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Bl assignment1 final

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  • 1. BUSINESS LAW ASSIGNMENTMANAGEMENT DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTE OF SINGAPORE UNIVERSITY OF BRADFORD DIPLOMA IN BUSINESS MANAGEMENT COURSE CODE – ABMD1 1160A BUSINESS LAW ASSIGNMENT GROUP MEMBERS NO NAME FIN NO. PM 1 Subham Patodia G1105278P 2 Nav Punjwani 3 Daniyar Zhuldyzbayev DATE: 15/12/2011 ANALYSIS /40 RESEARCH /30 ORGANIZATION /15 PRESENTATION /15 Name of Lecturer: Mr. Daniel Theyagu 1
  • 2. BUSINESS LAW ASSIGNMENT CONTRIBUTION TO THE CLASS ASSIGNMENT MADE BY INDIVIDUAL CANDIDATES1. NAME – Subham Patodia did research on the working of Singapore courtstructure and their analysis . Also was responsible for the picking up advertisement fromthe local newspaper and explaining them .2. NAME - ….3. NAME … 2
  • 3. BUSINESS LAW ASSIGNMENT TABLE OF CONTENTSQUESTION – 1 ............................................................................................................................. 4SINGAPORE COURT STRUCTURE ......................................................................................... 5 ESSAY on Question 1: ..................................................................................................... 6 COURT OF APPEAL ........................................................................................................... 6 HIGH COURT .................................................................................................................... 6 SUBORDINATE COURT ..................................................................................................... 7QUESTION THREE ..................................................................................................................... 9AN EXAMPLE OF A NEWSPAPER ADVERTISEMENT THAT IS AN OFFER .............................. 9AN EXAMPLE OF A NEWSPAPER ADVERTISEMENT THAT IS AN INVITATION TO TREAT .. 10AN EXAMPLE OF A NEWSPAPER ADVERTISEMENT THAT IS A TENDER NOTICE ............... 11AN EXAMPLE OF AN NEWSPAPER ADVERTISEMENT THAT IS A NOTICE .......................... 12REFRENCES............................................................................................................................... 133. DECLARATION ................................................................................................................. 14 3
  • 4. BUSINESS LAW ASSIGNMENTQUESTION – 1WITH THE AID OF A DIAGRAM SHOW HOW THE SINGAPORE COURTSTRUCTURE WORKS & THE VARIOUS JURISDISTRICT LIMITS OF THECOURT. YOUR DIAGRAME MUST BE ORIGINAL & EFFECTIVE INEXPLANING HOW THE CONCEPT OF STARE DECISIS ALSO WORKS WITHTHE COURT OF STRUCTURE. 4
  • 5. BUSINESS LAW ASSIGNMENT SINGAPORE COURT STRUCTURE COURT OF APPEAL HIGH COURT SUBORDINATE COURTDISTRICT MAGISTRATE SMALL CORONER’S JUVENILE COURT S CLAIMS COURT COURT COURT COURT 5
  • 6. BUSINESS LAW ASSIGNMENTESSAY on Question 1:COURT OF APPEALThe Court of Appeal hears appeals against the decisions of High Court Judges in bothcivil and criminal matters. It became Singapores final court of appeal on 8 April 1994,when appeals to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council were abolished.In general, the Court hears civil appeals from decisions of the High Court made in theexercise of the latters original and appellate jurisdiction that is, decisions on cases thatstarted in the High Court as well as decisions that were appealed from the SubordinateCourts to the High Court. Criminal cases involving offences which carry the deathpenalty and generally the punishment is with imprisonment for exceeding ten years.The Court of Appeal is usually made up of three Judges. However, certain appealsincluding those against interlocutory orders, may be heard by only two Judges. Ifnecessary the Court of Appeal may comprise five or any greater uneven number ofJudges.HIGH COURTThe High Court consists of the Chief Justice and the Judges of the High Court. It hearsappeals from criminal cases originating in the District Courts and Magistrates Courts. Ithears and determines the questions of law arising on cases stated, amends or reverses thesubordinate courts decision on the matter occured or makes any other order that it sees fit.In addition, the High Court has general supervisory and revisionary jurisdiction over allsubordinate courts in any civil or criminal matter.If the interests of justice appear to require it the Court may either of its own motion or ifrequested by any interested person, call for the records of any matter or proceeding in asubordinate court, whether civil or criminal, at any stage. 6
  • 7. BUSINESS LAW ASSIGNMENTIf there are conflicting High Court decisions, it is up to the Court of Appeal to decidewhich decision is correct.SUBORDINATE COURTThe Subordinate Courts are committed to providing essay to information that may be ofrelevant use to the court users. Decision made here is not binding on the Higher Courtand does not have to follow its own previous made decision The judges, magistrates, andregistrars of the Subordinate Courts are all legal service officers and serve under thesupervision and control of Singapores Legal Service Commission. Judges andmagistrates are appointed by the President upon the recommendation of the Chief Justice.The courts under subordinate court are:District CourtDistrict Courts hear offences where the maximum imprisonment term does not exceed 10years. District Courts can sentence a person to imprisonment for no more than 7 years, afine not exceeding $10,000 and up to 12 strokes of cane.Magistrates CourtsMagistrates Courts hear offences where the maximumImprisonment term does not exceed 3 years. MagistratesCourts can sentence a person to imprisonment for no more than 2 years, a fine notexceeding $2,000 and up to 6 strokes of cane.Coroners CourtThe Coroner is a Magistrate or District Judge of the Subordinate Court. The CoronersCourt deals with cases that are classified by the Police as Coroner’s cases. The CoronersCourt holds an inquiry when there is reason to suspect that a person has died in a suddenor unnatural manner. Examples include suspected suicides, traffic accidents, prisondeaths etc. 7
  • 8. BUSINESS LAW ASSIGNMENTJuvenile CourtJuvenile Courts handle crimes committed by minors, usually below the age of 16 andFamily Courts handle domestic problems like divorce, adoption proceedings, childmarriage, spousal issues etc.Small Claim CourtVarious other tribunals as well as in Syrah courts and military courts running parallel tosubordinate courts also exercise judicial power. 8
  • 9. BUSINESS LAW ASSIGNMENTQUESTION THREEAN EXAMPLE OF A NEWSPAPER ADVERTISEMENT THAT IS ANOFFEREXPLANATION:This advertisement is an offer because the intention of the party making theadvertisement is clear and capable of being accepted without further bargaining . There isbundle offer of over 250 brands in the Mega Expo Sale . As in the advertisement displaythere are different types of items for different categories of choices . For example – thespecial plush toys which is offered for $15 , the Bossini men’s shirt offered at $19 each .We can also consider Jean perry which is offered for a reasonable price of $69.The intention of the advertisers is clear and capable of being accepted by public with nofurther bargaining .Public is deemed to accept the terms and condition as stated by theofferor . 9
  • 10. BUSINESS LAW ASSIGNMENTAN EXAMPLE OF A NEWSPAPER ADVERTISEMENT THAT IS ANINVITATION TO TREATEXPLANATIONThis advertisement is an invitation to treat because there is an clear intention of furtherbargaining in the form of an invitation to commence further negotiation .The aboveadvertisement illustrates, invitation to treat as it is inviating people for making a trip fromSingapore to Auckland. There is a clear intention of further bargaining as the price is notfixed and is not reliable for making a fix deal . The above starter fare are starting from$448 and Business fare is starting from $798 . They also have mentioned the airlinesjetstar , which in one way could help people for further enxity .There is a probability forfurther negotiation which could help to convince people . 10
  • 11. BUSINESS LAW ASSIGNMENTAN EXAMPLE OF A NEWSPAPER ADVERTISEMENT THAT IS ATENDER NOTICEEXPLANATION :This advertisement illustrates tender notice as it is an offer to do or perform an act whichthe party offering , is bound to perform to the party to whom the offer is made . In theabove advertisement Sinagpore Island Country Club is giving an unconditional offer tothe public for the supply and deliver live seafood at 180 Island club road, Singapore .There is a contract validation period from 1st February 2012 to 31 July 2012 . The closingdate is given as 9 December 2011 befire 12.00 noon. Moreover, it is a governmentcertified organization.Singapore Island Country Club is performing an act (supply and deliver of goods) whichis bound to perform to a party (public) to whom the offer is made . 11
  • 12. BUSINESS LAW ASSIGNMENTAN EXAMPLE OF AN NEWSPAPER ADVERTISEMENT THAT ISA NOTICEEXPLANATION:This advertisement is a notice as it a written or a formal invitation, notification, warningabout the fact . In the above advertisement Pixma(Canon) is giving a formal invitation aswell as information about its product .There is a complete information about the printeras well as its usage and functioning .This advertisement is public appealing as it isoffering 4 free ink box with it .They are offereing product traning with every purchase,which is very beneficial for the new buyers, along with that there is 2 years productwarranty. This advertisement is clear indication of a decent product which has beenrelieable according to its functions and productivity. 12
  • 13. BUSINESS LAW ASSIGNMENTREFRENCES 1. www.acra.gov.sg 2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Court_of_Singapore 3. http://app.supremecourt.gov.sg/default.aspx?pgID=1 13
  • 14. BUSINESS LAW ASSIGNMENT DECLARATIONWe declare that this assignment is our original work and that any externalreferences made has been properly verified and authenticated. We have notplagiarised any past work from any source. We understand that plagiarism is aserious matter and that if found responsible that this assignment will be rejected.Name and Signature of Group Members: 1. Subham Patodia , G1105278P 2. Nav Punjwani 3.Daniyar Zhuldyzbayev 14

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