CAMPUS DEMOCRACY
Centre for Public Policy Research
Introduction
 “Democracy is a form of government in which
everyone has a share”, AV Dicey
 Campus Democracy shall be und...
About the Study
 The study was undertaken by Civitas for LYF India
and supported by FnST
 The Study was conducted in 78 ...
Findings and learnings
9/4/20134 www.civitas.in
Support for Students’ Election
Majority Students Support while few faculty and
Administration support Student Elections
 ...
Election or Nomination?
Students in favour of Election over nomination
 Nearly half of the colleges surveyed followed
nom...
Perception on campus politics
9/4/2013www.civitas.in7
Students in favour of campus politics devoid of
violence and aimed a...
Awareness about Lyngdoh
Recommendations
Low awareness and Uneven Implementation of
Lyngdoh Committee Recommendations
 39%...
Perception of Students’ Union
Students concerned over Effectiveness of
Student Council/ Union
 19% of the respondents fel...
….Contd
 Mere 6 % of the students found student council
effective in redressing their grievances
 22 % of the colleges d...
 Violence during Student Elections is a Reality
 21% students reported that they had witnessed
violence during Students’...
Campaigning
Campaigning Efforts are vibrant but restricted
9/4/201312 www.civitas.in
Voting pattern differs and have direct relation to
political awareness
 Campuses like Kerala University and Calcutta
Univ...
Election expenditure
Violations of Financial Expenditure Limits is
Common
 Nearly 41% of the colleges do not have specifi...
An analysis of student politics in India
64%
25%
11%
Do Students Wish to Become
Student Leaders?
No Information No Yes
Num...
Factors affecting Campus Democracy
 Lack of management support and an enabling
environment for students to get involved i...
…Contd
9/4/2013www.civitas.in17
 Students’ lack of interest and distrust in political
and governance processes
 Violatio...
Learnings
 Reactions towards campus elections are mixed
with students demanding for more representation
 Lyngdoh Committ...
…Contd
9/4/2013www.civitas.in19
 Incidents of violence still take place during
elections
 Majority of the private colleg...
..Contd
9/4/2013www.civitas.in20
 Students are dis-interested to become student
leaders or take politics as a career- Inc...
Thank You
9/4/2013www.civitas.in21
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A Study on Campus Democracy in India

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A Study on Campus Democracy in India

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A Study on Campus Democracy in India

  1. 1. CAMPUS DEMOCRACY Centre for Public Policy Research
  2. 2. Introduction  “Democracy is a form of government in which everyone has a share”, AV Dicey  Campus Democracy shall be understood as means to provide freedom of thought and expression to youth  Campus Politics is a necessity which can provide the training ground for youth to be a part of the political machinery in India  Student participation and student representation is imminent for the growth of nation 9/4/20132 www.civitas.in
  3. 3. About the Study  The study was undertaken by Civitas for LYF India and supported by FnST  The Study was conducted in 78 colleges across the country comprising Arts, Commerce, Management, Medical, Engineering and law colleges  Divided into east, west, north, north-east and south  Questionnaire based survey (Online and Offline)- Students, student leaders, faculty and management  Compendium captured various facets of Campus Democracy- Campus Politics, student organizations and groups, activities, opinions and observations  Lyngdoh Committee recommendations, 2005 9/4/20133 www.civitas.in
  4. 4. Findings and learnings 9/4/20134 www.civitas.in
  5. 5. Support for Students’ Election Majority Students Support while few faculty and Administration support Student Elections  73% students support student elections  24 % of the faculties and management supported student elections 9/4/20135 www.civitas.in
  6. 6. Election or Nomination? Students in favour of Election over nomination  Nearly half of the colleges surveyed followed nomination systems  69 % of the students and 52 % of faculty preferred elections over nominations  73% of the respondent students support election in colleges where nomination systems are in place. 9/4/20136 www.civitas.in
  7. 7. Perception on campus politics 9/4/2013www.civitas.in7 Students in favour of campus politics devoid of violence and aimed at development of campus Students’ opinion on Campus politics Percentage Campus sans politics is not democratic 8 Dissatisfied/cynical with it because it does not raise and address campus issues 5 It creates future leaders 12 It is the right of the student 25 It leads to a vibrant campus 11 Oppose it, as academics should not be combined with politics 19 Oppose it, as it is violent 13 No information 7
  8. 8. Awareness about Lyngdoh Recommendations Low awareness and Uneven Implementation of Lyngdoh Committee Recommendations  39% students have heard of Lyngdoh committee recommendations  46% campuses have implemented Lyngdoh committee recommendations; 5% partially implemented it  41% campuses take no action if students violate Lyngdoh recommendations 9/4/20138 www.civitas.in
  9. 9. Perception of Students’ Union Students concerned over Effectiveness of Student Council/ Union  19% of the respondents felt that the Students Council/Union were working for the development of the Campus 16% 4% 1% 12% 21% 13% 19% 14% Always Do not have Student Council No Often Rarely Sometimes 9/4/20139 www.civitas.in
  10. 10. ….Contd  Mere 6 % of the students found student council effective in redressing their grievances  22 % of the colleges did not have any student body (100 % in law, 57 % of management and 33 % of Engineering colleges and nil in Medical colleges).  Dean of Student Welfare, Proctor, Student Grievance redressal cell. 9/4/201310 www.civitas.in
  11. 11.  Violence during Student Elections is a Reality  21% students reported that they had witnessed violence during Students’ Union elections and 37% linked campus politics with violence  Incidence of violence reported at Aligarh Muslim University, Lucknow University, Himachal University, Kerala University  60% campuses have an election grievance redressal cell Violence inside Campus 9/4/201311 www.civitas.in
  12. 12. Campaigning Campaigning Efforts are vibrant but restricted 9/4/201312 www.civitas.in
  13. 13. Voting pattern differs and have direct relation to political awareness  Campuses like Kerala University and Calcutta University have turnouts of 80-85% .While Universities like Delhi University has a mere 25- 30% votes during the elections. 9/4/201313 www.civitas.in
  14. 14. Election expenditure Violations of Financial Expenditure Limits is Common  Nearly 41% of the colleges do not have specific provisions relating to ceiling of financial expenditure for student candidates  Financial expenditure of 18 % of student candidates is over Rs 5000  29 % spend less than Rs 1500  12% candidates get financial support from political parties 9/4/201314 www.civitas.in
  15. 15. An analysis of student politics in India 64% 25% 11% Do Students Wish to Become Student Leaders? No Information No Yes Number of youth (between 25- 40) in the present Parliament- 71 (Source :CSDS Study) 9/4/201315 www.civitas.in Source:www.theindiasite.com
  16. 16. Factors affecting Campus Democracy  Lack of management support and an enabling environment for students to get involved in democratic processes in the campus  Academic constrains not helping students interested in campus politics  Restrictions for students’ involvement in politics on campus  Lack of a platform for developing awareness on campus democracy and governance processes 9/4/201316 www.civitas.in
  17. 17. …Contd 9/4/2013www.civitas.in17  Students’ lack of interest and distrust in political and governance processes  Violation of basic principles of non- violence, democracy, transparency and accountability in educational institutions  End result of these dynamics are that student councils are not effectively concentrating on addressing students’ issues
  18. 18. Learnings  Reactions towards campus elections are mixed with students demanding for more representation  Lyngdoh Committee recommendations are yet to be taken under serious consideration- The relevance of the recommendations need to be understood in the present context  There is a definite influence of political parties on the representation system 9/4/201318 www.civitas.in
  19. 19. …Contd 9/4/2013www.civitas.in19  Incidents of violence still take place during elections  Majority of the private colleges, especially those that offer professional courses, frown upon campus elections- Students support a democratic process  Majority of the faculty members feel that student politics dilutes the spirit of academics and it’s better kept out of the campus.
  20. 20. ..Contd 9/4/2013www.civitas.in20  Students are dis-interested to become student leaders or take politics as a career- Increasing role of youth politicians is encouraging  Majority of the students feel that student unions are not the ultimate remedy to their problems- Revisit the role of student unions with more participation and transparency  Faculties and management’s feel that student elections do not foster democratic practices on the campus- Focus and priorities have changed  There is a considerable drop in student interest towards campus politics and socio-political issues- A social reality?
  21. 21. Thank You 9/4/2013www.civitas.in21

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