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Chapter 12
Chapter 12
Chapter 12
Chapter 12
Chapter 12
Chapter 12
Chapter 12
Chapter 12
Chapter 12
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Chapter 12

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Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 12 The Nervous System
  • 2. -Plegia <ul><li>The suffix -plegia means paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>There are many different kinds of paralysis, for example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monoplegia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hemiplegia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paraplegia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quadriplegia (Tetraplegia) </li></ul></ul>
  • 3. Monoplegia <ul><li>Single limb paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>This condition is commonly a result of cerebral palsy </li></ul>
  • 4. Hemiplegia <ul><li>Severe weakness/paralysis on one side of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Can be an result of some congenital defects but is most often the result of a stroke </li></ul><ul><li>The weak side of the body is the side opposite to the side of the brain where the stroke occurred </li></ul>
  • 5. Paraplegia <ul><li>Impairment of motor and/or sensory function in the lower limbs and extremities </li></ul><ul><li>Due to spinal cord injury or a congenital condition affecting the spinal cord such as spinal tumors, scoliosis, or spina bifida </li></ul><ul><li>These individuals are incontinent, having no control over their urine and bowel elimination </li></ul><ul><li>Most often also have sexual dysfunction </li></ul>
  • 6. Quadraplegia <ul><li>Paralysis from the neck down </li></ul><ul><li>Due to brain or spinal cord injury high in the spine (C1-C8) </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals are incontinent and unable to perform sexually </li></ul>
  • 7. -Phasia <ul><li>Temr used to indicate a speech disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Types of these speech disorders include aphasia and dysphasia </li></ul>
  • 8. Aphasia <ul><li>The total impairment of speech, writing, signing, or comprehension of language </li></ul>
  • 9. Dysphasia <ul><li>Difficulty/impairment in speech, writing, signing, or comprehending language </li></ul>

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