Assistive Technologies -Kris Richart


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Assistive Technologies -Kris Richart

  1. 1. Assistive Technologies Kris Richart
  2. 2. Table of Contents <ul><li>What is Assistive Technology? </li></ul><ul><li>An Example: Assistive Technology and Writing Skills </li></ul><ul><li>How to implement AT: Implementation </li></ul><ul><li>AT heaven: Assistive Technology Reuse </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Assistive Technology? <ul><li>A device that is used to improve the capabilities of people with disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>“ Assistive technology is intended to maximize a person’s abilities while minimizing the challenges of having a disability ” . </li></ul><ul><li>(August 2006). Assistive Technology. NetNews , Vol.6, No. 4 , </li></ul>
  4. 4. Assistive Technology and Writing Skills <ul><li>The writing process can be daunting for people with physical and educational disabilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Writing skills are valuable in inclusive educational settings </li></ul><ul><li>Students with disabilities can be aided in three specific areas of the writing process: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Planning/Organization </li></ul><ul><li>2. Transcription/Drafting </li></ul><ul><li>3. Editing/Revising </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Planning/Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Student needs to know what to say and how to say it. </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitation may include graphic organizers and think sheets that include graphics and text. </li></ul><ul><li>A good example is the software Kidspiration, that helps students build graphic organizers with text, pictures and spoken word. </li></ul><ul><li>Transcription/Drafting </li></ul><ul><li>In the drafting phase students need to get their initial thoughts written. </li></ul><ul><li>Students can be aided with technologies such as predictive text, keyboarding, speech recognition and many others. </li></ul><ul><li>Programs such as WordQ allow a student to type only the first few letters of a word and then “guess” the full word. </li></ul><ul><li>Editing/Revising </li></ul><ul><li>The student corrects, expands, and rearranges his ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>Many word processors include spelling, grammar and punctuation checking. </li></ul><ul><li>Software such as SOLO has text-to-speech function which allows the student to hear what he has written and make needed changes. </li></ul>Peterson-Karlan, G., & Hourcade, J.J. (2008). A review of assistive technology and writing skills for students with physical and educational disabilities. Physical Disabilities: Education and Related Services . 26 , 13-32.
  6. 6. <ul><li>The writing process can be difficult for students with educational and physical handicaps. The wide variety of AT tools that have been developed can make a major difference in the education of these students </li></ul>
  7. 7. Implementation <ul><li>Computer technology has transformed the learning experience of students with disabilities. </li></ul><ul><li>While the great potential exists, there is a large gap in real world classroom implementation. </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation of assistive technology can be very complex. </li></ul><ul><li>To maximize the potential of these technologies educators need the right resources, training and assistance. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Keys to implementing: <ul><li>The entire school system needs to articulate a clear vision for assistive technologies. </li></ul><ul><li>At the individual school level principals, special education teachers, department heads and others need to support implementation of new technologies. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers need to be proactive about training opportunities. </li></ul><ul><li>Since educational assistants are often assigned to assist special needs students, they too need to be fully trained </li></ul><ul><li>Technical support for teachers and students is vital </li></ul><ul><li>Money. Often the challenge in implementing an effective new assistive technology boils down to adequate funding. </li></ul>Morrison, K. (2007).Implementation of assistive computer technology: A model for school systems. International Journal of Special Education . 22 , 83-95 .
  9. 9. <ul><li>Research shows that AT can have impressive results in the classroom. Implementation is the key. It takes a united effort and commitment at all levels to make AT’s potential a reality. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Assistive Technology Reuse <ul><li>Why Reuse AT Devices? </li></ul><ul><li>Due to funding many people can’t get the devices they need. </li></ul><ul><li>Many AT reuse programs do not have eligibilty requirements. </li></ul><ul><li>You may not want to invest in new devices that will only be used for a short time. </li></ul><ul><li>You get to help others in need. </li></ul><ul><li>How it Works </li></ul><ul><li>Device exchange programs that help buyers and sellers meet. </li></ul><ul><li>Device reassignment programs that clean, repair and store devices until new owners are found. </li></ul><ul><li>Technical assistance and networking opportunities can be found at: </li></ul>U.S. Department of Education. (2008). Reuse Your AT
  11. 11. <ul><li>Money. Money. Money. How many people are held back from a technology that can make a real difference in their lives because of a lack of funding? By reusing AT technology, millions more people have access to the devices they need! </li></ul>