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28 Africa

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  • Artist: Attributed to Kojo Bonsu Title: Finial of a spokesperson’s staff ( okyeame poma ) Medium: Wood and gold Size: height 11¼" (28.57 cm) Date: 1960s–70s Source/Museum: From Ghana. Ashanti culture. / Sarah Da Vanzo Collection, Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Artist: Attributed to Kojo Bonsu Title: Finial of a spokesperson’s staff ( okyeame poma ) Medium: Wood and gold Size: height 11¼" (28.57 cm) Date: 1960s–70s Source/Museum: From Ghana. Ashanti culture. / Sarah Da Vanzo Collection, Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Artist: Attributed to Kojo Bonsu Title: Finial of a spokesperson’s staff ( okyeame poma ) Medium: Wood and gold Size: height 11¼" (28.57 cm) Date: 1960s–70s Source/Museum: From Ghana. Ashanti culture. / Sarah Da Vanzo Collection, Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Artist: Attributed to Kojo Bonsu Title: Finial of a spokesperson’s staff ( okyeame poma ) Medium: Wood and gold Size: height 11¼" (28.57 cm) Date: 1960s–70s Source/Museum: From Ghana. Ashanti culture. / Sarah Da Vanzo Collection, Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Ethiopian Art
  • Ethiopian Art
  • Jenne Mosque, Mali
  • Artist: n/a Title: Present-Day Africa Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: n/a
  • Artist: n/a Title: Nankani compound Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: 1972 Source/Museum: Sirigu, Ghana
  • Artist: n/a Title: Doll (biiga) Medium: Wood Size: height 11¼" (28.57 cm) Date: Mid-20th century Source/Museum: Burkina Faso. Mossi culture. / Collection Thomas G. B. Wheelock.
  • Artist: n/a Title: Twin Figures (ere Ibeji) Medium: Wood Size: height 7 ⅞ " (20 cm) Date: 20th century Source/Museum: Yoruba culture, from Nigeria. / The University of Iowa Museum of Art, Iowa City. The Stanley Collection ( 1986.489 and 1986.488)
  • Artist: Margaret Thompson Drewal Title: Elder guiding small boy in Egungun performance while adult Egungun performer looks on Medium: Photograph Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: Yoruba culture, Nigeria. / National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archive
  • Artist: n/a Title: Initiation wall panels Medium: Wood, pigment Size: height 33 ⅜ " (84.8 cm) Date: Early 20th century Source/Museum: Nkanu peoples. Democratic Republic of the Congo. / National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Museum purchase, 99-2-1
  • Artist: Attributed to Kojo Bonsu Title: Finial of a spokesperson’s staff ( okyeame poma ) Medium: Wood and gold Size: height 11¼" (28.57 cm) Date: 1960s–70s Source/Museum: From Ghana. Ashanti culture. / Sarah Da Vanzo Collection, Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Artist: n/a Title: Masks in performance Medium: Wood, mineral pigments, and fiber Size: height approx. 7' (2.13 m) Date: 1984 Source/Museum: Dossi, Burkina Faso, Bwa culture
  • Artist: Fred Lamp Title: Temne Nowo masquerade with attendants Medium: Photograph Size: n/a Date: 1980 Source/Museum: Sierra Leone
  • Artist: n/a Title: Bwami Mask (lukwakongo) Medium: Wood, plant fiber, and pigment Size: height: 22¾" (57.5 cm) Date: n/a Source/Museum: UCLA Fowler Museum of Cultural History, Los Angeles
  • Artist: n/a Title: Power figure (nkisi nkonde) Medium: Wood, nails, pins, blades, and other materials Size: height 44" (111.7 cm) Date: 19th century Source/Museum: Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire). Kongo culture, / The Field Museum, Chicago. Acquisition A109979c
  • Artist: n/a Title: Power figure (nkisi nkonde) Medium: Wood, nails, pins, blades, and other materials Size: height 44" (111.7 cm) Date: 19th century Source/Museum: Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire). Kongo culture, / The Field Museum, Chicago. Acquisition A109979c
  • Artist: n/a Title: Spirit spouse (blolo bla) Medium: Wood Size: height 17 ⅛ " (43.5 cm) Date: Early 20th century Source/Museum: Côte d’Ivoire. Baule culture. / University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia.
  • Artist: Margaret Drewal Title: Ifa divination session Medium: Photograph Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: Yoruba culture, Nigeria. / National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archive
  • Artist: Attributed to Kojo Bonsu Title: Finial of a spokesperson’s staff ( okyeame poma ) Medium: Wood and gold Size: height 11¼" (28.57 cm) Date: 1960s–70s Source/Museum: From Ghana. Ashanti culture. / Sarah Da Vanzo Collection, Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Artist: n/a Title: Kente c loth Medium: Silk Size: 6'10 9⁄16" X 4'3 9⁄16" (2.09 X 130 m) Date: 20th century Source/Museum: Ashanti culture, Ghana. / National Museum of African Art and National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Purchased with funds provided by the Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program, 1983–85, (EJ 10583)
  • Artist: n/a Title: Kente c loth Medium: Silk Size: 6'10 9⁄16" X 4'3 9⁄16" (2.09 X 130 m) Date: 20th century Source/Museum: Ashanti culture, Ghana. / National Museum of African Art and National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Purchased with funds provided by the Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program, 1983–85, (EJ 10583)
  • Artist: n/a Title: Kente c loth Medium: Silk Size: 6'10 9⁄16" X 4'3 9⁄16" (2.09 X 130 m) Date: 20th century Source/Museum: Ashanti culture, Ghana. / National Museum of African Art and National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Purchased with funds provided by the Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program, 1983–85, (EJ 10583)
  • Artist: n/a Title: Kente c loth Medium: Silk Size: 6'10 9⁄16" X 4'3 9⁄16" (2.09 X 130 m) Date: 20th century Source/Museum: Ashanti culture, Ghana. / National Museum of African Art and National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Purchased with funds provided by the Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program, 1983–85, (EJ 10583)
  • Artist: n/a Title: Kente c loth Medium: Silk Size: 6'10 9⁄16" X 4'3 9⁄16" (2.09 X 130 m) Date: 20th century Source/Museum: Ashanti culture, Ghana. / National Museum of African Art and National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Purchased with funds provided by the Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program, 1983–85, (EJ 10583)
  • Artist: Angelo Turconi Title: Decorated building (sleeping room for nyim) in the royal compound of the Kuba Nyim Medium: Photograph Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: Nsheng, Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Artist: Angelo Turconi Title: Decorated building (sleeping room for nyim) in the royal compound of the Kuba Nyim Medium: Photograph Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: Nsheng, Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Artist: Eliot Elisofon Title: Mbop Mabiinc Mambeky Medium: Photograph. The costume includes elements made from copper, brass, cowrie shells, beads, leopard skin, and eagle and parrot feathers Size: n/a Date: 1947 Source/Museum: Paramount ruler ( nyim ) of Kuba peoples (reigned 1939–69). Prestige attire worn by the nyim for receiving important guests. / National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives
  • Artist: Photograph by William Fagg and Olowe of Ise Title: Veranda posts Medium: Wood and pigment Size: n/a Date: 1959 Source/Museum: Ikere Palace, Ikere, Nigeria. / Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, London
  • Artist: Olowe of Ise Title: Door from royal palace in Ikere, Nigeria Medium: Wood, pigment Size: height 72" (182.9 cm) Date: c. 1925 Source/Museum: Yoruba culture. / The Detroit Institute of the Arts. Gift of Bethea and Irwin Green in honor of the 20th anniversary of the Department of African, Oceanic, and New World Cultures (1997.80.A)
  • Artist: Eliot Elisofon Title: Kanaga and rabbit masquerade figures at Dama Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: Dogon culture, Mali. / National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives. (EEPA 3502)
  • Artist: Eliot Elisofon Title: Kanaga and rabbit masquerade figures at Dama Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: n/a Source/Museum: Dogon culture, Mali. / National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives. (EEPA 3502)
  • Dogon Cliff Shrines, Mali
  • Artist: David A. Binkley & Patricia J. Darish Title: Inuba entering the community for funeral performance in the company of senior titleholders Medium: Photograph Size: n/a Date: 1981 Source/Museum: Southern Kuba peoples, Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Artist: n/a Title: Reliquary guardian (Nlo Byeri) Medium: Wood Size: height 16 ⅞ " (43 cm) Date: 19th century Source/Museum: Gabon. Fang culture. / Musée Dapper, Paris
  • Artist: n/a Title: Reliquary guardian (Nlo Byeri) Medium: Wood Size: height 16 ⅞ " (43 cm) Date: 19th century Source/Museum: Gabon. Fang culture. / Musée Dapper, Paris
  • Artist: n/a Title: Altar (Asen) Medium: Iron, wood, paint traces Size: height 44½" (113 cm) Date: n/a Source/Museum: Fon peoples, Ouidah, Republic of Benin. / National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Monique and Jean Paul Barbier-Mueller 93-2-2
  • Artist: El Anatsu Title: Flag For A New World Power Medium: Aluminum bottle tops, copper wire Size: 196 X 177" (500 X 450 cm) Date: 2004 Source/Museum: Courtesy October Gallery, London
  • Artist: n/a Title: Divination basket (Ngombo) Medium: Plant fiber, seed, stone, horn, shell, bone, metal, feather, camwood Size: 12 1⁄16" (30.7 cm) Date: Mid-19th–early 20th century Source/Museum: Chokwe peoples, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Angola. / National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Museum purchase (86-12-17.1)
  • Artist: Julie Mehretu Title: Dispersion Medium: Ink and acrylic on canvas Size: 90 X 144" (228.6 X 365.8 cm) Date: 2002 Source/Museum: Collection Nicolas and Jeanne Greenberg Rohatyn, New York

Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2.  
  • 3.  
  • 4.  
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7.  
  • 8.  
  • 9. Nankani compound, Ghana
  • 10. Doll (biiga), Burkina Faso
  • 11. Yoruba Twin Figures (ere Ibeji)
  • 12.  
  • 13. Initiation wall panels, Congo
  • 14.  
  • 15. Bwa Masks, Burkina Faso
  • 16. Temne Nowo masquerade with attendants
  • 17. Bwami Mask (lukwakongo)
  • 18. Kongo Power figure (nkisi nkonde)
  • 19.  
  • 20. Baule Spirit spouse (blolo bla) Ivory coast
  • 21.  
  • 22. Finial of a spokesperson’s staff ( okyeame poma )
  • 23. Adinkra Symbols, Ghana
  • 24. Kente c loth
  • 25.  
  • 26.  
  • 27.
    • black -- maturation, intensified spiritual energy
    • blue -- peacefulness, harmony and love
    • green -- vegetation, planting, harvesting, growth, spiritual renewal
    • gold -- royalty, wealth, high status, glory, spiritual purity
    • grey -- healing and cleansing rituals; associated with ash
    • maroon -- the color of mother earth; associated with healing
    • pink -- assoc. with the female essence of life; a mild, gentle aspect of red
    • purple -- assoc. with feminine aspects of life; usually worn by women
    • red -- political and spiritual moods; bloodshed; sacrificial rites and death.
    • silver -- serenity, purity, joy; assoc. with the moon
    • white -- purification, sanctification rites and festive occasions
    • yellow -- preciousness, royalty, wealth, fertility
    Kente Cloth Color Symbolism
  • 28. Decorated building (sleeping room for nyim) in the royal compound of the Kuba Nyim
  • 29. Kuba Nyim
  • 30. Mbop Mabiinc Mambeky Kuba peoples
  • 31. Ise Veranda Posts, Nigeria
  • 32. Palace Door, Nigeria
  • 33. Kanaga and rabbit masquerade figures at Dama
  • 34.  
  • 35.  
  • 36. Inuba entering the community for funeral performance in the company of senior titleholders
  • 37. Fang Reliquary guardian , Gabon
  • 38.  
  • 39. Altar (Asen), Benin
  • 40. El Anatsui
  • 41. Divination basket (Ngombo)
  • 42.