Chapter 12
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Chapter 12

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Chapter 12 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 12 The Nervous System
  • 2. -Plegia
    • The suffix -plegia means paralysis
    • There are many different kinds of paralysis, for example:
      • Monoplegia
      • Hemiplegia
      • Paraplegia
      • Quadriplegia (Tetraplegia)
  • 3. Monoplegia
    • Single limb paralysis
    • This condition is commonly a result of cerebral palsy
  • 4. Hemiplegia
    • Severe weakness/paralysis on one side of the body
    • Can be an result of some congenital defects but is most often the result of a stroke
    • The weak side of the body is the side opposite to the side of the brain where the stroke occurred
  • 5. Paraplegia
    • Impairment of motor and/or sensory function in the lower limbs and extremities
    • Due to spinal cord injury or a congenital condition affecting the spinal cord such as spinal tumors, scoliosis, or spina bifida
    • These individuals are incontinent, having no control over their urine and bowel elimination
    • Most often also have sexual dysfunction
  • 6. Quadraplegia
    • Paralysis from the neck down
    • Due to brain or spinal cord injury high in the spine (C1-C8)
    • Individuals are incontinent and unable to perform sexually
  • 7. -Phasia
    • Temr used to indicate a speech disorder
    • Types of these speech disorders include aphasia and dysphasia
  • 8. Aphasia
    • The total impairment of speech, writing, signing, or comprehension of language
  • 9. Dysphasia
    • Difficulty/impairment in speech, writing, signing, or comprehending language