The Coming of the Renaissance The Renaissance was a flowering of literary, artistic and intellectual development that began in Italy in the fourteenth century. Renaissance means “Rebirth”/ “Revival”
What started the Renaissance Religious devotion of the Middle Ages gave way to interest in the human being’s place on this earth Universities introduced a new curriculum. – Humanities: including history, geography, poetry, and languages Invention of printing made books more available More writers began using the vernacular
Figures of the Renaissance Mostly Italians Petrarch, Spenser, Shakespeare (poets) Leonardo Da Vinci, a painter, sculptor, architect, and scientist
Renaissance Man Da Vinci typifies a Renaissance man—a person of broad education and interests whose curiosity knew no bounds. • A person who encompassed a wide range of interests and abilities. – Modern Renaissance Man= Jay-Z
The Protestant Reformation: Questioning the Catholic Church Many followers began to question the authority of the church. Power/Wealth of Catholic Church led to corruption. German Monk (Martin Luther) wrote 95 arguments against the hypocrisy and nailed it to the door of the church. Luther wanted the church to reform itself BUT protesters went further splitting off from Rome into Protestant churches.
Henry VIII’s Reign Pope refused Henry VIII an annulment so he broke with Rome in 1534 and declared himself head of the Church of England. His son Edward VI took over. – During his reign a group of radical Protestants believed the church needed even further reform and sought to “purify” it of all Roman practices. (Puritans)
Bloody Mary Mary, Edward’s half sister; a Catholic took the throne. Mary restored Catholic practices to avenge her mother. Mary persecuted Protestants: she ordered the execution of some 200 Protestants during her reign, strengthening anti-Catholic sentiment in England. – This earned her the nickname Bloody Mary
Elizabeth I After Mary’s five year reign, her half- sister, Elizabeth came to the throne. Elizabeth was the last of the Tudors. (She died unmarried and childless) Exercised authority but remained sensitive to the public’s opinion. Steered a middle course in religion. – Reestablished Church of England and used as a buffer between Catholics/Puritans.
Compare/Contrast the ChurchesRoman Catholic Church of England PuritansStrong Church Hierarchy =King/Queen Less HierarchyHierarchy-Pope of England“Smells & -Focused on faith Plain ServicesBells”=Elaborate MassTransubstantiation is Says it is the Body of Symbol & Reminderliteral Christ but just remember it; not the host
Elizabethan Poetry Perfected the sonnet and experimented with other poetic forms Philip Sidney wrote the first Elizabethan sonnet cycle (a series of sonnets that fit together as a story)—Astrophel and Stella Edmund Spenser wrote a long epic, The Faerie Queen, in complex nine-line units now called Spenserian stanzas
Spenserian Sonnet A variation on the English sonnet Consists of three four-line units called quatrains, followed by two rhymed lines called a couplet. Each quatrain addresses the poem’s main idea, thought, or question, and the couplet provides an answer or summation.
Rhyme Scheme (abab bcbc cdcd ee) – Links the 3 quatrains What makes your heart ache? Think-Pair-Share all the things that can cause a heartache in a loving relationship.
Sonnets Means “Little Song” in Italian 14 line lyric poem with a complicated rhyme scheme and a very defined structure. The rigid form challenges poets. Perfect poem to use to express emotion, especially love.
Francesco Petrarch Composed over 300 poems to a woman in which he never had a relationship with. – Love at first sight in church. – Identified her as Laura Wrote in vernacular, which closely reflected the way people actually spoke Composed The Canzoniere, a collection of 366 poems, most of them were sonnets about Laura.
Petrarch Themes Most of Petrarch’s themes were – Unrequited love – Desperate love – Eternal love – Tragic love
Petrarchan Form 14 lines divided into two distinct paths The octave – First 8 lines – Introduces a situation, presents a problem, or raises a question. – Rhyme Scheme: abbaabba
Petrarchan Form The sestet – The last 6 lines – Where the speaker comments on or resolves the problem or question. Its rhyme scheme is usually cdcdcd or cdecde Metaphor – Makes a comparison between two unlike things – Does not use the word like or as. – Makes the sonnet so emotionally powerful.
William Shakespeare Shakespeare changed the pattern and rhyme scheme of the Petrarchan sonnet, creating the English, or Shakespearean, sonnet “Master of the English sonnet” Sonnets broke conventions of his time: – More complex – Less predictable – Addressed death, change, etc… Not just love
The Shakespearean Sonnet• Includes 3 quatrains & a couplet• Rhyme scheme: abab cdcd efef gg • Compare to Spenserian• A turn, or shift in thought • (in the 3rd quatrain or couplet)• Uses lots of Imagery
Prewrite Can LOVERS see CLEARLY? According to an old saying “Love is blind” but is this true? Love can cloud one’s perceptions of a lover, but usually those clouds drift away over time. Is it possible to see a person’s faults clearly and still love him or her?
On a piece of paper…. Work with PARTNER, list several fictional lovers from movies, books, TV, etc. For each couple answer the question “Did they see each other clearly?” Discuss the reasons for your answers. What conclusions can you draw about the way love is portrayed in fiction?
EXAMPLEFictional Couple Did they see each other clearly? Why or Why not?Edward & Bella Yes, they both accept one another for(Twilight) who they are.Ted & Robin No. They both want different things(How I met your mother) which leads them to see one another’s flaws. They are not meant to be if they can’t accept one another and agree to have the same needs and wants out of life.