0
www.realnewenergy.com
1www.realnewenergy.com
www.realnewenergy.com
The big silent global energy transition
contact: Joris Benninga
email: jbenninga@realnewenergy.com
p...
• How much kerosene was burned to get
me from Europe to the US (4000 mile)?
3
Energy Q&A: how important is it?
 63 gallon...
www.realnewenergy.com 4
Year
ProCapitaRealOutput($)
Back ground info: http://peakoiltaskforce.net/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/final-report-uk-itpoes_report_the-oil-crunch_feb2...
www.realnewenergy.com 6
• Real NewEnergy is an integrated sustainable energy company, built on 3 major
offerings:
– Sustainable Energy Consulting
...
Transition is in full swing
• Global invesmtents in renewable energy
– 2007: $ 104 B
– 2008: $ 120 B (Coal and gas powerpl...
Energy Returned On Energy Invested
• Medieval Europe 1,2
• Texas 1900 100, or more
• A good new oil field in 1980’s 30-50
...
www.realnewenergy.com 10
Source: Wikipedia / Geoffrey A Moore
Renewables are good option.....
• Companies are swimming in cash. Due to poor investment
climate, cost cutting and lack of...
Head out to sea
• US DOE
• Islands: Bonaire
www.realnewenergy.com 13
US offshore wind ambitions
• DOE/NREL published excellent new reports
• DOE targets:
– 2020: 10 GW, $0,13/kWh
– 2030: 54 G...
Offshore Wind Resources (NREL)
www.realnewenergy.com 15
Case: Ecopower Bonaire
Stand alone wind-diesel
system for the
electricity supply of the
island of Bonaire
16www.realnewene...
Maximise the wind share in an island grid
with very little additional costs
• By using the right wind turbines
• By using ...
The Bonaire Case – 4 years ago
• Inhabitants:
15.000
• Size: 250 km2
• Electricity
consumption
75.000
MWh/year
• Peak dema...
The Bonaire Case – now
• New wind-(bio)diesel system developed, financed, installed
• In operation since August
• 40-45% w...
History
• 2005: Main power plant burned down
• Kema and Ecofys performed study for energy sector.
Conclusion wind-diesel i...
Project concept
21www.realnewenergy.com
The project concept
Why is it so special?
• PMS maximises wind share
– Up to 80% instantaneous wind share possible
– Targe...
Bonaire island map
23www.realnewenergy.com
Wind Turbine Sorobon
Broken since 1997 In operation, since July 2007:
Replaced by Ecopower 4600 FLH, 99% available
24www.r...
Wind Farm Morotin
Visual of wind farm with 12 windturbines
Most reliable and low
maintenance WTs
Deliberate choice for
sma...
Wind Speed Measurements
26www.realnewenergy.com
Power House Karpata
Reliable and (relatively) efficient
Runs on heavy fuel oil (cheaper
But higher Sox, dust emissions)
Sp...
Bonaire has potential for algae oil
• Yield = 25 – 100 ton/ha/yr (required is 10.000 ton/yr)
• Price = 50 – 100 euro/bbl (...
Present situation
• System is supplying Bonaire since August 2010
• First experiences:
– Power plant is running stable
– W...
Lessons learned
• Grid study is essential:
– Dynamic system behavior at various scenarios
– Demonstrated the need for the ...
Show-case for the region
• First WD-project of this scale (25 MW)
• 40-45% renewable from day 1
• 100% renewable is possib...
We can do a lot back home!
• Check out the options DC offers:
– The new DC Climate plan
– The arriving DC Green Utility
– ...
33www.realnewenergy.com
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Science Cafe V4

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Nov 2 Cafe Scientifique
The silent, but giant global energy transition
Joris D. Benninga, Founding Partner, Real NewEnergy Company, an integrated sustainable energy company located in the Netherlands and Virginia

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Transcript of "Science Cafe V4"

  1. 1. www.realnewenergy.com 1www.realnewenergy.com
  2. 2. www.realnewenergy.com The big silent global energy transition contact: Joris Benninga email: jbenninga@realnewenergy.com phone: +31 641 487 161 Partner in the Network™ 2www.realnewenergy.com
  3. 3. • How much kerosene was burned to get me from Europe to the US (4000 mile)? 3 Energy Q&A: how important is it?  63 gallons per person in the plane • How long does a luggage handler have to load an unload bags before he has spent 1 kWh of physical energy?  5 to 8 hours, as he is likely to use/produce between 125 Watt and 200 Watt • How many labor hours does a gallon of Kerosene represent if we assume a 50% efficiency?  100 to 160 hours, or up to 4 working weeks of physical labor • How many hours of energy “life support” does the average American get per year?  Every American has the equivalent 275 “employees” continuously working for him/her.  < 2%• What is the average energy efficiency we reach in modern society? 3www.realnewenergy.com
  4. 4. www.realnewenergy.com 4 Year ProCapitaRealOutput($)
  5. 5. Back ground info: http://peakoiltaskforce.net/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/final-report-uk-itpoes_report_the-oil-crunch_feb20101.pdf www.realnewenergy.com 5
  6. 6. www.realnewenergy.com 6
  7. 7. • Real NewEnergy is an integrated sustainable energy company, built on 3 major offerings: – Sustainable Energy Consulting – Renewable Energy Technology Development – Renewable Energy Project Development 7 Real NewEnergy Company 7www.realnewenergy.com
  8. 8. Transition is in full swing • Global invesmtents in renewable energy – 2007: $ 104 B – 2008: $ 120 B (Coal and gas powerplants combined attracted $ 110 B in 2008) – 2009: $ 162 B (China $35 B, US $19 B) – 2010: $ 200 B (?) • Reasons why this trend will continue – “Clean Energy Race”, it became strategic – Business case comes towards us • Renewable technology improves and its prices decline • Demand for energy increaeses • Alternative options increasingly expensive, damaging, cumbersome www.realnewenergy.com 8
  9. 9. Energy Returned On Energy Invested • Medieval Europe 1,2 • Texas 1900 100, or more • A good new oil field in 1980’s 30-50 • A good oil field now 10-30 • Clean coal 10-15 • Oil Sands Canada 1,5-7 • Wind Energy 30-50 and improving • PV Solar power 30-50 and improving EROI of renewables is guarantee for success www.realnewenergy.com 9
  10. 10. www.realnewenergy.com 10 Source: Wikipedia / Geoffrey A Moore
  11. 11. Renewables are good option..... • Companies are swimming in cash. Due to poor investment climate, cost cutting and lack of good investments. • US alone $943 B excluding banks, Europe no figures, but same trend – ICT $ 207 B of which Cisco $40, Microsoft $37B, Google $30B and Oracle $23B, – Pharmaceuticals: $ 124B – Energy: $ 105B – Ford, $22B • Pressure on mgt increases to look for new opportunities, take overs, share buy back, increase of dividents etc. But good investments are hard to find. Source Moody’s Oct 30 2010 www.realnewenergy.com 11
  12. 12. Head out to sea • US DOE • Islands: Bonaire www.realnewenergy.com 13
  13. 13. US offshore wind ambitions • DOE/NREL published excellent new reports • DOE targets: – 2020: 10 GW, $0,13/kWh – 2030: 54 GW, $0,07-$0,09 / kWh – NREL resources > 4000 GW • Extremely challenging: – Current ppa’s: 20-24 cts / kWh – Regulatory framework is complex – US energy prices are (still) low • But Industry is gaining momentum www.realnewenergy.com 14
  14. 14. Offshore Wind Resources (NREL) www.realnewenergy.com 15
  15. 15. Case: Ecopower Bonaire Stand alone wind-diesel system for the electricity supply of the island of Bonaire 16www.realnewenergy.com
  16. 16. Maximise the wind share in an island grid with very little additional costs • By using the right wind turbines • By using the right power management system (PMS) software 17www.realnewenergy.com
  17. 17. The Bonaire Case – 4 years ago • Inhabitants: 15.000 • Size: 250 km2 • Electricity consumption 75.000 MWh/year • Peak demand: 12 MW • Up to 2010: 100% Diesel generation Broken since 1997 Burned down in 2005 Stopped operation in 2006 Running….. 18www.realnewenergy.com
  18. 18. The Bonaire Case – now • New wind-(bio)diesel system developed, financed, installed • In operation since August • 40-45% wind share • Potentially 100% renewable Broken since 1997 Burned down in 2005 Running….. 19www.realnewenergy.com
  19. 19. History • 2005: Main power plant burned down • Kema and Ecofys performed study for energy sector. Conclusion wind-diesel is best option • Spring 2006: Tender for wind-diesel system  May 2006: consortium of Econcern, MAN and Enercon submitted winning bid  September 2006: MoU signed with Bonaire Utility “WEB”  November 2007: PPA signed 20www.realnewenergy.com
  20. 20. Project concept 21www.realnewenergy.com
  21. 21. The project concept Why is it so special? • PMS maximises wind share – Up to 80% instantaneous wind share possible – Target Bonaire is 40-45% on average • Only possible with “smooth electrical behaviour” of Enercon wind turbines • Battery of 3 MW added to: – improve grid quality – reduce spinning reserve • Extra costs are limited to 0.5 - 1.0% of capex! 22www.realnewenergy.com
  22. 22. Bonaire island map 23www.realnewenergy.com
  23. 23. Wind Turbine Sorobon Broken since 1997 In operation, since July 2007: Replaced by Ecopower 4600 FLH, 99% available 24www.realnewenergy.com
  24. 24. Wind Farm Morotin Visual of wind farm with 12 windturbines Most reliable and low maintenance WTs Deliberate choice for smaller WTs Fuel save warrantee 25www.realnewenergy.com
  25. 25. Wind Speed Measurements 26www.realnewenergy.com
  26. 26. Power House Karpata Reliable and (relatively) efficient Runs on heavy fuel oil (cheaper But higher Sox, dust emissions) Space for 6th engine Ready to use bio-fuels 27www.realnewenergy.com
  27. 27. Bonaire has potential for algae oil • Yield = 25 – 100 ton/ha/yr (required is 10.000 ton/yr) • Price = 50 – 100 euro/bbl (oil price is now 75 $/bbl) 28www.realnewenergy.com
  28. 28. Present situation • System is supplying Bonaire since August 2010 • First experiences: – Power plant is running stable – Wind farm is performing well – 1st year of operation will be for fine tuning PMS, battery system to optimize wind share – Demand on Bonaire is growing fast so first extension is being planned – In November 2010 we’ll present to Bonaire Utility WEB on the benefits of adding solar energy to the system 29www.realnewenergy.com
  29. 29. Lessons learned • Grid study is essential: – Dynamic system behavior at various scenarios – Demonstrated the need for the battery • Mismatch in requirements permitting procedures • Complicating factors: – Contracting was at all-time high in the market (high EPC prices, weak dollar) – Econcern (our mother company) went bankrupt – Bonaire was / is going through a political transition phase 30www.realnewenergy.com
  30. 30. Show-case for the region • First WD-project of this scale (25 MW) • 40-45% renewable from day 1 • 100% renewable is possible  Suitable for many islands in the world  The solution to maximise the wind share without high extra costs  Project was noticed in the US: http://www.edinenergy.org/bonaire.html 31www.realnewenergy.com
  31. 31. We can do a lot back home! • Check out the options DC offers: – The new DC Climate plan – The arriving DC Green Utility – Solar PV support plan for residents – Energy Efficiency support for residents – IMBY, an on-line NREL tool that helps to assess your personal business case • Depending on what your influence is: – Smaller things like replacing light bulbs at home do matter! – Bigger things like choosing for Green Buildings make good business sense. www.realnewenergy.com 32
  32. 32. 33www.realnewenergy.com
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