Assistive Technologies -Kris Richart
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Assistive Technologies -Kris Richart

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Assistive Technologies -Kris Richart Assistive Technologies -Kris Richart Presentation Transcript

  • Assistive Technologies Kris Richart
  • Table of Contents
    • What is Assistive Technology?
    • An Example: Assistive Technology and Writing Skills
    • How to implement AT: Implementation
    • AT heaven: Assistive Technology Reuse
  • What is Assistive Technology?
    • A device that is used to improve the capabilities of people with disabilities
    • “ Assistive technology is intended to maximize a person’s abilities while minimizing the challenges of having a disability ” .
    • (August 2006). Assistive Technology. NetNews , Vol.6, No. 4 ,
    View slide
  • Assistive Technology and Writing Skills
    • The writing process can be daunting for people with physical and educational disabilities.
    • Writing skills are valuable in inclusive educational settings
    • Students with disabilities can be aided in three specific areas of the writing process:
    • 1. Planning/Organization
    • 2. Transcription/Drafting
    • 3. Editing/Revising
    View slide
    • Planning/Organization
    • Student needs to know what to say and how to say it.
    • Facilitation may include graphic organizers and think sheets that include graphics and text.
    • A good example is the software Kidspiration, that helps students build graphic organizers with text, pictures and spoken word.
    • Transcription/Drafting
    • In the drafting phase students need to get their initial thoughts written.
    • Students can be aided with technologies such as predictive text, keyboarding, speech recognition and many others.
    • Programs such as WordQ allow a student to type only the first few letters of a word and then “guess” the full word.
    • Editing/Revising
    • The student corrects, expands, and rearranges his ideas.
    • Many word processors include spelling, grammar and punctuation checking.
    • Software such as SOLO has text-to-speech function which allows the student to hear what he has written and make needed changes.
    Peterson-Karlan, G., & Hourcade, J.J. (2008). A review of assistive technology and writing skills for students with physical and educational disabilities. Physical Disabilities: Education and Related Services . 26 , 13-32.
    • The writing process can be difficult for students with educational and physical handicaps. The wide variety of AT tools that have been developed can make a major difference in the education of these students
  • Implementation
    • Computer technology has transformed the learning experience of students with disabilities.
    • While the great potential exists, there is a large gap in real world classroom implementation.
    • Implementation of assistive technology can be very complex.
    • To maximize the potential of these technologies educators need the right resources, training and assistance.
  • Keys to implementing:
    • The entire school system needs to articulate a clear vision for assistive technologies.
    • At the individual school level principals, special education teachers, department heads and others need to support implementation of new technologies.
    • Teachers need to be proactive about training opportunities.
    • Since educational assistants are often assigned to assist special needs students, they too need to be fully trained
    • Technical support for teachers and students is vital
    • Money. Often the challenge in implementing an effective new assistive technology boils down to adequate funding.
    Morrison, K. (2007).Implementation of assistive computer technology: A model for school systems. International Journal of Special Education . 22 , 83-95 .
    • Research shows that AT can have impressive results in the classroom. Implementation is the key. It takes a united effort and commitment at all levels to make AT’s potential a reality.
  • Assistive Technology Reuse
    • Why Reuse AT Devices?
    • Due to funding many people can’t get the devices they need.
    • Many AT reuse programs do not have eligibilty requirements.
    • You may not want to invest in new devices that will only be used for a short time.
    • You get to help others in need.
    • How it Works
    • Device exchange programs that help buyers and sellers meet.
    • Device reassignment programs that clean, repair and store devices until new owners are found.
    • Technical assistance and networking opportunities can be found at: http://passitoncenter.org/
    U.S. Department of Education. (2008). Reuse Your AT
    • Money. Money. Money. How many people are held back from a technology that can make a real difference in their lives because of a lack of funding? By reusing AT technology, millions more people have access to the devices they need!