in!a!year.!John!Hancock!even!had!the!courage!to!write!his!name!in!that!big,!clearly!readable!signature!right!at!the!bottom.!He!just!signed!his!own!death!sentence.!!! I!look!forward!to!the!day!where!I!can!bring!these!traitors!to!justice.!If!war!does!break!out,!it!is!impossible!for!the!Americans!to!win!even!a!single!battle.!Lack!of!troops,!experience!and!equipment!will!do!them!in,!and!they!will!be!lucky!if!Britain!treats!them!like!“second!class!citizens”!ever!again.!They!will!be!sorry!they!ever!challenged!Great!Britain.!Long!live!King!George!III!PLawrence!Thatcher
  5. 5. Christmas Gone Wrong-December 26th 1776George WashingtonAmerica’s Flag!!!!!!!!Those!savages!attacked!like!cowards.!Attacking!our!camp!in!Trenton,!New!Jersey,!as!we!were!celebrating!not!only!Christmas,!but!also!an!unbroken!chain!of!won!battles!since!the!beginning!of!the!war.!I!admit,!many!of!the!Hessians!and!even!a!few!of!the!English!soldiers!were!more!than!a!little!tipsy,!and!I!had!had!a!few!drinks!myself.!As!I!was!laughing!with!a!few!of!my!comrades,!I!heard!a!shot!from!a!distance,!and!a!drunken!Hessian!fell!onto!the!ground,!staining!the!snow!red!with!the!blood!seeping!out!of!his!thigh.!His!screams!pierced!the!air!like!a!knife.!It!took!a!few!people!a!moment!to!comprehend!what!had!happened,!just!long!enough!for!Captain%George%Washington!and!his!2,400!troops!to!come!over!the!hills.!!!!!!!!!The!cowards!attacked!us!when!we!were!weak.!We!were!unarmed,!as!Christmas!was!a!time!for!peace!and!joy.!Almost!none!of!us!were!completely!sober.!And!we!were!outnumbered!with!only!1,500!men.!The!Continental%Army!was!bound!to!win.!!!!!!!!Shots!were!being!Dired!everywhere!in!the!square.!The!Hessians!were!slow!and!unable!to!aim!well!because!of!the!alcohol,!and!so!the!Americans!came!to!little!harm.!Remembering!what!my!commander!had!said,!I!climbed!to!higher!ground,!onto!the!roof!of!a!nearby!home.!I!had!not!retrieved!my!gun!from!the!storage!rooms,!and!so!I!resorted!to!taking!the!roof!tiles!and!hurling!them!at!the!Patriots,!disarming!a!few!and!knocking!out!a!few!more.!The!Dighting!only!lasted!about!fortyPDive!minutes,!and!before!I!knew!it,!more!than!half!of!the!Hessians!were!captured,!and!many!more!were!injured,!leaving!us!with!only!about!500!men!able!to!walk.!I!was!among!the!lucky!ones!that!left!the!battle!without!a!scratch,!and!so!I!ran!around!with!the!medics!helping!to!clean!the!wounds!and!bandaging!them,!until!all!of!them!were!able!to!at!least!limp!around.!!!!!!!!!!We!crossed!the!Delaware!to!get!to!safety,!seeking!refuge!with!the!vast!number!of!loyalists!in!New!York.!!I!am!writing!this!in!the!attic!of!an!elderly!man’s!home,!with!three!other!soldiers!snoring!nearby.!It!is!cold!and!the!entire!space!is!lit!by!only!a!feeble!oil!lamp.!The!Dloorboards!creak!whenever!you!move,!and!there!are!cobwebs!everywhere.!Tomorrow!we!will!work!to!free!the!prisoners!of!war!from!this!savage!battle,!and!who!knows,!it!might!take!months.!I!heard!from!my!captain!that!we!will!march!towards!Yorktown!in!southeastern!Virginia!to!meet!up!with!another!team!of!soldiers,!a!bigger!team.!We!were!going!to!take!down!Washington!and!his!men.!We!were!going!to!reclaim!America!as!a!British!colony,!and!it!may!teach!the!rest!of!the!world!a!lesson.!The!king!rules!all,!and!traitors!will!be!crushed!with!no!mercy.!I!sign!off!here,!as!tomorrow,!I!hope!to!avenge!my!twentyPtwo!fallen!comrades!of!last!night,!a!night!meant!for!peace!and!joy.!Not!war.!They!shall!pay.!They!shall!all!pay.!They!will!regret!ever!messing!with!the!“Red%Coats”.PLawrence!Thatcher
  6. 6. The Wrong Side-September 4th 1783Lord CornwallisThe flag of my mother country,England! The!war!has!Dinally!come!to!the!end.!The!right!side!has!lost.!We!had!failed!to!free!our!comrades,!and!so!we!came,!defeated,!to!Yorktown.!The!siege!started!on!September!28th,!1781.!We!never!saw!it!coming.!Everything!was!peaceful!before!the!siege,!like!the!peace!before!a!storm.!It!was!a!nice!day,!sunny!and!warm.!And!everyone!went!to!bed!feeling!good!after!a!nice!day.!The!Americans!and!French!came!the!next!day,!with!an!army!three!times!the!size!of!ours.!This!started!the!Battle%of%Yorktown.!They!easily!surrounded!the!city,!cutting!off!supplies.!The!people!in!the!town!had!no!idea!what!was!going!on.!They!had!nothing!to!do!with!the!war!!Why!were!they!punishing!them!like!that?!It!isn’t!right.!Over!the!period!of!twentyPone!days,!everyone!was!starving.!Many!people!died.!Lord!Cornwallis!had!no!choice.!He!had!to!end!the!suffering!of!the!innocents.!On!October!19th,!1781,!the!mighty!Lord%Cornwallis!surrendered,!ending!the!war,!losing!the!war.!! The!Americans!were!overjoyed!with!their!victory.!They!shouldnt!have!been.!The!only!reason!they!won!was!because!they!were!so!uncivilized.!They!used!Guerrilla%warfare,!behaving!like!animals.!There!was!no!order!to!it.!No!line!up,!no!organized!shooting!or!commanders!ordering!to!Dire.!We!were!not!trained!to!deal!with!this!type!of!Dighting!!They!ambushed!us!whenever!they!could.!Be!it!when!we!were!sleeping,!drunk,!or!walking!back!to!a!city!after!a!long!day!marching,!they!would!attack,!outnumbering!us!every!time.!They!didnt!even!try!to!defend!their!cities.!They!had!help!from!the!French.!Do!they!not!remember!what!the!French!did?!Do!they!not!remember!the!SevenPYear!War?!The!lives!lost!on!both!sides?!They!should!not!have!anything!to!do!with!those!scoundrels.!The!war!has!been!lost!to!the!sinister!and!the!traitors.!Is!there!no!good!left!in!this!world?! Some!American!ofDicials!have!been!sailed!off!the!France!to!sign!the!Treaty%of%Paris.!When!all!the!signatures!have!been!signed,!America!will!no!longer!be!a!British!colony.!It!will!be!independent.!Britain!has!just!lost!land!that!it!has!fought!over.!That!it!has!paid!to!be!populated.!And!what!of!the!new!government?!A!democracy.!Everyone!else!in!the!world!expected!them!to!fail!in!their!attempt!towards!independence.!I!was!among!these!people.!I!write!this!from!a!ship!bound!towards!Britain.!I!have!left!my!childhood!home.!I!do!not!wish!to!be!there!when!they!start!punishing!the!“traitors”.!I!will!not!be!there!to!see!the!country!fall!to!pieces.!What!a!shame.!I!still!wish!to!see!the!real!traitors!get!what!they!deserve.!Their!government!will!fall.!The!slaves!will!realize!their!rights.!They!are!already!in!debt!due!to!the!war.!And!how!will!they!pay!back!the!French?!There!is!no!way!those!beasts!will!give!them!their!services!for!free.!They!will!be!paying!them!back!for!generations!to!come!!I!cannot!wait!to!wake!up!one!day!and!see!“America’s!Brief!Tate!of!Freedom!Gone!Rotten”!splashed!all!over!the!headlines!worldwide!!Oh,!and!I!shall!be!safe!in!my!mother!country,!choosing!the!right!side!all!along.!PLawrence!Thatcher
  7. 7. CitationsMintz,!Steven.!"Digital!History."!DigitalHistory.!Digital!History,!n.d.!Web.!13!May!2013.Lucas,!Stephen!E.!"Declaration!of!Independence."!Http://www.archives.gov.!N.p.,!n.d.!Web.!13!May!2013.Brandy,!Timothy.!"Liberty!"!PBS.!PBS,!n.d.!Web.!13!May!2013.Causes!of!the!Revolution!1765P1774,!Safari!montage,!Copyright!2004,!American!Revolution!for!Students.!Schlessinger!Media!Revolutionary!War!1776P1783,!Safari!montage,!Copyright!2004,!American!Revolution!for!Students.!Schlessinger!Media!Creating!a!Nation!1783P1791,!Safari!montage,!Copyright!2004,!American!Revolution!for!Students.!Schlessinger!Media!PicturesComicvine.com. N.p., n.d. Web."Great Britain Flag." Www.fanpop.com. N.p., n.d. Web."Tar and Feathers." Nwta.com. N.p., n.d. Web."Boston Massacre." Http://www.sonofthesouth.net. N.p., n.d. Web."Crates of Tea." 123rf.com. N.p., n.d. Web.
  8. 8. IntroductionThis is the journal of Lawrence Thatcher, written by me. It tells of his life as a loyalist throughout the war, starting from the Boston Massacre and endat the Treaty of Paris. Lawrence was forever loyal to his mother country, England, and was outraged from the very start of the other colonists rebellioacts. His father had nearly been lost at the Seven-Year War fought between the British and the French to give them more land, and so the fact that tcolonists were mad about paying them back was well...stupid. He thought they should all be loyal to the country that had given them so much. As hewas still young and able to defend his country, he decided to join the British army, and that brought him to the front line of the war. He had no greatepride than knowing that the had brought at least some traitors to justice.ConclusionWith the war now over, America was free. They had yet to set up a new government though. As they were working out the bugs in their newgovernment, another problem surfaced. Debt. They were in serious debt due to the war, and so they had only one choice, and that was the tax thepeople. Some of the people thought they were being treated unfairly, and that was what started the Revolutionary War in the first place. Many peoplethought like this and this started Shays Rebellion, where many farmers rebelled against the new government. This, along with all the other problemsthat come with starting a new government, made life hard. But as we all know, these problems have all been solved. America has paid back its debthas returned the favor with France. And every year on the 4th of July, Americans celebrate the anniversary of the Declaration of Independence, andfreedom that it brought on an eagles wings.The government that followed the war changed history. Never before had the people been able to vote for their head of government. Never before hthe people been able to have any say in the way the government was run, or what happened to their country. Never before had they been able to takdown the government if need be. Never. Now, people could do all of that. They had control, they had power. They could choose. The monarchy theybefore gave them no choice. If the king wanted to increase taxes, no one would stop him. He could do whatever he pleased. The people had no sayanything, they simply had to listen. The Americans did not have to live under that anymore. Many things stayed the same though. They made littlechanges to their language, they still traded with England, and some Englishmen stayed behind in America. They still kept some of the living habits oBritish, as they still drank tea and dressed similarly. So in a way, things were different yet the same at the same time.American democracy has survived throughout history, and is still being used today. The phrase "majority rules" comes from democracy, and is still ustoday. Many more countries have developed a sort of democratic government, even the British. This is one of the things that is similar today. TheAmerican English has changed a little since then, but not significantly. The rules of Natural Rights have been enforced a bit more, and because of MLuther King Jr, "blacks" and "whites" can now live peacefully together, without slavery. This means that there are no more slaves to do the farming fothe people. Everyone is treated equally, which was the point of the revolution in the first place. And so in the end, the American Revolution served itspurpose to the world, getting all that it demanded.Fun Fact: the "bald" in bald eagle actually comes from the old English word "balde" which means "white patch", not because the bird looks bald.

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