Motorcycle data/dealership details
Motorcycle data Dealership details
Model Person to contact in Service department
Vehicle identification number Ms/Mr
Colour code Phone number
Date of first registration
Registration number Dealership address/phone number (com-
Important data for refuelling
Recommended fuel grade 95 ROZ/RON, Super unleaded
Usable fuel capacity 9.5 l
Reserve fuel 2l
Tyre pressure, front 1.9 bar, one-up, tyre cold
2 bar, two-up and/or with luggage,
Tyre pressure, rear 2.1 bar, one-up, tyre cold
2.3 bar, two-up and/or with lug-
gage, tyre cold
Order No. 01 41 7 706 761
05.2007, 2nd edition
Welcome to BMW BMW Motorrad dealer will gladly
provide advice and assistance.
We congratulate you on your
choice of a motorcycle from We hope that you will enjoy rid-
BMW and welcome you to the ing your BMW and that all your
community of BMW riders. journeys will be pleasant and
Familiarise yourself with your new safe.
motorcycle so that you can ride it
safely and confidently in all traffic BMW Motorrad.
Please read this Rider's Manual
carefully before starting to use
your new BMW motorcycle. It
contains important information on
how to operate the controls and
how to make the best possible
use of all your BMW's technical
In addition, it contains information
on maintenance and care to help
you maintain your motorcycle's
reliability and safety, as well as its
If you have questions concerning
your motorcycle, your authorised
Overview Specific instructions on OE Optional extra
1 Chapter 2 of this Rider's Manu-
how to operate, control, ad- The motorcycles are as-
just or look after items of equip- sembled complete with
6 al will provide you with an initial
ment on the motorcycle. all the BMW optional ex-
overview of your motorcycle. All
Indicates the end of an tras originally ordered.
maintenance and repair work on
the motorcycle is documented in item of information.
OA Optional accessory
Chapter 11. This record of the You can obtain option-
maintenance work you have had al accessories through
performed on your motorcycle is your authorised BMW
Result of an activity.
a precondition for generous treat- Motorrad dealer; optional
ment of goodwill claims. Reference to a page with accessories have to be
When the time comes to sell more detailed informa- retrofitted to the motor-
your BMW, please remember tion. cycle.
to hand over this Rider's Manu-
al; it is an important part of the Indicates the end of a ABS Anti-lock brake system
motorcycle. passage relating to spe-
z cific accessories or items Equipment
Abbreviations and of equipment.
When you ordered your BMW
symbols motorcycle, you chose various
Indicates warnings that you items of custom equipment. This
must comply with for reas- Rider's Manual describes option-
ons of your safety and the safety Item of technical data. al extras (OE) offered by BMW
of others, and to protect your and selected optional accessor-
motorcycle against damage. ies (OA). This explains why the
manual may also contain de-
scriptions of equipment which Currency
you have not ordered. Please
The high safety and quality 1
note, too, that your motorcycle
standards of BMW motorcycles 7
might not be exactly as illus-
are maintained by constant
trated in this manual on account
development work on designs,
of country-specific differences.
equipment and accessories.
If your BMW was supplied with
Because of this, your motorcycle
equipment not described in
may differ from the information
this Rider's Manual, you will
supplied in the Rider's Manual.
find these features described in
Nor can BMW Motorrad entirely
rule out errors and omissions.
We hope you will appreciate that
Technical data no claims can be entertained on
All dimensions, weights and the basis of the data, illustrations
power ratings stated in the or descriptions in this manual.
Rider's Manual are quoted to the
standards and comply with the
tolerance requirements of the z
Deutsche Institut für Normung
e.V. Versions for individual
countries may differ.
General view, left side
1 Adjuster for spring preload, 2
rear ( 34) 11
2 Power socket OE ( 54)
3 Adjuster for damping char-
acteristic, rear suspension
4 Coolant-level indicator
Status indicators Telltale lights Standard warnings
3 Multifunction display Mode of presentation
1 Flashing turn indicators, left
2 Flashing turn indicators, Warnings are indicated by warn-
right ing lights 1.
2 Odometer, clock or battery
3 Idle The possible warnings are listed
voltage ( 28)
4 High-beam headlight on the next page.
Lights up Fuel down to reserve ( 22) 21
Lights up Insufficient engine oil pressure ( 22)
Lights up Coolant temperature too high ( 22)
Fuel down to reserve Insufficient engine oil Do not continue your journey.
3 Warning light for fuel down pressure Have the fault rectified as
to reserve lights up. Warning light for oil pres- quickly as possible by a
sure shows. specialist workshop, preferably
Lack of fuel can result in
The oil pressure in the lube-oil an authorised BMW Motorrad
the engine misfiring and
system is too low. Stop immedi- dealer.
cutting out unexpectedly. Mis-
ately and switch off the engine if
firing can damage the catalytic Coolant temperature too high
the warning light shows.
converter; a hazardous situation
The insufficient oil pres- Warning light for coolant
can result if the engine cuts out
sure warning does not fulfil temperature shows.
Do not run the fuel tank dry. the function of an oil gauge. The Continuing to ride when the
only way of checking whether engine is overheated could
Possible cause: The fuel tank the oil level is correct is to check
contains no more than the re- result in engine damage.
with the oil dipstick. You must comply with the in-
serve quantity of fuel.
Possible cause: Engine-oil level structions below.
z Reserve fuel too low. Possible cause: Coolant level too
Check the engine oil level low.
( 59) Check the coolant level ( 65)
If the oil level is too low: If the coolant level is too low:
Refuelling ( 48) Top up the engine oil ( 61) Topping up coolant ( 65)
If the engine oil level is correct: Possible cause: Radiator fan de-
Riding when engine-oil fective.
pressure is low can result
in engine damage.
If the radiator fan does not start ABS warnings OE
even though the coolant-temper-
Mode of presentation 3
ature warning light shows:
Have the fault rectified as 23
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
Possible cause: Insufficient cool-
If possible, ride in the part-load
range to cool down the engine. ABS warnings are indicated by
In traffic jams, switch off the ABS warning light 1.
engine, but leave the ignition The detailed descriptions start on
switched on so that the radiat- page ( 50), and you will find
or fan continues to operate. z
an overview listing the possible
If the coolant temperature is warnings on the next page.
frequently too high, have the
fault rectified as soon as pos-
sible by a specialist workshop,
preferably an authorised BMW
24 Flashes Self-diagnosis not completed ( 25)
Lights up ABS deactivated ( 25)
Lights up ABS fault ( 25)
Self-diagnosis not completed ABS fault
ABS warning light flashes. ABS warning light shows. 3
The ABS function is not The ABS control unit has detec-
available, because self- ted a fault. The ABS function is
diagnosis did not complete. The not available.
motorcycle has to move forward You can continue to ride. Bear
a few metres for the wheel in mind that the ABS function
sensors to be tested. is not available. Bear in mind
Pull away slowly. Bear in mind the more detailed information
that the ABS function is not on situations that can lead to
available until self-diagnosis has an ABS fault ( 51).
completed. Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
ABS deactivated specialist workshop, preferably
ABS warning light shows. an authorised BMW Motorrad z
The rider has switched off the
with OE BMW Motorrad ABS:
Activate the ABS function
Ignition switch and Pre-ride check is performed. Locking handlebars
4 steering lock ( 43)
28 Keys with OE BMW Motorrad ABS:
You receive one master key and Turn the key to position 1.
one spare key. ABS self-diagnosis is
Ignition switch and steering lock, performed in addition to
tank filler cap lock and seat lock the checks outlined above.
are all operated with the same ( 44)
Switching off ignition
Switching on ignition Turn the handlebars all the way
z to the left
Turn the key to position 3,
while moving the handlebars
Ignition, lights and all function
circuits switched off.
Key can be removed.
Turn the key to position 2. Multifunction display
Turn the key to position 1. Lights switched off.
Side light and all function cir- Handlebars not locked. Selecting readings
cuits switched on. Key can be removed. Switch on the ignition.
Engine can be started.
If the motorcycle is to re-
main abroad for a lengthy 4
period, you can have the display
readouts changed from miles to 29
kilometres or vice versa, if neces-
sary. Under these circumstances
consult a specialist workshop,
preferably an authorised BMW
The display starts with the cur- Press and hold down button 1.
rent value and each time the but- The tripmeter is reset to zero.
ton is pressed it moves one step z
through the following sequence: Setting clock
Odometer (ODO) Switch on the ignition.
Tripmeter 1 (Trip I) You can make this adjust-
Tripmeter 2 (Trip II) ment only when the motor-
Clock cycle is at a standstill.
Select the clock.
Press button 1. Resetting tripmeter
Switch on the ignition.
Select the desired tripmeter.
The procedure is also termin-
4 ated if speed is greater than
Press and hold down button 1. When the hours reading is cor-
Hours reading 3 shows. rect wait briefly.
z Press button 1. Minutes reading 4 shows.
The hours reading increments Press button 1.
by one each time you press The minutes reading incre-
the button. ments by one each time you The battery-voltage reading 1
Press button 2. press the button. appears together with the battery
The hours reading decrements Press button 2. symbol 2.
by one each time you press The minutes reading decre-
the button. ments by one each time you Lights
press the button. Side light
When the minutes reading is The side lights switch on auto-
correct wait briefly. matically when the ignition is
The clock is now set and the switched on.
time appears on the display.
The side lights place High-beam headlight Headlight flasher
a strain on the battery. 4
Do not switch the ignition
on for longer than absolutely 31
The low-beam headlight switches
on automatically when the igni-
tion is switched on.
The low-beam headlight Push full-beam headlight Press headlight flasher but-
places a strain on the bat- switch 1 up. ton 1. z
tery. Do not switch the ignition High-beam headlight switched The high-beam headlight is
on for longer than absolutely on. switched on until you release
necessary. Push full-beam headlight the button.
switch 1 down.
High-beam headlight switched
Turn indicators Push the turn-indicator button Do not operate the kill switch
4 Operating flashing turn
forward. when riding.
Flashing turn indicators The emergency off switch is a
32 indicators switched off. kill switch for switching off the
Turn indicator telltale light is engine quickly and easily.
Emergency off switch
Push turn-indicator button 1 to
Left-hand turn indicators - Switch in normal position:
switched on. operating position.
Telltale light for left-hand turn - Switch actuated: engine
indicators flashes. switched off.
Push the turn-indicator button 1 Emergency off switch (kill
to the right. switch) You cannot start the engine
Right-hand turn indicators unless the kill switch is in
switched on. Operating the kill switch the run position.
Telltale light for right-hand turn when riding can cause
indicator flashes. the rear wheel to lock and thus
cause a fall.
BMW Motorrad ABS OE ABS warning light remains switching the ignition off and
Deactivating ABS function
ON. then on again. 4
If you switch the ignition off 33
Switch on the ignition, or bring Activating ABS function then on again and the ABS
the motorcycle to a stop.
light comes back on, there is a
fault in the ABS.
Press and hold down ABS but-
Press and hold down ABS but-
ABS warning light goes out;
if self-diagnosis has not
ABS warning light starts to
completed it starts flashing.
Release the ABS button within
Release the ABS button within five seconds. Turn the mirror to the correct
five seconds. The ABS warning light remains position.
The ABS function is deactiv- off or continues to flash.
ated. The ABS function is activated.
Instead of pressing the ABS
button, you have the option of
Adjusting mirror arm Spring preload
4 Adjustment for rear
It is essential to set spring pre-
load of the rear suspension to
suit the load carried by the mo-
torcycle. Increase spring preload
when the motorcycle is heavily
loaded and reduce spring preload
accordingly when the motorcycle Your motorcycle's hand-
Slacken nut 1. ling will suffer if you do not
is lightly loaded.
z Turn the mirror arm to the ap- match the spring-preload and
propriate position. Adjusting spring preload damping-characteristic settings.
Tighten the nut to the spe- for rear wheel Adjust the damping characteristic
cified tightening torque, while to suit spring preload.
Make sure the ground is level
holding the mirror arm to en- and firm and place the motor- Adjusting spring preload
sure that it does not move out cycle on its stand. while the motorcycle is be-
of position. ing ridden can lead to accidents.
Union nut, mirror Do not attempt to adjust spring
preload unless the motorcycle is
at a standstill.
20 Nm Note that there is a danger
of coming into contact with
the hot exhaust silencer when
you turn the knob.
Allow the silencer to cool. Damping
Adjust spring preload by turn- Adjustment for rear 4
ing knob 1. suspension 35
If you want to increase spring
Damping must be adapted to suit
preload, turn the knob toward
spring preload and the surface on
which the motorcycle is ridden.
If you want to reduce spring
An increase in spring preload re-
preload, turn the knob toward
quires firmer damping, a reduc-
tion in spring preload requires
There is a risk of injury
Basic setting of spring softer damping.
by burns if you adjust the
preload, rear The harder the setting, the more
damping characteristic while the z
the movement that the spring
Turn the knob as far as it end silencer is hot.
strut can make to absorb sur-
will go in the "SOFT" direc- Use a screwdriver extension and
face irregularities is damped.
tion and then turn it 10 full wear protective gloves.
When you choose a soft setting
turns in the "HARD" direc- the spring strut responds all the Adjust damping by turning
tion. (Full load of fuel, with more rapidly to surface irregularit- nut 1.
rider 85 kg) ies. If you want to increase damp-
ing, turn nut 1 in direction A.
Adjusting damping for If you want to reduce damping,
rear wheel turn nut 1 in direction B.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motor-
cycle on its stand.
Incorrect tyre pressures im-
Tyre pressure, rear
4 pair the motorcycle's hand-
ling characteristics and increase
36 the rate of tyre wear. 2.1 bar (one-up, tyre cold)
Always check that the tyre pres-
2.3 bar (two-up and/or with
sures are correct.
luggage, tyre cold)
At high road speeds, tyre If tyre pressure is too low:
valves have a tendency to
Correct tyre pressure.
open as a result of centrifugal
Rebound stage, basic Headlight
Fit metal valve caps with rubber
setting, rear Adjusting headlight for
z seals and screw them on firmly
Turn the bottom knob as to prevent sudden deflation. driving on right/driving on
far as it will go in the A dir- Check tyre pressures against left
ection, then back it off 13 the data below. If the motorcycle is ridden in a
clicks in the B direction. (Full country where the opposite rule
load of fuel, with rider 85 kg) Tyre pressure, front of the road applies, its asymmet-
ric low-beam headlight will tend
Tyres 1.9 bar (one-up, tyre cold)
to dazzle oncoming traffic.
Have the headlight set accord-
Checking tyre pressure 2 bar (two-up and/or with ingly by a specialist workshop,
Make sure the ground is level luggage, tyre cold) preferably an authorised BMW
and firm and place the motor- Motorrad dealer.
cycle on its stand.
Headlight beam throw and
spring preload 4
Headlight beam throw is gener- 37
ally kept constant when spring
preload is adjusted to suit load.
Spring preload adjustment might
not suffice only if the motorcycle
is very heavily loaded. Under
these circumstances, headlight
beam throw has to be adjusted Screws 1 on left and right al- Use the ignition key to turn
to suit the weight carried by the low the height of the headlight seat lock 1 counter-clockwise
motorcycle. to be adjusted. This adjustment and hold it in this position. z
Consult a specialist work- should be carried out by a spe-
shop, preferably an au- cialist workshop, preferably an
thorised BMW Motorrad deal- authorised BMW Motorrad deal-
er, if you are unsure whether er.
the headlight basic setting is
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motor-
cycle on its stand.
Lift seat 2 at the rear and re-
lease the key.
Pull the seat to the rear to re-
Place the seat, upholstered
38 side down, on a clean surface.
If too much pressure is ap-
plied in the forward direc-
z tion, there is a danger that the
motorcycle will be pushed off its
Always make sure that the
Position seat 2 in such a way motorcycle is stable and firmly
that mounts 3 on left and right supported.
are in front of left and right
Lower seat 2 into position and
push it forward as far as it will
Firmly press down on the seat
at the rear.
The seat engages with an aud-
Check that the seat is secure.
Safety instructions Settings of the spring-strut and Do not ride your motorcycle after
5 Rider's equipment
shock-absorber system consuming alcohol, drugs and/or
Imbalanced load medication.
40 Do not ride without the correct Loose clothing
clothing. Always wear: Insufficient tyre pressure Risk of poisoning
Helmet Poor tyre tread Exhaust fumes contain carbon
Motorcycling jacket and Etc. monoxide, which is colourless
trousers and odourless but highly toxic.
Gloves Correct loading Inhaling the exhaust fumes
Boots Overloading and imbal- therefore represents a
z anced loads can adversely health hazard and can even
This applies even to short jour-
neys, and to every season of the affect the motorcycle's handling. cause loss of consciousness with
year. Your authorised BMW Mo- Do not exceed the permissible fatal consequences.
torrad dealer will be glad to ad- gross weight and be sure to Do not inhale exhaust fumes.
vise you on the correct clothing comply with the instructions on Do not run the engine in an en-
for every purpose. loading. closed space.
Speed Alcohol and drugs High voltage
If you ride at high speed, always Even small amounts of Touching live parts of the
bear in mind that various bound- alcohol or drugs will ad- ignition system with the
ary conditions can adversely af- versely affect your perception engine running can cause electric
fect the handling of your motor- and your ability to assess situ- shock.
cycle: ations and make decisions, and Do not touch parts of the igni-
slow down your reflexes. Med- tion system when the engine is
ication can exacerbate these ef- running.
Catalytic converter Risk of fire Tampering with the
If misfiring causes unburned fuel Temperatures at the exhaust are control unit of the 5
to enter the catalytic converter, high. electronic engine- 41
there is a danger of overheating Flammable materials (e.g. management system
and damage. hay, leaves, grass, clothing Tampering with the engine
For this reason, observe the fol- and luggage, etc.) could ignite control unit can damage
lowing points: if allowed to come into contact the motorcycle and cause acci-
Do not run the fuel tank dry.
with the hot exhaust pipe. dents.
Do not attempt to start or run Do not permit flammable materi- Do not tamper with the engine
the engine with a spark-plug als to come into contact with the
control unit. z
hot exhaust system.
Stop the engine immediately if Tampering with the engine
it misfires. Cooling would be control unit can result in
inadequate if the engine mechanical loads that the mo-
Use only unleaded fuel.
were allowed to idle for a lengthy torcycle's components are not
Comply with all specified main-
period with the motorcycle at designed to withstand. Damage
a standstill: overheating would caused in this way is not covered
Unburned fuel will destroy result. In extreme cases, the by the warranty.
the catalytic converter. motorcycle could catch fire. Do not tamper with the engine
Note the points listed for protec- Do not allow the engine to idle control unit.
tion of the catalytic converter. unnecessarily. Ride away imme-
diately after starting the engine.
Checklist Starting Starting engine.
5 Use the following checklist to Side stand
42 check important functions, set- You cannot start the motorcycle
tings and wear limits before you with the side stand extended and
ride off. a gear engaged. The engine will
Brakes switch itself off if you start it with
Brake-fluid levels, front and rear the gearbox in neutral and then
Clutch engage a gear before retracting
Clutch fluid level the side stand.
z Shock absorber setting and
spring preload Gearbox Kill switch in operating position
Tyre-tread depth and tyre You can start the engine when (run).
pressures the gearbox is in neutral or if you Gearbox lubrication is en-
Cases correctly installed and pull the clutch with a gear en- sured only when the engine
luggage secured gaged. is running. Inadequate lubrica-
tion can result in damage to the
At regular intervals:
Engine oil level (every refuelling
Do not allow the motorcycle to
roll for a lengthy period of time or
Brake-pad wear (every third push it a long distance with the
refuelling stop) engine switched off.
Switch on the ignition.
Pre-ride check is performed.
with OE BMW Motorrad ABS: The engine starts.
Switch on the ignition. Consult the troubleshooting 5
Pre-ride check is performed. chart below if the engine re-
fuses to start. ( 98) 43
ABS self-diagnosis is
performed. ( 44)
The instrument cluster runs a
Wait until the warning light for test of the instruments and the
the coolant temperature stops warning lights and telltale lights
flashing. and the display when the igni-
Press starter button 1.
The idle actuator is posi- tion is switched on. This test is z
If ambient temperatures are known as the "Pre-Ride-Check".
tioned after you switch on
very low, you might find it Phase 1
the ignition. The coolant-tem-
necessary to open the throttle
perature warning light flashes All the telltale and warning lights
slightly when starting the engine.
if the idle actuator has not cor- are switched on briefly, along
At ambient temperatures below
rectly positioned before the pre- with all the segments of the mul-
0 °C, disengage the clutch after
ride check completes. In order tifunction display.
switching on the ignition.
to avoid subsequent problems,
wait for this process to complete If the engine fails to start Phase 2
before proceeding. even though the starter The tyre parameters stored in
turns, insufficient battery voltage the memory of the instrument
might be causing the problem. cluster appear briefly on the dis-
Recharge the battery before you play.
start the engine, or use jump The instrument cluster then
leads and a donor battery to reverts to its normal operating
If a warning light or telltale light few metres for the wheel sensors You can continue to ride. Bear
5 did not show as specified above to be tested. in mind that the ABS function
or if a segment or segments of Phase 1 is not available.
44 Have the fault rectified as
the multifunction display failed to Test of the diagnosis-compat-
light up: ible system components with quickly as possible by a
the motorcycle at a standstill. specialist workshop, preferably
Some malfunctions cannot
ABS warning light flashes. an authorised BMW Motorrad
be indicated if one of the
warning lights fails to show.
Make sure that all the warning
and telltale lights come on in the Phase 2 Running in
z Test of the wheel sensors as The first 1000 km
the motorcycle pulls away from While running in the motor-
Have the fault rectified as
rest. cycle, vary the throttle opening
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably ABS warning light flashes. and engine-speed range fre-
an authorised BMW Motorrad quently.
dealer. Try to do most of your rid-
ABS self-diagnosis ing during this initial period on
ABS self-diagnosis OE completed twisting, fairly hilly roads, avoid-
BMW Motorrad ABS performs The ABS warning light goes ing high-speed main roads and
self-diagnosis to ensure its op- out. highways if possible.
erability. Self-diagnosis is per- If an indicator showing an ABS Exceeding the specified en-
formed automatically when you fault appears when ABS self-dia- gine speeds while running
switch on the ignition. The mo- gnosis completes: in will lead to increased engine
torcycle has to move forward a wear.
Keep to the specified engine km. You can compensate for Brakes
speeds for running in. this initial reduction in braking
How can stopping 5
During the running-in phase, efficiency by exerting greater
pressure on the levers. distance be minimised? 45
do not exceed the speed limits
Each time the brakes are applied,
specified for the various gears. New brake pads can ex-
a load distribution shift takes
tend stopping distance by a
Maximum speeds during place with the load shifting for-
running-in period ward from the rear to the front
Apply the brakes in good time.
wheel. The sharper the motor-
max 35 km/h (1st gear) cycle decelerates, the more load
max 55 km/h (2nd gear) is shifted to the front wheel. The z
New tyres have a smooth sur- higher the wheel load, the more
max 75 km/h (3rd gear) face. This must be roughened by braking force can be transmitted
max 95 km/h (4th gear) riding in a restrained manner at without the wheel locking.
various heel angles until the tyres
max 110 km/h (5th gear) To optimise stopping distance,
are run in. This running in pro-
No full-load acceleration. apply the front brakes rapidly and
cedure is essential if the tyres are
Avoid low engine speeds at full keep on increasing the force you
to achieve maximum grip.
load. apply to the brake lever. This
Tyres do not have their full makes the best possible use
Do not omit the first inspection
grip when new and there of the dynamic increase in load
after 500 - 1200 km.
is a risk of accidents at extreme at the front wheel. Remember
Brake pads angles of heel. to pull the clutch at the same
Avoid extreme angles of heel. time. In the "panic braking situ-
New brake pads must "bed
down" and therefore do not ations" that are trained so fre-
achieve their optimum friction quently braking force is applied
levels during the first 500 as rapidly as possible and with
the rider's full force applied to Wet brakes Oil or grease on brakes
5 the brake levers; under these cir- After the motorcycle has Oil and grease on the brake
cumstances the dynamic shift been washed, ridden
46 discs and pads considerably
in load distribution cannot keep through water or ridden in diminish braking efficiency.
pace with the increase in de- the rain, the brake discs and Especially after repair and main-
celeration and the tyres cannot pads might be wet and the tenance work, make sure that the
transmit the full braking force to brakes might not take effect brake discs and brake pads are
the surface of the road. ABS has
immediately. free of oil and grease.
to intervene to keep the front
Apply the brakes in good time
wheel from locking; this increases Dirt or mud on brakes
until the brakes have dried out.
z stopping distance.
When riding on loose sur-
Descending mountain Salt on brakes faces or muddy roads, the
passes The brakes may fail to take brakes may fail to take effect
effect immediately if the immediately because of dirt or
There is a danger of the
motorcycle was ridden on salt- moisture on the discs or brake
brakes fading if you use
covered roads and the brakes pads.
only the rear brakes when des-
were not applied for some time. Apply the brakes in good time
cending mountain passes. Under
Apply the brakes in good time until the brakes have been
extreme conditions, the brakes
until the salt layer on the brake cleaned.
could overheat and suffer severe
discs and brake pads has been The brake pads will wear
removed. more rapidly if you ride fre-
Use both front and rear brakes,
and make use of the engine's quently on unsurfaced tracks or
braking effect as well. poor roads.
Check the thickness of the brake
pads more frequently and replace motorcycle with the side stand On a gradient, the motor-
the brake pads in good time. extended. cycle should always face 5
Slowly lean the motorcycle to uphill; select 1st gear.
Parking your 47
the side until its weight is taken Lock the steering lock.
motorcycle by the stand and dismount to
the left. Removing motorcycle
Placing motorcycle on
from side stand
side stand If the motorcycle is on the
side stand, the surface of Unlock the steering lock.
If the ground is soft or un- From the left, grip the handle-
the ground will determine wheth-
even, there is no guaran- bars with both hands.
er it is better to turn the handle- z
tee that the motorcycle will rest
bars to the left or right. However, Pull the handbrake lever.
firmly on the stand.
the motorcycle is more stable on Swing your right leg over the
Always check that the ground
a level surface with the handle- seat and lift the motorcycle to
under the stand is level and
bars turned to the left than with the upright position.
the handlebars turned to the Hold the motorcycle upright
Switch off the engine. right. and balanced.
Pull the handbrake lever. On level ground, always turn the An extended side stand can
Hold the motorcycle upright handlebars to the left to set the catch on the ground when
and balanced. steering lock. the motorcycle is moving and
Use your left foot to extend the Turn the handlebars to full left lead to a fall.
side stand fully. Retract the side stand before
or right lock.
The side stand is designed Check that the motorcycle is moving the motorcycle.
to support only the weight standing firmly. Sit on the motorcycle and use
of the motorcycle. your left foot to retract the side
Do not lean or sit on the stand.
Refuelling Make sure the ground is level
5 Fuel is highly flammable. A
and firm and place the motor-
cycle on its stand.
48 naked flame close to the
fuel tank can cause a fire or ex- 95 ROZ/RON (Super un-
Do not smoke. Never bring a
Usable fuel capacity
naked flame near the fuel tank.
Fuel expands when hot.
Fuel escaping from an 9.5 l
z overfilled tank could make its way
onto the rear tyre. This could Reserve fuel
cause a fall.
Do not fill the tank past the bot- Open fuel tank cap 1 with 2l
tom edge of the filler neck. the ignition key by turning it Place the fuel tank cap in posi-
Fuel attacks plastics, which counter-clockwise. tion in the filler neck.
become dull or unsightly. Remove the fuel tank cap. Close the fuel tank cap with
Wipe off plastic parts immediately Refuel with fuel of the grade the ignition key by turning it
if they come into contact with stated below; do not fill the clockwise.
fuel. tank past the bottom edge of
the filler neck.
Leaded fuel will destroy the
Use only unleaded fuel.
Brake system with to turn and directional stability is registers the actual circum-
6 BMW Motorrad ABS OE is maintained irrespective of the stances, the system reacts in-
condition of the road surface. stantly and adjusts braking force
50 How does ABS work? accordingly to achieve optimum
The amount of braking force that What are the effects of braking.
can be transferred to the road surface irregularities?
depends on factors hat include Humps and surface irregularit- Rear wheel lift
the coefficient of friction of the ies can cause the wheels to lose Even under severe braking, a
road surface. Loose stones, ice contact temporarily with the road high level of tyre grip can mean
and snow or a wet road all have surface; if this happens the brak- that the front wheel does not
much lower coefficients of fric- ing force that can be transmit- lock up until very late, if at all.
tion than a clean, dry asphalt sur- ted to the road can drop to zero. Consequently, ABS does not in-
face. The lower the coefficient If the brakes are applied under tervene until very late, if at all.
of friction, the longer the braking these circumstances the ABS Under these circumstances the
distance. has to reduce braking force to rear wheel can lift off the ground,
If the rider increases braking ensure that directional stability and the outcome can be a high-
pressure to the extent that brak- is maintained when the wheels siding situation in which the mo-
z ing force exceeds the maxim- regain contact with the road sur- torcycle can flip over.
um transferrable limit, the wheels face. At this instant the BMW Severe braking can cause
start to lock and the motorcycle Motorrad ABS must assume an the rear wheel to lift off the
loses its directional stability; a fall extremely low coefficient of fric- ground.
is imminent. Before this situation tion, so that the wheels will con- When you brake, bear in mind
can occur, ABS intervenes and tinue to rotate under all imagin- that ABS control cannot be relied
adapts braking pressure to the able circumstances, because this on in all circumstances to prevent
maximum transferrable braking is the precondition for ensuring the rear wheel from lifting clear of
force, so the wheels continue directional stability. As soon as the ground.
What is the design riding conditions can lead to a What significance
baseline for BMW fault message being issued. devolves on regular 6
Motorrad ABS? Exceptional riding maintenance?
Within the limits imposed by Invariably, a technical sys-
physics, BMW Motorrad ABS en- Riding for a lengthy period with
tem cannot perform beyond
sures directional stability on any the front wheel lifted off the
the abilities dictated by its level
surface. The system is not op- ground (wheelie).
Rear wheel rotating with the
timised for special requirements In order to ensure that the BMW
that apply under extreme com- motorcycle held stationary by
Motorrad ABS is always main-
petitive situations off-road or on applying the front brake (burn-
tained in optimum condition, it
the track. out).
is essential for you to comply
Heating up with the motorcycle
strictly with the specified inspec-
Special situations on the centre stand or an auxil-
The speeds of the front and rear iary stand, engine idling or with
wheels are compared as one a gear engaged. Reserves for safety
means of detecting a wheel's Rear wheel locked for a lengthy
The potentially shorter braking
incipient tendency to lock. If the period, for example while des- z
distances which BMW Motorrad
system registers implausible val- cending off-road.
ABS permits must not be used
ues for a lengthy period the ABS as an excuse for careless riding.
If a fault message is issued on
function is deactivated for safety ABS is primarily a means of en-
account of exceptional riding
reasons and an ABS fault mes- suring a safety margin in genuine
conditions as outlined above, you
sage is issued. Self-diagnos- emergencies.
can reactivate the ABS function
is has to complete before fault Take care when cornering. When
by switching the ignition off and
messages can be issued.
on again. you apply the brakes on a corner,
In addition to problems with the the motorcycle's weight and
BMW Motorrad ABS, exceptional
momentum take over and even
6 BMW Motorrad ABS is unable to
counteract their effects.
General instructions without constituting a safety haz- Power socket OE
7 BMW Motorrad recommends
ard. Country-specific official au-
thorisation does not suffice as
54 the use of parts and accessories
assurance. Tests conducted by
for your motorcycle that are ap-
these instances cannot make
proved by BMW for this purpose.
provision for all operating con-
Genuine BMW parts and ac-
ditions experienced by BMW mo-
cessories and other products
torcycles and, consequently, they
which BMW has approved can
are not sufficient in some circum-
be obtained from your authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer, together
Use only parts and accessor-
with expert advice on their install-
ies approved by BMW for your
ation and use.
motorcycle. Do not attempt to connect a load
z These parts and products have
Whenever you are planning that would exceed the maximum
been tested by BMW for safety,
function and suitability. BMW modifications, comply with all amperage stated in the technical
the legal requirements. Make data for on-board socket 1.
accepts product liability for them.
Conversely, BMW is unable to sure that the motorcycle does
accept any liability whatsoever not infringe national road-vehicle
construction and use regulations. accessories
for parts and accessories which it
has not approved. Electrically powered accessories
inevitably place a strain on the
BMW Motorrad cannot battery. It is essential to ensure
assess each non-BMW that the battery retains its ability
product to determine wheth- to start the engine.
er it can be used on or in con-
nection with BMW motorcycles
Cable routing Set spring preload, damping Note the maximum permissible
The cables from the power sock- characteristic and tyre pres- payload of the rear softbag and 7
et to the auxiliary device must be sures to suit total weight. the speed limit for riding with a
Note the maximum permissible rear softbag on the motorcycle. 55
routed in such a way that they:
Do not impede the rider payload of the luggage carrier.
Payload of rear softbag
Do not restrict or obstruct the Loading luggage carrier
steering angle and handling
characteristics max 2.5 kg
Cannot be trapped max 5 kg
Note the maximum permissible
Incorrectly routed cables speed for riding with the
payload of the tank rucksack
can impede the rider. rear softbag fitted to the mo-
and the speed limit for riding
Route the cables as described torcycle
with a tank rucksack on the z
motorcycle. max 130 km/h
Luggage Payload of tank rucksack
Overloading and imbal- max 5 kg
anced loads can adversely
affect the motorcycle's handling. Maximum permissible
Do not exceed the permissible speed for riding with the
gross weight and be sure to tank rucksack fitted to the mo-
comply with the instructions on torcycle
loading. max 130 km/h
Notes Toolkit 5 Screwdriver handle
8 The Maintenance chapter de- Standard on-board toolkit Holder for screwdriver blade 9
58 scribes straightforward proced-
ures for checking and replacing
certain wear parts.
Special tightening torques are lis-
ted as applicable. The tightening
torques for the threaded fasten-
ers on your motorcycle are listed
in the section entitled "Technical
You will find information on more
extensive maintenance and re- 1 Fuse puller 6 3 mm Allen key
z pair work in the Repair Manual Replacing fuses Replacing headlight bulb
on DVD/CD-ROM (RepROM) for
2 Open-ended spanner, w/f 7 4 mm Allen key
your motorcycle, which is avail-
8/10 Removing and installing body
able from your authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer. Adjusting chain tension panels
3 Open-ended spanner, w/f 8 6 mm Allen key
Some of the work calls for spe-
14 Adjusting headlight beam throw
cial tools and a thorough know-
ledge of motorcycles. If you Adjusting mirror arm
are in doubt consult a specialist 9 Screwdriver blade
4 Open-ended spanner, w/f Star-head and flat-tip blade
workshop, preferably your author- 15
ised BMW Motorrad dealer. Adjusting rear suspension
Adjusting mirror arm damping
10 Screwdriver, small 3 Ring spanner, w/f 26
Replacing turn indicator bulbs Removing and installing wheels 8
On-board toolkit service 4 Electric torch 59
kit LED bulb
Your authorised BMW Motor-
5 3x socket
rad dealer can provide the on-
board toolkit service kit that you Adjusting chain tension
will need if you are considering 6 Adapter
undertaking more extensive work. 1 Extending tool holder Adapter for 1/4" bits
You will find information on un- Adapters to accommodate all 9x12 mm and 3/8" swivel ad-
dertaking work of this nature in tools apters
the Repair Manual on the CD or Removing and installing spark
DVD also obtainable from your plugs Engine oil z
authorised BMW Motorrad deal-
er. 2 1/4" bits Checking engine oil level
Star-head The engine can seize if the
Plain-tip oil level is low, and this can
Adapter, 1/4" hex to 1/4"square lead to accidents.
2x hexagon socket wrench in- Always make sure that the oil
sert level is correct.
Allen keys, 3 mm, 4 mm and The oil level varies with the
6 mm temperature of the oil. The
higher the temperature, the high-
er the level of oil in the sump.
Checking the oil level with the Turn the oil dipstick clockwise
8 engine cold or after no more than to install.
a short ride will lead to misinter- Remove the oil dipstick and
60 pretation; this in turn, means that check the oil level.
the engine will be operated with
the incorrect quantity of oil.
In order to ensure that the en-
gine oil level is read correctly,
check the oil level only after a
lengthy trip. Remove oil dipstick 1 by turn-
Allow the engine to idle until ing it counter-clockwise.
the fan starts up, then allow it
to idle one minute longer.
z Make sure the ground is level
and firm and hold the motor- Engine oil, specified level
Switch off the engine.
Wipe the area around the oil Engine oil, 15W-40
filler neck clean. Between MIN and MAX
Wipe the oil off MIN-MAX part If the oil level is below the MIN
of dipstick 2 with a clean, dry mark:
cloth. Top up the engine oil ( 61)