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Enlargement and neighbourhood policy of the EU
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Enlargement and neighbourhood policy of the EU

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Enlargement and neighbourhood policy of the EU Enlargement and neighbourhood policy of the EU Presentation Transcript

  • Enlargement andneighbourhood policy. Prepared by Chernenko Alena
  • Uniting a continent Date Members №25 March Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the 6 1957 Netherlands, West Germany1 January Denmark, Ireland, United Kingdom 9 19731 January Greece 10 19811 January Spain, Portugal 12 19861 January Austria, Finland, Sweden 15 1995 Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia,1 May 2004 Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, 25 Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia 1 January Bulgaria, Romania 27 2007
  • Enlargement process
  • “Candidate countries” Official candidate2. Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)3. Croatia4. Iceland5. Montenegro6. Turkey Potential candidates• Albania• Bosnia and Herzegovina• Serbia• Kosovo
  • Membership conditions Economic General requirements principlesMaastricht Treaty Copenhagen criteria (1992) (1993)
  • Official economic requirements 4. Convective currency 1. National budget deficit <3% of GDP3. Inflationrate <1,5% 2. External debt <60% of GDP
  • The accession process 1. Entry negotiationsbetween member-state and European Commission 2. The Council of EU votes (the decision should be taken unanimously)3. The European Parliament gives its assent though a positive vote (absolute majority) 4. Ratification of accession treaty by member countries and candidate states
  • General principles Stable institutions guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law, human rights and respect for and protection of minorities A functioning market economy and the capacity to cope with the competitive pressure and market forces within the union The ability to take on the obligations of membership, including support for the aims of the union. Public administration capable of applying and managing EU laws in practice
  • Neighbourhood policy Stabilisation Trade andand association cooperation agreements agreementsSo that potential Relations with non-candidates could candidate states and meet the non-europeanrequirements and countries (e.g. with enter the Union Russian Federation)
  • Links – www.europa.eu– www.images.yandex.ru