Consumer International Presentation- Rami Olwan


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Consumer International Presentation- Rami Olwan

  1. 1. The global voice for consumers La voix des Consommateurs à travers le monde La voz global para la defensa de los consumidores
  2. 2. Country report for Jordan for CI Regional Meeting on A2K <ul><li>Rami Olwan </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons Jordan </li></ul><ul><li>Research Fellow, ARC Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>17 February 2009 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Summary of issues of concern to consumers in Jordan <ul><ul><li>Cost of learning materials is high for most Jordanians since the per capita income is low ($ 2340). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Jordanian Copyright Law is highly restricted and does not take into consideration the development agenda of the country. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There are minor exceptions in the Copyright law for use of copyright materials by libraries and for educational purposes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No exceptions or limitations for DRMs and TPMs provisions (Article 54 and 55). </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Jordan intellectual property regime <ul><ul><li>Jordan Joined the Berne convention (1999), the WCT (2004), and the WPPT (2004). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IP Enforcement is limited in Jordan, but the government has taken since 2006 anti- piracy campaigns against infringers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jordan signed an FTA with the U.S on 17 December 2001 (the first country from the Middle East after Israel). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jordan is not listed in the 2008 U.S 301 Priority Watch List. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is not much awareness of IP alternatives such as open source and Creative Commons licensing in Jordan. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Other communications rights in Jordan <ul><ul><li>Media laws encourage some measure of self-censorship in cyberspace, and citizens have been questioned and arrested for certain web content. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet access remains largely unfiltered with filtering applied to a small number of sites, especially political. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Net neutrality” is not an issue. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is no privacy and data protection laws (the Constitution of 1952 recognizes limited privacy rights). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jordanian government does only favour propriety software (Microsoft) and not FOSS. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Access to the Internet in Jordan <ul><ul><li>Broadband and internet mobile is limited, most internet connection is done through fixed lines. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is no particular laws or polices that impact on Internet access. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is a notable deficit in computer and Internet skills especially in rural areas (digital divide). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most Internet content is available in Arabic. The quality is of sub-standards and most websites (even government) are not updated frequently. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The internet is mostly affordable for middle class and rich families. The government has taken minor steps to rectify the situation. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Conclusions <ul><ul><li>Jordan should benefit fully from CI's Global Consumer Dialogue to improve its IP and communication laws. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free and Open Source Software should be seriously considered in Jordan and the Arab world as they could bring many opportunities to the country. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is important to conduct research on the potential of CC in the Arab world, their applicability and enforceability. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Rami Olwan </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons Jordan </li></ul><ul><li>Research Fellow, ARC Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul>