Multiple Sclerosis is a disease the attacks the central nervous system. Fatty myelin sheaths around the axons of the brain and spinal cord are damage. MS affects the ability of cells to communicate with each other. This leads to most cases to some sort of paralysis in the body,
There is no direct link to a specific cause for MS. Scientist are still trying to solves this mystery. From what we do know it is there is not direct genetic link to the disease. Another 3 key factors that might determines what causes is other diseases, Environmental and immunologic. Diseases such as measles, canine distemper, human herpes virus-6, Epstein-Bar and Chlamydia are being investigating as may being a trigger. In the environmental causes show that vitamin D may be a roll in this. Studies that people who were born near the equator then move to an area before 15 there chances increase. Reasons for this is vitamin do is impact your immune system helping to fight autoimmune diseases like MS. So people near the equator living there get more sunlight which means more vitamin D. so somewhere in-between the age of 15 and moving it seems some sort of change is accruing.
MS accurse in women 2 to 3 times more like then men which is a significant differerance. Then is most likely which has to the role of hormones and how they affect you. The risk for the general public is 1/750 the rises to 1/40 in children who's parents have it. Most cases are diagnosed in the age range if 20-50. teens and child can get it but it very rare. It is most common in Caucasians but all ethics can aquaire the disease. About every 2 weeks 2 people are diagnosed with it. There about 400,00 people with the disease.
There is a wide rage of symptoms there are more common symptoms such as walking/balance issue, numbness, fatigue, bladder/bowel dysfunction and so on. Less common symptoms speech disorders, seizers, tremor, respiration/breathing problems. Symptoms of MS usually appear in periods called relapses. Some attacks are preceded by commons triggers. Relapses are more random and cant happen at anytime.
One of the problem with ms there is no symptoms physical findings or lab test that they can use to determine if you have MS. They also may be similar to other medicinal conditions so all other most get ruled out. Find evidence of two serrate damages in the central nervous system. Also find damage accurse at least one part to rule out other diseases. This can be found by using a Neuroimaging. This is a scan that analysis the cerebrospinal fluid and evoked potentials. You can also test for cerebrospinal fluid obtained from lumbar puncture. This test for oligoclonal bands which are inflammation markers found in 75%-85% of MS patients One other way you can test for MS is evoked potentials. These test for responses in the body using visual and sensory test. Since MS nervous is block/damaged their responses are less then normal stimulation of a normal person.
There is no cure for MS at this time period. At this point in time they focus on trying to control the flare-ups of MS. One of the problems with the drugs they use is that the side affects of the drugs can be worse then the actually disease itself. My dad has been offer new drugs but they might kill him. It is not worth it. Similar ways to control ms is physical therapy to keep his muscle in shape. It help strength what little strength they have to do the similar thing like take a step or two that they might be able to do on their own. Is worse cases speech therapy might be needed. Another common way that helps MS patient is getting infusion in there body once a month. It helps stop flare up and subdues symptoms. They will be very week however a few days after the infusion so sleep and rest is necessary.
There are four classifications of MS the first one is relapsing remitting, this is chararized by relapse then followed periods of time of remission. This can be anywhere from a few months to years of no signs of having disease activity. The 2nd classification is called secondary progressive. Is when you have progressive neurologic decline between attacks without any definite periods of remission. The 3rd type is called primary progressive. Which 10-15% of individuals who never have remission after their initial MS symptoms. The 4th and final one is called Progressive relapsing (Benign). This is for the indicial who suffer steady neurologic decline but also suffer superimposed attacks.
Lesions are the scars that form in the nervous system. Lessions cause inflammation in the central nervous system in which neurons have their myelin destroyed. Myelin dare the proteins are the fat and proteins sheets that control the signals in your central nervous system. This is why many MS patients are reduced to wheelchair because their myelin sheaths have been destroyed ruined. This destructive processed is called Demyelinated. Modern technologies such as MRI scans and CT scans show where the lesions. Before there was no way to determine where they where in the body. In recent year studies have showed there are four different types of lesions which may mean there is for different forms of multiple sclerosis. Thos could even be that MS is four different together in its entirety.
The goal of rehabilitation is to improve and maintain the normal body function. Rehabilitation is considered necessary component of comprehensive, quality health care for people with MS, at all stages of the disease. Physical therapy evaluates what ability and function you a struggling wit. Whether it is walking, strength, balance, fatigue or pain. The finally end is strength your muscles to you can increase your mobility. Excises include strength training, range-of-motion exercises, gait training,. They also train in mobile aid such as crutches, scooters, and wheelchair.
There are a lot of struggles people living with MS half to face. From the everyday habits that we take for grant like be able to move freely to getting a job. Sleep problems may accrues due to muscle spasms and other factors. To help with this they suggest not taking naps during the day, not smoking during night, going to bed when you are tired and try to do the best to relax yourself. Something people with MS people must do is exercise. Do not over do it because they may heart themselves in the process. Stress can be a trigger for MS and makes the body week. So try your best to stay calm and relaxed.
The MS society is a non-profit organization that is nationwide promoting advance on issue relating to multiple sclerosis. They organize a wide range of programs to help raise money for the the organization. It was founded in 1946 and has ever grown stronger and doing great goods for the cause. They are relentlessly pursuing prevention, treatment and cure for MS. They help families with MS by throwing events to families living multiple sclerosis. They are the biggest group right now helping people with MS.
There are many things the average person can do to help out. There are nearly 600 MS walk around the country that you can participate in. For people for looking for more of a challenge there 30-50 mile walks over a 2-3 day period. You host/create community events to help raise awareness and fundraise for the MS movement. If walks are not your thing there is places like VolunteerMatch.com where you can do volunteer work and help out. Also you can go through the MS society to the dozens of programs they offer. Also you can involve your companies in the support. There are hundreds of companies that have partner with the MS society so go support and help out.
A person living with MS is going to need help getting around the house. They are going to half to have devices to help them do there everyday activities. Devices for the home that can help out at the house are built-up utensils, grab bars, reacher devices and sliding bars. If worse comes to worse and the person is no longer to walk get an a electric wheelchair. Building ramps where your stairs is the best solution to making your house wheeelchairaccessiable.For clothing wise they are going to have a hard time getting dress. Having a sitting chair with arms rest where they can get dress will keep them from losing there balance. Wear clothes that are loose fitting or have elastic waistbands. Also you can always use devives like shoehorn or sockaid for additional assistance. For bathing install grab bars inside and outside of the shower. This is one of the most dangerous places for them because they have the ablity to easily loose balance and potential injure there selves serverly. Make sure there is someone home incase they fall. You nonskid mats in the bathroom. Always makes sure the floor is not slippery. Use lukewarm water, very hot water can cause fatigue and agrravate your symptoms. These days there are wheelchair accessiable bathtub they may be more fitting for your situation.
The central nervous system coordinates the active of all parts of the bodies functions. The central nervous system is made up of the brain and the spinal cords. Your brain is protect by your skull and your spinal is protected by your vertebrae Millions of nerves all communicate through this delicate high way to make your life possible. From the littlest of things from picking up a spoon to eat your daily breakfast requires cooperation of this important Struthers. In the case of MS patient this highway gets destroy. These pathways get destroyed by . These eat away at the delicate protein which no longer are able to send signals to your brain. This interns causes your body to not be able function properly. Muscle spasm usually accrues and the person is unable to break them. You either must wait it out or try slowly exercising that point to help break the spasm. If you are lucky if it just slightly damaged you start to loose the balance, coordination and other basic functions. Usually however it deteriorates to point where the person can no longer walk and will accrue wheelchair assistance.
Disease like MS can lead to frustration, anger, hopelessness and depression. Depression is defined as a mood disorder, and there are several subtypes. Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is considered in a separate category. Stress is bad and can be a trigger for the disease. Warning signs can include anger worry, sadness and mood swings. His behavior might change like acting on impulse and overacting. Best for him and everyone is to find something that will calm him down. From taking him out of the house to just keeping his mind occupied. Depression happens a lot because of the hopeless they feel. They feel as if there life is gone and they are useless. So make them feel like there still apart of the family. This will be a lifetime battle for everyone.
Multiple Sclerosis By Evan Garo
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