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Long term effects of antiperspirant deodorant1



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  • 1. RISE program Research proposal Francisco J Fuster
  • 2.  While using antiperspirant deodorant: -No smell -No sweat  How does the antiperspirant work? -It clogs sweat ducts with aluminum compounds.
  • 3.  Excessive aluminum concentrations cause: -estrogen like effects that stimulate breast cancer cell growth. -cell membranes more fluid.
  • 4.  Sweat Regulates: Body Temperature =can be affected by heat absorption. -so darker races sweat more due to light attraction by pigmentation.
  • 5.  High aluminum concentrations: -Make cell membranes more fluid. Like the disease Alzheimer’s which is why this is linked to the disease.  Experiments with aluminum in blood: -prove that it causes fluidity in cell membrane
  • 6. A safe consumption of aluminum: -<5 μg/kg/day.  Most of it is removed by the kidneys.  Any higher consumption can lead to many other symptons.
  • 7.  Sweat Toxins: Dermcidin =Regulates the skin flora, functions as a natural antibiotic. Any substance absorbed needs to be released. -Ex. Nicotine from cigarettes.
  • 8.  To find and avoid a probable cause of breast cancer.  This may cause breast cancer because: -Toxins from sweat mutate lymphatic nodules from the nearby area.
  • 9. • Do antiperspirant deodorants stimulate the growth of breast cancer cells? • Do they cause harm to any other part of the human body? • What is the quantity of aluminum being absorbed by the users?
  • 10. Antiperspirant deodorant causes: -Breast cancer -trap toxins in the body -Aluminum concentrations can further harm the human body. -Is linked to Alzheimer’s disease.
  • 11.  The more a person sweats while using the antiperspirant deodorant the more probability for additional health problems.
  • 12.  Primarily: -Survey a population of 300 people. =Find out those who have used antiperspirant deodorant for more than a year. This would take convincing those who use the antiperspirant deodorant to volunteer for an serum aluminum test which indicates the level of aluminum in blood.
  • 13.  Volunteers will be notified of their rights.  At least 50 control and 50 experimental volunteers will be needed.  Ask for history of cancer in family.  Exercise is questioned.  Race.  Compare the levels of aluminum between control and experimental, the normal level of aluminum in blood, race and amount of exercise.
  • 14.   Jones J. Can rumors cause cancer? Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2000; 92(18):1469–1471.  Darbre PD. Underarm cosmetics and breast cancer. Journal of Applied Toxicology 2003; 23(2):89–95.  Darbre PD. Aluminium, antiperspirants and breast cancer. Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry 2005; 99(9):1912–1919.  Harvey PW, Everett DJ. Significance of the detection of esters of p- hydroxybenzoic acid (parabens) in human breast tumours. Journal of Applied Toxicology 2004; 24(1):1–4.
  • 15.  Darbre PD, Aljarrah A, Miller WR, et al. Concentrations of parabens in human breast tumours. Journal of Applied Toxicology 2004; 24(1):5–13.  Mirick DK, Davis S, Thomas DB. Antiperspirant use and the risk of breast cancer. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2002; 94(20):1578–1580.  McGrath KG. An earlier age of breast cancer diagnosis related to more frequent use of antiperspirants/deodorants and underarm shaving. European Journal of Cancer 2003; 12(6):479–485.  Fakri S, Al-Azzawi A, Al-Tawil N. Antiperspirant use as a risk factor for breast cancer in Iraq. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal 2006; 12(3-4):478–482.
  • 16.  Susan J. van Rensburg1, Machteld E. Carstens1, Felix C. V. Potocnik2, Abraham K. Aucamp3, Joshua J. F. Taljaard1 and Klaus R. Koch4 Neurochemical Research a journal of Springer Netherlands 2005 pgs 825-829  Immune Mechanisms Against Extracellular Pathogens Nature Encyclopaedia of Life Sciences 