BMW Motorrad




               The Ultimate Riding
                    Machine
Rider's Manual
G 650 Xcountry
Motorcycle data/dealership details

 Motorcycle data                     Dealership details


 Model                      ...
Details described or illustrated
in this booklet may differ from
the motorcycle's actual specifica-
tion as purchased, the...
Important data for refuelling

Fuel
Recommended fuel grade          95 ROZ/RON, Super unleaded
Usable fuel capacity       ...
Welcome to BMW                           BMW Motorrad dealer will gladly
                                         provide ...
Table of Contents
You can also consult the index at                        4 Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    ...
BMW Motorrad front-wheel                                         Running gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             10...
General instructions
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
                                ...
Overview                                    Specific instructions on       OE    Optional extra
    1                  Cha...
scriptions of equipment which      Currency
you have not ordered. Please
                                   The high safet...
z
                       8
                           1
General instructions
General views
General view, left side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
                                                 ...
z
                     2
                10
General views
General view, left side
1   Adjuster for spring preload,      2
    rear ( 34)                        11
2   Power socket ...
z
                     2
                12
General views
General view, right side
1   Seat lock ( 37)                   2
2   Fuel filler neck ( 48)            13
3   Brake-fluid ...
Underneath the seat
 2              1   Rider's Manual
 14             2   Toolkit ( 58)
                3   Fuse box ( 78...
Handlebar fitting, left
1   Headlight flasher                 2
2   Operating the ABS OE              15
    ( 33)
3   Swi...
Handlebar fitting, right
 2              1   Emergency off switch (kill
 16                 switch) ( 32)
                ...
Instrument cluster
1   Set the clock ( 29)            2
    Reset the tripmeter ( 29)      17
2   Telltale lights ( 20)
3 ...
z
                     2
                18
General views
Status indicators
Status indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
                                         ...
Status indicators                Telltale lights                      Standard warnings
  3                 Multifunction ...
Warnings, overview
                     Meaning                                        3
    Lights up        Fuel down to...
Fuel down to reserve                Insufficient engine oil                Do not continue your journey.
  3              ...
If the radiator fan does not start     ABS warnings OE
even though the coolant-temper-
                                   ...
Warnings, overview
  3                                      Meaning
 24                     Flashes          Self-diagnosi...
Self-diagnosis not completed           ABS fault
     ABS warning light flashes.            ABS warning light shows.      ...
z
                         3
                    26
Status indicators
Operation
Ignition switch and steering lock . . . . . 28
                                                                 ...
Ignition switch and                   Pre-ride check is performed.   Locking handlebars
 4          steering lock         ...
If the motorcycle is to re-
      main abroad for a lengthy                                                               ...
The procedure is also termin-
 4                                                                             ated if speed...
The side lights place         High-beam headlight             Headlight flasher
      a strain on the battery.            ...
Turn indicators                           Push the turn-indicator button     Do not operate the kill switch
 4          Op...
BMW Motorrad ABS OE                      ABS warning light remains        switching the ignition off and
Deactivating ABS ...
Adjusting mirror arm               Spring preload
 4                                             Adjustment for rear
34   ...
Allow the silencer to cool.         Damping
  Adjust spring preload by turn-    Adjustment for rear                       ...
Incorrect tyre pressures im-
                                                                                             ...
Headlight beam throw and
spring preload                                                                                   ...
Pull the seat to the rear to re-
 4           move.
             Place the seat, upholstered
38           side down, on a ...
Riding
Safety instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
                                                      ...
Safety instructions                   Settings of the spring-strut and   Do not ride your motorcycle after
5        Rider'...
Catalytic converter                  Risk of fire                          Tampering with the
If misfiring causes unburned...
Checklist                               Starting                                 Starting engine.
5        Use the followi...
with OE BMW Motorrad ABS:                                                    The engine starts.
  Switch on the ignition. ...
If a warning light or telltale light   few metres for the wheel sensors      You can continue to ride. Bear
5        did n...
Keep to the specified engine         km. You can compensate for             Brakes
speeds for running in.               th...
the rider's full force applied to    Wet brakes                           Oil or grease on brakes
5        the brake lever...
pads more frequently and replace     motorcycle with the side stand                On a gradient, the motor-
the brake pad...
Refuelling                            Make sure the ground is level
                                                      ...
Engineering details
Brake system with BMW Motorrad
                                                                       ...
Brake system with                         to turn and directional stability    is registers the actual circum-
  6        ...
What is the design                   riding conditions can lead to a        What significance
baseline for BMW            ...
momentum take over and even
  6                   BMW Motorrad ABS is unable to
                      counteract their eff...
Accessories
General instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
                                                  ...
General instructions                   without constituting a safety haz-   Power socket OE
 7            BMW Motorrad rec...
Cable routing                        Set spring preload, damping       Note the maximum permissible
The cables from the po...
z
                   7
              56
Accessories
Maintenance
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58    Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...
Notes                                 Toolkit                     5 Screwdriver handle
 8            The Maintenance chapt...
10 Screwdriver, small                                                    3 Ring spanner, w/f 26
 Replacing turn indicator ...
Checking the oil level with the                                           Turn the oil dipstick clockwise
 8            en...
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008
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Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008

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Rider S Manual K 1200 Lt 2008

  1. 1. BMW Motorrad The Ultimate Riding Machine
  2. 2. Rider's Manual G 650 Xcountry
  3. 3. Motorcycle data/dealership details Motorcycle data Dealership details Model Person to contact in Service department Vehicle identification number Ms/Mr Colour code Phone number Date of first registration Registration number Dealership address/phone number (com- pany stamp)
  4. 4. Details described or illustrated in this booklet may differ from the motorcycle's actual specifica- tion as purchased, the accessor- ies fitted or the national-market specification. No claims will be entertained as a result of such discrepancies. Dimensions, weights, fuel con- sumption and performance data are quoted to the customary tol- erances. The right to modify designs, equipment and accessories is reserved. Errors and omissions excepted. © 2007 BMW Motorrad Not to be reproduced either wholly or in part without written permission from BMW Motorrad, After Sales. Printed in Germany.
  5. 5. Important data for refuelling Fuel Recommended fuel grade 95 ROZ/RON, Super unleaded Usable fuel capacity 9.5 l Reserve fuel 2l Tyre pressures Tyre pressure, front 1.9 bar, one-up, tyre cold 2 bar, two-up and/or with luggage, tyre cold Tyre pressure, rear 2.1 bar, one-up, tyre cold 2.3 bar, two-up and/or with lug- gage, tyre cold BMW recommends Order No. 01 41 7 706 761 05.2007, 2nd edition *01407706760*
  6. 6. Welcome to BMW BMW Motorrad dealer will gladly provide advice and assistance. We congratulate you on your choice of a motorcycle from We hope that you will enjoy rid- BMW and welcome you to the ing your BMW and that all your community of BMW riders. journeys will be pleasant and Familiarise yourself with your new safe. motorcycle so that you can ride it safely and confidently in all traffic BMW Motorrad. situations. Please read this Rider's Manual carefully before starting to use your new BMW motorcycle. It contains important information on how to operate the controls and how to make the best possible use of all your BMW's technical features. In addition, it contains information on maintenance and care to help you maintain your motorcycle's reliability and safety, as well as its value. If you have questions concerning your motorcycle, your authorised
  7. 7. Table of Contents You can also consult the index at 4 Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 6 Engineering details . . . . . 49 the end of this Rider's Manual if Ignition switch and steering Brake system with BMW Mo- you want to find a particular topic lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 torrad ABS OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 or item of information. Multifunction display . . . . . . . . . 28 7 Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 1 General instructions . . . . . 5 Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 General instructions . . . . . . . . . . 54 Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Turn indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Power socket OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Abbreviations and symbols . . . . 6 Emergency off switch (kill Luggage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 switch) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 8 Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 BMW Motorrad ABS OE . . . . . . 33 Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Currency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Toolkit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 2 General views . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Spring preload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 General view, left side . . . . . . . . 11 Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Brake system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 General view, right side . . . . . . 13 Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Brake pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Underneath the seat . . . . . . . . . 14 Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Brake fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Handlebar fitting, left . . . . . . . . . 15 Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Handlebar fitting, right . . . . . . . . 16 5 Riding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Instrument cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Safety instructions . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 3 Status indicators . . . . . . . 19 Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Rims . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Status indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Starting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Chain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Standard warnings . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Running in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 ABS warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 BMW Motorrad auxiliary Parking your motorcycle . . . . . 47 stand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Refuelling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
  8. 8. BMW Motorrad front-wheel Running gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 stand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 Wheels and tyres. . . . . . . . . . . 104 Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 Electrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 Jump starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 9 Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 Care products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 Riding specifications . . . . . . . 108 Washing motorcycle. . . . . . . . . . 94 11 Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 Cleaning easily damaged BMW Motorrad service . . . . . 110 components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 BMW Motorrad service Paint care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 quality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110 Protective wax coating . . . . . . . 96 BMW Motorrad Service Laying up motorcycle . . . . . . . . 96 Card: on-the-spot break- Restoring motorcycle to down assistance . . . . . . . . . . . 110 use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 BMW Motorrad service net- 10 Technical data . . . . . . . . 97 work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 Troubleshooting chart . . . . . . . . 98 Maintenance work . . . . . . . . . . 111 Threaded fasteners . . . . . . . . . . 99 Confirmation of mainten- Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 ance work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 Confirmation of service . . . . . 117 Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 Rear-wheel drive . . . . . . . . . . . 103
  9. 9. General instructions Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1 5 Abbreviations and symbols . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 General instructions Currency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 z
  10. 10. Overview Specific instructions on OE Optional extra 1 Chapter 2 of this Rider's Manu- how to operate, control, ad- The motorcycles are as- just or look after items of equip- sembled complete with 6 al will provide you with an initial ment on the motorcycle. all the BMW optional ex- overview of your motorcycle. All Indicates the end of an tras originally ordered. maintenance and repair work on the motorcycle is documented in item of information. OA Optional accessory Chapter 11. This record of the You can obtain option- Instruction. General instructions maintenance work you have had al accessories through performed on your motorcycle is your authorised BMW Result of an activity. a precondition for generous treat- Motorrad dealer; optional ment of goodwill claims. Reference to a page with accessories have to be When the time comes to sell more detailed informa- retrofitted to the motor- your BMW, please remember tion. cycle. to hand over this Rider's Manu- al; it is an important part of the Indicates the end of a ABS Anti-lock brake system motorcycle. passage relating to spe- z cific accessories or items Equipment Abbreviations and of equipment. When you ordered your BMW symbols motorcycle, you chose various Tightening torque. Indicates warnings that you items of custom equipment. This must comply with for reas- Rider's Manual describes option- ons of your safety and the safety Item of technical data. al extras (OE) offered by BMW of others, and to protect your and selected optional accessor- motorcycle against damage. ies (OA). This explains why the manual may also contain de-
  11. 11. scriptions of equipment which Currency you have not ordered. Please The high safety and quality 1 note, too, that your motorcycle standards of BMW motorcycles 7 might not be exactly as illus- are maintained by constant trated in this manual on account development work on designs, of country-specific differences. equipment and accessories. If your BMW was supplied with Because of this, your motorcycle equipment not described in General instructions may differ from the information this Rider's Manual, you will supplied in the Rider's Manual. find these features described in Nor can BMW Motorrad entirely separate manuals. rule out errors and omissions. We hope you will appreciate that Technical data no claims can be entertained on All dimensions, weights and the basis of the data, illustrations power ratings stated in the or descriptions in this manual. Rider's Manual are quoted to the standards and comply with the tolerance requirements of the z Deutsche Institut für Normung e.V. Versions for individual countries may differ.
  12. 12. z 8 1 General instructions
  13. 13. General views General view, left side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2 9 General view, right side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Underneath the seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Handlebar fitting, left . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 General views Handlebar fitting, right . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Instrument cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 z
  14. 14. z 2 10 General views
  15. 15. General view, left side 1 Adjuster for spring preload, 2 rear ( 34) 11 2 Power socket OE ( 54) 3 Adjuster for damping char- acteristic, rear suspension ( 35) General views 4 Coolant-level indicator ( 65) z
  16. 16. z 2 12 General views
  17. 17. General view, right side 1 Seat lock ( 37) 2 2 Fuel filler neck ( 48) 13 3 Brake-fluid reservoir, front ( 63) 4 ABS fuses, behind the side panel ( 79) General views 5 Brake-fluid reservoir, rear ( 64) z
  18. 18. Underneath the seat 2 1 Rider's Manual 14 2 Toolkit ( 58) 3 Fuse box ( 78) 4 Oil dipstick and engine-oil filler neck ( 59) General views z
  19. 19. Handlebar fitting, left 1 Headlight flasher 2 2 Operating the ABS OE 15 ( 33) 3 Switch for flashing turn in- dicators ( 32) 4 Horn General views 5 High-beam headlight ( 31) z
  20. 20. Handlebar fitting, right 2 1 Emergency off switch (kill 16 switch) ( 32) 2 Starter button ( 42) General views z
  21. 21. Instrument cluster 1 Set the clock ( 29) 2 Reset the tripmeter ( 29) 17 2 Telltale lights ( 20) 3 Multifunction display ( 20) 4 Select readings ( 28) General views z
  22. 22. z 2 18 General views
  23. 23. Status indicators Status indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 3 19 Standard warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 ABS warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Status indicators z
  24. 24. Status indicators Telltale lights Standard warnings 3 Multifunction display Mode of presentation 20 Status indicators 1 Flashing turn indicators, left 2 Flashing turn indicators, Warnings are indicated by warn- 1 Speedometer right ing lights 1. 2 Odometer, clock or battery 3 Idle The possible warnings are listed voltage ( 28) 4 High-beam headlight on the next page. z
  25. 25. Warnings, overview Meaning 3 Lights up Fuel down to reserve ( 22) 21 Lights up Insufficient engine oil pressure ( 22) Status indicators Lights up Coolant temperature too high ( 22) z
  26. 26. Fuel down to reserve Insufficient engine oil Do not continue your journey. 3 Warning light for fuel down pressure Have the fault rectified as to reserve lights up. Warning light for oil pres- quickly as possible by a 22 sure shows. specialist workshop, preferably Lack of fuel can result in The oil pressure in the lube-oil an authorised BMW Motorrad the engine misfiring and system is too low. Stop immedi- dealer. cutting out unexpectedly. Mis- ately and switch off the engine if firing can damage the catalytic Coolant temperature too high the warning light shows. Status indicators converter; a hazardous situation The insufficient oil pres- Warning light for coolant can result if the engine cuts out sure warning does not fulfil temperature shows. unexpectedly. Do not run the fuel tank dry. the function of an oil gauge. The Continuing to ride when the only way of checking whether engine is overheated could Possible cause: The fuel tank the oil level is correct is to check contains no more than the re- result in engine damage. with the oil dipstick. You must comply with the in- serve quantity of fuel. Possible cause: Engine-oil level structions below. z Reserve fuel too low. Possible cause: Coolant level too Check the engine oil level low. ( 59) Check the coolant level ( 65) 2l If the oil level is too low: If the coolant level is too low: Refuelling ( 48) Top up the engine oil ( 61) Topping up coolant ( 65) If the engine oil level is correct: Possible cause: Radiator fan de- Riding when engine-oil fective. pressure is low can result in engine damage.
  27. 27. If the radiator fan does not start ABS warnings OE even though the coolant-temper- Mode of presentation 3 ature warning light shows: Have the fault rectified as 23 quickly as possible by a specialist workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer. Status indicators Possible cause: Insufficient cool- ing. If possible, ride in the part-load range to cool down the engine. ABS warnings are indicated by In traffic jams, switch off the ABS warning light 1. engine, but leave the ignition The detailed descriptions start on switched on so that the radiat- page ( 50), and you will find or fan continues to operate. z an overview listing the possible If the coolant temperature is warnings on the next page. frequently too high, have the fault rectified as soon as pos- sible by a specialist workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
  28. 28. Warnings, overview 3 Meaning 24 Flashes Self-diagnosis not completed ( 25) Lights up ABS deactivated ( 25) Status indicators Lights up ABS fault ( 25) z
  29. 29. Self-diagnosis not completed ABS fault ABS warning light flashes. ABS warning light shows. 3 25 The ABS function is not The ABS control unit has detec- available, because self- ted a fault. The ABS function is diagnosis did not complete. The not available. motorcycle has to move forward You can continue to ride. Bear Status indicators a few metres for the wheel in mind that the ABS function sensors to be tested. is not available. Bear in mind Pull away slowly. Bear in mind the more detailed information that the ABS function is not on situations that can lead to available until self-diagnosis has an ABS fault ( 51). completed. Have the fault rectified as quickly as possible by a ABS deactivated specialist workshop, preferably ABS warning light shows. an authorised BMW Motorrad z dealer. The rider has switched off the ABS system. with OE BMW Motorrad ABS: Activate the ABS function ( 33)
  30. 30. z 3 26 Status indicators
  31. 31. Operation Ignition switch and steering lock . . . . . 28 4 27 Multifunction display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Turn indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Operation Emergency off switch (kill switch) . . . . 32 BMW Motorrad ABS OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 z Spring preload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
  32. 32. Ignition switch and Pre-ride check is performed. Locking handlebars 4 steering lock ( 43) 28 Keys with OE BMW Motorrad ABS: You receive one master key and Turn the key to position 1. one spare key. ABS self-diagnosis is Ignition switch and steering lock, performed in addition to tank filler cap lock and seat lock the checks outlined above. Operation are all operated with the same ( 44) key. Switching off ignition Switching on ignition Turn the handlebars all the way z to the left Turn the key to position 3, while moving the handlebars slightly. Ignition, lights and all function circuits switched off. Handlebars locked. Key can be removed. Turn the key to position 2. Multifunction display Turn the key to position 1. Lights switched off. Side light and all function cir- Handlebars not locked. Selecting readings cuits switched on. Key can be removed. Switch on the ignition. Engine can be started.
  33. 33. If the motorcycle is to re- main abroad for a lengthy 4 period, you can have the display readouts changed from miles to 29 kilometres or vice versa, if neces- sary. Under these circumstances consult a specialist workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Operation Motorrad dealer. The display starts with the cur- Press and hold down button 1. rent value and each time the but- The tripmeter is reset to zero. ton is pressed it moves one step z through the following sequence: Setting clock Odometer (ODO) Switch on the ignition. Tripmeter 1 (Trip I) You can make this adjust- Tripmeter 2 (Trip II) ment only when the motor- Clock cycle is at a standstill. Battery voltage Select the clock. Press button 1. Resetting tripmeter Switch on the ignition. Select the desired tripmeter.
  34. 34. The procedure is also termin- 4 ated if speed is greater than zero. 30 Battery voltage Operation Press and hold down button 1. When the hours reading is cor- Hours reading 3 shows. rect wait briefly. z Press button 1. Minutes reading 4 shows. The hours reading increments Press button 1. by one each time you press The minutes reading incre- the button. ments by one each time you The battery-voltage reading 1 Press button 2. press the button. appears together with the battery The hours reading decrements Press button 2. symbol 2. by one each time you press The minutes reading decre- the button. ments by one each time you Lights press the button. Side light When the minutes reading is The side lights switch on auto- correct wait briefly. matically when the ignition is The clock is now set and the switched on. time appears on the display.
  35. 35. The side lights place High-beam headlight Headlight flasher a strain on the battery. 4 Do not switch the ignition on for longer than absolutely 31 necessary. Low-beam headlight The low-beam headlight switches Operation on automatically when the igni- tion is switched on. The low-beam headlight Push full-beam headlight Press headlight flasher but- places a strain on the bat- switch 1 up. ton 1. z tery. Do not switch the ignition High-beam headlight switched The high-beam headlight is on for longer than absolutely on. switched on until you release necessary. Push full-beam headlight the button. switch 1 down. High-beam headlight switched off.
  36. 36. Turn indicators Push the turn-indicator button Do not operate the kill switch 4 Operating flashing turn forward. when riding. Flashing turn indicators The emergency off switch is a 32 indicators switched off. kill switch for switching off the Turn indicator telltale light is engine quickly and easily. off. Emergency off switch Operation (kill switch) z Push turn-indicator button 1 to the left. Left-hand turn indicators - Switch in normal position: switched on. operating position. Telltale light for left-hand turn - Switch actuated: engine indicators flashes. switched off. Push the turn-indicator button 1 Emergency off switch (kill to the right. switch) You cannot start the engine Right-hand turn indicators unless the kill switch is in switched on. Operating the kill switch the run position. Telltale light for right-hand turn when riding can cause indicator flashes. the rear wheel to lock and thus cause a fall.
  37. 37. BMW Motorrad ABS OE ABS warning light remains switching the ignition off and Deactivating ABS function ON. then on again. 4 If you switch the ignition off 33 Switch on the ignition, or bring Activating ABS function then on again and the ABS the motorcycle to a stop. light comes back on, there is a fault in the ABS. Mirrors Operation Adjusting mirrors z Press and hold down ABS but- ton 1. Press and hold down ABS but- ABS warning light goes out; ton 1. if self-diagnosis has not ABS warning light starts to completed it starts flashing. show. Release the ABS button within Release the ABS button within five seconds. Turn the mirror to the correct five seconds. The ABS warning light remains position. The ABS function is deactiv- off or continues to flash. ated. The ABS function is activated. Instead of pressing the ABS button, you have the option of
  38. 38. Adjusting mirror arm Spring preload 4 Adjustment for rear 34 suspension It is essential to set spring pre- load of the rear suspension to suit the load carried by the mo- torcycle. Increase spring preload Operation when the motorcycle is heavily loaded and reduce spring preload accordingly when the motorcycle Your motorcycle's hand- Slacken nut 1. ling will suffer if you do not is lightly loaded. z Turn the mirror arm to the ap- match the spring-preload and propriate position. Adjusting spring preload damping-characteristic settings. Tighten the nut to the spe- for rear wheel Adjust the damping characteristic cified tightening torque, while to suit spring preload. Make sure the ground is level holding the mirror arm to en- and firm and place the motor- Adjusting spring preload sure that it does not move out cycle on its stand. while the motorcycle is be- of position. ing ridden can lead to accidents. Union nut, mirror Do not attempt to adjust spring preload unless the motorcycle is at a standstill. 20 Nm Note that there is a danger of coming into contact with the hot exhaust silencer when you turn the knob.
  39. 39. Allow the silencer to cool. Damping Adjust spring preload by turn- Adjustment for rear 4 ing knob 1. suspension 35 If you want to increase spring Damping must be adapted to suit preload, turn the knob toward spring preload and the surface on HARD. which the motorcycle is ridden. If you want to reduce spring An increase in spring preload re- Operation preload, turn the knob toward quires firmer damping, a reduc- SOFT. tion in spring preload requires There is a risk of injury Basic setting of spring softer damping. by burns if you adjust the preload, rear The harder the setting, the more damping characteristic while the z the movement that the spring Turn the knob as far as it end silencer is hot. strut can make to absorb sur- will go in the "SOFT" direc- Use a screwdriver extension and face irregularities is damped. tion and then turn it 10 full wear protective gloves. When you choose a soft setting turns in the "HARD" direc- the spring strut responds all the Adjust damping by turning tion. (Full load of fuel, with more rapidly to surface irregularit- nut 1. rider 85 kg) ies. If you want to increase damp- ing, turn nut 1 in direction A. Adjusting damping for If you want to reduce damping, rear wheel turn nut 1 in direction B. Make sure the ground is level and firm and place the motor- cycle on its stand.
  40. 40. Incorrect tyre pressures im- Tyre pressure, rear 4 pair the motorcycle's hand- ling characteristics and increase 36 the rate of tyre wear. 2.1 bar (one-up, tyre cold) Always check that the tyre pres- 2.3 bar (two-up and/or with sures are correct. luggage, tyre cold) At high road speeds, tyre If tyre pressure is too low: Operation valves have a tendency to Correct tyre pressure. open as a result of centrifugal force. Rebound stage, basic Headlight Fit metal valve caps with rubber setting, rear Adjusting headlight for z seals and screw them on firmly Turn the bottom knob as to prevent sudden deflation. driving on right/driving on far as it will go in the A dir- Check tyre pressures against left ection, then back it off 13 the data below. If the motorcycle is ridden in a clicks in the B direction. (Full country where the opposite rule load of fuel, with rider 85 kg) Tyre pressure, front of the road applies, its asymmet- ric low-beam headlight will tend Tyres 1.9 bar (one-up, tyre cold) to dazzle oncoming traffic. Have the headlight set accord- Checking tyre pressure 2 bar (two-up and/or with ingly by a specialist workshop, Make sure the ground is level luggage, tyre cold) preferably an authorised BMW and firm and place the motor- Motorrad dealer. cycle on its stand.
  41. 41. Headlight beam throw and spring preload 4 Headlight beam throw is gener- 37 ally kept constant when spring preload is adjusted to suit load. Spring preload adjustment might not suffice only if the motorcycle Operation is very heavily loaded. Under these circumstances, headlight beam throw has to be adjusted Screws 1 on left and right al- Use the ignition key to turn to suit the weight carried by the low the height of the headlight seat lock 1 counter-clockwise motorcycle. to be adjusted. This adjustment and hold it in this position. z Consult a specialist work- should be carried out by a spe- shop, preferably an au- cialist workshop, preferably an thorised BMW Motorrad deal- authorised BMW Motorrad deal- er, if you are unsure whether er. the headlight basic setting is correct. Seat Removing seat Make sure the ground is level and firm and place the motor- cycle on its stand. Lift seat 2 at the rear and re- lease the key.
  42. 42. Pull the seat to the rear to re- 4 move. Place the seat, upholstered 38 side down, on a clean surface. Installing seat Operation If too much pressure is ap- plied in the forward direc- z tion, there is a danger that the motorcycle will be pushed off its stand. Always make sure that the Position seat 2 in such a way motorcycle is stable and firmly that mounts 3 on left and right supported. are in front of left and right Lower seat 2 into position and holders 4. push it forward as far as it will go. Firmly press down on the seat at the rear. The seat engages with an aud- ible click. Check that the seat is secure.
  43. 43. Riding Safety instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 5 39 Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Running in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Riding Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Parking your motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 z Refuelling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
  44. 44. Safety instructions Settings of the spring-strut and Do not ride your motorcycle after 5 Rider's equipment shock-absorber system consuming alcohol, drugs and/or Imbalanced load medication. 40 Do not ride without the correct Loose clothing clothing. Always wear: Insufficient tyre pressure Risk of poisoning Helmet Poor tyre tread Exhaust fumes contain carbon Motorcycling jacket and Etc. monoxide, which is colourless trousers and odourless but highly toxic. Riding Gloves Correct loading Inhaling the exhaust fumes Boots Overloading and imbal- therefore represents a z anced loads can adversely health hazard and can even This applies even to short jour- neys, and to every season of the affect the motorcycle's handling. cause loss of consciousness with year. Your authorised BMW Mo- Do not exceed the permissible fatal consequences. torrad dealer will be glad to ad- gross weight and be sure to Do not inhale exhaust fumes. vise you on the correct clothing comply with the instructions on Do not run the engine in an en- for every purpose. loading. closed space. Speed Alcohol and drugs High voltage If you ride at high speed, always Even small amounts of Touching live parts of the bear in mind that various bound- alcohol or drugs will ad- ignition system with the ary conditions can adversely af- versely affect your perception engine running can cause electric fect the handling of your motor- and your ability to assess situ- shock. cycle: ations and make decisions, and Do not touch parts of the igni- slow down your reflexes. Med- tion system when the engine is ication can exacerbate these ef- running. fects.
  45. 45. Catalytic converter Risk of fire Tampering with the If misfiring causes unburned fuel Temperatures at the exhaust are control unit of the 5 to enter the catalytic converter, high. electronic engine- 41 there is a danger of overheating Flammable materials (e.g. management system and damage. hay, leaves, grass, clothing Tampering with the engine For this reason, observe the fol- and luggage, etc.) could ignite control unit can damage lowing points: if allowed to come into contact the motorcycle and cause acci- Do not run the fuel tank dry. Riding with the hot exhaust pipe. dents. Do not attempt to start or run Do not permit flammable materi- Do not tamper with the engine the engine with a spark-plug als to come into contact with the cap disconnected. control unit. z hot exhaust system. Stop the engine immediately if Tampering with the engine it misfires. Cooling would be control unit can result in inadequate if the engine mechanical loads that the mo- Use only unleaded fuel. were allowed to idle for a lengthy torcycle's components are not Comply with all specified main- period with the motorcycle at designed to withstand. Damage tenance intervals. a standstill: overheating would caused in this way is not covered Unburned fuel will destroy result. In extreme cases, the by the warranty. the catalytic converter. motorcycle could catch fire. Do not tamper with the engine Note the points listed for protec- Do not allow the engine to idle control unit. tion of the catalytic converter. unnecessarily. Ride away imme- diately after starting the engine.
  46. 46. Checklist Starting Starting engine. 5 Use the following checklist to Side stand 42 check important functions, set- You cannot start the motorcycle tings and wear limits before you with the side stand extended and ride off. a gear engaged. The engine will Brakes switch itself off if you start it with Brake-fluid levels, front and rear the gearbox in neutral and then Riding Clutch engage a gear before retracting Clutch fluid level the side stand. z Shock absorber setting and spring preload Gearbox Kill switch in operating position Tyre-tread depth and tyre You can start the engine when (run). pressures the gearbox is in neutral or if you Gearbox lubrication is en- Cases correctly installed and pull the clutch with a gear en- sured only when the engine luggage secured gaged. is running. Inadequate lubrica- tion can result in damage to the At regular intervals: gearbox. Engine oil level (every refuelling Do not allow the motorcycle to stop) roll for a lengthy period of time or Brake-pad wear (every third push it a long distance with the refuelling stop) engine switched off. Switch on the ignition. Pre-ride check is performed. ( 43)
  47. 47. with OE BMW Motorrad ABS: The engine starts. Switch on the ignition. Consult the troubleshooting 5 Pre-ride check is performed. chart below if the engine re- fuses to start. ( 98) 43 ( 43) ABS self-diagnosis is Pre-ride check performed. ( 44) The instrument cluster runs a Wait until the warning light for test of the instruments and the Riding the coolant temperature stops warning lights and telltale lights flashing. and the display when the igni- Press starter button 1. The idle actuator is posi- tion is switched on. This test is z If ambient temperatures are known as the "Pre-Ride-Check". tioned after you switch on very low, you might find it Phase 1 the ignition. The coolant-tem- necessary to open the throttle perature warning light flashes All the telltale and warning lights slightly when starting the engine. if the idle actuator has not cor- are switched on briefly, along At ambient temperatures below rectly positioned before the pre- with all the segments of the mul- 0 °C, disengage the clutch after ride check completes. In order tifunction display. switching on the ignition. to avoid subsequent problems, wait for this process to complete If the engine fails to start Phase 2 before proceeding. even though the starter The tyre parameters stored in turns, insufficient battery voltage the memory of the instrument might be causing the problem. cluster appear briefly on the dis- Recharge the battery before you play. start the engine, or use jump The instrument cluster then leads and a donor battery to reverts to its normal operating start. mode.
  48. 48. If a warning light or telltale light few metres for the wheel sensors You can continue to ride. Bear 5 did not show as specified above to be tested. in mind that the ABS function or if a segment or segments of Phase 1 is not available. 44 Have the fault rectified as the multifunction display failed to Test of the diagnosis-compat- light up: ible system components with quickly as possible by a the motorcycle at a standstill. specialist workshop, preferably Some malfunctions cannot ABS warning light flashes. an authorised BMW Motorrad be indicated if one of the dealer. Riding warning lights fails to show. Make sure that all the warning and telltale lights come on in the Phase 2 Running in z Test of the wheel sensors as The first 1000 km pre-ride check. the motorcycle pulls away from While running in the motor- Have the fault rectified as rest. cycle, vary the throttle opening quickly as possible by a specialist workshop, preferably ABS warning light flashes. and engine-speed range fre- an authorised BMW Motorrad quently. dealer. Try to do most of your rid- ABS self-diagnosis ing during this initial period on ABS self-diagnosis OE completed twisting, fairly hilly roads, avoid- BMW Motorrad ABS performs The ABS warning light goes ing high-speed main roads and self-diagnosis to ensure its op- out. highways if possible. erability. Self-diagnosis is per- If an indicator showing an ABS Exceeding the specified en- formed automatically when you fault appears when ABS self-dia- gine speeds while running switch on the ignition. The mo- gnosis completes: in will lead to increased engine torcycle has to move forward a wear.
  49. 49. Keep to the specified engine km. You can compensate for Brakes speeds for running in. this initial reduction in braking How can stopping 5 During the running-in phase, efficiency by exerting greater pressure on the levers. distance be minimised? 45 do not exceed the speed limits Each time the brakes are applied, specified for the various gears. New brake pads can ex- a load distribution shift takes tend stopping distance by a Maximum speeds during place with the load shifting for- significant margin. running-in period ward from the rear to the front Apply the brakes in good time. Riding wheel. The sharper the motor- max 35 km/h (1st gear) cycle decelerates, the more load Tyres max 55 km/h (2nd gear) is shifted to the front wheel. The z New tyres have a smooth sur- higher the wheel load, the more max 75 km/h (3rd gear) face. This must be roughened by braking force can be transmitted max 95 km/h (4th gear) riding in a restrained manner at without the wheel locking. various heel angles until the tyres max 110 km/h (5th gear) To optimise stopping distance, are run in. This running in pro- No full-load acceleration. apply the front brakes rapidly and cedure is essential if the tyres are Avoid low engine speeds at full keep on increasing the force you to achieve maximum grip. load. apply to the brake lever. This Tyres do not have their full makes the best possible use Do not omit the first inspection grip when new and there of the dynamic increase in load after 500 - 1200 km. is a risk of accidents at extreme at the front wheel. Remember Brake pads angles of heel. to pull the clutch at the same Avoid extreme angles of heel. time. In the "panic braking situ- New brake pads must "bed down" and therefore do not ations" that are trained so fre- achieve their optimum friction quently braking force is applied levels during the first 500 as rapidly as possible and with
  50. 50. the rider's full force applied to Wet brakes Oil or grease on brakes 5 the brake levers; under these cir- After the motorcycle has Oil and grease on the brake cumstances the dynamic shift been washed, ridden 46 discs and pads considerably in load distribution cannot keep through water or ridden in diminish braking efficiency. pace with the increase in de- the rain, the brake discs and Especially after repair and main- celeration and the tyres cannot pads might be wet and the tenance work, make sure that the transmit the full braking force to brakes might not take effect brake discs and brake pads are the surface of the road. ABS has Riding immediately. free of oil and grease. to intervene to keep the front Apply the brakes in good time wheel from locking; this increases Dirt or mud on brakes until the brakes have dried out. z stopping distance. When riding on loose sur- Descending mountain Salt on brakes faces or muddy roads, the passes The brakes may fail to take brakes may fail to take effect effect immediately if the immediately because of dirt or There is a danger of the motorcycle was ridden on salt- moisture on the discs or brake brakes fading if you use covered roads and the brakes pads. only the rear brakes when des- were not applied for some time. Apply the brakes in good time cending mountain passes. Under Apply the brakes in good time until the brakes have been extreme conditions, the brakes until the salt layer on the brake cleaned. could overheat and suffer severe discs and brake pads has been The brake pads will wear damage. removed. more rapidly if you ride fre- Use both front and rear brakes, and make use of the engine's quently on unsurfaced tracks or braking effect as well. poor roads. Check the thickness of the brake
  51. 51. pads more frequently and replace motorcycle with the side stand On a gradient, the motor- the brake pads in good time. extended. cycle should always face 5 Slowly lean the motorcycle to uphill; select 1st gear. Parking your 47 the side until its weight is taken Lock the steering lock. motorcycle by the stand and dismount to the left. Removing motorcycle Placing motorcycle on from side stand side stand If the motorcycle is on the Riding side stand, the surface of Unlock the steering lock. If the ground is soft or un- From the left, grip the handle- the ground will determine wheth- even, there is no guaran- bars with both hands. er it is better to turn the handle- z tee that the motorcycle will rest bars to the left or right. However, Pull the handbrake lever. firmly on the stand. the motorcycle is more stable on Swing your right leg over the Always check that the ground a level surface with the handle- seat and lift the motorcycle to under the stand is level and bars turned to the left than with the upright position. firm. the handlebars turned to the Hold the motorcycle upright Switch off the engine. right. and balanced. Pull the handbrake lever. On level ground, always turn the An extended side stand can Hold the motorcycle upright handlebars to the left to set the catch on the ground when and balanced. steering lock. the motorcycle is moving and Use your left foot to extend the Turn the handlebars to full left lead to a fall. side stand fully. Retract the side stand before or right lock. The side stand is designed Check that the motorcycle is moving the motorcycle. to support only the weight standing firmly. Sit on the motorcycle and use of the motorcycle. your left foot to retract the side Do not lean or sit on the stand.
  52. 52. Refuelling Make sure the ground is level Recommended fuel 5 Fuel is highly flammable. A and firm and place the motor- grade cycle on its stand. 48 naked flame close to the fuel tank can cause a fire or ex- 95 ROZ/RON (Super un- plosion. leaded) Do not smoke. Never bring a Usable fuel capacity naked flame near the fuel tank. Riding Fuel expands when hot. Fuel escaping from an 9.5 l z overfilled tank could make its way onto the rear tyre. This could Reserve fuel cause a fall. Do not fill the tank past the bot- Open fuel tank cap 1 with 2l tom edge of the filler neck. the ignition key by turning it Place the fuel tank cap in posi- Fuel attacks plastics, which counter-clockwise. tion in the filler neck. become dull or unsightly. Remove the fuel tank cap. Close the fuel tank cap with Wipe off plastic parts immediately Refuel with fuel of the grade the ignition key by turning it if they come into contact with stated below; do not fill the clockwise. fuel. tank past the bottom edge of the filler neck. Leaded fuel will destroy the catalytic converter. Use only unleaded fuel.
  53. 53. Engineering details Brake system with BMW Motorrad 6 ABS OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 49 Engineering details z
  54. 54. Brake system with to turn and directional stability is registers the actual circum- 6 BMW Motorrad ABS OE is maintained irrespective of the stances, the system reacts in- condition of the road surface. stantly and adjusts braking force 50 How does ABS work? accordingly to achieve optimum The amount of braking force that What are the effects of braking. can be transferred to the road surface irregularities? depends on factors hat include Humps and surface irregularit- Rear wheel lift the coefficient of friction of the ies can cause the wheels to lose Even under severe braking, a Engineering details road surface. Loose stones, ice contact temporarily with the road high level of tyre grip can mean and snow or a wet road all have surface; if this happens the brak- that the front wheel does not much lower coefficients of fric- ing force that can be transmit- lock up until very late, if at all. tion than a clean, dry asphalt sur- ted to the road can drop to zero. Consequently, ABS does not in- face. The lower the coefficient If the brakes are applied under tervene until very late, if at all. of friction, the longer the braking these circumstances the ABS Under these circumstances the distance. has to reduce braking force to rear wheel can lift off the ground, If the rider increases braking ensure that directional stability and the outcome can be a high- pressure to the extent that brak- is maintained when the wheels siding situation in which the mo- z ing force exceeds the maxim- regain contact with the road sur- torcycle can flip over. um transferrable limit, the wheels face. At this instant the BMW Severe braking can cause start to lock and the motorcycle Motorrad ABS must assume an the rear wheel to lift off the loses its directional stability; a fall extremely low coefficient of fric- ground. is imminent. Before this situation tion, so that the wheels will con- When you brake, bear in mind can occur, ABS intervenes and tinue to rotate under all imagin- that ABS control cannot be relied adapts braking pressure to the able circumstances, because this on in all circumstances to prevent maximum transferrable braking is the precondition for ensuring the rear wheel from lifting clear of force, so the wheels continue directional stability. As soon as the ground.
  55. 55. What is the design riding conditions can lead to a What significance baseline for BMW fault message being issued. devolves on regular 6 Motorrad ABS? Exceptional riding maintenance? conditions: 51 Within the limits imposed by Invariably, a technical sys- physics, BMW Motorrad ABS en- Riding for a lengthy period with tem cannot perform beyond sures directional stability on any the front wheel lifted off the the abilities dictated by its level surface. The system is not op- ground (wheelie). of maintenance. Rear wheel rotating with the Engineering details timised for special requirements In order to ensure that the BMW that apply under extreme com- motorcycle held stationary by Motorrad ABS is always main- petitive situations off-road or on applying the front brake (burn- tained in optimum condition, it the track. out). is essential for you to comply Heating up with the motorcycle strictly with the specified inspec- Special situations on the centre stand or an auxil- tion intervals. The speeds of the front and rear iary stand, engine idling or with wheels are compared as one a gear engaged. Reserves for safety means of detecting a wheel's Rear wheel locked for a lengthy The potentially shorter braking incipient tendency to lock. If the period, for example while des- z distances which BMW Motorrad system registers implausible val- cending off-road. ABS permits must not be used ues for a lengthy period the ABS as an excuse for careless riding. If a fault message is issued on function is deactivated for safety ABS is primarily a means of en- account of exceptional riding reasons and an ABS fault mes- suring a safety margin in genuine conditions as outlined above, you sage is issued. Self-diagnos- emergencies. can reactivate the ABS function is has to complete before fault Take care when cornering. When by switching the ignition off and messages can be issued. on again. you apply the brakes on a corner, In addition to problems with the the motorcycle's weight and BMW Motorrad ABS, exceptional
  56. 56. momentum take over and even 6 BMW Motorrad ABS is unable to counteract their effects. 52 Engineering details z
  57. 57. Accessories General instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 7 53 Power socket OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Luggage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Accessories z
  58. 58. General instructions without constituting a safety haz- Power socket OE 7 BMW Motorrad recommends ard. Country-specific official au- Ratings thorisation does not suffice as 54 the use of parts and accessories assurance. Tests conducted by for your motorcycle that are ap- these instances cannot make proved by BMW for this purpose. provision for all operating con- Genuine BMW parts and ac- ditions experienced by BMW mo- cessories and other products torcycles and, consequently, they Accessories which BMW has approved can are not sufficient in some circum- be obtained from your authorised stances. BMW Motorrad dealer, together Use only parts and accessor- with expert advice on their install- ies approved by BMW for your ation and use. motorcycle. Do not attempt to connect a load z These parts and products have Whenever you are planning that would exceed the maximum been tested by BMW for safety, function and suitability. BMW modifications, comply with all amperage stated in the technical the legal requirements. Make data for on-board socket 1. accepts product liability for them. Conversely, BMW is unable to sure that the motorcycle does Operating electrical accept any liability whatsoever not infringe national road-vehicle construction and use regulations. accessories for parts and accessories which it has not approved. Electrically powered accessories inevitably place a strain on the BMW Motorrad cannot battery. It is essential to ensure assess each non-BMW that the battery retains its ability product to determine wheth- to start the engine. er it can be used on or in con- nection with BMW motorcycles
  59. 59. Cable routing Set spring preload, damping Note the maximum permissible The cables from the power sock- characteristic and tyre pres- payload of the rear softbag and 7 et to the auxiliary device must be sures to suit total weight. the speed limit for riding with a Note the maximum permissible rear softbag on the motorcycle. 55 routed in such a way that they: Do not impede the rider payload of the luggage carrier. Payload of rear softbag Do not restrict or obstruct the Loading luggage carrier steering angle and handling characteristics max 2.5 kg Accessories Cannot be trapped max 5 kg Maximum permissible Note the maximum permissible Incorrectly routed cables speed for riding with the payload of the tank rucksack can impede the rider. rear softbag fitted to the mo- and the speed limit for riding Route the cables as described torcycle with a tank rucksack on the z above. motorcycle. max 130 km/h Luggage Payload of tank rucksack Correct loading Overloading and imbal- max 5 kg anced loads can adversely affect the motorcycle's handling. Maximum permissible Do not exceed the permissible speed for riding with the gross weight and be sure to tank rucksack fitted to the mo- comply with the instructions on torcycle loading. max 130 km/h
  60. 60. z 7 56 Accessories
  61. 61. Maintenance Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 8 57 Toolkit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Jump starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 Brake system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 Maintenance Brake pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Brake fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 z Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Rims . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Chain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 BMW Motorrad auxiliary stand . . . . . . . 75 BMW Motorrad front-wheel stand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
  62. 62. Notes Toolkit 5 Screwdriver handle 8 The Maintenance chapter de- Standard on-board toolkit Holder for screwdriver blade 9 58 scribes straightforward proced- ures for checking and replacing certain wear parts. Special tightening torques are lis- ted as applicable. The tightening Maintenance torques for the threaded fasten- ers on your motorcycle are listed in the section entitled "Technical data". You will find information on more extensive maintenance and re- 1 Fuse puller 6 3 mm Allen key z pair work in the Repair Manual Replacing fuses Replacing headlight bulb on DVD/CD-ROM (RepROM) for 2 Open-ended spanner, w/f 7 4 mm Allen key your motorcycle, which is avail- 8/10 Removing and installing body able from your authorised BMW Motorrad dealer. Adjusting chain tension panels 3 Open-ended spanner, w/f 8 6 mm Allen key Some of the work calls for spe- 14 Adjusting headlight beam throw cial tools and a thorough know- ledge of motorcycles. If you Adjusting mirror arm are in doubt consult a specialist 9 Screwdriver blade 4 Open-ended spanner, w/f Star-head and flat-tip blade workshop, preferably your author- 15 ised BMW Motorrad dealer. Adjusting rear suspension Adjusting mirror arm damping
  63. 63. 10 Screwdriver, small 3 Ring spanner, w/f 26 Replacing turn indicator bulbs Removing and installing wheels 8 On-board toolkit service 4 Electric torch 59 kit LED bulb Your authorised BMW Motor- 5 3x socket rad dealer can provide the on- board toolkit service kit that you Adjusting chain tension Maintenance will need if you are considering 6 Adapter undertaking more extensive work. 1 Extending tool holder Adapter for 1/4" bits You will find information on un- Adapters to accommodate all 9x12 mm and 3/8" swivel ad- dertaking work of this nature in tools apters the Repair Manual on the CD or Removing and installing spark DVD also obtainable from your plugs Engine oil z authorised BMW Motorrad deal- er. 2 1/4" bits Checking engine oil level Star-head The engine can seize if the Plain-tip oil level is low, and this can Adapter, 1/4" hex to 1/4"square lead to accidents. 2x hexagon socket wrench in- Always make sure that the oil sert level is correct. Allen keys, 3 mm, 4 mm and The oil level varies with the 6 mm temperature of the oil. The higher the temperature, the high- er the level of oil in the sump.
  64. 64. Checking the oil level with the Turn the oil dipstick clockwise 8 engine cold or after no more than to install. a short ride will lead to misinter- Remove the oil dipstick and 60 pretation; this in turn, means that check the oil level. the engine will be operated with the incorrect quantity of oil. In order to ensure that the en- gine oil level is read correctly, Maintenance check the oil level only after a lengthy trip. Remove oil dipstick 1 by turn- Allow the engine to idle until ing it counter-clockwise. the fan starts up, then allow it to idle one minute longer. z Make sure the ground is level and firm and hold the motor- Engine oil, specified level cycle upright. Switch off the engine. Wipe the area around the oil Engine oil, 15W-40 filler neck clean. Between MIN and MAX marks Wipe the oil off MIN-MAX part If the oil level is below the MIN of dipstick 2 with a clean, dry mark: cloth. Top up the engine oil ( 61)
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