Super storm Sandy: Facts About the “Franken storm”
Facts•Climate change likely madeHurricane Sandy much worsethan it otherwise would havebeen, scientists said at theannual meeting of theGeological Society ofAmerica.
Facts•Warmer-than-usualtemperatures over Greenland alsoplayed a role, said GeorgeStone, a researcher atMilwaukee Area TechnicalCollege.
Facts•A high-pressure system over the hugeisland helped to "block" the North Atlantic,pushing the hurricane toward the EastCoast, according to researchers. Typically,scientists say, the jet stream insteadcarries hurricanes eastward into theAtlantic Ocean Temperatures in the Arctichave increased dramatically in recentyears, scientists say.
Facts•This summer, a record-breaking, Arctic sea-ice meltstretched across a larger area thanany previously measured. Greenlandalso set records in August with massivemelting of its glaciers."If [Sandys] left turn was indeed dueto re-distribution of air masses andposition of the jet stream, and that inturn was due to Arctic warming, thenwe might attribute a large part of
Facts•Of course, climate change didnot create HurricaneSandy, Mann said. Hurricanesand tropical storms would occurwith or without global warming.But many climate models suggestthat such storms will becomemore intense as the planetwarms, he said.
Federal Emergency Management Agency•Founded in 1979, theFederal EmergencyManagementAgency, known simplyas FEMA, is anindependent agency ofthe federalgovernment that hasmany responsibilitiesduring a time ofnational disaster.
Federal Emergency Management Agency• Its responsibilities cover thewhole range of a disastercycle, and include advising onbuilding codes and flood plainmanagement, teaching peoplehow to get through a disasterand assisting them whendisasters strike, helping equiplocal and state emergencypreparedness, makingdisaster assistance availableto states and localcommunities, supporting thenation’s fire service, andadministering the nationalflood and crime insuranceprograms.
Federal Emergency Management Agency•As part of America’semergencymanagementsystem, FEMA worksin partnership withotherorganizations, including state and localemergencymanagementagencies, more than 20federal agencies, andthe American RedCross.
Federal Emergency Management Agency•Up until theearly1970s, more than100 federalagencies wereinvolved in someaspect ofdisasters, hazards, andemergencies.
Federal Emergency Management Agency•FEMA broughtmany of theseparatedisaster-relatedresponsibilitiesunder one roof.
Federal Emergency Management Agency•It has dealt withdisasters andemergencies as far-reaching as thecontamination of LoveCanal in the mid-1970s,the 1979 accident at theThree Mile Islandnuclear power plant, the1989 Loma PrietaEarthquake, and 1992’sHurricane Andrew.
Federal Emergency Management Agency• The terroristattacks of September11, 2001, focused theagency on issues ofnationalpreparedness andhomelandsecurity, and testedthe agency inunprecedentedways.
Federal Emergency Management Agency•The agency coordinated itsactivities with the newlyformed Office of HomelandSecurity, and FEMA’sOffice of NationalPreparedness was givenresponsibility for helping toensure that the nation’sfirst responders weretrained and equipped todeal with weapons of massdestruction.
Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano, who overseesthe Federal Emergency Management Agency for President Barack Obama.
Mission Statement The American Red Cross prevents and alleviates human suffering in the face of emergencies by mobilizing the power of volunteers and the generosity of donors.Clara Barton and a circle of heracquaintances founded theAmerican Red Cross inWashington, D.C. on May21, 1881. Barton first heard ofthe Swiss-inspired global RedCross network while visitingEurope following the Civil War.Returning home, she campaignedfor an American Red Cross andfor ratification of the GenevaConvention protecting the war-injured, which the United Statesratified in 1882.
What can you do?•Donate money to the American Red Cross.•Donate Clothing/toys to those who losteverything.•Help your neighbors clean up trees/debris.•Find a volunteer center and give your time!