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Karl Marx A Great Prophet

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Introduction to Political Economy …

Introduction to Political Economy
Instructor: Professor Michael E. DeGolyer


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  • 1. He was from Germany
  • 2. He was the author of Das Kapital
  • 3. In China, “go to see XXX(his name)” means DEATH
  • 4. Come on! Who the hell is he !
  • 5. That is he !!
  • 6. Karl Marx —— A great prophet ? By Eric Wei
  • 7. Full name Karl Heinrich Marx School/tradition Hegelianism, Marxism, socialism Main interests Politics, Economics, Philosophy, Sociology, class struggle Notable ideas Co-founder of Marxism (with Engels), alienation and exploitation of the worker, The Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital, Materialist conception of history
  • 8. 1.Biography • Born in born in Trier, Kingdom of Prussia, in 1818 • Educated by his parents at home until 13 years old • Studied philosophy and history in University of Berlin in 1836 • Married Jenny von Westphalen, in 1843 with keeping their engagement a secret for seven years.
  • 9. Biography • Wrote the Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts after reaching Paris • Expelled from paris, Marx moved to Brussel where he issued the The German Ideology, whose main idea was that "the nature of individuals depends on the material conditions determining their production." • Published The Communist Manifesto on February 21, 1848 • Moved to London in 1849 and remained there for the rest of his life having only written 3 of the planned 8 volumes of Das Kapital
  • 10. 2.Marx & Marxism 2.1 Influneced on Karl Marx: •Hegel's dialectical method and historical orientation •The classical political economy of Adam Smith and David Ricardo; •French socialist and sociological thought, in particular the thought of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Henri de Saint-Simon •Earlier German philosophical materialism, particularly that of Ludwig Feuerbach •The solidarity with the working class of Friedrich Engels
  • 11. 2.2 Marxism Marxism is the political philosophy and practice derived from the works of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, presenting a materialist conception of history, a non- capitalist vision of capitalism and other types of society, and a non-religious view of human liberation. It includes three complementary parts as following :
  • 12. 2.2 Marxism 1). The dialectical and materialist conception of history. 2) The critique of capitalism . Marx’s grave in London 3) The theory of revolution.
  • 13. 3.Marx’s influence • The emergence of tremendous marxists that changed the human history : Lenin Stalin Trotsky Mao Castro…… • Establishement of the Second Internation, a base for continued political activism. •Russian Revolution of 1917 headed by Lenin and Trotsky, caused the creation of the Soviet Union, the first socialist country •The foundation of the People Republic of China and other socialist states.
  • 14. And now ?
  • 15. H e is b a c k !!!
  • 16. Capital’s crisis, Marx’s shadow
  • 17. “Owners of capital will stimulate the working class to buy more and more of expensive goods, houses and technology, pushing them to take more and more expensive credits, until their debt becomes unbearable. The unpaid debt will lead to bankruptcy of banks, which will have to be nationalised, and the State will have to take the road which will eventually lead to communism” -------(Das Kapital, 1867)
  • 18. Is Marx a great pophet ?
  • 19. The development of Modern Industry, therefore, cuts from under its feet the very foundation on which the bourgeoisie produces and appropriates products. What the bourgeoisie, therefore, produces, above all, are its own grave-diggers. Its fall and the victory of the proletariat are equally inevitable. —(The Communist Manifesto)
  • 20. The capitalism will be replaced by socilaism?
  • 21. Ask the God !!
  • 22. Marx’s works(selection) •On the Jewish Question, 1843 •Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844, 1844 •The Holy Family, 1845 •Theses on Feuerbach, 1845 •The German Ideology, 1845 •The Poverty of Philosophy, 1847 •Manifesto of the Communist Party, 1848 •Theories of Surplus Value, 3 volumes, 1862 •Value, Price and Profit, 1865 •Capital, Volume I (Das Kapital), 1867 •The Civil War in France, 1871 •Capital, Volume II [posthumously published by Engels], 1885 •Capital, Volume III [posthumously published by Engels], 1894
  • 23. Recommended websites for futher imformation •http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_Marx •http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marxism •http://www.marxists.org/ •http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/marx/ •http://myy.cass.cn/ •http://www.lib.whu.edu.cn/dh/mks/mksdh.htm •http://mz.pspm.whu.edu.cn/mks/index.html •http://marxist.org.cn/ •http://www.internationalviewpoint.org •http://www.cpim.org/
  • 24. Recommended websites for futher imformation •http://rethinkingmarxism.org/cms/ •http://www.zeno.org/Philosophie/M/Marx,%20Karl •http://www.socialistproject.ca/ •http://www.marxist.com/ •http://www.wyzxsx.com/Article/Class17/200902/71537.html •http://economics.gmu.edu/bcaplan/museum/musframe.htm •http://economics.gmu.edu/bcaplan/museum/comfaq.htm#part10 •http://www.cctb.net/ •http://bright.ustc.edu.cn/ •http://mks.nchu.edu.cn/
  • 25. Reference Karl Marx ( 1867,October ). Das Kapital. Hamburg Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels ( 1848, Feburary). The Communist Manifesto. London Karl Marx . In Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved July 19, 2009, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_Marx Marxism. In Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved July 19, 2009, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marxism Francis Wheen . Why Marx is Man of the Moment Retrieved July 19, 2009, from http://www.commondreams.org/views05/0717-28.htm