적정기술(Appropriate Technology) 의 역사 Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi <작은 것이 아름답다> E.F. Schumacher (1973) → Intermediate Technology Development Group 1973 energy crisis and the environmental movement of the 1970s. ⇒ (美) National Center for Appropriate Tech., The office of Appropriate Tech. Design for the Other 90%
적정기술의 개념 Alternative technology :It is technology that, as an alternative to resource-intensive and wasteful industry, aims to utilize resources sparingly, with minimumdamage to the environment, at affordable cost and with a possible degree of control over the processes. Intermediate technology This intermediate technology is conducive to decentralization, compatible with the laws of ecology, gentle in its use of scarce resources, and designed to serve the human person instead of making him the servant of machines . Appropriate Technology The idea of appropriate technology is that local people, struggling on a daily basis with their needs, understand those needs better than anyone and can therefore suggest or in fact, invent the technological innovations necessary to meet those needs..
Principle of Appropriate Technology (AT) It meets peoples needs It helps protect the environment It uses local skills and materials It helps people earn a living It is affordable It is Sustainable Development It paves the way for a better future “해당기술을 사용할 때 개인의 자유가 확대되고, 그 사용이 환경이나 타인에게 가하는 피해를 최소화 하는 기술” (에딧더월드, 김정태 대표) “인간의 얼굴을 한 기술” “적정기술은 기술이라는 편리함에 따뜻함이라는 옷을 입힌 것과 같다.” (이수원 특허청장)
추진 사례 (사탕수수 숯, 건조망고, 적정 건축기술 등)Sugar Cane Charcoal (in Chad) : to Improve their quality of life Dry Mango (in Chad) : to Increase their incomeA block of dried mud (in Nepal) : to Improve their quality of life