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Long term effects of antiperspirant deodorant1
Long term effects of antiperspirant deodorant1
Long term effects of antiperspirant deodorant1
Long term effects of antiperspirant deodorant1
Long term effects of antiperspirant deodorant1
Long term effects of antiperspirant deodorant1
Long term effects of antiperspirant deodorant1
Long term effects of antiperspirant deodorant1
Long term effects of antiperspirant deodorant1
Long term effects of antiperspirant deodorant1
Long term effects of antiperspirant deodorant1
Long term effects of antiperspirant deodorant1
Long term effects of antiperspirant deodorant1
Long term effects of antiperspirant deodorant1
Long term effects of antiperspirant deodorant1
Long term effects of antiperspirant deodorant1
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Long term effects of antiperspirant deodorant1

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  • 1. RISE program Research proposal Francisco J Fuster
  • 2.  While using antiperspirant deodorant: -No smell -No sweat  How does the antiperspirant work? -It clogs sweat ducts with aluminum compounds.
  • 3.  Excessive aluminum concentrations cause: -estrogen like effects that stimulate breast cancer cell growth. -cell membranes more fluid.
  • 4.  Sweat Regulates: Body Temperature =can be affected by heat absorption. -so darker races sweat more due to light attraction by pigmentation.
  • 5.  High aluminum concentrations: -Make cell membranes more fluid. Like the disease Alzheimer’s which is why this is linked to the disease.  Experiments with aluminum in blood: -prove that it causes fluidity in cell membrane
  • 6. A safe consumption of aluminum: -<5 μg/kg/day.  Most of it is removed by the kidneys.  Any higher consumption can lead to many other symptons.
  • 7.  Sweat Toxins: Dermcidin =Regulates the skin flora, functions as a natural antibiotic. Any substance absorbed needs to be released. -Ex. Nicotine from cigarettes.
  • 8.  To find and avoid a probable cause of breast cancer.  This may cause breast cancer because: -Toxins from sweat mutate lymphatic nodules from the nearby area.
  • 9. • Do antiperspirant deodorants stimulate the growth of breast cancer cells? • Do they cause harm to any other part of the human body? • What is the quantity of aluminum being absorbed by the users?
  • 10. Antiperspirant deodorant causes: -Breast cancer -trap toxins in the body -Aluminum concentrations can further harm the human body. -Is linked to Alzheimer’s disease.
  • 11.  The more a person sweats while using the antiperspirant deodorant the more probability for additional health problems.
  • 12.  Primarily: -Survey a population of 300 people. =Find out those who have used antiperspirant deodorant for more than a year. This would take convincing those who use the antiperspirant deodorant to volunteer for an serum aluminum test which indicates the level of aluminum in blood.
  • 13.  Volunteers will be notified of their rights.  At least 50 control and 50 experimental volunteers will be needed.  Ask for history of cancer in family.  Exercise is questioned.  Race.  Compare the levels of aluminum between control and experimental, the normal level of aluminum in blood, race and amount of exercise.
  • 14.  www.nih.gov  Jones J. Can rumors cause cancer? Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2000; 92(18):1469–1471.  Darbre PD. Underarm cosmetics and breast cancer. Journal of Applied Toxicology 2003; 23(2):89–95.  Darbre PD. Aluminium, antiperspirants and breast cancer. Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry 2005; 99(9):1912–1919.  Harvey PW, Everett DJ. Significance of the detection of esters of p- hydroxybenzoic acid (parabens) in human breast tumours. Journal of Applied Toxicology 2004; 24(1):1–4.
  • 15.  Darbre PD, Aljarrah A, Miller WR, et al. Concentrations of parabens in human breast tumours. Journal of Applied Toxicology 2004; 24(1):5–13.  Mirick DK, Davis S, Thomas DB. Antiperspirant use and the risk of breast cancer. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2002; 94(20):1578–1580.  McGrath KG. An earlier age of breast cancer diagnosis related to more frequent use of antiperspirants/deodorants and underarm shaving. European Journal of Cancer 2003; 12(6):479–485.  Fakri S, Al-Azzawi A, Al-Tawil N. Antiperspirant use as a risk factor for breast cancer in Iraq. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal 2006; 12(3-4):478–482.
  • 16.  Susan J. van Rensburg1, Machteld E. Carstens1, Felix C. V. Potocnik2, Abraham K. Aucamp3, Joshua J. F. Taljaard1 and Klaus R. Koch4 Neurochemical Research a journal of Springer Netherlands 2005 pgs 825-829  Immune Mechanisms Against Extracellular Pathogens Nature Encyclopaedia of Life Sciences  www.googlescholar.com

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