What Landlords Need to Know<br />Consumer Affairs Branch<br />Fairfax County Department of <br />Cable and Consumer Servic...
The Virginia Residential Landlord Tenant Act (VRLTA)<br />Establishes the rights and obligations of tenants and landlords ...
Chapter 13 – Landlord and Tenant<br />This Virginia code applies if the landlord is exempt from the VRLTA,    or if there ...
Chapter 12 – Tenant-Landlord Relations<br />The Fairfax County Code, applies to rental agreements for dwelling units locat...
Virginia Uniform Statewide Building Code<br />Establishes the minimum standards for health and safety in all dwellings occ...
Fairfax County Human Rights Ordinance<br />Prohibits discrimination in housing on   the basis of race, sex, religion, colo...
Length of the tenancy<br />Amount of rent per month<br />Amount of security deposit<br />Fees: late fee, application fee, ...
If pets are allowed and if so, the terms and conditions<br />If the tenant can sublet or have a roommate<br />The landlord...
Move-In Inspection<br />fairfaxcounty.gov/consumer<br />
Move-Out Inspection<br />fairfaxcounty.gov/consumer<br />
Maintain the dwelling unit in a decent, safe, and sanitary condition, and comply with all building and housing codes that ...
Step 1: Notice to Tenants<br />5 day Pay or Quit<br />30 Day Notice to Vacate<br />Step 2: Unlawful Detainer<br />Step 3: ...
Contact the Fairfax County Consumer Affairs Branch for more information:<br />12000 Government Center Parkway, Suite 433<b...
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What Landlords Need To Know In Fairfax County

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This presentation details some of the rights, rules, and regulations of landlord/tenant relations as they are laid out under the Virginia Residential Landlord Tenant Act (VRLTA). What landlords need to know about Virginia Uniform Building Code and Fairfax County Human Rights Ordinances are noted as well.

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What Landlords Need To Know In Fairfax County

  1. 1. What Landlords Need to Know<br />Consumer Affairs Branch<br />Fairfax County Department of <br />Cable and Consumer Services<br />fairfaxcounty.gov/consumer<br />
  2. 2. The Virginia Residential Landlord Tenant Act (VRLTA)<br />Establishes the rights and obligations of tenants and landlords in Virginia. <br />In Fairfax County, the VRLTA applies to all apartment buildings and other multi-family dwellings. <br />Single-family, townhouse, and condominium rental agreements, where the landlord owns and rents four or fewer units are exempt. <br />Tenant-Landlord Laws<br />fairfaxcounty.gov/consumer<br />
  3. 3. Chapter 13 – Landlord and Tenant<br />This Virginia code applies if the landlord is exempt from the VRLTA, or if there is not a lease agreement. <br />This chapter is referred to as “common law”. <br />The lease should state the full agreement between the tenant and landlord. <br />Tenant-Landlord Laws<br />fairfaxcounty.gov/consumer<br />
  4. 4. Chapter 12 – Tenant-Landlord Relations<br />The Fairfax County Code, applies to rental agreements for dwelling units located within Fairfax County. <br />This code requires landlords to post a sign advising tenants of the existence of the Tenant-Landlord Commission.<br />Outlines the duties of Consumer Affairs and the Tenant Landlord Commission. <br />Tenant-Landlord Laws<br />fairfaxcounty.gov/consumer<br />
  5. 5. Virginia Uniform Statewide Building Code<br />Establishes the minimum standards for health and safety in all dwellings occupied by a tenant.<br />Applies to all rental agreements. <br />Enforced by the Fairfax County Zoning Enforcement Branch, and the Fairfax County Health Department. <br />Tenant-Landlord Laws<br />fairfaxcounty.gov/consumer<br />
  6. 6. Fairfax County Human Rights Ordinance<br />Prohibits discrimination in housing on the basis of race, sex, religion, color, national origin, age, marital status, disability, or familial status. <br />Contact the Fairfax County Human Rights Commission at 703 324-2953 or www.fairfaxcounty.gov/hrc<br />Tenant-Landlord Laws<br />fairfaxcounty.gov/consumer<br />
  7. 7. Length of the tenancy<br />Amount of rent per month<br />Amount of security deposit<br />Fees: late fee, application fee, pet fee, etc.<br />Number of people who can live at the rental<br />Which party is responsible for utilities and other costs<br />What’s in the Lease Agreement? <br />fairfaxcounty.gov/consumer<br />
  8. 8. If pets are allowed and if so, the terms and conditions<br />If the tenant can sublet or have a roommate<br />The landlord’s access to the rental unit<br />Landlord’s responsibilities<br />Tenant’s responsibilities<br />Rules governing behavior<br />What’s in the Lease Agreement? <br />fairfaxcounty.gov/consumer<br />
  9. 9. Move-In Inspection<br />fairfaxcounty.gov/consumer<br />
  10. 10. Move-Out Inspection<br />fairfaxcounty.gov/consumer<br />
  11. 11. Maintain the dwelling unit in a decent, safe, and sanitary condition, and comply with all building and housing codes that affect health and safety.<br />When the landlord provides appliances or services, they must be maintained in good and safe working order and condition<br />electrical<br />plumbing, sanitary <br />heating <br />ventilating <br />air-conditioning <br />appliances<br />other facilities including elevators<br />Repairs and Maintenance <br />fairfaxcounty.gov/consumer<br />
  12. 12. Step 1: Notice to Tenants<br />5 day Pay or Quit<br />30 Day Notice to Vacate<br />Step 2: Unlawful Detainer<br />Step 3: Writ of Possession in Unlawful Detainer<br />Step 4: Eviction<br />Eviction<br />fairfaxcounty.gov/consumer<br />
  13. 13. Contact the Fairfax County Consumer Affairs Branch for more information:<br />12000 Government Center Parkway, Suite 433<br />Fairfax, Virginia 22035<br />703-222-8435 TTY 711<br />www.fairfaxcounty.gov/consumer<br />consumer@fairfaxcounty.gov<br />fairfaxcounty.gov/consumer<br />Contact Consumer Affairs<br />
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