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BLINDNESS                                                                          By: Devyn Ingramhttp://www.art-dept.com...
Thesis                        • Globally 45 million people are blind                          due to three main causes and...
Personal RelevanceBella         Buster
WHAT IS BLINDNESS?"Fact Sheet: What is blindness? ." Guide Dogs for the Blind . N.p., n.d. Web. 7   Mar. 2011. <http://www...
Statistics"Guide Dogs for the Blind." Fact Sheet: What is Blindness? N.p., n.d. Web. 10   Mar. 2011. <http://www.guidedogs...
Leading Causes                         • Cataracts                         • Glaucoma                         • Macular De...
Cataracts                                          #1 cause of blindness                                               wor...
Types of Cataracts                              • Age Related                              • Congenital                   ...
CATARACTShttp://www.katzmaneyes.com/images/AAO-A06.jpg
Risk Factors       http://topics.info.com/image/400x200/3436_cataract_risk_factors_and_prevention.jpg                     ...
WHO                                       IS                                     MOST                                    A...
Cataract Surgery"Guide to Cataract Surgery ." Prevent Blindness America. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Mar.   2011. <http://www.preven...
Glaucoma"Living with Glaucoma." National Glaucoma Research. AmericanHealth Assistance  Foundation, n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2011....
“The Sneak Thief of Sight”http://monstercutie.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/08/silhouette06.jpg"Living with Glaucoma." Natio...
Types of Glaucoma                     • Open-Angle Glaucoma                     • Closed-Angle Glaucoma                   ...
Open Angle Glaucomahttp://www.ohioeyecareconsultants.com/eyeinfo/glaucoma3.jpg"Living with Glaucoma." National Glaucoma Re...
Closed-Angle Glaucoma"Living with Glaucoma." National Glaucoma Research. American Health Assistance  Foundation, n.d. Web....
Acute Closed-Angle"Living with Glaucoma." National Glaucoma Research. American Health Assistance  Foundation, n.d. Web. 15...
Chronic            Closed-             Anglehttp://medicalimages.allrefer.com/large/glaucoma.jpg"Living with Glaucoma." Na...
Normal-Tension Glaucoma"Living with Glaucoma." National Glaucoma Research. American Health Assistance  Foundation, n.d. We...
RISK FACTORS"Glaucoma." Health Information Translations. N.p., Nov. 2007. Web. 21 Feb. 2011.   <http://www.healthinfotrans...
Specific Risk Factors"Living with Glaucoma." National Glaucoma Research. American Health Assistance  Foundation, n.d. Web. ...
PREVENTION"Glaucoma." Health Information Translations. N.p., Nov. 2007. Web. 21 Feb. 2011.   <http://www.healthinfotransla...
TREATMENThttp://www.indiahealthtour.com/images/innerpages/eyecare/Laser-Iridotmy-Surgery2.jpg"Glaucoma." Health Informatio...
Age-Related Macular Degeneration     • Destroys the macula            • part of the eye that              provides the sha...
Dry AMD              • Most common form              • Light sensitive cells slowly break downAge-Related Macular Degenera...
http://www.nei.nih.gov/health/maculardegen/nei_wysk_amd.PDF
Risk Factors                      • Smoking                      • Race                      • FamilyAge-Related Macular D...
Prevention of AMD                         • Don’t smoke                         • Exercise                         • Maint...
Types of Vision Loss                         • Central Vision Loss                         • Peripheral Vision Loss       ...
Central Vision Losshttp://www.guidedogs.com/site/DocServer/Blindness.pdf?docID=3164"Guide Dogs for the Blind." Fact Sheet:...
Peripheral Vision Losshttp://www.guidedogs.com/site/DocServer/Blindness.pdf?docID=3164"Guide Dogs for the Blind." Fact She...
Spotted or Blurred Visionhttp://www.guidedogs.com/site/DocServer/Blindness.pdf?docID=3164"Guide Dogs for the Blind." Fact ...
Tools That Help the Blind and                        Visually Impaired           • The White Cane           • Braille     ...
The White Cane        • James Briggs        • George A. Bonham        • A universally known symbol http://library.thinkque...
Braille     • Louis Braille born       January 4, 1809     • Abbae PalluyNeimark, Anne E. Touch of Light: The Story of Lou...
Braille Cont.Neimark, Anne E. Touch of Light: The Story of Louis Braille. New York: Harcourt, Brace &World, 1970.http://ww...
Braille Cellshttp://www.flong.com/storage/experience/dakadaka/images/braille.gifNeimark, Anne E. Touch of Light: The Story ...
Guide DogsDeam, Jacob. Seeing Eye Dogs- A Brief History. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2011.   <http://www.cyber-spy.com/ebooks/...
Seeing Eye Dogs vs. Guide Dogshttp://1.bp.blogspot.com/_WnCJlq_kUA8/SfqNzGAYTOI/AAAAAAAATy0/hTbjF54WeLU/s320/guide-dog-pup...
Guide Dogs Q&A       • How long does it take to         train a guide dog?       • How many guide dogs are         working...
Training"Fact Sheet: The Skills of a Guide Dog ." Guide Dogs for the Blind . N.p., n.d.   Web. 16 Mar. 2011. <http:/www.gu...
SPEAKERS
• Sasha• 8 months old• Labrador and Golden  Retriever Mix
• Trent• 6 Months• German Shepherd
• Emmy• Labrador• 3 Months
CLASS ACTIVITY
Works CitedAge-Related Macular Degeneration. N.p.: National Institutes of Health, n.d.  National Eye Institute. Web. 25 Fe...
Works Cited"Fact Sheet: What is blindness? ." Guide Dogs for the Blind . N.p., n.d. Web. 7   Mar. 2011. <http://www.guided...
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_eHzLCV2RSqc/R3T69afsOiI/AAAAAAAAAQY/Lo62OwFrPCA/s320/what+i+learned.JPG
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  1. 1. BLINDNESS By: Devyn Ingramhttp://www.art-dept.com/artists/rankin/portfolio/specialprojects/eyescapes/portfolio.html
  2. 2. Thesis • Globally 45 million people are blind due to three main causes and have had to deal with not only loss of vision but loss of independence as well. Guide dogs have been traced back to the 16th century and have helped blind persons regain their independence.http://www.art-dept.com/artists/rankin/portfolio/specialprojects/eyescapes/portfolio.html
  3. 3. Personal RelevanceBella Buster
  4. 4. WHAT IS BLINDNESS?"Fact Sheet: What is blindness? ." Guide Dogs for the Blind . N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Mar. 2011. <http://www.guidedogs.com/site/DocServer/ Blindness.pdf?docID=3164>. http://www.granitegrok.com/pix/blind-man.jpg
  5. 5. Statistics"Guide Dogs for the Blind." Fact Sheet: What is Blindness? N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2011. <http://www.guidedogs.com/site/DocServer/ Blindness.pdf?docID=3164>.
  6. 6. Leading Causes • Cataracts • Glaucoma • Macular Degeneration (Age-Related)"Guide to Cataract Surgery ." Prevent Blindness America. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Mar. 2011. <http://www.preventblindness.org>.http://www.crystalensdoctor.com/images/cataract_eye.gif
  7. 7. Cataracts #1 cause of blindness worldwide"Cataract - A Leading Cause of Blindness." Editorial. J Nepal Medical Association 46.3 (July 2007): n. pag. Web. 2 Mar. 2011."Guide to Cataract Surgery ." Prevent Blindness America. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Mar. 2011. <http://www.preventblindness.org>.http://www.crystalensdoctor.com/images/cataract_eye.gif
  8. 8. Types of Cataracts • Age Related • Congenital • Traumatic • Secondary"Guide to Cataract Surgery ." Prevent Blindness America. N.p., n.d.Web. 2 Mar. 2011. <http://www.preventblindness.org>.http://www.stlukeseye.com/images/img-cataract-photo.jpg
  9. 9. CATARACTShttp://www.katzmaneyes.com/images/AAO-A06.jpg
  10. 10. Risk Factors http://topics.info.com/image/400x200/3436_cataract_risk_factors_and_prevention.jpg http://www.goc.state.md.us/images/HappyFamily.jpg http://www.anabolicsteroidsforsale.org/wp-content/uploads/anabolicsteroidsforsale.jpghttp://www.clker.com/cliparts/a/3/c/e/1206566111376377206tribut_No-Smoking_Sign.svg.med.png http://www.austincountyeye.com/graphics/protecting-your-eyes.jpg
  11. 11. WHO IS MOST AT RISK?"Guide to Cataract Surgery ." Prevent Blindness America. N.p., n.d.Web. 2 Mar. 2011. <http://www.preventblindness.org>.http://www.stlukeseye.com/images/img-cataract-photo.jpg http://www.fasttrackhappiness.com/images/beautiful_older_couple_2.jpg
  12. 12. Cataract Surgery"Guide to Cataract Surgery ." Prevent Blindness America. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Mar. 2011. <http://www.preventblindness.org>.http://www.hudsoneyemd.com/images/cataract%20surgery.jpg
  13. 13. Glaucoma"Living with Glaucoma." National Glaucoma Research. AmericanHealth Assistance Foundation, n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http:/www.ahaf.org/docs/ pdf-publications/livingwithglaucoma.pdf>
  14. 14. “The Sneak Thief of Sight”http://monstercutie.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/08/silhouette06.jpg"Living with Glaucoma." National Glaucoma Research. American Health Assistance Foundation, n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http:/www.ahaf.org/docs/ pdf-publications/livingwithglaucoma.pdf>.
  15. 15. Types of Glaucoma • Open-Angle Glaucoma • Closed-Angle Glaucoma • Normal-Tension Glaucoma"Glaucoma." Nov. 2007. PDF file."Living with Glaucoma." National Glaucoma Research. American Health Assistance Foundation, n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http:/www.ahaf.org/docs/ pdf-publications/livingwithglaucoma.pdf>.
  16. 16. Open Angle Glaucomahttp://www.ohioeyecareconsultants.com/eyeinfo/glaucoma3.jpg"Living with Glaucoma." National Glaucoma Research. American Health Assistance Foundation, n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http:/www.ahaf.org/docs/ pdf-publications/livingwithglaucoma.pdf>.
  17. 17. Closed-Angle Glaucoma"Living with Glaucoma." National Glaucoma Research. American Health Assistance Foundation, n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http:/www.ahaf.org/docs/ pdf-publications/livingwithglaucoma.pdf>.
  18. 18. Acute Closed-Angle"Living with Glaucoma." National Glaucoma Research. American Health Assistance Foundation, n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http:/www.ahaf.org/docs/ pdf-publications/livingwithglaucoma.pdf>.http://www.hakeem-sy.com/main/files/9-1_0.jpg
  19. 19. Chronic Closed- Anglehttp://medicalimages.allrefer.com/large/glaucoma.jpg"Living with Glaucoma." National Glaucoma Research. American Health Assistance Foundation, n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http:/www.ahaf.org/docs/ pdf-publications/livingwithglaucoma.pdf>.
  20. 20. Normal-Tension Glaucoma"Living with Glaucoma." National Glaucoma Research. American Health Assistance Foundation, n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http:/www.ahaf.org/docs/ pdf-publications/livingwithglaucoma.pdf>. http://healthkut.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/normalEye.jpg
  21. 21. RISK FACTORS"Glaucoma." Health Information Translations. N.p., Nov. 2007. Web. 21 Feb. 2011. <http://www.healthinfotranslations.org/pdfDocs/Glaucoma_Som_FINAL.pdf>. http://www.cosmosmagazine.com/files/imagecache/news/files/20070416_bloodpressure.jpg
  22. 22. Specific Risk Factors"Living with Glaucoma." National Glaucoma Research. American Health Assistance Foundation, n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http:/www.ahaf.org/docs/ pdf-publications/livingwithglaucoma.pdf>."Glaucoma." Health Information Translations. N.p., Nov. 2007. Web. 21 Feb. 2011. http://www.cracked.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/10/asian_family.jpg <http://www.healthinfotranslations.org/pdfDocs/Glaucoma_Som_FINAL.pdf>.http://africanamericanfamilyconference.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/12/aafcfam2.jpg
  23. 23. PREVENTION"Glaucoma." Health Information Translations. N.p., Nov. 2007. Web. 21 Feb. 2011. <http://www.healthinfotranslations.org/pdfDocs/Glaucoma_Som_FINAL.pdf>.http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_chDngy2PI7A/SYma2lyF67I/AAAAAAAAAaw/Sr12_7QX4-M/s400/yoga.jpg
  24. 24. TREATMENThttp://www.indiahealthtour.com/images/innerpages/eyecare/Laser-Iridotmy-Surgery2.jpg"Glaucoma." Health Information Translations. N.p., Nov. 2007. Web. 21 Feb. 2011. <http://www.healthinfotranslations.org/pdfDocs/Glaucoma_Som_FINAL.pdf>.
  25. 25. Age-Related Macular Degeneration • Destroys the macula • part of the eye that provides the sharp central vision to help you see objects clearlyAge-Related Macular Degeneration. N.p.: National Institutes of Health, n.d. National Eye Institute. Web. 25 Feb. 2011. <http://www.nei.nih.gov/>.
  26. 26. Dry AMD • Most common form • Light sensitive cells slowly break downAge-Related Macular Degeneration. N.p.: National Institutes of Health, n.d. National Eye Institute. Web. 25 Feb. 2011. <http://www.nei.nih.gov/>.http://www.clemsoneye.com/Portals/0/Dry-amd.jpg
  27. 27. http://www.nei.nih.gov/health/maculardegen/nei_wysk_amd.PDF
  28. 28. Risk Factors • Smoking • Race • FamilyAge-Related Macular Degeneration. N.p.: National Institutes of Health, n.d. National Eye Institute. Web. 25 Feb. 2011. <http://www.nei.nih.gov/>.http://images.inmagine.com/img/westend61/wses100/wses100057.jpg
  29. 29. Prevention of AMD • Don’t smoke • Exercise • Maintain normal blood pressure and cholesterol levels • Eat healthyAge-Related Macular Degeneration. N.p.: National Institutes of Health, n.d. National Eye Institute. Web. 25 Feb. 2011. <http://www.nei.nih.gov/>.
  30. 30. Types of Vision Loss • Central Vision Loss • Peripheral Vision Loss • Spotty Vision • Blurred Vision"Guide Dogs for the Blind." Fact Sheet: What is Blindness? N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2011. <http://www.guidedogs.com/site/DocServer/ Blindness.pdf?docID=3164>.
  31. 31. Central Vision Losshttp://www.guidedogs.com/site/DocServer/Blindness.pdf?docID=3164"Guide Dogs for the Blind." Fact Sheet: What is Blindness? N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2011. <http://www.guidedogs.com/site/DocServer/ Blindness.pdf?docID=3164>.
  32. 32. Peripheral Vision Losshttp://www.guidedogs.com/site/DocServer/Blindness.pdf?docID=3164"Guide Dogs for the Blind." Fact Sheet: What is Blindness? N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2011. <http://www.guidedogs.com/site/DocServer/ Blindness.pdf?docID=3164>.
  33. 33. Spotted or Blurred Visionhttp://www.guidedogs.com/site/DocServer/Blindness.pdf?docID=3164"Guide Dogs for the Blind." Fact Sheet: What is Blindness? N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2011. <http://www.guidedogs.com/site/DocServer/ Blindness.pdf?docID=3164>.
  34. 34. Tools That Help the Blind and Visually Impaired • The White Cane • Braille • Guide Dogshttp://scrapetv.com/News/News%20Pages/Entertainment/Images/blind-person-with-cane.JPG
  35. 35. The White Cane • James Briggs • George A. Bonham • A universally known symbol http://library.thinkquest.org/05aug/00386/vision/blindness/cane4.jpg"White Cane." Lions Club International . N.p., 2011. Web. 11 Mar. 2011. <http://www.lionsclubs.org/EN/index.php>.
  36. 36. Braille • Louis Braille born January 4, 1809 • Abbae PalluyNeimark, Anne E. Touch of Light: The Story of Louis Braille. New York: Harcourt, Brace &World, 1970.http://www.firstschoolyears.com/history/people/Braille/braille.jpg
  37. 37. Braille Cont.Neimark, Anne E. Touch of Light: The Story of Louis Braille. New York: Harcourt, Brace &World, 1970.http://www.afb.org/Scripts/EGImage.asp?ImageID=508
  38. 38. Braille Cellshttp://www.flong.com/storage/experience/dakadaka/images/braille.gifNeimark, Anne E. Touch of Light: The Story of Louis Braille. New York: Harcourt, Brace &World, 1970.
  39. 39. Guide DogsDeam, Jacob. Seeing Eye Dogs- A Brief History. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2011. <http://www.cyber-spy.com/ebooks/ebooks/ Seeing-Eye-Dogs--A-Brief-History-(ebook).pdf>.http://blog.halopets.com/wp-content/byrontheGermanShepherdGuideDog.jpghttps://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-phSTB6WuXu4/TXtoEOIrMKI/AAAAAAAAMhA/EeEtKSRZ3UQ/s1600/Guide+Dog.jpg
  40. 40. Seeing Eye Dogs vs. Guide Dogshttp://1.bp.blogspot.com/_WnCJlq_kUA8/SfqNzGAYTOI/AAAAAAAATy0/hTbjF54WeLU/s320/guide-dog-puppy-tiny.jpg"Guide Dogs of America Questions and Answers." Guide Dogs of America . N.p., 2010. Web. 16 Feb. 2011. <http:/www.guidedogsofamerica.org/1/> http://www.ritchies.com.au/images/jpgs/seeingEyeDog.jpg
  41. 41. Guide Dogs Q&A • How long does it take to train a guide dog? • How many guide dogs are working at the present time? • For what reasons are dogs rejected? • Where are guide dogs allowed to go?"Guide Dogs of America Questions and Answers." Guide Dogs of America . N.p., 2010. Web. 16 Feb. 2011. <http:/www.guidedogsofamerica.org/1/> http://professionaldogtraining.us/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/guide-dog-for-the-blind.jpg
  42. 42. Training"Fact Sheet: The Skills of a Guide Dog ." Guide Dogs for the Blind . N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2011. <http:/www.guidedogs.com/site/DocServer/ Guide_Dog_Skills.pdf?docID=3166>. http://static2.stuff.co.nz/1233108507/685/728685.jpg
  43. 43. SPEAKERS
  44. 44. • Sasha• 8 months old• Labrador and Golden Retriever Mix
  45. 45. • Trent• 6 Months• German Shepherd
  46. 46. • Emmy• Labrador• 3 Months
  47. 47. CLASS ACTIVITY
  48. 48. Works CitedAge-Related Macular Degeneration. N.p.: National Institutes of Health, n.d. National Eye Institute. Web. 25 Feb. 2011. <http://www.nei.nih.gov/>."Cataract - A Leading Cause of Blindness." Editorial. J Nepal Medical Association 46.3 (July 2007): n. pag. Web. 2 Mar. 2011."Cataracts." Prevent Blindness America. N.p., 2005. Web. 2 Mar. 2011. <http://www.preventblindness.org/>.Deam, Jacob. Seeing Eye Dogs- A Brief History. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2011. <http://www.cyber-spy.com/ebooks/ebooks/ Seeing-Eye-Dogs--A-Brief-History-(ebook).pdf>."The Eye: Information About Vision Loss and Blindness." The Eye . N.p., 2 Sept. 2007. Web. 22 Dec. 2010. <http://www.99main.com/~charlief/ blindness.html>."Fact Sheet: The Skills of a Guide Dog ." Guide Dogs for the Blind . N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2011. <http:/www.guidedogs.com/site/DocServer/ Guide_Dog_Skills.pdf?docID=3166>.
  49. 49. Works Cited"Fact Sheet: What is blindness? ." Guide Dogs for the Blind . N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Mar. 2011. <http://www.guidedogs.com/site/DocServer/ Blindness.pdf?docID=3164>."Glaucoma." Health Information Translations. N.p., Nov. 2007. Web. 21 Feb. 2011. <http://www.healthinfotranslations.org/pdfDocs/Glaucoma_Som_FINAL.pdf>."Guide Dogs for the Blind." Fact Sheet: What is Blindness? N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2011. <http://www.guidedogs.com/site/DocServer/ Blindness.pdf?docID=3164>."Guide Dogs of America Questions and Answers." Guide Dogs of America . N.p., 2010. Web. 16 Feb. 2011. <http:/www.guidedogsofamerica.org/1/>."Guide to Cataract Surgery ." Prevent Blindness America. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Mar. 2011. <http://www.preventblindness.org>."Living with Glaucoma." National Glaucoma Research. American Health Assistance Foundation, n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http:/www.ahaf.org/docs/ pdf-publications/livingwithglaucoma.pdf>."White Cane." Lions Club International . N.p., 2011. Web. 11 Mar. 2011. <http://www.lionsclubs.org/EN/index.php>.
  50. 50. http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_eHzLCV2RSqc/R3T69afsOiI/AAAAAAAAAQY/Lo62OwFrPCA/s320/what+i+learned.JPG

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