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Epilepsy (Description, Causes, Etc.)

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  • 1. Presented by: Jorge Alvarez EPILEPSY
  • 2. Disorder of the brain’s electrical system. Abnormal electrical impulses that cause brief changes in movement, behavior, sensation or awareness. WHAT IS EPILEPSY?
  • 3. Physical finding or change in behavior that occurs after an episode of abnormal brain activity. The term Seizure is often used with “Convulsion” Convulsion is when a person’s body shakes rapidly and uncontrollably. WHAT IS A SEIZURE?
  • 4. Different conditions such as strokes, head trauma, and complications during childbirth, infections (such as Meningitis, Encephalitis, Cysticercosis, or Brain abscess), genetic disorders, and family history. Often no definite cause can be found. CAUSES
  • 5. Children younger than age 2 and adults older than age 65 are particularly vulnerable because the risk factors for epilepsy are more common in these age groups. About 10% of Americans will experience a seizure sometime during their lives. About 3% will receive a diagnosis of epilepsy by age 80. WHO DOES IT AFFECT?
  • 6. The type of treatment prescribed will depend on several factors, including the frequency and severity of the seizures and the person’s age, overall health and medical history. Treatments such as Nerve Stimulation, Ketogenic Diet and Medication are available. When none of these help, Surgery is also available. TREATMENT
  • 7. Epilepsy affects about 2 million people in the United States It accounts for $15.5 billion in direct costs (medical) and indirect costs (lost or reduced earnings and productivity) each year. EPILEPSY IN THE U.S.
  • 8. Delayed recognition of seizures and inadequate treatment, which may result from lack of specialty care, increase a person's risk of subsequent seizures, brain damage, disability, and death from injuries incurred during a seizure. SIDE EFFECTS
  • 9. Epilepsy is a widely recognized health condition, but one that is poorly understood, even among people who know someone with the disorder. Lack of knowledge about the causes of epilepsy has been associated with negative attitudes and beliefs. Lack of understanding about epilepsy is a leading cause of stigma in the workplace and in schools EPILEPSY TODAY
  • 10. Better access to specialty care and improved early detection and treatment.  Better understanding of the diagnosis and consequences of epilepsy in areas of mental health and cognition. Public education to improve people’s ability to recognize seizures and give first aid. Research and Communication approaches to combat the stigma associated with epilepsy, which will improve community awareness and the quality of life and care of people with epilepsy. SOLUTIONS
  • 11. There is no cure for Epilepsy, however medications may help keep symptoms under control and make people who suffer from disorder live easier.
  • 12. Mayoclinic.org http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases- conditions/epilepsy/basics/definition/con- 20033721 Epilepsy Foundation http://www.epilepsy.com BIBLIOGRAPHY