Catholic morality mjp lesson 4


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Catholic morality mjp lesson 4

  1. 1. Catholic Morality<br />Moving from Kohlberg and Piaget to the views of the Catholic Church<br />
  2. 2. Last lesson we discovered that there are stages of moral development, these can be summarised in the following ways:<br />Selfish Obedience<br />Conforming to Traditions<br />Moral Principles Beyond Conformity<br />Recap<br />
  3. 3. We discussed the Heinz dilemma and came to some conclusions:<br />We understand the laws that govern us around stealing other peoples property<br />The attempt to save a live can sometimes transcend (be more important than) the breaking of the law to steal<br />The Heinz Dilemma<br />
  4. 4. There are some problems with this argument like:<br />What happens when we, in our attempts to save a life, cause the death of someone else. E.g.<br />Nelson is in need of a new heart, if he doesn’t get one within 3 months he will die. Nelson’s wife (insert name here) is willing to do anything to save him. Taylor is the doctor who manages the transplant list, (insert name here) bribes her to get Nelson to the top of the list even though he is not the highest priority. Nelson gets the only available heart, and survives. (insert name here) commits a crime but saves a life. <br />Unfortunately, William required a heart within 24 hours. He didn’t get his heart in time. He died.There was a funeral. Nelson went. (insert name here) didn’t<br />Possible Problems<br />
  5. 5. Sacred Texts:<br />The Catechism of the Catholic Church<br />The Old and New Testament<br />The Beatitudes<br />The 10 Commandments<br />What does the Catholic Church Say?<br />
  6. 6. The moral law is the work of divine Wisdom. Its biblical meaning can be defined as fatherly instruction, God's pedagogy. It prescribes for man the ways, the rules of conduct that lead to the promised beatitude; it proscribes the ways of evil which turn him away from God and his love. It is at once firm in its precepts and, in its promises, worthy of love. (CCC 1950)<br /> A good intention (for example, that of helping one's neighbor) does not make behavior that is intrinsically disordered, such as lying and calumny, good or just. The end does not justify the means (CCC 1753)<br />A morally good act requires the goodness of the object, of the end, and of the circumstances together. An evil end corrupts the action, even if the object is good in itself (such as praying and fasting "in order to be seen by men").(CCC 1755)<br />The object, the intention, and the circumstances make up the three "sources" of the morality of human acts. (CCC 1757)<br />The Catechism of the Catholic Church<br />
  7. 7. Old Testament Rabbi Shammai and Hillel<br /><br />So in everything, do to others what you would have them do to you, for this sums up the Law and the Prophets. (Matthew 7:12)<br />Old and New Testament<br />
  8. 8. "Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are they who mourn, for they shall be comforted. Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth. Blessed are they who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied. Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy. Blessed are the pure of heart, for they shall see God. Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called children of God. Blessed are they who are persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven."<br />The Beatitudes<br />
  9. 9. I am the Lord your God; you shall not have strange gods before me.<br />You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain.<br />Remember to keep holy the Lord's day<br />Honor your father and your mother.<br />You shall not kill.<br />You shall not commit adultery.<br />You shall not steal.<br />You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.<br />You shall not covet your neighbor's wife.<br />You shall not covet you neighbor's goods.<br />10 Commandments<br />
  10. 10. You get to school to discover that everyone has the same new style of shoes. You want them really badly. After P.E. there are a couple of pairs in the change rooms, no one is around.<br />Do you take the shoes? Why not? (use your responses)<br />Someone steals a laptop from one of the cages in the classrooms. You have heard people talking about it. They are your friends and you have a good idea about who did it and where it is. You recently discover that your teacher has been found negligent and has to pay to replace the computer.<br />What do you do? What options are there? Justify your answer <br />Using the above references to the Catholic Church’s view on Morality, create a response to the questions on Morality below:<br />